Resources

A Finding Aid to Manuscripts at All Known Repositories

An Integrated Finding Guide to Walt Whitman's Poetry Manuscripts

Original records created or revised by the Walt Whitman Archive and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries. Encoded Archival Description completed through the assistance of the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, the University of Nebraska Research Council, and the Institute for Museum and Library Services.


Title: An Integrated Finding Guide to Walt Whitman's Poetry Manuscripts

Creator:  Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892

Repository:  The Walt Whitman Archive

Abstract:

This integrated electronic guide was created by the Walt Whitman Archive through the work of the EAD Project Team at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The machine-readable finding aid, EAD encoding, and XSLT conflation were completed by Andrew Jewell, Mary Ellen Ducey, Brian Pytlik Zillig, and Brett Barney, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries. Kenneth M. Price, co-editor of the Walt Whitman Archive, and Katherine L. Walter are primary investigators for a grant received from the Institute for Museum and Library Services, which provided major funding for the completion of this project. Additional funding was provided by the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation and the University of Nebraska Research Council.

Scope and Content: 

This Integrated Guide to Whitman's Poetry Manuscripts arranges by uniform title, and then by item title, all identified poetry manuscripts located in archival repositories throughout the United States, United Kingdom, and France. Each item-level entry provides a title, date, and descriptive information, including physical characteristics when available. The large titles which are listed alphabetically are uniform titles based whenever possible on the final printing of Whitman's writings in Leaves of Grass (1891-92) or Complete Prose Works (1892). A uniform title may reference several distinct items that are associated with that title or work. Works that went through multiple revisions but did not appear in either one of these final collections of Whitman's poetry and prose use the final title as the uniform title. (That is, for example, a poem that appeared in the 1860, 1867, and 1872 editions of Leaves of Grass but then was dropped from future printings would take as its uniform title that given to it in the 1872 edition.) Access to an image of the original item, a transcription of the item, and a link to the repository finding aid are provided where available.


Biographical Information:

For additional biographical information, see "Walt Whitman," by Ed Folsom and Kenneth M. Price, and the chronology of Whitman's Life.


Subjects:
 

Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892

Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892--Manuscripts

Poets, American--19th century



Whitman Archive ID: bpl.00007
Title:  Eidólons
Date: ca. 1876
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10 
Content:  These leaves are a draft of "Eidólons," first published in 1876.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Boston Public Library

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00078
Title:  Leave-taking Words
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23.5 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The page appears to be a draft of a title page for a manuscript titled "Leave-taking Words" or "Last Ripples (A Prelude to Passage to India)." At the bottom of the page are four lines from the end of "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking," first published as "A Child's Reminiscence" in 1859. The lines from the poem are cleanly written, suggesting that they were meant to serve as an epigraph for Whitman's manuscript. "Passage to India" was published first in 1871. On the verso is a draft of a stanza of "Eidólons," first published in 1876.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00064
Title:  Song of the Redwood Tree
Date: about 1873
Physical Description: 20 leaves, 11 x 12.5 cm to 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26 
Content:  This manuscript contains a rough draft of the poem "Song of the Redwood-Tree" written, according to a note intialed by Whitman, during October and November 1873 prior to its first publication in the February 1874 issue of Harper's Magazine. In 1876 the poem was published in the group "Centennial Songs" and annexed to Two Rivulets. The poem appears ungrouped again in Leaves of Grass (1881). Several leaves contain deleted and undeleted titles or variant verse references to other published poems: "Eidólons", "Waves in the Vessel's Wake", "(a sonnet)" written "for Century Verses," which appears from a Library of Congress manuscript to have been a working title of the group that became "Centennial Verses" and "A California song".

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia



Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00007
Title:  A Death-Sonnet for Custer
Date: about 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Printer's copy of the poem "A Death-Sonnet for Custer" with instructions to preserve the manuscipt in its current form for Bayard Taylor. "A Death-Sonnet for Custer" first appeared in the New York Daily Tribune on 10 July 1876. It was then reprinted as "From Far Dakotas Cañon" in Leaves of Grass (1881-82).

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library


Title:  "Far From Dakota's Cañons"
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A proof with no annotations. "From Far Dakota's Cañons" was published first as "A Death Sonnet for Custer" in 1876. It was given the new title in 1881.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00121
Title:  [There in the far northwest]
Date: 1876
Physical Description: 10 p., 20 x 12 cm, 11.5 x 18.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12 
Content:  Apparently, two versions of a poem about the death of Custer. On the verso of one of the pages is "A Death Sonnet," and on another is "A Death Sonnet for Custer." The poem was published in June 10, 1876 as "A Death Sonnet for Custer."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC



Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Title:  Songs of Parting
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves with handwritten annotations, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18 
Content:  Bound proofs of Whitman's cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC



Title:  "Old Age Echoes"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 68.5 x 16.5 cm
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Galley Proof of four poems under the general title "Old Age Echoes": "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," and "After the Argument." This grouping was published in March, 1891 in Lippincott's Magazine. A note in Traubel's hand appears at the top of the page.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age Echoes"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25 x 16.75 cm
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Offprint from the March, 1891 issue of Lippincott's Magazine of four poems under the general title "Old Age Echoes": "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," and "After the Argument."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age Echoes"
Date: March, 1891
Content:  Copy of the March, 1891 issue of Lippincott's Magazine with four Whitman poems under the general title "Old Age Echoes": "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," and "After the Argument." Also published in this issue are a full page portrait of Whitman, Whitman's "Some Personal and Old-Age Memoranda" (later published as "Some Personal and Old Age Jottings"), Traubel's "Walt Whitman: Poet and Philosopher and Man," and a review of Whitman's book, November Boughs.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age Echoes"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28.5 x 16.5 cm, 6 x 14 cm attached, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof sheet of "Old Age Echoes" with many corrections written in ink, red ink, and pencil. "Old Age Echoes" is a general heading for four poems: "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," and "After the Argument."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00229
Title:  Old Age Recitatives
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 30 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft titled "Old Age Recitatives" written on the verso of an envelope and a letter (author unknown) stuck together. Beneath the main title and Whitman's signature is another title, "Sail out for good, Eidolon yacht!" The text of the poem is identical to the published version of "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!", first published in 1891. Whitman has written a note about Arena magazine's rejection of the poem in the top right margin.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: between 1890-1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 30.5 x 16 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A galley proof of a group of six poems titled "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Sail out for good, Eidolon yacht!" (first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only the first two lines of the poem of the same title published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891), and "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891). On the verso is a note to printer.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 28 x 21 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof pages of six poems collected under the general title "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Old Chants" (first published in 1891), "On, On the Same,Ye Jocund Twain!" (first published in 1891), "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!" (first published in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only two lines of the twelve-line poem of the same title first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891). At the top of the first page is a note to the printer in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two proofs of a group of six poems titled "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon yacht!" (first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only the first two lines of the poem of the same title published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891), and "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891).

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00040
Title:  Sail forth O mystic yacht of me
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Trial lines for "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," which was published first in 1891. On part of the page is prose that appears to be a journal entry. The rest, though, is dedicated to a draft of the poem, with the title written half way down the page: "Sail forth O mystic yacht of me." On the verso is written "Walt Whitman, July 30 1890" twice.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: bos.00003
Title:  Sail out O mystic yacht
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a heavily revised draft of "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!" The poem was first published in Lippincott's Magazine in 1891 with "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," and "After the Argument" under the general title "Old-Age Echoes." The manuscript leaf is made from two scraps pasted together, one of them an envelope addressed to Whitman, bearing several postmarks from June 1890.

Repository: From the The Alice and Rollo G. Silver Collection in the Special Collections at Boston University

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00041
Title:  Sail out for Good Eidolon yacht
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Note regarding "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," which was published first in 1891. Written on this small white sheet are the title of the poem ("Sail out for good Eidolon yacht") and trial phrases for what appears to be a subtitle.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00067
Title:  Sail out for good, Eidólon Yacht,
Date: 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Heavily revised draft, nine lines, of "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!" which was first published in Lippincott's Magazine in March 1891. Whitman's note at the bottom calls the manuscript "rough crude outlines" and dates it "July 25 1890."The poem was reprinted in Good-bye My Fancy (1891). The manuscript is bound with a letter to Alfred, Lord Tennyson, 1878, 3pp (verso: letter from Berry Young, nd, 1p, and letter from Richard M. Bucke, nd, 1p).

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00106
Title:  [But outset and sure]
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 17.5 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript contains trial verses for the poem "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!," first published in the March 1891 issue of Lippincott's Magazine in a group titled "Old-Age Echoes". The top part of this manuscript has been cut away, leaving the emendations to what would become line 5 of the poem only partly visible. Whitman grouped "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!" in his "Second Annex," titled "Good-Bye My Fancy", to the 1891 edition of Leaves of Grass. The pencil note "Sail Out for good, Eidólon Yacht / Good Bye My Fancy / Page 7" appears in the lower left corner, below two new drafts of the ending lines.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00018
Title:  [casts off her moorings]
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Trial lines for "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," which was published first in 1891. On the verso is a letter from Harry C. Kochersperger dated June 27, 1890.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC



Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Title:  Songs of Parting
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves with handwritten annotations, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18 
Content:  Bound proofs of Whitman's cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC



Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28  |  29  |  30 
Content:  Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand, and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC



Whitman Archive ID: uva.00009
Title:  [My two theses]
Date: about 1856
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 4 x 16 cm pasted to 10.5 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On a small composite leaf of white wove paper, ruled in blue on one side, containing notes about developing two theses to "run through all the poems . . .."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


After an Interval

Title:  "After an Interval"
Date: about 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Clipped proof sheet of "After an Interval," first published in 1876. No annotations on sheet.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


After certain disastrous campaigns

Whitman Archive ID: pml.00006
Title:  After certain disastrous campaigns
Date: about 1862
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  A poem unpublished in Whitman's lifetime, "After Certain Distastrous Campaigns" was published first in The Uncollected Poetry and Prose of Walt Whitman (ed. Emory Holloway. Garden City, N.Y., Toronto: Doubleday, Page and Company, 1921). The manuscript shows that Whitman originally considered the title "Answer me, year of repulses," which is also the first line of the poem.

Repository: The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York


After death

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00133
Title:  After death
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 7 x 15 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Whitman apparently never used the recto lines, but the deleted lines on the verso bear a strong resemblance to the opening of his 1856 "Poem of The Sayers of The Words of The Earth," titled in successive editions "To the Sayers of Words" (1860 and 1867), "Carol of Words" (1871, 1876), and, finally (in the 1881 edition of Leaves), "A Song of the Rolling Earth." The undeleted ink line on the verso resembles a later draft of a line inscribed in Feinberg notebook #697 at the Library of Congress.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


After the Argument

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00001
Title:  After the Argument
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.5 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of "After the Argument." The poem was published first in Lippincott's Magazine, March, 1891.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age Echoes"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 68.5 x 16.5 cm
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Galley Proof of four poems under the general title "Old Age Echoes": "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," and "After the Argument." This grouping was published in March, 1891 in Lippincott's Magazine. A note in Traubel's hand appears at the top of the page.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age Echoes"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25 x 16.75 cm
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Offprint from the March, 1891 issue of Lippincott's Magazine of four poems under the general title "Old Age Echoes": "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," and "After the Argument."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age Echoes"
Date: March, 1891
Content:  Copy of the March, 1891 issue of Lippincott's Magazine with four Whitman poems under the general title "Old Age Echoes": "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," and "After the Argument." Also published in this issue are a full page portrait of Whitman, Whitman's "Some Personal and Old-Age Memoranda" (later published as "Some Personal and Old Age Jottings"), Traubel's "Walt Whitman: Poet and Philosopher and Man," and a review of Whitman's book, November Boughs.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age Echoes"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28.5 x 16.5 cm, 6 x 14 cm attached, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof sheet of "Old Age Echoes" with many corrections written in ink, red ink, and pencil. "Old Age Echoes" is a general heading for four poems: "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," "Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!," and "After the Argument."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


After the Dazzle of Day

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00002
Title:  After the Dazzle of Day
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This four-line verse was first published in the New York Herald, February 3, 1888. In the lower right-hand corner is the notation: "For Francis Howard Williams, May 1896, Traubel."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


After the Sea-Ship

Title:  "After the Sea-Ship"
Date: about 1874
Content:  Two clipped proof sheets of "After the Sea-Ship." No annotations on sheets. This poem was first published as "In the Wake Following" in 1874 and was also known as "Waves in the Vessel's Wake" in early drafts.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00064
Title:  Song of the Redwood Tree
Date: about 1873
Physical Description: 20 leaves, 11 x 12.5 cm to 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26 
Content:  This manuscript contains a rough draft of the poem "Song of the Redwood-Tree" written, according to a note intialed by Whitman, during October and November 1873 prior to its first publication in the February 1874 issue of Harper's Magazine. In 1876 the poem was published in the group "Centennial Songs" and annexed to Two Rivulets. The poem appears ungrouped again in Leaves of Grass (1881). Several leaves contain deleted and undeleted titles or variant verse references to other published poems: "Eidólons", "Waves in the Vessel's Wake", "(a sonnet)" written "for Century Verses," which appears from a Library of Congress manuscript to have been a working title of the group that became "Centennial Verses" and "A California song".

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: mil.00001
Title:  Waves in the Vessel's wake
Date: about 1874
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Heavily revised draft of a poem that, after extensive further revision, was published first in the December 1874 issue of the New York Daily Graphic as "In the Wake Following." The poem first appeared under its final title, "After the Sea-Ship," in 1876, in the "Sea-Drift" group of Two Rivulets.

Repository: Albert M. Bender Collection, Special Collections Department, F. W. Olin Library, Mills College


After the Supper and Talk

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00004
Title:  After the Supper and Talk
Date: 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 25.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Signed draft of the poem, which was first published in 1887. On the verso is a proof sheet from "After All, Not to Create Only" with one correction.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "After the Supper and Talk"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12 x 15 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A proof of "After the Supper and Talk," with corrections (all punctuation) in ink and two words written in purple pencil: "30 Copies." This poem was published first in 1887.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00082
Title:  After the Supper and Talk
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of "After the Supper and Talk". This poem was rejected by Harper's in 1885 but published in Lippincott's Magazine in November 1887, after which it eventually became the final poem in the "First Annex" titled "Sands at Seventy." To the verso are pasted sections 16 and 18-19 of "Poem of Joys" (final title: "A Song of Joys") clipped either from the independent book Passage to India (1871) or from the "Passage to India" supplement to Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "November Boughs"
Date: 1887
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Clipping from a newspaper of four Whitman poems: "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone." At the top is the title "November Boughs." At the bottom of the clipping is written, in Whitman's hand, "1887." The poems were published first in Lippincott's Magazine, November, 1887.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "November Boughs"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Three proofs of a collection of four poems ("You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone") under the general title "November Boughs." The first is made by pasting together proofs of each poem in the order desired; the other two have all four poems printed on one sheet. Two of the proofs have corrections and notations in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00003
Title:  So Loth to Depart!
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 26 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of poem later revised and published as "After the Supper and Talk" in 1887. On verso detached from Leaves of Grass, part of "Poem of Joys," first published in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass, and later published as "A Song of Joys." The title "Poem of Joys" is in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


All is Truth

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00206
Title:  As of the The Truth
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 4 leaves, leaf 2 19.5 x 13 cm, all other leaves 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8 
Content:  This poem became section 18 of the cluster "Leaves of Grass" in the 1860 edition. In 1872 the poem received the title "All is Truth," and in 1881, after various repositionings, it was finally transferred to the cluster "From Noon to Starry Night". The second leaf is a composite formed when Whitman deleted and cut away the original first two verses on the leaf, flipped the new small section over and upside-down, pasted it to the foot of the remaining original verses, and inscribed a verse in light ink on the newly created blank space.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


America

Whitman Archive ID: pri.00002
Title:  America
Date: ca. 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Six lines of "America," which was published first in 1888.

Repository: Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library



America (unpublished poem)

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00006
Title:  America
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 18.5 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Despite the title, this manuscript does not appear to be a draft of the poem, "America," published in 1888, but it has been published separately and posthumously as "[America]" and begins "No Homer, Shakspere, Voltaire." This manuscript was likely composed in the last two decades of Whitman's career (roughly 1870-1892) when he was more apt to mention other writers explicitly in his poetry.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Among the Multitude

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00336
Title:  To One Who Will Understand
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of pink paper (21.5 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink, in pencil, and in fine ink (in that order). Pinholes mostly in center. Originally titled "To Those Who Will Understand" and numbered 100 (then 101, then the current ?100 in the fine pen). This was revised to form section 41 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "Among the Multitude" in the 1867 Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


And Yet Not You Alone

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00049
Title:  [Nor you alone]
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a draft of the poem, "And Yet Not You Alone," published as part of "Fancies at Navesink" in the magazine, Nineteenth Century, in August 1885. The draft also has, in the bottom margin, the title of the poem which follows it in "Fancies at Navesink," "Proudly the Flood Comes In." This manuscript is bound with others under the title, "Fancies at Navesink."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00050
Title:  [your needed blending]
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a draft of the poem, "And Yet Not You Alone," published as part of "Fancies at Navesink" in the magazine, Nineteenth Century, in August 1885. This manuscript is bound with others under the title, "Fancies at Navesink."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library


Are You the New Person Drawn toward Me?

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00332
Title:  To a new personal admirer
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, leaf 1 13 x 11.5 cm; leaf 2 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  On two pieces of white wove paper, 13 x 11.5 and 20 x 16 cm, in brown-black ink, with substantial revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at center and in left margins of both pages. This poem, featuring a new first line, became section 12 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 Whitman dropped the last 2 1/2 lines and permanently retitled it "Are you the New Person Drawn Toward Me?" The first page contains verses corresponding to lines 2-3 of the 1860 version, and the lines on the second page ("Do you suppose you can easily/ be my lover,...") became verses 4-11.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


As Consequent, Etc.

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00082
Title:  [some threading Ohio's]
Date: 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 13 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of lines of "As Consequent, Etc.," first published in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the verso in a letter from the Camden and Atlantic Railroad dated January 25, 1881.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937


As I Ebb'd with the Ocean of Life

Whitman Archive ID: har.00003
Title:  Bardic Symbols
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  This is a partial, late draft, with minor revisions, of "Bardic Symbols," first published in the April 1860 issue of the Atlantic Monthly. The poem was later revised and published under the title "As I Ebb'd with the Ocean of Life." Two of the manuscript leaves are stored with a letter to the editor, James Russell Lowell, dated October 2, 1861; the other leaf is stored separately.

Repository: Manuscripts Department, Houghton Library, Harvard University

Title:  "Bardic Symbols"
Date: April, 1860
Content:  Portions of two copies of The Atlantic Monthly containing Whitman's poem "Bardic Symbols." The poem appeared in revised forms and with different titles throughout Whitman's career. In the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass, it was known as "Leaves of Grass, Number 1"; in the 1867 edition of Leaves of Grass it was titled "Elemental Drifts"; and, in the 1881-1882 edition, the title was again changed to "As I Ebb'd With the Ocean of Life."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00033
Title:  Sea Winrows
Date: 1860-1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  A list of words probably related to the poem "As I Ebb'd with the Ocean of Life," originally published as "Bardic Symbols" in the Atlantic Monthly 5 (April 1860). The final version of the poem was published in Leaves of Grass (1881-82). The verso features the words "Sands and Drifts."

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library



As I Sit Writing Here

Whitman Archive ID: pri.00001
Title:  As I Sit Writing Here
Date: ca. 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Four lines of "As I Sit Writing Here," which was published first in 1888.

Repository: Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library



As I Walk These Broad Majestic Days

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00287
Title:  [Poem, as in a rapt and]
Date: before 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  A manuscript proposing ideas for a poem in the form of a prophetic vision about the future of America. Possibly related to "As I Walk These Broad Majestic Days," which was first published as "Chants Democratic 21" in 1860. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "An After Thought or Two," and "[Poem ante-dating]."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


As If a Phantom Caress'd Me

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand, and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


As They Draw to a Close

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Title:  Songs of Parting
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves with handwritten annotations, handwritten
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Content:  Bound proofs of Whitman's cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free. And Other Poems

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00003
Title:  [Americans are charged with disproportionate brag and]
Date: 1819-1872
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  A paragraph, heavily revised, expressing the opinion that the United States is the culmination of human development. A note at the bottom of the sheet refers to "As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free," a poem first published in the New York Herald on 26 June 1872. This poem was later published with seven other poems in a pamphlet, As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free (1872). Subsequently it was included as a supplement bound with Two Rivulets (1876). Later still Whitman changed the title to "Thou Mother with Thy Equal Brood," added a new opening stanza, and additional revisions, and incorporated the poem into Leaves of Grass (1881-82). Extracts from this poem also appeared in the Washington Evening Star on the same date, within a larger article on the commencement exercises at Dartmouth College.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: unc.00001
Title:  [Land of the potent-large!]
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This manuscript includes a fragment of a poem, approximately seven lines, that is possibly from an early draft of "As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free," a poem Whitman originally wrote for the June 1872 Dartmouth College commencement exercises. This poem was later revised and published as "Thou Mother with Thy Equal Brood."

Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


As at Thy Portals Also Death

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00006
Title:  As at thy Portals also Death
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft, with revisions, of "As at Thy Portals Also Death," which was first published in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. A second, smaller leaf, was at some point pasted over the lines at the bottom of the first leaf, but the two have become separated and are at present stored separately as "[To her, the ideal woman]" .

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00048
Title:  [To her, the ideal woman]
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft, with revisions, of the final three lines of "As at Thy Portals Also Death," which was first published in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


As in a Swoon

Title:  "As in a Swoon"
Date: about 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A proof pasted on another sheet of paper, with seven words in Whitman's hand: "Walt Whitman, (discarded from last booklet.)" "As in a Swoon" was published first in 1876.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00004
Title:  As in a Swoon
Date: about 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a manuscript of the poem, "As in a Swoon," first published in the 1876 printing of Leaves of Grass. Although this poem was not included in any subsequent editions of Leaves of Grass, Whitman did include it in the 1891 volume, Good-Bye My Fancy, and as one of the few poems in the 1892 volume, Complete Prose Works.

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library


As of Forms

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00124
Title:  As of Forms
Date: around 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 cm x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Manuscript draft of the unpublished poem "As of Forms" which is possibly one of a group of poems Whitman composed prior to the third edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


As the Greek's Signal Flame

Whitman Archive ID: hav.00001
Title:  As the Greek's Signal Flame
Date: 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A broadside of Whitman's poem "As the Greek's Signal Flame," which is subtitled "For Whittier's 80th birthday, December 17, 1887." The poem was published first in 1887.

Repository: Haverford College Quaker and Special Collections

Title:  "As the Greek's Signal Flame"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 2 p., 12 x 15.25 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Written in ink at the top of a proof of "As the Greek's Signal Flame"(subheaded "For Whittier's 80th birth-day, December 17th, 1887"), a seven-line poem, with a printed signature, nine words: "If convenient put in paper of Saturday Dec. 17." Another copy of the same proof, with no annotations.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


As the Time Draws Nigh

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00231
Title:  Nearing Departure
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Whitman retitled the poem "To My Soul" in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. In 1867 Whitman cut eight lines and revised others, retitling the poem "As Nearing Departure" and moving it to an untitled group of poems in the supplement "Songs Before Parting." In 1872 it was finally retitled "As the Time Draws Nigh" and transferred to the cluster "Songs of Parting" within the main body of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Title:  Songs of Parting
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves with handwritten annotations, handwritten
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Content:  Bound proofs of Whitman's cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand, and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Ashes of Soldiers (Poem)

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00050
Title:  Ashes of Roses
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 23.5 x 13.5 and 10 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  Poem draft, parts of which have been printed as "? Ashes of Roses." The manuscript may bear a relationship to "Ashes of Soldiers," a poem published first in 1865 as "Hymn of Dead Soldiers" in Drum-Taps. It was only in 1871 that Whitman added the imagery of ashes to this poem. The manuscript was likely composed around 1870-1871, when Whitman was revising and expanding the poem for republication. Alternatively, the manuscript may be a draft of a unique poetic work unpublished in Whitman's lifetime.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Title:  Songs of Parting
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves with handwritten annotations, handwritten
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Content:  Bound proofs of Whitman's cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00054
Title:  [Ashes of ?soldiers heroes]
Date: about 1871
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of lines which bear a relationship to "Ashes of Soldiers," first published in 1865. On the second leaf is a one line reading "The Soul of their Ashes risen." This manuscript was likely composed around 1870-1871, when Whitman was revising and expanding the poem for republication. This manuscript appears to be a draft of the first two linegroups of "Ashes of Soldiers." These linegroups were added in 1871 to a poem first published as "Hymn of Dead Soldiers" in Drum-Taps (1865). It was only in 1871 that he added the imagery of ashes to this poem.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Assurances

Title:  "[the scope of government]"
Date: between 1855-1856
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts (New York: New York University Press, 1984. 6 vols.), noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Assurances," "This Compost," and an unfinished poem entitled "The Insects."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Autumn Rivulets

Title:  "Autumn Rivulets"
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Written in ink at the bottom of a proof of "Old War-Dreams," four words: "Walt Whitman's New Book." Accompanying is a collection of proofs of "Autumn Rivulets," with cancelled title "As Consequent, Etc." without any other markings or annotations. The poems included are: "From Far Dakota's Canons," "A Farm Picture," "What Best I See on Thee" (U.S. Grant), "The Sobbing of the Bells," "Italian Music in Dakota," "By Broad Potomac's Shore," "Excelsior," "With All thy Gifts," "To Rich Givers" "The Dalliance of the Eagles," "Tears," "After the Sea-Ship," "Aboard at a Ship's Helm," and "Thick-Sprinkled Bunting." "Autumn Rivulets" was published first in 1881.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads, A

Whitman Archive ID: bpl.00005
Title:  Corrections in Plates
Date: ca. 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This list of corrections in Whitman's hand, including page numbers and notes, possibly corresponding to a proof of the 1891-1892 edition of Leaves of Grass and related to "[p 287]" above. The bottom of the page has Whitman's corrections to "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" (first published in 1888).

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Boston Public Library


Base of All Metaphysics, The

Whitman Archive ID: bpl.00023
Title:  The Professor's Answer.
Date: ca. 1870
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  This early draft of a poem Whitman titled "The Professor's Answer" was tipped into a copy of John Burroughs's Notes on Walt Whitman, as Poet and Person between pages 16 and 17. This poem, ultimately titled "The Base of All Metaphysics," first appeared in print as an addition to the "Calamus" group in Leaves of Grass (1871).

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Boston Public Library


Bathed in War's Perfume (Poem)

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Title:  Songs of Parting
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves with handwritten annotations, handwritten
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Content:  Bound proofs of Whitman's cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Beat! Beat! Drums!

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00051
Title:  [Beat! Beat! Drums!]
Date: 1860-1865
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
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Content:  One leaf with a draft of the first stanza of "Beat! Beat! Drums!", first published simultaneously in Harper's Weekly and in the New York Leader on September 28, 1861. On the verso are lines on the death of President Lincoln, known as "[Thou West that gave'st him to us]" and first published in a Facsimile Edition of Drum-Taps in 1959. (Note: Early cataloguers incorrectly identified this fragment as part of "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd.")

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Beauty of the Ship, The

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00499
Title:  The Beauty of the Ship
Date: 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
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Content:  A cancelled, early draft of "The Beauty of the Ship"written on the verso of an 1876 letter from Whitman to Robert Buchanan.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Beginners

Whitman Archive ID: hun.00006
Title:  Beginners
Date: ca. 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
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Content:  This is a handwritten draft of "Beginners," a poem first published in 1860. The title "Thought," near the top of the page is crossed out.

Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens


Bravo, Paris Exposition!

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00056
Title:  Bravo, Paris Exhibition!
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 27.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of the poem published as "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" in 1889, with a diagonal line striking through the entire page.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00057
Title:  Bravo, Paris Exhibition!
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 27.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Signed draft of a poem with a variation in line 1 from the printed version. On the verso, written in pencil: "Can you use this? Put it under the "Personal" head like you did a year ago? "The price is $10, which please send me by mail here." In ink is the start of another sentence: "If you don't want it." The poem was published under the title "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" in 1889.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00058
Title:  Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 11.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A proof sheet of "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" with corrections in Whitman's hand. "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in 1889.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00059
Title:  Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 11.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A proof sheet of "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" with corrections in Whitman's hand. "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in 1889.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00060
Title:  Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 11.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A proof sheet of "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" with corrections in Whitman's hand. At the top is a note reading "See notes, Oct 31, '89." "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in 1889.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00061
Title:  Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
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Content:  A proof sheet of "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" with corrections in Whitman's hand. At the top is a note in Traubel's hand: "Rec'd from W.W. Sept 30, '89". "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in 1889.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00082
Title:  Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, proof with handwritten corrections
View Images:  1 
Content:  "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in Harper's Weekly 33, 28 September 1889. It was reprinted in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891) and in Leaves of Grass (1891–1892). According to a letter from Whitman to R. M. Bucke, this poem was also reprinted in the French paper "Le Temps."

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


Broadway

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00156
Title:  Broadway
Date: 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 22.5 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
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Content:  This manuscript contains a draft version of the poem "Broadway". A note appearing at the top of the page states "Sent Herald March 3—sent again April 9 '88" indicating that this manuscript was likely composed and/or edited around the time of its first publication in the New York Herald, April 10, 1888.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Broadway Pageant, A

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00277
Title:  [You are English]
Date: 1856-1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 10 x 15 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Whitman's use of the word "Libertad" and his way of handling the theme of immigration suggest that this might be part of an early draft of the poem eventually known as "A Broadway Pageant," first published in the June 27, 1860 issue of the New York Times as "The Errand-Bearers."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


By Blue Ontario's Shore

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00304
Title:  Europe
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16 x 14 cm, handwritten
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Content:  The recto notes represent an early stage of lines partially incorporated in "Poem of Salutation," the new third poem in the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass, which was permanently retitled "Salut au Monde!" in the 1860 edition. If the note or title "Europe" suggests that Whitman might have first intended to divide his salutations into discrete sections based on the different continents, this is a plan he did not follow in the published version(s). The more polished (but deleted) lines on the verso represent a recasting in poetic form of several lines from the 1855 Preface. These were further revised for the 1856 "Poem of Many in One," after which the first verse drafted on this page (cut off here, and beginning "over the Texan, Mexican, Florid[ian,]/ Cuban seas...") was dropped. The two verses below this, however, were preserved relatively unchanged through the poem's many transformations until the text was essentially fixed under the title "By Blue Ontario's Shore" in 1881.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00060
Title:  Inscription
Date: between 1855 and 1867
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 19.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  This manuscript entitled "Inscription" appears to be a revision of other "Inscriptions" Whitman gathered in a notebook, along with prose drafts for a never-finished introduction to Leaves of Grass, and attached to his copy of the 1855 paper-bound edition. (The entire collection of draft "inscription" and introductory material is currently housed at the New York Public Library.) In the 1867 Leaves of Grass Whitman culled material from this poem and the other "Inscription" poems to create an italicized "Inscription" that he placed before "Starting from Paumanok" at the beginning of the book; in that edition he also transferred part of verse 2 to "As I Sat Alone by Blue Ontario's Shore" (later the line was dropped and the title was revised to "By Blue Ontario's Shore"). From 1872 onward, this poem, revised and retitled "One's-Self I Sing," was printed as the first of several poems in the "Inscriptions" cluster that opened the book. In the 1888 November Boughs, however, Whitman reprinted the 1867 version as "Small the Theme of my Chant." Note: This manuscript draft may have been written before the Civil War, since it does not include the 1867 line "My Days I sing, and the Lands—with interstice I knew / of hapless War."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "[George Walker]"
Date: between 1855-1856
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts (New York: New York University Press, 1984. 6 vols), noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry," "I Sing the Body Electric," "Starting from Paumanok," "A Song for Occupations," "By Blue Ontario's Shore," "Salut au Monde!," "To One Shortly to Die," and "A Woman Waits for Me."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00284
Title:  [Have I]
Date: about 1856
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9 x 18 cm, handwritten
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Content:  The words "Have I" at the beginning are inscribed on a small scrap of the same paper, which Whitman pasted over some deleted words in the upper right corner that cannot be discerned through the paper. Inscribed and extensively revised in pencil, these verses were part of a larger set of lines before Whitman cut away the rest. Although the page number and many words on the left side of the proof have been cut away, the remaining words identify it as being from the "Poem of Many in One (1856)," which eventually became "By Blue Ontario's Shore." These unused but also undeleted lines may have been intended for that poem or a number of other poems in Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00166
Title:  [Produce great persons and the producers]
Date: 1856
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  Manuscript and clipping. On one side of the manuscript leaf are several prose notes, including two versions of a paragraph that was later revised to become a line in "Poem of Many In One," published in 1856 and eventually titled "By Blue Ontario's Shore." The phrase "savage and luxuriant," which appears toward the bottom of this side, was used in Whitman's open letter to Emerson, published in an appendix to the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the other side of the leaf is a partial draft of "Poem of The Singers, and of the Words of Poems," also first published in 1856. In the final edition of Leaves of Grass this and another poem, which had been included in every edition since 1855, were combined to form "Song of the Answerer." Whitman pasted two newspaper clippings on the manuscript, one on each side. One of these, which had covered Whitman's paragraphs but has since been detached, is included in the file.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00030
Title:  [a nation announcing itself]
Date: about 1856
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
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Content:  A manuscript draft of the opening passage of "Poem of Many in One" (1856). The final title of the poem, "By Blue Ontario's Shore," first appeared in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the verso is both prose and verse beginning "Asia" that appears to be a draft of "Salut Au Monde!," a poem first published as "Poem of Salutation" in the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Whitman Archive ID: upa.00001
Title:  [after all]
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
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Content:  This manuscript is written on a green sheet used for the endpapers of the first edition of the 1855 Leaves of Grass , an edition that begins with a ten-page statement in prose, originally untitled and later known generally as the 1855 Preface. This manuscript seems to represent an early attempt by Whitman to recast the 1855 prose Preface into poetry; indeed, the first numbered poem in the cluster of poems titled, "Chants Democratic and Native American," which appeared in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass is thought to be a recasting of the 1855 prose Preface not unlike the poem, "By Blue Ontario's Shore," which also was an adaptation of the prose Preface that later appeared in the 1856 Leaves of Grass.

Whitman Archive ID: upa.00005
Title:  [are you and me] [Sanity and ensemble characterise the great master]
Date: about 1856
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
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Content:  On one side of the leaf are about twenty lines related to the 1855 Preface to Leaves of Grass and to the poem first published as "Chants Democratic 1" in 1860. The lines were probably written as Whitman was mining the preface for material to be used in the poem, which was eventually titled "By Blue Ontario's Shore." On the reverse are fourteen lines, also clearly related to the 1855 Preface but only indirectly, if at all, to "Chants Democratic 1."

Title:  "[med Cophósis]"
Date: between 1850-1856
Physical Description: handwritten
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Content:  A notebook kept by Whitman in the early to mid-1850s. William White, in his edition of Whitman's Daybooks and Notebooks (New York: New York University Press, 1978. 3 vols.), noted a relationship between this notebook and the poems "Who Learns My Lesson Complete?," "By Blue Ontario's Shore," "Song of the Answerer," and "There Was a Child Went Forth."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


By Broad Potomac's Shore

Title:  "By Broad Potomac's Shore"
Date: about 1872
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof of "By Broad Potomac's Shore," first published in 1872, with no annotations on sheet.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00619
Title:  [for 'Again old heart so gay']
Date: 1872
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  Two pages of notes for a piece entitled "Again old heart so gay" about "the idea of constantly recurring Birth and Death." This manuscript is probably related to "By Broad Potomac's Shore," first published in 1872.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Calamus

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00307
Title:  As of Eternity
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On two leaves of pink paper, both 21 x 13 cm, in black ink, with minor revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly in center and at top of both pages. This poem became section 21 of "Calamus" in 1860; the lines on the first manuscript page became verses 1-6, and those on the second ("I hear not the volumes of/ sound merely—...") became 7-9. Retitled "That Music Always Round Me" in 1867, it was transferred in 1871 to the "Whispers of Heavenly Death" cluster in Passage to India. In 1881 Whitman incorporated it, with the rest of the cluster, in the main body of Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00308
Title:  Buds
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On pink leaf (21.5 x 13 cm), in black ink, with minor revisions in the same ink.A few pinholes at top and near center. A pencil question mark appears in parentheses in the upper-right corner. The number 52 appears to have been revised from 51. After adding several verses, Whitman designated this poem section 13 of "Calamus" in the 1860 Leaves, and, after dropping the first two and last three lines of the 1860 version, permanently retitled it "Roots and Leaves Themselves Alone" in 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00310
Title:  Calamus-Leaves
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On white wove leaf, 15 x 9 cm, in black ink, with the title "Live Oak, with Moss" stricken out and "Calamus-Leaves" added in light brown ink, and with one small revision in blue pencil. Whitman numbered this page 1 in pencil. The first section of the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss," this became section 14 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "Not Heat Flames up and Consumes" in the 1867 Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00318
Title:  Leaf [A promise to Indiana]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 22 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On one leaf of pink paper (22 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly in center. The original title was "Leaflet," and the original number seems to have been 70. After substantial revision (including the addition of the new first line "A promise and gift to California,") this poem became section 30 of "Calamus" in 1860. Whitman further revised the poem before including it, permanently retitled "A Promise to California," in the 1867 Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00319
Title:  Leaf [O dying! Always dying!]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 12 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On one light blue Williamsburgh tax blank (21.5 x 12 cm), in dark brown ink, with revisions in fine pen and pencil. Whitman penciled in a question mark, in parentheses, next to the title. With the addition of the new first line "O love!" this became section 27 of "Calamus" in 1860. In the 1867 Leaves it was retitled "O Living Always—Always Dying!" Whitman next transferred it to the "Passage to India" supplement bound in with Leaves, where it reappeared in 1876; in the 1881 Leaves Whitman permanently added it to the cluster "Whispers of Heavenly Death."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00320
Title:  Leaf [What place is besieged]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of pink paper (21.5 x 13 cm), in black ink, with a fair copy of the poem at the bottom of the leaf and a deleted draft featuring heavy revisions in the same ink and in pencil at the top. This poem was originally numbered 68, and its title was "Leaflet—." In 1860 it became the second numbered verse paragraph of section 31 of "Calamus." In 1867 Whitman split up the two paragraphs and made them separate poems; these verses were moved to a position between the "Calamus" and a "Leaves of Grass" cluster and permanently retitled "What Place Is Besieged?" In 1881 the poem was transferred to the cluster "Inscriptions."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00325
Title:  Poemet
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On two pink leaves (21 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in light ink. Pinholes in center, at top, and in top-left corner. This poem was originally titled "Leaf" and apparently numbered 78; Whitman inscribed its new title, "Poemet," in light ink. It became section 17 of "Calamus" in 1860, with the lines on the first leaf corresponding to verses 1-7 and those on the second ("And what I dreamed I will/ henceforth tell...") to verses 8-13 of the first published version. Retitled "Of Him I Love Day and Night" in 1867, it was transferred to the "Whispers of Heavenly Death" cluster in Passage to India in 1871. In 1881 Whitman incorporated it, with the rest of the cluster, in the main body of Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00326
Title:  Prairie-Grass
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On one leaf of pink paper (21 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in an even blacker ink and in pencil. Pinholes in center. The poem was originally numbered 53. In 1860 Whitman designated it section 25 of "Calamus," transforming the title into a new first line and expanding the original first line into verses 2-4. In 1867 he further revised it, permanently retitling it "The Prairie-Grass Dividing."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00334
Title:  To A Stranger
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On two leaves of pink paper, both 21 x 13 cm, in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in light ink. Pinholes mostly in center and in left margin of each page. This poem was first numbered 94, and the first word was "Stranger"; Whitman penciled in a question mark, in parentheses, next to the title. It was numbered section 22 of "Calamus" in 1860: the lines on the first page correspond to verses 1-6 of the 1860 version, and those on the second ("You give me the pleasure") to verses 7-10. Whitman reintroduced the title "To a Stranger" in the 1867 Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00336
Title:  To One Who Will Understand
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On one leaf of pink paper (21.5 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink, in pencil, and in fine ink (in that order). Pinholes mostly in center. Originally titled "To Those Who Will Understand" and numbered 100 (then 101, then the current ?100 in the fine pen). This was revised to form section 41 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "Among the Multitude" in the 1867 Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00332
Title:  To a new personal admirer
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, leaf 1 13 x 11.5 cm; leaf 2 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On two pieces of white wove paper, 13 x 11.5 and 20 x 16 cm, in brown-black ink, with substantial revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at center and in left margins of both pages. This poem, featuring a new first line, became section 12 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 Whitman dropped the last 2 1/2 lines and permanently retitled it "Are you the New Person Drawn Toward Me?" The first page contains verses corresponding to lines 2-3 of the 1860 version, and the lines on the second page ("Do you suppose you can easily/ be my lover,...") became verses 4-11.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00335
Title:  To one a century hence, or any number of centuries hence
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 10 x 13 cm pasted to 11.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one composite leaf of pink paper formed of two sections (10 x 13 and 11.5 x 13 cm) of the same page cut apart and pasted together in a new order. The poem number was originally 101 and then changed to 102; this number was deleted and the current ?101 added in fine pen. Bowers explains that the poem, in two discrete verse sections and inscribed in black ink (with title), originally occupied one full side of this leaf. When Whitman wanted to expand the first section without having to retranscribe the second one, he simply cut the two sections apart, flipped the first section over (turning it upside-down in the process), pasted the second section to the lower edge of the verso of the first section, and wrote his new first section (beginning "Throwing far, throwing over the head/ of death" and incorporating the original title as verse 3) in the blank space now created above the second section. The new first section is written and revised in light ink. As Bradley and Blodgett observe, the words "thirty-eight years old the/ eighty-first year of The States" indicate that Whitman composed the poem in 1857; these were revised to read "I, forty years old the Eighty-third Year of The States" in the 1860 Leaves, in which this poem constituted section 45 of "Calamus." In 1867 Whitman retitled the poem "Full of Life, Now."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00306
Title:  [A leaf for hand-in-hand]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9 cm), in black ink, with revisions in pencil. Pinholes in center and at top. A blue-pencil number 3 appears in the upper right corner over an erased 9. With substantial additions and revisions this evolved into section 37 of "Calamus" in 1860; after further revision it became "A Leaf for Hand in Hand" in 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00312
Title:  [Earth]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9.5 cm), in brown-black ink, with revisions in lighter ink (including the deletion, undone in 1860, of the phrase "My likeness!" after "Earth!"). Pinholes mostly at top and in center. Whitman penciled in the number 15 in the lower-left corner. Originally poem XI in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with the Roman numeral ornamentally drawn), this was revised to become section 36 of "Calamus" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman retitled the poem "Earth! My Likeness!"

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00267
Title:  [Full of wickedness]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15.5 x 8 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The verses on the recto, while not published word-for-word until 1897, seem to represent an early draft of the poem first published as number 13 of the cluster "Leaves of Grass" in the 1860 Leaves of Grass, and eventually titled "You Felons on Trial in Courts." Whitman's careful script and verse forms here also resemble the methods of inscription used for the "Live Oak, with Moss" poems dated to the post-1856, pre-1860 period. The undeleted notes on the back are titled "Poems". A cartoon hand in the left margin points to the phrase "religious emotions." Whitman's use of the title "Calamus Leaves" dates these notes to the same pre-1860 period as the deleted verses on the recto, since "Calamus-Leaves" was what he renamed the cluster "Live Oak, with Moss" before settling on "Calamus" for the 1860 edition. A section of the notes below the rest (beginning "spirituality—the unknown,...") is inscribed in verse form.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00313
Title:  [Here the frailest leaves of me]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (15 x 9.5 cm), in medium-brown ink, with one revision in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at top and in center. The two sets of verses are divided by a short horizontal line. In 1860 the first set, with the addition of a new first line ("Here my last words, and the most baffling,") became section 44 of "Calamus"; the poem was permanently retitled "Here the Frailest Leaves of Me", and the new first line dropped, in 1867. The second set was revised to form section 38 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 it was further revised and retitled "Fast Anchor'd, Eternal, O Love."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00314
Title:  [Hours continuing long]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, leaf 1 9.5 x 9 cm; leaf 2 14.5 x 9 cm pasted to 5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  On two pieces of white wove paper, the first cut down to 9.5 x 9 cm and the second comprising two sections (14.5 x 9 and 5 x 9.5 cm) joined by means of a strip of pink paper. In brown-black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in pencil. Pinholes mostly at top and in center of leaves. Whitman penciled in the numbers 11 and 12 (apparently over other numbers) in the lower-left corner of each page; his partly erased pencil note "(finished in/ the other city)" appears on the first page. The ornamental number "VIII" replaces a deleted ornamental "IX" on the first page, and the top of another "IX" appears at the foot of the second page, beneath a wavy line indicating the end of the poem. Whitman removed the lower section of page 2 from the top of current leaf 1:3:33 ("I dreamed in a dream of a/ city..."). This poem, the eighth in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss," became section 9 of "Calamus" in 1860. This was its only appearance in Leaves. The first page contains what would become verses 1-3 in 1860, and the second ("Hours discouraged, distracted,") contains lines 4-12.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00315
Title:  [I dreamed in a dream of a]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper cut down to 9.5 x 9 cm, in brown-black ink, with revisions in pencil. Pinholes at top and in center. Whitman numbered the leaf 13, in pencil, in the lower-left corner. The excised top portion of the leaf became the bottom section of page 2 of 1:3:11, the poem (eighth in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss") beginning "Hours continuing long, sore/ and heavy-hearted..." In 1860 this poem was substantially revised to form section 34 of "Calamus"; in 1867 it was retitled "I Dreamed in a Dream."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00316
Title:  [I saw in Louisiana a]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On two leaves of white wove paper, both 15 x 9.5 cm, in black ink, with extensive revisions in the same ink, in light brown ink, and in pencil. Pinholes mostly at top and in center of both pages. Whitman numbered the pages 2 and 3 in pencil. This was originally the second section of the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (one of the deleted lines reads "I write/ these pieces, and name/ them after it [the Louisiana live-oak];"), with ornamental Roman numeral. It became section 20 of "Calamus" in 1860; the lines on the first manuscript page correspond to verses 1-7, and those on the second ("It is not needed to remind/ me...") to verses 8-13. The poem was retitled "I saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing" in 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00321
Title:  [Long I thought that knowledge]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 3 leaves, leaves 1 and 2 15 x 9.5 cm; leaf 3 6.5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6 
Content:  On three pieces of white wove paper (the first two 15 x 9.5 cm, the third 6.5 x 9.5 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in pencil. Whitman also penciled in the numbers 7, 8, and 8 1/2 in the lower-left corner of each page. Pinholes at the head and in the center of each page. This was the fifth poem of the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss"; the poem number is inscribed ornamentally, as with the Roman numerals Whitman used for other "Live Oak" poems, and a wavy line appears after the last verse. The lines on the first leaf became verses 1-5 of section 8 of "Calamus" in 1860; the second leaf's lines ("Take notice, you Kanuck woods") became verses 6-10; and the lines on the half-page ("I am indifferent to my own/ songs—") became verses 11-12. There were no further appearances of this poem during the poet's lifetime, Whitman having canceled it in his "Blue Book Copy" of the 1860 Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00324
Title:  [O you whom I often and silently come where you are]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9 cm), in brown-black ink, with revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at the top, with a few lower down. The tenth section of the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with ornamental Roman numeral), this was reformatted and renumbered but otherwise left unrevised as section 43 of "Calamus" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman permanently retitled it "O You Whom I Often and Silently Come."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00328
Title:  [Sometimes]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (15 x 9.5 cm), in light brown ink, with one revision in the same ink. Pinholes at top and in center. A blue pencil mark, possibly the number 4, has been inscribed in the upper right corner. Bowers notes that the page bears the imprint of a papermaker's lozenge die, perhaps that of Platner and Smith of Lee, Massachusetts. This poem became section 39 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 Whitman replaced the third line with a new one and permanently retitled the poem "Sometimes with One I Love."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00329
Title:  [That shadow]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 17 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  One one leaf of lined light blue wove paper (17 x 9.5 cm), in pencil, with one pencil revision. Only two sets of pinholes, both in center. This was revised to become section 40 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 it was retitled "That Shadow, My Likeness."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00330
Title:  [These I, singing in spring]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 4 leaves, 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8 
Content:  These leaves comprise four sections of a poem inscribed on the first and third sides of two folded half-sheets (20 x 16 cm) of the same white wove paper used for 1:3:1 and 1:3:2, in the same light brown ink and, like them, with only minor revisions. The pages were folded and pinned together to form a small pamphlet. Pinholes mostly at center-top and in what was the left margin of the pamphlet. The lines on page 1 became verses 1-8 of section 4 of "Calamus." in 1860; page 2 ("Solitary, smelling the earthy/ smell,...") became verses 9-14; page 3 ("Here lilac with a branch of/ pine,") became verses 15-22; and page 4 ("And stems of currants, and/ plum-blows,") became verses 23-28. From 1867 on the poem was titled "These I, Singing in Spring."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00331
Title:  [This moment as I sit alone]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper, in dark brown ink, with revisions in pencil. Pinholes in center and at top. Whitman penciled in the number 6 in the lower-left corner. The fourth poem in the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with ornamental Roman numeral), it became section 23 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "This Moment, Yearning and Thoughtful" in 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00337
Title:  [To the young man]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (15 x 9 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in pencil. Whitman also penciled in the page number 16 in the lower-left corner. Pinholes in center and at top. This page bears the same papermaker's mark as 1:3:35. Twelfth in the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with ornamental Roman numeral), it became section 42 of "Calamus" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman changed the poem to an apostrophe, adding the first line "O Boy of the West!" (later removed) and permanently retitling it "To a Western Boy."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00338
Title:  [What think you I have]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 8.5 x 9 cm pasted to 6.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On a composite leaf of white wove paper consisting of two sections (8.5 x 9 and 6.5 x 9 cm) pasted together. Both sections are in black ink but, as Bowers notes, the lower verses were inscribed using a darker, thicker pen; the upper section is unrevised, but the lower section bears several alterations in the original ink. Pinholes at top of both sections and in the current center. Whitman numbered the page 9, in pencil, in the lower-left corner. Originally the sixth section of the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss," this poem was revised to form section 32 of "Calamus" in 1860, and in 1867 was retitled "What Think You I Take My Pen in Hand?"

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00339
Title:  [When I heard at the close of]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  On two leaves of white wove paper, both measuring 15 x 9.5 cm; the lower half of the second page is pasted over with a section of white paper (8 x 9 cm) containing four revised verses. In black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in pencil. Pinholes mostly at top of both pages. Whitman numbered the pages 4 and 5, in pencil, in their lower-left corners. The third section of "Live Oak, with Moss" (with ornamental Roman numeral), this poem became section 11 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "When I Heard at the Close of the Day" in 1867. For an earlier draft of the poem numbered V please see the verso of leaves 15-16 of "Premonition" (1:1:15-16). Bowers (p. 88) supplies the three earlier lines concealed by the paste-on revision to the second leaf. The lines on the first page correspond to verses 1-5 of the 1860 version, and those on the second page ("And when I thought how/ my friend,...") to lines 6-13.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00340
Title:  [You bards of ages hence]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, leaf 1 8 x 9 cm; leaf 2 14.5 x 9.5 cm pasted to 5.5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  On two sections of white wove paper, the first cut down to 8 x 9 cm and the second a composite of two pieces pasted together, the top measuring 14.5 x 9.5 and the bottom 5.5 x 9.5 cm. In black ink, with a few revisions in the same ink. Pinholes at top and in center of both pages. Whitman numbered the first 9 1/2 and the second 10, in pencil, in the lower-left corner of each leaf. The Roman numeral is inscribed in an ornamental style, and the poem terminates with a wavy line. The seventh poem in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss," became section 10 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "Recorders Ages Hence" in 1867. The lines on the first page correspond to verses 1-3 of the 1860 version, and those on the second page ("Publish my name and hang up/ my picture...") to lines 4-11.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Camps of Green

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Title:  Songs of Parting
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves with handwritten annotations, handwritten
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Content:  Bound proofs of Whitman's cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Carol Closing Sixty-Nine, A

Whitman Archive ID: amh.00001
Title:  A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine and To Get the Final Lilt of Songs
Date: 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf,
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is an uncorrected galley proof of "A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine" and "To Get the Final Lilt of Songs," both of which were first published in separate issues of the New York Herald in 1888. This date is written on the leaf, possibly in Whitman's hand. The first published title of "To Get the Final Lilt of Songs" was "The Final Lilt of Songs."

Repository: Amherst College Archives and Special Collections

Title:  "A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine"
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 2 leaves
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof sheet with printed signature; proof sheet without printed signature. "A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine" was first published in 1888.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00157
Title:  A Carol-Cluster at 69
Date: 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
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Content:  This manuscript contains a draft version of a poem entitled "A Carol-Cluster at 69" which was likely composed and edited around the time of its first publication in the New York Herald, May 21, 1888. In the same year, this poem appears in the annex Sands at Seventy under the title "A Carol Closing Sixty-nine".

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00158
Title:  Carols at nearing Seventy
Date: around 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 cm x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript contains a draft version of a poem appearing with two alternative titles: "Carols at Nearing Seventy" and "Carols Closing Sixty-Nine". A note at bottom states "Sent to Lippincotts." The poem was first published with the title in the New York Herald, May 21, 1888. In the same year, this poem appears in the annex Sands at Seventy under the title "A Carol Closing Sixty-nine".

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "Old Age's Lambent Peaks"
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 34.5 x 15 cm
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two copies of a proof sheet with three poems: "Old Age's Lambent Peaks," "A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine," "To Get the Final Lilt of Songs," all published first in 1888. No annotations on the sheets.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age's Lambent Peaks"
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 33 x 15 cm; envelope 10.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  An edited proof sheet with three poems: "Old Age's Lambent Peaks," "A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine," "To Get the Final Lilt of Songs," all published first in 1888. In addition to corrections, Whitman has written a note to the printer at the top of the page. Also included is an envelope with "printer's proofs, short poems, Walt Whitman, 1888, (autographic)" written on it.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Centennial Songs---1876

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00064
Title:  Song of the Redwood Tree
Date: about 1873
Physical Description: 20 leaves, 11 x 12.5 cm to 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  This manuscript contains a rough draft of the poem "Song of the Redwood-Tree" written, according to a note intialed by Whitman, during October and November 1873 prior to its first publication in the February 1874 issue of Harper's Magazine. In 1876 the poem was published in the group "Centennial Songs" and annexed to Two Rivulets. The poem appears ungrouped again in Leaves of Grass (1881). Several leaves contain deleted and undeleted titles or variant verse references to other published poems: "Eidólons", "Waves in the Vessel's Wake", "(a sonnet)" written "for Century Verses," which appears from a Library of Congress manuscript to have been a working title of the group that became "Centennial Verses" and "A California song".

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Chanting the Square Deific

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00183
Title:  [Once I passed through a populous] I am the child of Democracy
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The recto verses appearing on this manuscript became the main section 9 of "Enfans d'Adam" in 1860 and were retitled "Once I Pass'd Through a Populous City" in 1867. On the verso appear two fragments: an undeleted verse that would be used in Satan's section of "Chanting the Square Deific" in "Sequel to Drum-Taps" (1865-66); and what would become section 23 of "Proto-Leaf", which becomes "Starting from Paumanok" in 1867. The undeleted verse is upside-down relative to the deleted section.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00273
Title:  [Poem of "(the Devil]
Date: 1865 or before
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This note for a poem about the devil is possibly related to the poem "Chanting the Square Deific," which was first published in 1865. The scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there a hunter's camp]," "[(written for the voice)]," and "Poem of Sadness."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Chants Democratic and Native American

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00110
Title:  They do not seem to me
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 13 cm x 11.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript is a draft of lines that were published in "Chants Democratic," number 13, in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. That poem was later revised and published as "Laws for Creations"; however, the lines on this manuscript are a draft of the section of the poem that was deleted after the 1860 publication.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00114
Title:  To a Literat
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The first two verses, taken more or less directly from a prose manuscript, "[Of Biography]," have no revisions, but the remaining three verses represent a significant expansion of the themes in the prose notes and are extensively revised. These verses, which precede "[Walt Whitman's law]" in the composition process, correspond, like "[Of Biography]," to section 13 of the 1860 version of the poem "Chants Democratic and Native American" which was revised and permanently retitled "Laws for Creations" in 1872.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00115
Title:  [Walt Whitman's law]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This leaf bears the deleted title "To an artist, literat, &c". The first line "Come, I have now to tell you" revises and expands on another manuscript "To a Literat". These lines were eventually revised to form section 13 of the 1860 version of the poem "Chants Democratic" which was revised and permanently retitled "Laws for Creations" in 1872.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Children of Adam

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00279
Title:  [Theory of a Cluster of Poems]
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Note suggesting a cluster of poems about "the passion of Woman-Love," along with a few trial lines, all apparently related to the 1860 cluster "Enfans d'Adam" (later retitled "Children of Adam").

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Christmas Greeting From a Northern Star-Group to a Southern, 1889-'90, A

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00007
Title:  A Christmas Greeting
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 20 x 23.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript of "A Christmas Greeting" was apparently intended for the printer, as there are few alterations. In right hand corner is notation in red: "if convenient let me have proof by noon." In left hand corner (in pencil) is the name "Horace Traubel." The poem was first published in 1889.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "A Christmas Greeting"
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 4 leaves, 13.5 x 18.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Written in ink on first proof of "A Christmas Greeting,"are several corrections. Proofs two and three have a notation by Traubel: "See notes 1/29/90." The third proof has three emendations. A fourth proof is unmarked.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00008
Title:  [A North Star]
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 18 x 20.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Written in pencil on a tan piece of paper cut from a larger sheet, 130 words with the title "A North Star [page torn] South." The poem was later revised and titled "A Christmas Greeting" and published in 1889.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


City of Orgies

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00292
Title:  A City Walk
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 4.5 x 12 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A faint horizontal line beneath part of "A City Walk," along with the words' capitalization and central position on the page, indicate that Whitman may have contemplated using the words as the title of an independent poem. The closest he came to this title was "City of Walks and Joys," the name he originally assigned to "Calamus" 18 in his "Blue Book" revisions of the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. This title was changed in the "Blue Book" to "City of orgies, walks and joys" and finally became "City of Orgies" in the 1867 edition. The manuscript also suggests making a list of things seen while "crossing the ferry" an idea later developed and published in the poem "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry", 1860.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00293
Title:  Original. Walks Down This Street;
Date: about 1856
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 7 x 16 cm paster to 4 x 15.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Both parts of the title are underlined. A wavy line appears at the foot of that section. The word "Original" at the head of the upper section suggests that Whitman was sketching out a new poem for a revised edition of Leaves of Grass. If it was the 1860 edition, as his style of inscription here appears to indicate, it is possible that this leaf could represent an early stage of the poem that would eventually become "City of Orgies", 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00023
Title:  [City of my walks and joys]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 8.5 x 10 cm pasted to 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On a composite leaf consisting of two pieces of white wove paper. The smaller section is pasted over some lines in the top-left corner of the larger piece, from the top of which other lines were cut off. On the verso of the larger piece appears an extensively revised pencil draft of the first poem in "Enfans d'Adam". The group first appeard in print in 1860 with this poem as section 1. The poem was permanently titled "To the Garden of the World" in 1867. The verses on the current recto of the composite leaf became section 18 of "Calamus" in 1860; the poem was permanently titled "City of Orgies" in 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


City of Ships

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00276
Title:  [Ships sail upon the waters]
Date: 1856-1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15.5 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Part of the word "Leaves" appears in the lower right corner of the verso. On the verso, in blue pencil, appears a note, reading "Drum Taps—City of Ships" which appears to be in Whitman's hand. This may indeed have been a draft of the poem "City of Ships," which first appeared in 1865 as part of the independent publication Drum-Taps, but the similarities to the lines on another manuscript in the University of Virginia collection and lack of references to the Civil War indicate that it was inscribed prior to the publication of the the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Clear Midnight, A

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00062
Title:  A Clear Midnight
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 19.5 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of "A Clear Midnight", written on the reverse of a letter from "A. Williams" dated December 2, 1880. The poem was first published in 1881.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00083
Title:  A starry midnight
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of a poem entitled "A starry midnight," published as "A Clear Midnight" in 1881. At the top is a note in blue pencil that reads "?for end of poems"

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937


Come, said my Soul

Whitman Archive ID: hun.00021
Title:  Come, said my Soul
Date: ca. 1874
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a draft of "Come, said my Soul," a poem first published in 1874 and later used as the title-page epigraph for Leaves of Grass.

Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00013
Title:  Go, said his Soul to a Poet.
Date: 
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A rough draft, heavily revised, of a poem titled "Go, said his Soul to a Poet," which was first published as "Come, said my Soul" in 1874 and later used as the title-page epigraph for Leaves of Grass.

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library


Whitman Archive ID: uva.00064
Title:  Song of the Redwood Tree
Date: about 1873
Physical Description: 20 leaves, 11 x 12.5 cm to 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26 
Content:  This manuscript contains a rough draft of the poem "Song of the Redwood-Tree" written, according to a note intialed by Whitman, during October and November 1873 prior to its first publication in the February 1874 issue of Harper's Magazine. In 1876 the poem was published in the group "Centennial Songs" and annexed to Two Rivulets. The poem appears ungrouped again in Leaves of Grass (1881). Several leaves contain deleted and undeleted titles or variant verse references to other published poems: "Eidólons", "Waves in the Vessel's Wake", "(a sonnet)" written "for Century Verses," which appears from a Library of Congress manuscript to have been a working title of the group that became "Centennial Verses" and "A California song".

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  To the Soul
Date: about 1874
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 19.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Rough draft of a poem entitled "To the Soul". These lines appear to be very early ideas connected with the poem first published as "Come, said my Soul" in the Christmas number of the New York Daily Graphic, December 1874, then in the New York Tribune, February 19, 1876. This poem, signed by Whitman, became the title-page epigraph of Leaves of Grass, 1876 and 1891-2. The verso is blank.

Repository: George S. Hellman Collection, The Library of Congress


Commonplace, The

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00076
Title:  The Commonplace
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 27 x 19 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one side is a draft of "The Commonplace", which was first published in manuscript facsimile in 1891. On the other side is a cancelled early draft of "Osceola," a poem first published in 1890.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "The Commonplace"
Date: March, 1891
Content:  A copy of the March, 1891, issue of Munson's Magazine, which includes, in manuscript facsimile, "The Commonplace."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Continuities

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00075
Title:  Certainties, Faith, Counterbalances, Alternation
Date: between 1882-1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Written in ink on the verso of a discarded letter (cancelled by a diagonal strike) from Talcott Williams, this draft appears to be trial lines for the poem later published as "Continuities" in the New York Herald, March 20, 1888.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00051
Title:  Embers of Ending Day
Date: between 1880 and 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.5 cm x 11 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The manuscript appears to be a draft of a title or titles. The lines on the manuscript—"Embers of Ending Day," "Embers of day-fires mouldering"—are echoed in the partial line "the embers left from earlier fires" in the 1888 poem, "Continuities." On the verso is a note, dated December 28, 1880, confirming a request for a set of Whitmans's books: "Dear Sir, I shall be glad to supply you with a set (Two Volumes) of my books—There is only one kind of binding—Walt Whitman."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00159
Title:  [No birth-identity]
Date: around 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25.5 cm x 19.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript contains a draft of the poem first published in the New York Herald, March 20, 1888 with the title "Continuities". A note at the bottom of the page states "Sent to H March 17" indicating the draft was likely completed near the time of publication.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Crossing Brooklyn Ferry

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00292
Title:  A City Walk
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 4.5 x 12 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A faint horizontal line beneath part of "A City Walk," along with the words' capitalization and central position on the page, indicate that Whitman may have contemplated using the words as the title of an independent poem. The closest he came to this title was "City of Walks and Joys," the name he originally assigned to "Calamus" 18 in his "Blue Book" revisions of the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. This title was changed in the "Blue Book" to "City of orgies, walks and joys" and finally became "City of Orgies" in the 1867 edition. The manuscript also suggests making a list of things seen while "crossing the ferry" an idea later developed and published in the poem "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry", 1860.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "[George Walker]"
Date: between 1855-1856
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts (New York: New York University Press, 1984. 6 vols), noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry," "I Sing the Body Electric," "Starting from Paumanok," "A Song for Occupations," "By Blue Ontario's Shore," "Salut au Monde!," "To One Shortly to Die," and "A Woman Waits for Me."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Dalliance of the Eagles, The

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00023
Title:  The Dalliance of the Eagles
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 20 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Made by pasting together six scraps of paper (back of a discarded envelope from Geo. S. Woodhull and Son, Law Offices, Camden, postmarked Apr 6; back of a discarded letter, dated New York, March 29, 1880, and other scraps), a late draft of the poem, "The Dalliance of the Eagles," about 120 words, showing a few minor variations from the published version. The poem was published first in 1880.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "The Dalliance of the Eagles"
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 3 leaves
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Three proofs, two of which also have "Ah, little knows the Laborer"(later appearing in a revised form as the first three lines of "Song of the Exposition"), and one of which also contains a proof of the poem "Hast never come to thee an hour?"

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "The Dalliance of the Eagles"
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25.8 x 18.6 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Written in ink on a proof of "The Dalliance of the Eagles," "Ah, little knows the Laborer," "Hast never come to thee an hour?,"and "My Picture-Gallery," are 14 words of notations in Whitman's hand. The proof has been pasted to a heavy piece of paper, on the verso of which is "A Riddle Song," part of "Italian Music in Dakota," and a clipped headline reading "The Society Articles Save Labor. Lighten the Labor for Mother."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00092
Title:  The dalliance of the eagles
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12 x 19 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The poem was first published in the November 1880 issue of Cope's Tobacco Plant and became one of the new poems in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass, where it appeared in the cluster "By the Roadside." At some point this leaf was pasted to a cardboard print of a photograph of Whitman stamped "Thomas C. Watkins" on the verso, but almost identical to one attributed by Henry Scholey Saunders, author of 100 Walt Whitman Photographs, to the studio of Frederick Gutekunst in Philadelphia, and reproduced in the 1889 pocket edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00132
Title:  [Skirting the river]
Date: 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12.5 x 19 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Lines later revised and published as "The Dalliance of the Eagles" in 1880.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Darest Thou Now O Soul

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand, and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Dead Emperor, The

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00006
Title:  The Dead Emperor
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Printer's copy of the poem "The Dead Emperor," which was first published in the New York Herald on 10 March 1888 and later reprinted in the "Sands at Seventy" annex to Leaves of Grass (1888). The poem mourns the death of Emperor William I of Germany on 9 March 1888, and the Herald of 10 March contained details of his final hours as well as Whitman's poem.

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library


Whitman Archive ID: uva.00160
Title:  The Dead Emperor
Date: 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 11 cm x 21 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript contains a draft of a poem first published in the New York Herald, March 10, 1888 entitled "The Dead Emperor". A note at top of the page states "sent Herald March 8" indicating that the draft was likely composed around the time of publication. On the verso appears part of a letter with Houghton Mifflin Publishers letterhead.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Dead Tenor, The

Title:  "The Dead Tenor"
Date: about 1884
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 24 x 15 cm, 10.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Written in pencil on a small page from a notebook, on which is pasted a clipping from a newspaper about the funeral of Signor Brignoli and the reaction of Patti, pinned to an unmarked proof of "The Dead Tenor," thirty words: "I heard the earliest singing of Patti, (in 1860 if I remember right)—heard her many times, Brignoli sang with her at her first appearance in NY in 1859." The poem was first published in 1884.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "The Dead Tenor"
Date: about 1884
Physical Description: 4 leaves, 21 x 15 cm, 20.5 x 15.25 cm, 24.25 x 15 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Four proofs of "The Dead Tenor," two with notations and corrections in Whitman's hand. The other two have no annotations. The poem was first published in 1884.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00016
Title:  The Dead Tenor
Date: 1884
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Signed draft of "The Dead Tenor," approximately 14 lines and written on several scraps pasted together. There is a newspaper clipping with the death notice of Pasquale Brignoli in the bottom lefthand corner. The poem was first published on 8 November 1884 in the Critic. Whitman was inspired to write the poem by the death of Pasquale (or Pasqualino) Brignoli (1824–1884), a tenor who made his New York debut in 1854 and remained a popular favorite for twenty years. According to Horace Traubel, Whitman appears to have known Brignoli.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


Death of General Grant

Title:  "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors"
Date: May 15, 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 54.5 x 36 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A page of The Post, Camden, N.J., 15 May 1885. Written in pencil in the margin at the top of front page are five words in Whitman's hand: "As one by one Withdraw." The Library of Congress's description of the item mentions that page three of the newspaper includes a reprint from Harper's Weekly of "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors"; however, only one leaf is currently in the folder. "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors" was later published as "Death of General Grant."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Written in pencil at the bottom of a proof of "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors," a thirteen-line poem on President Grant's death, with a printed signature, four words: "Harper's Weekly, May 16." On the verso in another hand is "tr Nov 20 1885." Pasted on the verso is a small piece of paper, 5.25 x 10.75 cm, on which is written: "This fragment of Whitman's, Mr. (John) Burroughs sent me recently, with a lot of old papers & letters. As it has a memorandum in WW's hand, I know you will like to have it. C(lara).B(arrus)." This poem, published first in 1885, was also published as "Death of General Grant."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 4 leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Four proofs of the thirteen-line poem, "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors,"first published in 1885, later published as "Death of General Grant": 1) without printed signature; 2) with signature written in Whitman's hand; 3) with printed signature; and 4) with notation beside printed signature that it was to be moved to the left and, to be inserted, three words: "in Harper's Weekly."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00007
Title:  As one by one withdraw the lofty actors
Date: 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Printer's copy, annotated and lightly corrected, of the poem first published under the title "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors" in Harper's Weekly, 16 May 1885. The poem was reprinted as "Grant" in the Critic, 15 August 1885 and revised as "Death of General Grant" in the "Sands at Seventy" annex to Leaves of Grass (1888).

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00089
Title:  Death of Gen. Grant
Date: ca. 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of the poem "Death of General Grant" first published August 15, 1885 and later published with the same title in 1888.

Repository: Walt Whitman Collection, The Library of Congress


Death's Valley

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00321
Title:  Up, Lurid Stars!
Date: about 1865
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of a poem entitled "Up, Lurid Stars!" which was never published in Whitman's lifetime. It is related to the poem "World Take Good Notice," which was first published in 1865.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00107
Title:  [Aye, well I know 'tis ghastly to descend]
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Eight lines evidently written originally as part of "Death's Valley," which was published first in Harper's New Monthly Magazine in 1892. The stanza later was slightly revised and published as "On the Same Picture" (the title was probably supplied by Traubel) in 1897.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Death-Bouquet, A

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00187
Title:  A Death-Bouquet
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A five-line draft of a poem, entitled "A Death-Bouquet," which was never published and has an unknown relationship to Whitman's published work. A subtitle reads "Fresh pick'd noon time early January, 1890, By Walt Whitman." These lines bear some relation to Whitman's brief essay of the same name.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Debris (Cluster)

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00251
Title:  [Do I not prove myself]
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 8 x 18.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On the verso appear two undeleted lines beginning "Whatever I say of myself, you shall apply to yourself..." that eventually formed part of section 20 of "Song of Myself." The deleted pencil lines beginning "I think there will never be any more heaven or hell / than there is now," were revised to form what would eventually become the second verse paragraph of section 3 of "Song of Myself." After heavy revision the lines appearing on the recto of the manuscript were used in what would be section 41 of "Song of Myself." These lines also bear relation to the untitled 14th poem of the "Debris" cluster (1860). The lines were not among the various passages of "Debris" that survived in the final poems of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Democratic Vistas

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00144
Title:  [To What You Said]
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Cancelled draft written in pencil on the verso of page 30 (Whitman's numbering) of a sixty-three page rough draft of Democratic Vistas. "[To What You Said]" bears a strong relationship to the "Calamus" poems that were composed between 1857-1860.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Dismantled Ship, The

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00191
Title:  The Dismantled Ship
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of "The Dismantled Ship," first published in 1888, written on the inside of an opened envelope (postmark date unclear). At the bottom of the page in a note in Whitman's hand: "probably printed in Herald 19th Feb. '88."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Drum-Taps

Whitman Archive ID: amh.00004
Title:  [Drum-Taps]
Date: undated; between 1865-1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This note indicates the proper location for the Drum-Taps poems in the page sequence of what was apparently a manuscript or some other pre-publication form of Whitman's poems. Whitman first used the title Drum-Taps for a volume of poems published in 1865. The title was also applied to a cluster of poems within later editions of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Amherst College Archives and Special Collections


Dying Veteran, The

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00193
Title:  The Dying Veteran
Date: June 23, 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A dated, signed draft of "The Dying Veteran," first published in 1887. A note at end reads: "Given to Thomas Mosher by Horace Traubel, 1900." On verso of the page is a note by Whitman to "Mr. Curtz" (type setter) asking for a finished proof by the middle of the afternoon, Wednesday.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "The Dying Veteran"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A proof of "The Dying Veteran," first published in 1887, with a note by Traubel.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Earth, My Likeness

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00312
Title:  [Earth]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9.5 cm), in brown-black ink, with revisions in lighter ink (including the deletion, undone in 1860, of the phrase "My likeness!" after "Earth!"). Pinholes mostly at top and in center. Whitman penciled in the number 15 in the lower-left corner. Originally poem XI in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with the Roman numeral ornamentally drawn), this was revised to become section 36 of "Calamus" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman retitled the poem "Earth! My Likeness!"

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00225
Title:  [O Earth, my likeness]
Date: 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 20.5 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of the poem first published as "Calamus, No. 36" in 1860 ("Earth, My Likeness" in the so-called Deathbed Edition of Leaves of Grass). A number 8 and a roman number VI are at the top of the page. This manuscript has a vertical line drawn straight through the middle. On the verso is a page of prose in Whitman's hand with "Rel." at the top.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Election Day, November, 1884

Title:  "If I Should Need To Name, O Western World"
Date: October 28, 1884
Physical Description: # leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Clipped copy of "If I Should Need to Name, O Western World" from the Camden, New Jersey, Post, October 28, 1884, with a note in Whitman's hand. This poem was later published with the title "Election Day, November, 1884."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00203
Title:  If I should need to name, O Western World!
Date: October 25, 1884
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 26 x 20.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6 
Content:  Draft of "If I Should Need to Name, O Western World!", first published in the Philadelphia Press on October 26, 1884 and later published with the title "Election Day, November, 1884."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "[to go in Sunday's paper Oct 26]"
Date: October 25, 1884
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 16 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A small note accompanying a manuscript of "If I Should Need to Name, O Western World" with printing instructions probably for the Philadelphia Press, who published the poem on October 26, 1884.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Ethiopia Saluting the Colors

Whitman Archive ID: pml.00004
Title:  Ethiopia saluting the colors
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3 
Content:  A two-page draft of "Ethiopia Saluting the Colors," which was published first in 1871. This draft reflects a later version of the poem, published first in 1881. The second page of the draft shows two versions of stanza four (Whitman's number), one written on the page and another on a separate slip of paper that he pasted over the first as a revision.

Repository: The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York


Europe, The 72d and 73d Years of These States

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00289
Title:  Resurgemus
Date: about 1884
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 24.5 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3 
Content:  A clipping from the September, 1884 issue of the London magazine To-Day. Printed in the issue is Whitman's poem "Resurgemus," and in Whitman's hand are some corrections and a bibliographic notation. The publication history of this poem is unusual: it was published first as "Resurgemus" in 1850, then untitled in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, then as "Poem of The Dead Young Men of Europe, the 72nd and 73rd Years of These States" in the 1856 edition, and as "Europe, The 72nd and 73rd Years of These States" in the 1860 and subsequent editions. Therefore, its appearance in an 1884 periodical under an old title seems highly unusual.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Evening Lull, An

Whitman Archive ID: unc.00009
Title:  an evening lull
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a manuscript draft of the poem, "An Evening Lull," which was first published in November Boughs in 1888.

Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


Excelsior

Title:  "Excelsior"
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 3 leaves
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Three proof sheets of "Excelsior" with no annotations on them. This poem was first published in 1856 under the title "Poem of the Heart of The Son of Manhattan Island." In 1860 it appeared as "Chants Democratic No. 15." It did not have the title "Excelsior" until 1867. The proofs show a version of the poem that was not published until the 1881-82 edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Faces

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00273
Title:  [Can ? make me so exuberant yet so faintish]
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The recto verses bear some similarity to what would eventually form section 28 of "Song of Myself," while the deleted lines on the verso (beginning "This mouth is pulled by some sexton for his dismalest fee,") represent a fragment of draft lines eventually incorporated in the sixth poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, a poem permanently retitled "Faces" in the 1872 edition.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00264
Title:  [The Great Laws do not treasure chips]
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript contains lines which, after revision, appeared in the eleventh poem in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, later titled "Who Learns My Lesson Complete?" On the verso are cancelled lines, beginning "hands are cut," which later appeared, in a revised form, in "Faces," which was originally published as the sixth poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00258
Title:  [Topple down upon him]
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15.5 x 19 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This leaf, a reworking of the lines beginning "I am a Curse" in Library of Congress notebook #80, with verses added from the manuscript also in the University of Virgina collection that begins "I am a curse", appears to have come later in the revision process. The only line specifically linking the poem to the theme of slavery ("I look off the river with my bloodshot eyes, after / the steamboat that carries away my woman.—"), adapted from the "I am a curse" leaf, is deleted, and Whitman apparently rejected these lines and the "curse" theme in general as he moved toward the draft on the leaf in the Virgina collection that begins "I am a hell-name and a Curse...", which would eventuate in the 1855 published version. On the verso appear two sets of trial verses for what would eventually become the second verse paragraph of section 4 of the poem "Faces," which in 1855 was published as the sixth of twelve poems in the first edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Facing West from California's Shores

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00184
Title:  Hindustan
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The number 80 appears above the deleted 79 above the title, along with a pencil question mark in parentheses. This poem was revised to form main section 10 of "Enfans d'Adam" in 1860, and in 1867 was given two new opening lines and retitled "Facing West from California's Shores."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "[(illeg.) Dick Hunt]"
Date: 1856-1857
Physical Description: handwritten
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Content:  A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts (New York: New York University Press, 1984. 6 vols.), noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "To a Common Prostitute," "You Felons on Trial in Courts," "Starting from Paumanok," "Trickle Drops," "I Was Looking for a Long While," "Poem of Joys," "Facing West from California's Shores," "To the States," "A Song of the Rolling Earth," "On the Beach a Night Alone," "Full of Life Now," and "With Antecedents."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Fancies at Navesink

Whitman Archive ID: usc.00003
Title:  Annex at 69
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.2 x 21.3 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This manuscript contains titles for a contemplated cluster of poems, "Annex at 69" and "Fancies at Navesink & other pieces 1883 to 88." The poem sequence "Fancies at Navesink" first appeared in the August 1885 issue of Nineteenth Century. The eight poems from this sequence were then reprinted in a section of November Boughs entitled "Sands at Seventy" in 1888, which then became an annex to Leaves of Grass that same year. The poems reappeared under the heading "Fancies at Navesink," although still part of "Sands at Seventy," in 1891. The manuscript was matted, along with a Frederick Gutekunst photograph of Whitman. Because of the matting, the verso of the manuscript is not accessible.

Repository: University of South Carolina, Joel Myerson Collection of Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Whitman Archive ID: amh.00003
Title:  Fancies at Navesink
Date: May 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a galley proof of four poems from "Fancies of Navesink," a group of eight poems first published in The Nineteenth Centuryin August 1885: "The Pilot in the Mist," "Had I the Choice," "You Tides With Ceaseless Swell," and "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning." Signed, dated, and heavily annotated by Whitman.

Repository: Amherst College Archives and Special Collections

Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: August, 1885
Content:  A copy of the periodical Nineteenth Century, No. 102, August, 1885, containing Whitman's group of eight poems "Fancies at Navesink." The poems in this cluster are: "The Pilot in the Mist," "Had I the Choice," "You Tides with Ceaseless Swell," "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," "Proudly the Flood Comes In," "By That Long Scan of Waves," and "Then Last of All." In this publication, the poems "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning" and "And Yet Not You Alone" are not separated, and "And Yet Not You Alone" appears as the final stanza of the first poem.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 3 leaves, 48 x 15 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Three copies of an oversized proof of "Fancies at Navesink," a group of poems first published in 1885. The poems in this cluster are: "The Pilot in the Mist," "Had I the Choice," "You Tides with Ceaseless Swell," "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," "Proudly the Flood Comes In," "By That Long Scan of Waves," and "Then Last of All." In these proofs, the poems "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning" and "And Yet Not You Alone" are not separated, and "And Yet Not You Alone" appears as the final stanza of the first poem. The proofs have no editorial corrections, but one is signed by Whitman and another contains a note in another hand reading, "from the papers of Walt Whitman given to Mosher by Traubel 1906."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00039
Title:  Fancies at Navesink
Date: 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This manuscript appears to concern the possible arrangement of the eight-poem cycle, "Fancies at Navesink," which was published in the magazine, Nineteenth Century, in August 1885. The titles of three poems not included in "Fancies at Navesink"—"After the Supper and Talk," "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," and "Ah, Not This Granite Dead and Cold"—are also mentioned. This manuscript is bound with others under the title, "Fancies at Navesink."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00072
Title:  Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5 
Content:  These five leaves remain from what was originally a six-leaf manuscript (a note at the top of the first leaf reads, in Whitman's hand, "these six pages all one piece") of "Fancies at Navesink," an eight-poem cycle which was first published in the magazine, Nineteenth Century, in August 1885. The poems included are "The Pilot in the Mist," "Had I the Choice," "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," "Proudly the Flood Comes In," "By That Long Scan of Waves," and "Then Last of All." These leaves are bound with others under the title, "Fancies at Navesink."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: hun.00014
Title:  Fancies at Navesink, the Pilot in the Mist
Date: ca. 1884
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a draft of "Pilot in the Mist," a poem that is part of the eight-poem sequence "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885.

Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00043
Title:  [or, Halcyon Days] | Fancies at Navesink
Date: around 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft for a title page beginning, "or Halycon days," with a note at the head "for title page to supplement of L of G not Nove. Boughs." The verso appears to have been a previous title page draft for "Fancies at Navesink." "Halcyon Days" first appeared in the New York Herald on 29 January 1888, and was reprinted in the "Sands at Seventy Annex" to Leaves of Grass (1888).

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library



Farm Picture, A

Title:  "A Farm Picture"
Date: about 1871
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A proof of "A Farm Picture," first published in this form in 1871. No annotations on the sheet.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Fast Anchor'd Eternal O Love!

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00313
Title:  [Here the frailest leaves of me]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (15 x 9.5 cm), in medium-brown ink, with one revision in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at top and in center. The two sets of verses are divided by a short horizontal line. In 1860 the first set, with the addition of a new first line ("Here my last words, and the most baffling,") became section 44 of "Calamus"; the poem was permanently retitled "Here the Frailest Leaves of Me", and the new first line dropped, in 1867. The second set was revised to form section 38 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 it was further revised and retitled "Fast Anchor'd, Eternal, O Love."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


First Annex: Sands at Seventy

Whitman Archive ID: usc.00003
Title:  Annex at 69
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.2 x 21.3 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This manuscript contains titles for a contemplated cluster of poems, "Annex at 69" and "Fancies at Navesink & other pieces 1883 to 88." The poem sequence "Fancies at Navesink" first appeared in the August 1885 issue of Nineteenth Century. The eight poems from this sequence were then reprinted in a section of November Boughs entitled "Sands at Seventy" in 1888, which then became an annex to Leaves of Grass that same year. The poems reappeared under the heading "Fancies at Navesink," although still part of "Sands at Seventy," in 1891. The manuscript was matted, along with a Frederick Gutekunst photograph of Whitman. Because of the matting, the verso of the manuscript is not accessible.

Repository: University of South Carolina, Joel Myerson Collection of Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00056
Title:  Carols Closing Sixty-Nine
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A manuscript of suggestions for the title of a collection of poetry which eventually appeared under the heading "Sands at Seventy" in the 1888 volume of poetry and prose entitled November Boughs. The title "Carols Closing Sixty-Nine" appears here as one of the possible names for this collection. The verso of this document contains the underlined words "Sands at Seventy" and a cancelled note reading "for annex to the preced," which corresponds to ideas expressed on the recto.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00020
Title:  Sands at Seventy
Date: about 1884
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a note written on the verso of a postmarked envelope that offers the title, "Sands on the Shores of Seventy &c &c for Annex to the preceding," as an alternative to the title, "Sands at Seventy," which was first used for a cluster of poems in November Boughs, published in 1888.

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00168
Title:  [With every heaving wave]
Date: 1880s
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 24 cm x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript contains a draft version of the poem "By That Long Scan of Waves" included in the group of poems "Fancies at Navesink". The group was first published in Nineteenth Century, August, 1885.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


First Dandelion, The

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00162
Title:  [Simple and Fresh]
Date: around 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 26 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript contains a draft of a poem first published in the New York Herald, March 12, 1888 entitled "The First Dandelion". A note on the bottom of the page states "sent to Herald March 11" indicating the draft was likely composed around the time of publication. On the verso appears a letter to Whitman from Witcraft dated 3/8/88.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Font of Type, A

Whitman Archive ID: unc.00003
Title:  A font of type
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a manuscript draft of the poem, "A Font of Type," which was first published in November Boughs in 1888.

Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


For Queen Victoria's Birthday

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00020
Title:  For Queen Victoria's Birth-Day
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Lightly revised printer's copy of "For Queen Victoria's Birthday," which was published in Good-Bye My Fancy in 1891. Also included are an uncorrected proof sheet and an envelope, which is inscribed with a note in Whitman's hand, indicating that he presented them together as a gift to an unknown recipient.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Title:  "For Queen Victoria's Birthday"
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 24 x 15 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two copies of proofs of "For Queen Victoria's Birthday," one with correction and note in Whitman's hand, the other with no annotations in Whitman's hand but with a notation by Horace Traubel at the bottom.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00198
Title:  For Queen Victoria's Birthday
Date: May 24, 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  A copy of The Critic (May 24, 1890) containing Whitman's poem "For Queen Victoria's Birthday" on page 262.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00032
Title:  For Queen Victoria's Birthday
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a typed and corrected proof of "For Queen Victoria's Birthday," first published in the Philadelphia Public Ledger on May 24, 1890. Whitman later included this poem in the 1891 edition of Good-Bye My Fancy.

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Title:  "Ship Ahoy!"
Date: between 1891-1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two proof pages, with several notes by Traubel in the margins. The poems included on the pages are: "Ship Ahoy!","Death's Valley," "For us two, reader dear," and "For Queen Victoria's Birthday." "Death's Valley" was first published in 1892; the other poems were published first in 1891.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


For Us Two, Reader Dear

Title:  "An Old Man's Recitatives"
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 36.5 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proofs of four poems pasted together and collected under the main handwritten title "An Old Man's Recitatives." The poems included are: "Ancient songs reciting" (published as "Old Chants" in 1891), "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear," first published in 1891. A note in Whitman's hand in the right margin details failed attempts to publish this grouping in Scribner's.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00362
Title:  For us two, reader dear
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of the poem "For Us Two, Reader Dear," first published in 1891. Also on the leaf is a letter to Whitman dated June 4, 1890 from Mrs. Noble T. Biddle.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00219
Title:  My Task
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 22 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Manuscripts of the following four poems, written neatly with slight corrections: "My task," "L of G's Purport," "Death dogs my steps," and "For us two, reader dear." All of the verses except "For us two, reader dear" were fused together and published as one poem entitled "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: between 1890-1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 30.5 x 16 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A galley proof of a group of six poems titled "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Sail out for good, Eidolon yacht!" (first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only the first two lines of the poem of the same title published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891), and "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891). On the verso is a note to printer.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 28 x 21 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof pages of six poems collected under the general title "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Old Chants" (first published in 1891), "On, On the Same,Ye Jocund Twain!" (first published in 1891), "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!" (first published in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only two lines of the twelve-line poem of the same title first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891). At the top of the first page is a note to the printer in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two proofs of a group of six poems titled "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon yacht!" (first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only the first two lines of the poem of the same title published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891), and "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891).

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Ship Ahoy!"
Date: between 1891-1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two proof pages, with several notes by Traubel in the margins. The poems included on the pages are: "Ship Ahoy!","Death's Valley," "For us two, reader dear," and "For Queen Victoria's Birthday." "Death's Valley" was first published in 1892; the other poems were published first in 1891.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


France, the 18th Year of These States

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00221
Title:  France, the 18th Year of These States
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 5 leaves, 21 x 13 cm to 22.5 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10 
Content:  Originally numbered 86 and revised by overwriting to 87; Whitman also numbered the leaves 1-5 (in pencil, lower left corner), with the 1 replacing a 6 and the 2 written over what looks like a 7. The leaves correspond to various verses in the 1860 published version "France, The 18th Year of These States". Although Whitman never changed the title, and did not revise the poem much, he did transfer it twice, grouping it in the cluster "Songs of Insurrection" within the main body of Leaves of Grass in 1871 and 1876, and in 1881 finally transferring it to the new cluster "Birds of Passage" within Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


From My Last Years

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00199
Title:  From My Last Years
Date: about 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23.75 x 13.75 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of "From My Last Years" written in ink on a sheet of stationery, with three lines crossed out with a blue pencil and one of the correctons in blue pencil. "From My Last Years" was published only once, in Two Rivulets, 1876.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "From My Last Years"
Date: about 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 5 x 13.25 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Written in pencil on a scrap of paper cut from the bottom of a larger sheet to which has been attached a clipping of the poem, "From My Last Years," with corrections in the margin. The poem was published only in Two Rivulets, 1876, without these corrections.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


From Noon to Starry Night

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00079
Title:  I cannot guess waited their due time
Date: 
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Three lines on a scrap of paper that seem to suggest that Whitman is musing on how "generous" some upcoming "entertainment" will be. The scrap appears to be torn from a draft of "From Noon to Starry Night", since there are about three lines from the poem on the reverse, with revisions.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00004
Title:  [Among the many]
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one side of the leaf, Whitman explores the idea that life, with its petty concerns, is "an exercise, a training & development" for an afterlife. A note at the top suggests that the poet considered developing this thought in conjunction with "From Noon to Starry Night," a cluster that first appeared in the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves of Grass. The writing on the reverse side of the leaf appears to reflect Whitman's disillusionment with the current political situation and puts forward various suggestions for reform.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00081
Title:  [Now, trumpeter]
Date: about 1872
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Nine draft lines, uncorrected, of section 8 of "The Mystic Trumpeter," a poem first published in The Kansas Magazine in February 1872. The verso features references to the poems "From Noon to Starry Night" and "The Mystic Trumpeter," as well as to a "vol. II."

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


Full of Life now

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00335
Title:  To one a century hence, or any number of centuries hence
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 10 x 13 cm pasted to 11.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one composite leaf of pink paper formed of two sections (10 x 13 and 11.5 x 13 cm) of the same page cut apart and pasted together in a new order. The poem number was originally 101 and then changed to 102; this number was deleted and the current ?101 added in fine pen. Bowers explains that the poem, in two discrete verse sections and inscribed in black ink (with title), originally occupied one full side of this leaf. When Whitman wanted to expand the first section without having to retranscribe the second one, he simply cut the two sections apart, flipped the first section over (turning it upside-down in the process), pasted the second section to the lower edge of the verso of the first section, and wrote his new first section (beginning "Throwing far, throwing over the head/ of death" and incorporating the original title as verse 3) in the blank space now created above the second section. The new first section is written and revised in light ink. As Bradley and Blodgett observe, the words "thirty-eight years old the/ eighty-first year of The States" indicate that Whitman composed the poem in 1857; these were revised to read "I, forty years old the Eighty-third Year of The States" in the 1860 Leaves, in which this poem constituted section 45 of "Calamus." In 1867 Whitman retitled the poem "Full of Life, Now."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "[(illeg.) Dick Hunt]"
Date: 1856-1857
Physical Description: handwritten
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Content:  A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts (New York: New York University Press, 1984. 6 vols.), noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "To a Common Prostitute," "You Felons on Trial in Courts," "Starting from Paumanok," "Trickle Drops," "I Was Looking for a Long While," "Poem of Joys," "Facing West from California's Shores," "To the States," "A Song of the Rolling Earth," "On the Beach a Night Alone," "Full of Life Now," and "With Antecedents."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Germs

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00208
Title:  As of Origins
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, three pasted sections of 6.5 x 13 cm, 8 x 13 cm, and 12.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This poem became section 19 of the cluster "Leaves of Grass" in the 1860 edition. In 1867 Whitman moved it to a different "Leaves of Grass" group in the "Songs Before Parting" annex. In 1872 it was retitled "Germs" and was ultimately transferred, in 1881, to the cluster "By the Roadside."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Going Somewhere

Whitman Archive ID: pru.00003
Title:  'Going Somewhere'
Date: ca. 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of "'Going Somewhere,'" which was published first in 1887. Also has instructions to the printer in Whitman's hand.

Repository: Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library


Whitman Archive ID: upa.00003
Title:  'Going Somewhere.'
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a manuscript of the poem, "'Going Somewhere,'" which was one of four poems from the collection, "November Boughs," first published in Lippincott's Magazine in November 1887. "'Going Somewhere'" was later reprinted in the "Sands of Seventy" annex to the 1888 edition of Leaves of Grass.

Title:  "Going Somewhere"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 3 leaves, 15 x 16 cm, 15.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Three proofs of "'Going Somewhere,'" first published in 1887. One of the proofs has corrections and a note in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "November Boughs"
Date: 1887
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Clipping from a newspaper of four Whitman poems: "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone." At the top is the title "November Boughs." At the bottom of the clipping is written, in Whitman's hand, "1887." The poems were published first in Lippincott's Magazine, November, 1887.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "November Boughs"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Three proofs of a collection of four poems ("You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone") under the general title "November Boughs." The first is made by pasting together proofs of each poem in the order desired; the other two have all four poems printed on one sheet. Two of the proofs have corrections and notations in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Good-Bye my Fancy! (Good-bye my Fancy!)

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00073
Title:  Death's Valley
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 35.5 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5 
Content:  Whitman's correspondence indicates that the poem was written and sold to Harper's New Monthly Magazine in 1889, although it did not appear there until April 1892, after the poet's death. Whitman originally included the poem in his 1891 manuscript for the "Second Annex" "Good-Bye My Fancy," and Traubel grouped it in the cluster "Old Age Echoes," which he added to Leaves of Grass in 1897. The Harper's printing included an engraving, "The Valley of the Shadow of Death," by American painter George Inness, which appeared facing the poem. On the verso appear the notes "Death's Valley" (twice) and "Magazine/ April, 1892" in, possibly, Whitman executor Horace Traubel's hand.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Grand is the Seen

Title:  "An Old Man's Recitatives"
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 36.5 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proofs of four poems pasted together and collected under the main handwritten title "An Old Man's Recitatives." The poems included are: "Ancient songs reciting" (published as "Old Chants" in 1891), "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear," first published in 1891. A note in Whitman's hand in the right margin details failed attempts to publish this grouping in Scribner's.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: har.00001
Title:  Grand is the Seen
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is an unsigned draft of "Grand Is the Seen," a poem first published in 1891. An autographed photograph of Whitman, dated 1886, accompanies this manuscript.

Repository: Manuscripts Department, Houghton Library, Harvard University

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00363
Title:  Grand is the seen
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12.5 x 20.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of the poem "Grand is the Seen," first published in 1891. On the verso is the end of a letter from R. Rooke Morgau.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: between 1890-1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 30.5 x 16 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A galley proof of a group of six poems titled "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Sail out for good, Eidolon yacht!" (first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only the first two lines of the poem of the same title published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891), and "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891). On the verso is a note to printer.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two proofs of a group of six poems titled "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon yacht!" (first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only the first two lines of the poem of the same title published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891), and "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891).

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Great Are the Myths

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00259
Title:  [Great are the myths]
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript has a partially cancelled draft of the first lines of "Great Are the Myths." The poem "Great Are the Myths" was published first, untitled, in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass as the concluding poem, and again in the 1856 edition as "Poem of a Few Greatnesses." The poem went through many revisions through the different editions of Leaves of Grass, then was permanently dropped in 1881, except the two couplets that became the poem "Youth, Day, Old Age, and Night." The verso of the manuscript has cancelled prose beginning "The true friends of the Sabbath."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00032
Title:  [You lusty and graceflu youth!]
Date: between 1850 and 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  An early version of a part of "Great Are the Myths," a poem published first, untitled, in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass as the concluding poem, and again in the 1856 edition as "Poem of a Few Greatnesses." The poem went through many revisions through the different editions of Leaves of Grass, then was permanently dropped in 1881, except the two couplets that became the poem "Youth, Day, Old Age, and Night." On the verso is partially cancelled verse beginning "Are the prostitutes nothing?" which is a draft of lines from the third poem in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, ultimately called "To Think of Time."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00104
Title:  [poet of Materialism]
Date: 1855 or before
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Manuscript expressing a belief in the continuing "amelioration" of the earth and humankind, written on a scrap of wallpaper. Although it is cast in prose, this is probably an early draft of a group of lines, expressing similar thoughts, in "Great Are the Myths," which was first published as the final, untitled, poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Had I the Choice

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00073
Title:  Had I the Choice
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This manuscript is an early draft of the poem, "Had I the Choice," published as part of "Fancies at Navesink" in the magazine, Nineteenth Century, in August 1885. This manuscript is bound with others under the title, "Fancies at Navesink."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00040
Title:  Had I the Choice
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a draft of the poem, "Had I the Choice," published as part of "Fancies at Navesink" in the magazine, Nineteenth Century, in August 1885. The leaf is bound with others under the title, "Fancies at Navesink."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library


Halcyon Days

Title:  "Halcyon Days"
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 4 leaves, 17.5 x 15 cm
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Four copies of a proof of "Halcyon Days," first published in 1888. No annotations on the sheets.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00072
Title:  Halcyon Days
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf,
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Heavily revised draft, approximately eleven lines, of "Halcyon Days," which was first published in the 29 January 1888 issue of the New York Herald. Written on the reverse of a letter from Fred W. Waggert, dated "4th June 1887."

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00043
Title:  [or, Halcyon Days] | Fancies at Navesink
Date: around 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft for a title page beginning, "or Halycon days," with a note at the head "for title page to supplement of L of G not Nove. Boughs." The verso appears to have been a previous title page draft for "Fancies at Navesink." "Halcyon Days" first appeared in the New York Herald on 29 January 1888, and was reprinted in the "Sands at Seventy Annex" to Leaves of Grass (1888).

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library



Hand-Mirror, A

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00225
Title:  A hand-mirror
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Originally titled "Looking-Glass" and numbered 82 and revised by overwriting to 83. The poem remained unchanged and with the same title since its first appearance in the 1860 edition. This poem was titled but ungrouped until 1881, when Whitman finally placed it in the cluster "By the Roadside."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Hands Round

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00024
Title:  Hands Ro[und]
Date: between 1865 and 1881
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A manuscript poem with a patriotic theme left unpublished in Whitman's lifetime.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00110
Title:  Starry Union
Date: undated
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  On the front of the first leaf are three handwritten lines of a poem titled "Starry Union", the reverse is blank. The second leaf seems to have originally been attached to the first one, featuring more drafted lines of the poem with annotations and revisions. "Starry Union" was never published in Whitman's lifetime, though several different draft forms exist.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: pml.00007
Title:  Starry Union
Date: about 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of a poem unpublished in Whitman's lifetime but existing in various draft states, including one with the same title in the T. E. Hanley Collection at the University of Texas and another, titled "Hands Ro[und]," in the Trent Collection, Duke University. The precise date of composition is unknown, but Whitman very possibly wrote this piece for the Centennial Celebration of 1876, as the date of the letter on the reverse ("Feb 11/76") suggests.

Repository: The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York


Hast Never Come to Thee an Hour

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00058
Title:  Hast never come to thee an hour
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14 x 22 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This manuscript contains two drafts of the poem "Hast Never Come to Thee an Hour," the first draft having been deleted with two horizontal and two diagonal pencil lines. The partly erased word "Interp[ellation?]" appears in the lower left corner. After further revision the poem appeared for the first time in the 1881 Leaves of Grass, in the cluster "By the Roadside." Since the poetry manuscript has been pasted onto a piece of cardboard, the verso is not visible.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "The Dalliance of the Eagles"
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 3 leaves
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Three proofs, two of which also have "Ah, little knows the Laborer"(later appearing in a revised form as the first three lines of "Song of the Exposition"), and one of which also contains a proof of the poem "Hast never come to thee an hour?"

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "The Dalliance of the Eagles"
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25.8 x 18.6 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Written in ink on a proof of "The Dalliance of the Eagles," "Ah, little knows the Laborer," "Hast never come to thee an hour?,"and "My Picture-Gallery," are 14 words of notations in Whitman's hand. The proof has been pasted to a heavy piece of paper, on the verso of which is "A Riddle Song," part of "Italian Music in Dakota," and a clipped headline reading "The Society Articles Save Labor. Lighten the Labor for Mother."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Here the Frailest Leaves of Me

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00313
Title:  [Here the frailest leaves of me]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (15 x 9.5 cm), in medium-brown ink, with one revision in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at top and in center. The two sets of verses are divided by a short horizontal line. In 1860 the first set, with the addition of a new first line ("Here my last words, and the most baffling,") became section 44 of "Calamus"; the poem was permanently retitled "Here the Frailest Leaves of Me", and the new first line dropped, in 1867. The second set was revised to form section 38 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 it was further revised and retitled "Fast Anchor'd, Eternal, O Love."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Hours continuing long

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00282
Title:  Religious Canticles
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  On one side are notes regarding a projected group of religious poems and their significance to other Leaves of Grass poems. On the reverse is a partial draft of the 1860 poem "Calamus 9," which was dropped from subsequent editions of Leaves of Grass. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Secrets.—Secreta."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Hush'd be the Camps To-day

Whitman Archive ID: rut.00001
Title:  Hush'd be the camps to-day
Date: about 1865
Physical Description: 4 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  Draft of "Hush'd Be the Camps To-day," first published in 1865, on four leaves. Three of the scraps are smaller and were formerly pasted to the larger leaf.

Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey


I Dream'd in a Dream

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00315
Title:  [I dreamed in a dream of a]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper cut down to 9.5 x 9 cm, in brown-black ink, with revisions in pencil. Pinholes at top and in center. Whitman numbered the leaf 13, in pencil, in the lower-left corner. The excised top portion of the leaf became the bottom section of page 2 of 1:3:11, the poem (eighth in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss") beginning "Hours continuing long, sore/ and heavy-hearted..." In 1860 this poem was substantially revised to form section 34 of "Calamus"; in 1867 it was retitled "I Dreamed in a Dream."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


I Hear America Singing

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00201
Title:  Mouth-Songs
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  Originally numbered 54 and titled "Leaf.—". The title was next "Songs—always wanted" and then "Mouth-Songs." This poem became section 20 of "Chants Democratic" in 1860, with leaf 1 corresponding to verses 1-6 and leaf 2 ("The delicious singing of the/ mother...") to verses 8-10. In 1867 Whitman revised the first line and permanently retitled the poem "I Hear America Singing"; in 1881 it achieved its final position in the cluster "Inscriptions."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00272
Title:  [(written for the voice)]
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Manuscript note apparently recording the poet's early idea for the poem first published as "Chants Democratic 20" in 1860, later as "I Hear America Singing." This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there a hunter's camp]," "[Poem of "(the Devil]," and "Poem of Sadness."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


I Saw Old General at Bay

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00202
Title:  I Saw Old General at Bay
Date: about 1865
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3 
Content:  A draft of "I Saw Old General at Bay," first published in 1865.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


I Saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00316
Title:  [I saw in Louisiana a]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On two leaves of white wove paper, both 15 x 9.5 cm, in black ink, with extensive revisions in the same ink, in light brown ink, and in pencil. Pinholes mostly at top and in center of both pages. Whitman numbered the pages 2 and 3 in pencil. This was originally the second section of the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (one of the deleted lines reads "I write/ these pieces, and name/ them after it [the Louisiana live-oak];"), with ornamental Roman numeral. It became section 20 of "Calamus" in 1860; the lines on the first manuscript page correspond to verses 1-7, and those on the second ("It is not needed to remind/ me...") to verses 8-13. The poem was retitled "I saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing" in 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00014
Title:  [growing] | Poems
Date: about 1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Five lines of the poem "I Saw in Louisiana a Live Oak Growing." This poem is part of the "Calamus" cluster, which Whitman began assembling in the summer of 1859. The reverse features a note by the poet to himself, describing the poems as "A Cluster of Poems, Sonnets expressing the thoughts, pictures, aspirations &c Fit to be perused during the days of the approach of Death."

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library



I Sing the Body Electric

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00299
Title:  [A poem in which is]
Date: 1856 or before
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Notes for a poem about "a first-rate healthy Human Body," possibly related to "I Sing the Body Electric," which was first published as the fifth poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass and substantially revised (as "Poem of the Body") in 1856.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Title:  "[George Walker]"
Date: between 1855-1856
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts (New York: New York University Press, 1984. 6 vols), noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry," "I Sing the Body Electric," "Starting from Paumanok," "A Song for Occupations," "By Blue Ontario's Shore," "Salut au Monde!," "To One Shortly to Die," and "A Woman Waits for Me."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00014
Title:  [How can there be immortality]
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 4.5 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  These lines, appearing on a very small section of white laid paper cut and cropped irregularly, bear a strong resemblance to the (eventual) second verse paragraph in section 6 of "Starting from Paumanok," first published in 1860 as "Proto-Leaf." The fragmentary lines on the verso (beginning "Downward, buoyant, swif[t]"), represent a different version of a line incorporated in the pre-1855 notebook poem "Pictures" and of one inscribed in the 1854 notebook [I know a rich capitalist...], currently housed at the New York Public Library.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00034
Title:  [O Mother, did you think]
Date: about 1856
Physical Description: 6 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10 
Content:  On four leaves, an early version of portions of the poem ultimately titled "This Compost," first printed under the title "Poem of Wonder at The Ressurection of The Wheat" in the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the reverse sides of these leaves is a list of words regarding the physical body and connected in concept to "I Sing the Body Electric," a poem that first appeared as the fourth poem of the 1855 Leaves of Grass. With this list, Whitman was gathering material for the noteworthy final section, a paean to body parts, that he added to the poem in 1856. Glue residue shows that these leaves were formerly pasted to two other leaves, upon which is written a prose manuscript fragment regarding California Vigilance Committees.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


I Sit and Look Out

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00205
Title:  Leaf [I sit and look out upon all]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  Originally numbered 77 and then changed to 78. This became section 17 of the cluster "Leaves of Grass" in the 1860 Leaves. After taking different positions in both the 1867 and 1872, it took its final place in 1881 in the cluster "By the Roadside."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00274
Title:  Poem of Sadness
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Manuscript note probably recording the idea for the 1860 poem "Leaves of Grass 17," which was ultimately titled "I Sit and Look Out." This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there a hunter's camp]," "[(written for the voice)]," and "[Poem of "(the Devil]."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


I do not expect to see myself

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00023
Title:  [I do not expect to see myself]
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Lightly revised manuscript fragment of approximately 42 words, written with hanging indentation and expressing a confidence in future popular acceptance. Connection with Whitman's published work is uncertain. Christopher Morley suggests that it was written on a piece scissored from left-over stock of the green wrappers and end-papers of the 1855 Leaves. The date of this manuscript is unknown, though it seems likely that it is from the 1870s based on the handwriting. In addition, in the 1870s, Whitman repeatedly complained about how he was treated by American magazines.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


I was Looking a Long While

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00200
Title:  Leaf [I was looking a long while]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Originally numbered 75; the pencil title "Leaflet" appears, deleted, in the upper-right corner. This poem became section 19 of "Chants Democratic" in 1860; in 1867 it was permanently retitled "I Was Looking a Long While," and in 1881 was assigned to the cluster "Autumn Rivulets."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "[(illeg.) Dick Hunt]"
Date: 1856-1857
Physical Description: handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28  |  29  |  30  |  31  |  32  |  33  |  34  |  35  |  36  |  37  |  38  |  39  |  40  |  41  |  42  |  43  |  44  |  45  |  46  |  47  |  48  |  49  |  50  |  51  |  52  |  53  |  54  |  55  |  56  |  57  |  58  |  59  |  60  |  61  |  62  |  63  |  64  |  65  |  66  |  67  |  68  |  69  |  70  |  71  |  72  |  73  |  74  |  75  |  76  |  77  |  78  |  79  |  80  |  81  |  82  |  83  |  84  |  85  |  86  |  87  |  88  |  89  |  90  |  91  |  92  |  93  |  94  |  95  |  96  |  97  |  98  |  99  |  100  |  101  |  102  |  103  |  104  |  105  |  106  |  107  |  108  |  109  |  110  |  111  |  112  |  113  |  114  |  115  |  116  |  117  |  118  |  119  |  120  |  121  |  122  |  123  |  124  |  125  |  126  |  127  |  128  |  129  |  130  |  131  |  132  |  133  |  134  |  135  |  136  |  137  |  138  |  139  |  140  |  141  |  142  |  143  |  144  |  145  |  146  |  147  |  148  |  149  |  150  |  151  |  152  |  153  |  154  |  155  |  156  |  157  |  158  |  159  |  160  |  161  |  162  |  163  |  164  |  165  |  166  |  167  |  168  |  169  |  170  |  171  |  172  |  173  |  174  |  175 
Content:  A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts (New York: New York University Press, 1984. 6 vols.), noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "To a Common Prostitute," "You Felons on Trial in Courts," "Starting from Paumanok," "Trickle Drops," "I Was Looking for a Long While," "Poem of Joys," "Facing West from California's Shores," "To the States," "A Song of the Rolling Earth," "On the Beach a Night Alone," "Full of Life Now," and "With Antecedents."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


In Paths Untrodden

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00244
Title:  Calamus—1st draft p. 341 [Long I was held]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16 x 10 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript became section 1 of "Calamus" in 1860, and was retitled "In Paths Untrodden" in the 1867 Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00031
Title:  [And now I care not to]
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript is an early draft of a portion of the poem that became "In Paths Untrodden," which was published first in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. The verso contains a list of thirteen suggestions for titles or groups of poems, including "The States," "Prairies," "Prairie Spaces" and "Prairie Babes." "In Paths Untrodden" opens the "Calamus" group in all editions of Leaves of Grass, taking the title in 1867.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Inscriptions

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00320
Title:  Leaf [What place is besieged]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of pink paper (21.5 x 13 cm), in black ink, with a fair copy of the poem at the bottom of the leaf and a deleted draft featuring heavy revisions in the same ink and in pencil at the top. This poem was originally numbered 68, and its title was "Leaflet—." In 1860 it became the second numbered verse paragraph of section 31 of "Calamus." In 1867 Whitman split up the two paragraphs and made them separate poems; these verses were moved to a position between the "Calamus" and a "Leaves of Grass" cluster and permanently retitled "What Place Is Besieged?" In 1881 the poem was transferred to the cluster "Inscriptions."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Interpolation Sounds

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00013
Title:  Funeral Interpolations
Date: 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a signed draft of "Funeral Interpolations," a poem published first as "Over and Through the Burial Chant" in the New York Herald on August 12, 1888, on the occasion of General Philip K. Sheridan's death, and later as "Interpolation Sounds" in the 1891 edition of Good-Bye My Fancy.

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00090
Title:  Interpolation Sounds
Date: ca. 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  An early draft of the poem "Interpolation Sounds" first published August 12, 1888 under the title "Over and Through the Burial Chant" and later published with the new title in 1891.

Repository: Walt Whitman Collection, The Library of Congress

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00059
Title:  Interpolation Sounds
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Fair copy draft of the poem "Interpolation Sounds". This poem first appeared without a title in the New York Herald four days after Whitman's short prose tribute to General Philip K. Sheridan, a Union general during the Civil War. It was reprinted in "Good-Bye My Fancy" in 1891, with the additional note: "General Sheridan was buried at the Cathedral, Washington, D.C. August, 1888, with all the pomp, music and ceremonies of the Roman Catholic service."

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library


Whitman Archive ID: loc.00253
Title:  Over and through the burial chant
Date: 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Clipped-out copy of "Over and Through the Burial Chant" from the August 12, 1888 issue of the New York Herald, with notations in Whitman's hand. The poem was later published as "Interpolation Sounds."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00200
Title:  [Funeral Sounds]
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Early draft of a poem that was first published as "Over and Through the Burial Chant" in 1888. It was later published with the title "Interpolation Sounds." The poem was written on the occassion of General Philip Sheridan's death in 1888.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Italian Music in Dakota

Title:  "Italian Music in Dakota"
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 2 leaves
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two proof sheets of "Italian Music in Dakota," first published in 1881. One proof includes Whitman's printed name, the other does not. No editoral marks on the pages.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Italian Music in Dakota"
Date: April 5, 1879
Content:  A copy of the April 5, 1879 issue of Progress containing Whitman's poem "Italian Music in Dakota" and his prose piece "Only Crossing the Delaware" (later published in Specimen Days as "Delaware River—Days and Nights."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00003
Title:  Italian Music in Dakota
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  This is a draft of "Italian Music in Dakota," first published in the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Title:  "The Dalliance of the Eagles"
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25.8 x 18.6 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Written in ink on a proof of "The Dalliance of the Eagles," "Ah, little knows the Laborer," "Hast never come to thee an hour?,"and "My Picture-Gallery," are 14 words of notations in Whitman's hand. The proof has been pasted to a heavy piece of paper, on the verso of which is "A Riddle Song," part of "Italian Music in Dakota," and a clipped headline reading "The Society Articles Save Labor. Lighten the Labor for Mother."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Joy, Shipmate, Joy!

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Title:  Songs of Parting
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves with handwritten annotations, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18 
Content:  Bound proofs of Whitman's cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28  |  29  |  30 
Content:  Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand, and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Kosmos

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00224
Title:  Kosmos
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  Originally numbered 55 and revised by overwriting to 56. Leaf 1 corresponds to verses 1-6 of the 1860 version, and the lines on leaf 2 ("Who out of the theory of the/ earth,...") correspond to verses 7-10. Revised very little through the different editions, "Kosmos" appeared in 1872 and 1876 in a "Leaves of Grass" group in the supplement "Passage to India." In 1881 it was finally transferred to the cluster "Autumn Rivulets" within the main body of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


L. of G.'s Purport

Title:  "An Old Man's Recitatives"
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 36.5 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proofs of four poems pasted together and collected under the main handwritten title "An Old Man's Recitatives." The poems included are: "Ancient songs reciting" (published as "Old Chants" in 1891), "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear," first published in 1891. A note in Whitman's hand in the right margin details failed attempts to publish this grouping in Scribner's.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00120
Title:  Death Dogs My Steps
Date: about March 3, 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12 x 19 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of "Death Dogs My Steps" written in ink on the inside of a discarded and opened out envelope, addressed to Whitman from England, mailed in London February 21, 1890 and postmarked received in Camden March 3, 1890. The three lines later appeared as part of "L. of G.'s Purport," first published in 1891.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00364
Title:  L. of G.'s Purport
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of the first two lines of "L. of G.'s Purport," first published in 1891.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00219
Title:  My Task
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 22 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Manuscripts of the following four poems, written neatly with slight corrections: "My task," "L of G's Purport," "Death dogs my steps," and "For us two, reader dear." All of the verses except "For us two, reader dear" were fused together and published as one poem entitled "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: between 1890-1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 30.5 x 16 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A galley proof of a group of six poems titled "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Sail out for good, Eidolon yacht!" (first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only the first two lines of the poem of the same title published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891), and "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891). On the verso is a note to printer.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 28 x 21 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof pages of six poems collected under the general title "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Old Chants" (first published in 1891), "On, On the Same,Ye Jocund Twain!" (first published in 1891), "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!" (first published in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only two lines of the twelve-line poem of the same title first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891). At the top of the first page is a note to the printer in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two proofs of a group of six poems titled "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon yacht!" (first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only the first two lines of the poem of the same title published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891), and "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891).

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00365
Title:  This Journey
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft entitled "This Journey" (the manuscript suggests Whitman was also considering the title "My Task"), later incorporated as lines 6, 7, 8, and 9 in "L. of G.'s Purport," first published in 1891. Also on the leaf is an undated, cancelled letter.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00366
Title:  This journey
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Two drafts of a poem entitled "This journey." The lines were later incorporated as lines 6, 7, 8, and 9 in "L. of G.'s Purport," first published in 1891. On the verso are notes about "Payments to Mrs. White" between 1871 and 1874.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937


Last Invocation, The

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28  |  29  |  30 
Content:  Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand, and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00044
Title:  [Last of ebb, and daylight waning]
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a draft of the poem, "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," published as part of "Fancies at Navesink" in the magazine, Nineteenth Century, in August 1885. This manuscript is bound with others under the title, "Fancies at Navesink."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00046
Title:  [Last of ebb, and daylight waning]
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3 
Content:  This is a draft on three leaves of the poem, "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," published as part of "Fancies at Navesink" in the magazine, Nineteenth Century, in August 1885. The manuscript has the cancelled title, "At the Mouth of the River." This manuscript is bound with others under the title, "Fancies at Navesink."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00042
Title:  [waning day]
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a revised draft of poetic lines that may be an early version of "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," published as part of "Fancies at Navesink" in the magazine, Nineteenth Century, in August 1885. On the verso is part of a cancelled letter to Whitman. The leaf is bound with others under the title, "Fancies at Navesink."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library


Laws for Creations

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00195
Title:  American Laws
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 3 leaves, leaf 1 19.5 x 12.5 cm, leaves 2-3 21.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6 
Content:  A partial horizontal line at the top of the first leaf indicates that Whitman cut away the original title and number. Whitman numbered each leaf in pencil in the lower left corner. These pages were transformed into section 13 of "Chants Democratic" in the 1860 Leaves of Grass. In 1867 it was greatly shortened and transferred to the final "Leaves of Grass" cluster. In 1872 the poem was permanently retitled "Laws for Creations" Its final position was in the cluster "Autumn Rivulets".

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Leaf for Hand in Hand, A

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00306
Title:  [A leaf for hand-in-hand]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9 cm), in black ink, with revisions in pencil. Pinholes in center and at top. A blue-pencil number 3 appears in the upper right corner over an erased 9. With substantial additions and revisions this evolved into section 37 of "Calamus" in 1860; after further revision it became "A Leaf for Hand in Hand" in 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Leaves of Grass

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00053
Title:  Leaves of Grass
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16 
Content:  The handwritten Table of Contents of the 1881-1882 edition of Leaves of Grass with instructions to the printer. Also included is a proof of the title-page of the same edition, with Whitman's corrections.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00098
Title:  Leaves of Grass
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 270 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28  |  29  |  30  |  31  |  32  |  33  |  34  |  35  |  36  |  37  |  38  |  39  |  40  |  41  |  42  |  43  |  44  |  45  |  46  |  47  |  48  |  49  |  50  |  51  |  52  |  53  |  54  |  55  |  56  |  57  |  58  |  59  |  60  |  61  |  62  |  63  |  64  |  65  |  66  |  67  |  68  |  69  |  70  |  71  |  72  |  73  |  74  |  75  |  76  |  77  |  78  |  79  |  80  |  81  |  82  |  83  |  84  |  85  |  86  |  87  |  88  |  89  |  90  |  91  |  92  |  93  |  94  |  95  |  96  |  97  |  98  |  99  |  100  |  101  |  102  |  103  |  104  |  105  |  106  |  107  |  108  |  109  |  110  |  111  |  112  |  113  |  114  |  115  |  116  |  117  |  118  |  119  |  120  |  121  |  122  |  123  |  124  |  125  |  126  |  127  |  128  |  129  |  130  |  131  |  132  |  133  |  134  |  135  |  136  |  137  |  138  |  139  |  140  |  141  |  142  |  143  |  144  |  145  |  146  |  147  |  148  |  149  |  150  |  151  |  152  |  153  |  154  |  155  |  156  |  157  |  158  |  159  |  160  |  161  |  162  |  163  |  164  |  165  |  166  |  167  |  168  |  169  |  170  |  171  |  172  |  173  |  174  |  175  |  176  |  177  |  178  |  179  |  180  |  181  |  182  |  183  |  184  |  185  |  186  |  187  |  188  |  189  |  190  |  191  |  192  |  193  |  194  |  195  |  196  |  197  |  198  |  199  |  200  |  201  |  202  |  203  |  204  |  205  |  206  |  207  |  208  |  209  |  210  |  211  |  212  |  213  |  214  |  215  |  216  |  217  |  218  |  219  |  220  |  221  |  222  |  223  |  224  |  225  |  226  |  227  |  228  |  229  |  230  |  231  |  232  |  233  |  234  |  235  |  236  |  237  |  238  |  239  |  240  |  241  |  242  |  243  |  244  |  245  |  246  |  247  |  248  |  249  |  250  |  251  |  252  |  253  |  254  |  255  |  256  |  257  |  258  |  259  |  260  |  261  |  262  |  263  |  264  |  265  |  266  |  267  |  268  |  269 
Content:  Printer's copy for portions of the 1881-1882 edition of Leaves of Grass containing manuscript and printed pages with numerous corrections, additions, and instructions to the printer. A lock of Whitman's hair, enclosed in a wrapper, also appears with this collection.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Title:  Leaves of Grass
Date: 1871
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Plate proof of the 1871 edition of Leaves of Grass with some corrections in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  Leaves of Grass
Date: 1871
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Plate proof of the 1871 edition of Leaves of Grass with a few corrections in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00035
Title:  Leaves of Grass advertisements and table of contents
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 10 leaves, printed table of contents with handwriting
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10 
Content:  These manuscripts are proofs of the publisher's advertisement and the table of contents for the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass, with corrections and deletions in Whitman's hand.

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00015
Title:  The Blue Book
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 243 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28  |  29  |  30  |  31  |  32  |  33  |  34  |  35  |  36  |  37  |  38  |  39  |  40  |  41  |  42  |  43  |  44  |  45  |  46  |  47  |  48  |  49  |  50  |  51  |  52  |  53  |  54  |  55  |  56  |  57  |  58  |  59  |  60  |  61  |  62  |  63  |  64  |  65  |  66  |  67  |  68  |  69  |  70  |  71  |  72  |  73  |  74  |  75  |  76  |  77  |  78  |  79  |  80  |  81  |  82  |  83  |  84  |  85  |  86  |  87  |  88  |  89  |  90  |  91  |  92  |  93  |  94  |  95  |  96  |  97  |  98  |  99  |  100  |  101  |  102  |  103  |  104  |  105  |  106  |  107  |  108  |  109  |  110  |  111  |  112  |  113  |  114  |  115  |  116  |  117  |  118  |  119  |  120  |  121  |  122  |  123  |  124  |  125  |  126  |  127  |  128  |  129  |  130  |  131  |  132  |  133  |  134  |  135  |  136  |  137  |  138  |  139  |  140  |  141  |  142  |  143  |  144  |  145  |  146  |  147  |  148  |  149  |  150  |  151  |  152  |  153  |  154  |  155  |  156  |  157  |  158  |  159  |  160  |  161  |  162  |  163  |  164  |  165  |  166  |  167  |  168  |  169  |  170  |  171  |  172  |  173  |  174  |  175  |  176  |  177  |  178  |  179  |  180  |  181  |  182  |  183  |  184  |  185  |  186  |  187  |  188  |  189  |  190  |  191  |  192  |  193  |  194  |  195  |  196  |  197  |  198  |  199  |  200  |  201  |  202  |  203  |  204  |  205  |  206  |  207  |  208  |  209  |  210  |  211  |  212  |  213  |  214  |  215  |  216  |  217  |  218  |  219  |  220  |  221  |  222  |  223  |  224  |  225  |  226  |  227  |  228  |  229  |  230  |  231  |  232  |  233  |  234  |  235  |  236  |  237  |  238  |  239  |  240  |  241  |  242  |  243  |  244  |  245  |  246  |  247  |  248  |  249  |  250  |  251  |  252  |  253  |  254  |  255  |  256  |  257  |  258  |  259  |  260  |  261  |  262  |  263  |  264  |  265  |  266  |  267  |  268  |  269  |  270  |  271  |  272  |  273  |  274  |  275  |  276  |  277  |  278  |  279  |  280  |  281  |  282  |  283  |  284  |  285  |  286  |  287  |  288  |  289  |  290  |  291  |  292  |  293  |  294  |  295  |  296  |  297  |  298  |  299  |  300  |  301  |  302  |  303  |  304  |  305  |  306  |  307  |  308  |  309  |  310  |  311  |  312  |  313  |  314  |  315  |  316  |  317  |  318  |  319  |  320  |  321  |  322  |  323  |  324  |  325  |  326  |  327  |  328  |  329  |  330  |  331  |  332  |  333  |  334  |  335  |  336  |  337  |  338  |  339  |  340  |  341  |  342  |  343  |  344  |  345  |  346  |  347  |  348  |  349  |  350  |  351  |  352  |  353  |  354  |  355  |  356  |  357  |  358  |  359  |  360  |  361  |  362  |  363  |  364  |  365  |  366  |  367  |  368  |  369  |  370  |  371  |  372  |  373  |  374  |  375  |  376  |  377  |  378  |  379  |  380  |  381  |  382  |  383  |  384  |  385  |  386  |  387  |  388  |  389  |  390  |  391  |  392  |  393  |  394  |  395  |  396  |  397  |  398  |  399  |  400  |  401  |  402  |  403  |  404  |  405  |  406  |  407  |  408  |  409  |  410  |  411  |  412  |  413  |  414  |  415  |  416  |  417  |  418  |  419  |  420  |  421  |  422  |  423  |  424  |  425  |  426  |  427  |  428  |  429  |  430  |  431  |  432  |  433  |  434  |  435  |  436  |  437  |  438  |  439  |  440  |  441  |  442  |  443  |  444  |  445  |  446  |  447  |  448  |  449  |  450  |  451  |  452  |  453  |  454  |  455  |  456  |  457  |  458  |  459  |  460  |  461  |  462  |  463  |  464  |  465  |  466  |  467  |  468  |  469  |  470  |  471  |  472  |  473  |  474  |  475  |  476  |  477  |  478  |  479  |  480  |  481  |  482  |  483  |  484  |  485 
Content:  Of nearly as much significance as Whitman's copy of the 1855 Leaves is his copy of the Boston, 1860-61 edition, the famous "Blue Book." It is this volume, in blue paper wrappers, which was discovered in Whitman's desk by Secretary of the Interior James Harlan, leading to his dismissal from the Department on June 30, 1865. Documenting this event in Whitman's life in Washington, the Lion Collection also includes a group of seven letters and documents relating to his work in the Departments of the Interior and Treasury. Among these are Secretary Harlan's letter of dismissal, and a memorandum in Whitman's hand recording a conversation with W. T. Otto of the Interior Department about the finding of the "Blue Book" in Whitman's desk. The book itself, possibly the only known copy in contemporary wrappers, uncut, is heavily corrected and revised throughout in Whitman's hand, in preparation for later editions. It is another remarkable example of his lifelong habit of editing and rewriting his poems. The flyleaf is inscribed: Property of Horace L. Traubel. Received from Walt Whitman May 23d 1890 - W. saying: "You fellows value these curios more than I do. This will help you to see how the book grew, if that is anything. But I guess you would know how it grew if you never possessed the book. The book is a milepost . . . This gives a glimpse into the work shop . . ."

Repository: The Oscar Lion Collection of Walt Whitman, The New York Public Library


Whitman Archive ID: uva.00297
Title:  [In Poems]
Date: 1850-1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 7.5 cm x 15.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Ink on blue paper. Pasted on bottom half of archival leaf. Verso has some notes for poem "[America, so young and so magnificent]."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00029
Title:  [Remembrances I plant American ground with]
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A manuscript containing ideas which appear frequently in Leaves of Grass. On the verso is a list of rivers, lakes, and cities.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Life

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00033
Title:  Life
Date: 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft, lightly revised, of the poem "Life," which was first published in the New York Herald on April 15, 1888. On the verso appears the handwritten date: June 8. '88.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


Life and Death

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00213
Title:  Life and Death
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A draft of "Life and Death," first published in 1888.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Locust whirring they come in July

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00005
Title:  [Armies & navies pass on the surface] | [Locust whirring they come in July]
Date: probably 1850-1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript was probably composed in the 1850s or 1860s. On one side of the leaf are approximately five lines toward a poem about the effects of war that was never published in Whitman's lifetime. On the other side are two sentences or lines, one headed "Locust," and the other headed "Sunflower." The relationship of these notes to Whitman's published work is unknown.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


Mannahatta (I was asking)

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00217
Title:  Mannahatta
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 5 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10 
Content:  Originally numbered 56 and revised by overwriting to 57; Whitman numbered each leaf in pencil in the lower-left corner from 1 to 5. The leaves correspond to various verses in the 1860 edition. In the 1872 Leaves of Grass the poem was transferred to a "Leaves of Grass" group, and in 1881 took its final position in the cluster "From Noon to Starry Night."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Mannahatta (My city's)

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00217
Title:  Mannahatta
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 5 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10 
Content:  Originally numbered 56 and revised by overwriting to 57; Whitman numbered each leaf in pencil in the lower-left corner from 1 to 5. The leaves correspond to various verses in the 1860 edition. In the 1872 Leaves of Grass the poem was transferred to a "Leaves of Grass" group, and in 1881 took its final position in the cluster "From Noon to Starry Night."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


March in the Ranks Hard-Prest, and the Road Unknown, A

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00080
Title:  [Surgeons operating]
Date: about 1865
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A clean, late draft of lines published in the poem "A March in the Ranks Hard-Prest, and the Road Unknown," first published in 1865. On the verso are prose notes about various corps of Civil War soldiers.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00012
Title:  [The bivouac does not the voice of] | [hear outside the orders given]
Date: about 1865
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one side, five partly cropped lines from a draft of the poem "A March in the Ranks Hard-Pressed, and the Road Unknown," first published in Drum-Taps in 1865. On the reverse side, two lines of verse, with revisions. The relation of these lines to Whitman's published poetry is unknown, though in concept and imagery they echo a passage from the prose volume Specimen Days, in which the poet writes that the war was not a quadrille in a ball-room.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


Me Imperturbe

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00199
Title:  Leaf [Me imperturbe!]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Originally numbered 73. This poem became section 18 of "Chants Democratic" in 1860; in 1867 it was permanently retitled "Me Imperturbe," and after various repositionings, was finally transferred to the cluster "Inscriptions" in 1881.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Mediums

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00197
Title:  Mediums
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  This manuscript draft became section 16 of "Chants Democratic" in 1860, with Leaf 1 corresponding to verses 1-6 and Leaf 2 ("They shall train themselves/ to go in public,...") to verses 7-11. In 1867 Whitman restored the title "Mediums"; in 1871, the poem was transferred to Passage to India, and in 1881 took its final position in the cluster "From Noon to Starry Night."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00042
Title:  Poem of Materials
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript contains notes for poetry, including phrases which appear in section 6 of the final version of"Starting from Paumanok" and in "Mediums." The verso is a prose fragment dealing with political independence. The published version of "Mediums," originally "Chants Democratic" No. 16 in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass, later appeared as part of "Passage to India" and finally in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. "Starting from Paumanok" was published first in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass as "Proto-Leaf."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Memories

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00215
Title:  Memories
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A nearly final draft of the poem "Memories," first published in 1888.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Messenger Leaves

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00216
Title:  To You
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9 x 12.5 pasted to 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Beneath the pasted-over section can be discerned a second title, also "To You," with the number 91 (mended from 90). In the 1860 Leaves of Grass Whitman divided the poems again, publishing them in reverse order under the same titles at the end of the cluster "Messenger Leaves." Section 1 was eventually published (1881) as one of the poems in the cluster "Inscriptions," but Whitman dropped section 2 from his published poems after an 1876 appearance in the supplement "Passage to India."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


My 71st Year

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00036
Title:  MY 71st YEAR
Date: about 1883
Physical Description: 1 leaf, proof with revisions
View Images:  1 
Content:  Corrected proof of "My 71st Year," which appeared in the November 1889 issue of Century.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Title:  "My 71st Year"
Date: November, 1889
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two copies of the November, 1889 issue of The Century Magazine, (one full, one partial) which included Whitman's poem "My 71st Year." There are a few small notes, probably in Whitman's hand, which read "Nov 1889" and "Mark Twain" (Twain's "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" is also serialized in this issue).

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "My 71st Year"
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 18.75 x 20.25 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A proof sheet printed on the verso of a page titled "Principles of the Republican and Democratic Parties" with multiple corrections and notations in Whitman's hand. "My 71st Year" was first published in 1889.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "My 71st Year"
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 4 leaves, 11.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Four proof sheets of "My 71st Year" noting the same revisions (though the handwriting varies). Three also contain a note at the bottom reading "Century Nov. '89" and another has a note by Traubel reading "see notes, Oct. 31, 1889." "My 71st Year" was first published in 1889.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


My Canary Bird

Whitman Archive ID: unc.00004
Title:  My Canary Bird
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a manuscript draft of the poem, "My Canary Bird," which was first published in the New York Herald on March 2, 1888.

Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


My Legacy

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Title:  Songs of Parting
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 18 leaves with handwritten annotations, handwritten
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Content:  Bound proofs of Whitman's cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


My Picture-Gallery

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00061
Title:  My picture gallery
Date: between 1850 and 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 10 x 15.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Originally titled "Pictures," this manuscript is a revision of the first four verses of a draft poem by that name, inscribed by Whitman in a twenty-nine page notebook before the first edition of Leaves of Grass appeared in 1855. The notes "? for children" and "extend this?" appear in the upper left corner. The final verse appears in the upper right corner. After further revision Whitman published these verses in the October 30, 1880 issue of The American under the title "My Picture-Gallery," after which he placed it in the new cluster "Autumn Rivulets" in the 1881 edition.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00042
Title:  Pictures
Date: about 1865
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Poetry manuscript titled "Pictures," approximately six lines, heavily revised. The first few lines of this manuscript appeared, further revised, in "The Runner," first published in the 1867 edition of Leaves of Grass. The middle section of the manuscript is possibly related to "Song of the Banner at Daybreak," which was first published in 1865 in Drum-Taps. A different version of last two lines of the manuscript appear in another poetry draft, also titled "Pictures," that Whitman wrote in a notebook now in Yale University's Beinecke Library. The first several lines of the notebook draft were revised and published as "My Picture-Gallery" in The American in October 1880. The verso of the leaf has about five lines of handwriting beginning with "Lilac Times."

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Title:  "The Dalliance of the Eagles"
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25.8 x 18.6 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Written in ink on a proof of "The Dalliance of the Eagles," "Ah, little knows the Laborer," "Hast never come to thee an hour?,"and "My Picture-Gallery," are 14 words of notations in Whitman's hand. The proof has been pasted to a heavy piece of paper, on the verso of which is "A Riddle Song," part of "Italian Music in Dakota," and a clipped headline reading "The Society Articles Save Labor. Lighten the Labor for Mother."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: upa.00006
Title:  [See there is Epicurus]
Date: about 1857
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This manuscript includes three lines of poetry on a trimmed sheet of paper. This appears to be one of a group of manuscripts related to the poem, unpublished in Whitman's lifetime, with the manuscript title, "Pictures." Whitman used lines from "Pictures" for the 1881 poem, "My Picture-Gallery."

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00010
Title:  [The circus boy is riding in the]
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 10.5 x 14 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The verso lines (beginning with the individually deleted line "O Walt Whitman, show us some pictures!" and continuing "America, always Pictorial!") represent a later draft of the beginning of the poem "Pictures" than the most complete extant version, which is contained in the pre-1855 "Pictures" notebook currently housed at Yale University. Critics have dated the lines to around 1880, when Whitman was working on a short version of "Pictures" both for magazine publication and for the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass, where it was published as "My Picture-Gallery." But Whitman's early style of inscription in this draft, along with the line "It is round—it has room for America, north and south" and his use of his own name in the deleted first line, all suggest that Whitman may have inscribed this draft around the same time that he was working on the new 1856 "Poem of Salutations" (eventually "Salut au Monde!"). This draft also suggests that at one point he may have considered linking what would become "Poem of Salutations" and the formally and thematically similar "Pictures" more directly. The lines on the recto, divided by a horizontal line, refer to images of a circus boy on a fleet horse and of watching those on a shore disappear. The relationship between either of these lines and Whitman's published works is unclear.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Mystic Trumpeter, The

Title:  "The mystic Trumpeter"
Date: January 19, 1873
Content:  A copy of the Budapest newspaper Fovarosi Lapok of January 19, 1873 containing Whitman's poem "The Mystic Trumpeter" (in translation) and an interview by Liptay Pal titled "Egy amerikai kolto" (translated: "An American Poet"). Also included is a translation of the interview into English done by John Gross, General Information Department, Detroit Public Library.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "The mystic Trumpeter"
Date: January 19, 1873
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A copy of the Budapest newspaper Fovarosi Lapok of January 19, 1873 containing Whitman's poem "The Mystic Trumpeter" in Hungarian and an interview with the poet by Liptay Pal. At the top, written in pencil, are notes in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00221
Title:  [Hark! some wild trumpeter —]
Date: between 1871-1872
Physical Description: 21 leaves, largest 37.5 x 20.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Held together loosely by a cover onto which a scrap of paper was pasted as label, inscribed by Walt Whitman: "Hark! some wild trumpeter —." On verso of cover: "Advertising book of the Daily Freeman." At head in Whitman's hand: "Original rough draught and Memoranda of Mystic Trumpeter." Three pages of memoranda consist of trial lines and lists of words to be used in the poem. The first page is signed by Whitman. Mostly writen in ink on versos of Department of Justice stationery. Many corrections in pencil, indelible pencil, or red ink. "The Mystic Trumpeter" was first published in 1872.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00098
Title:  [Hark! some wild trumpeter]
Date: about 1872
Physical Description: 9 leaves, 25 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  "The Mystic Trumpeter" was first published in the February 1872 issue of The Kansas Magazine, after which Whitman published it in the 1872 book As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free, in the 1876 Two Rivulets, and in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. There and in later editions the poem was included in "From Noon to Starry Night." Other drafts of the poem are housed in the Charles E. Feinberg Collection at the Library of Congress, the Trent Memorial Collection at Duke University, and the T.E. Hanley Collection at the University of Texas.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00081
Title:  [Now, trumpeter]
Date: about 1872
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Nine draft lines, uncorrected, of section 8 of "The Mystic Trumpeter," a poem first published in The Kansas Magazine in February 1872. The verso features references to the poems "From Noon to Starry Night" and "The Mystic Trumpeter," as well as to a "vol. II."

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00045
Title:  [Theme for piece]
Date: about 1869
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  An outline for a poem on various types of music, potentially related to "Proud Music of the Storm" and/or "The Mystic Trumpeter." The poem "The Mystic Trumpeter" was first published in The Kansas Magazine of February 1872. "Proud Music of the Storm" was first published in the Atlantic Monthly in February, 1869. The verso contains cancelled notes about a stanza to describe a triumphal instrumental and vocal chorus corresponding to that of man triumphing over temptation and weakness.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Native Moments

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00182
Title:  [Now the hour has come upon me]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, leaf 1 18.5 x 16 cm, leaf 2 11 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  This poem, numbered 82 in pencil, became main section 8 of "Enfans d'Adam" in 1860, and was permanently retitled within the group "Native Moments" in 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Nay, Tell Me Not To-day the Publish'd Shame

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00222
Title:  Nay tell me not to-day the publish'd shame
Date: about 1878
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Clipping from the New York Daily Graphic of 5 March 1873, with handwritten corrections.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00093
Title:  Nay, Tell Me Not To-Day The Publish'd Shame
Date: ca. 1873
Physical Description: 4 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8 
Content:  Trial lines and rough draft of the first section of the poem "Nay, Tell Me Not To-Day the Publish'd Shame" first published in the New York Daily Graphic March 5, 1873.

Repository: Charles N. Elliot Collection, The Library of Congress


Night on the Prairies

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00203
Title:  Night on the Prairies
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 3 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6 
Content:  Whitman cut off and flipped over the top section of the first leaf, gluing it to the rest of the leaf, in order to transform the original first line into the title. (The current verso of the top section still bears, undeleted, the first line "Night on the prairies[,]" along with the title "Leaf.—" and the number 73, originally 72). Whitman deleted the pencil numbers 16, 17, and 18 in the lower-left corner of the leaves, substituting the numbers 1 through 3. This poem became section 15 of the cluster "Leaves of Grass" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman restored the title "Night on the Prairies" and revised the poem, transferring it to the "Leaves of Grass" group. After other repositionings it achieved its current place in the cluster "Whispers of Heavenly Death" in 1881.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00025
Title:  [Idea of a Poem]
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Notes, approximately 40 words, toward a poem of "celebration of the superiority of the night," perhaps related to the poem eventally titled "Night on the Prairies," first published in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass as No. 15 in the "Leaves of Grass" cluster.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


Noiseless Patient Spider, A

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand, and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Not Heat Flames up and Consumes

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00310
Title:  Calamus-Leaves
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On white wove leaf, 15 x 9 cm, in black ink, with the title "Live Oak, with Moss" stricken out and "Calamus-Leaves" added in light brown ink, and with one small revision in blue pencil. Whitman numbered this page 1 in pencil. The first section of the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss," this became section 14 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "Not Heat Flames up and Consumes" in the 1867 Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Not Meagre, Latent Boughs Alone

Title:  "Not Meagre, Latent Boughs Alone"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A proof sheet of "Not Meagre, Latent Boughs Alone," first published in 1887. No annotations on the sheet.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "November Boughs"
Date: 1887
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Clipping from a newspaper of four Whitman poems: "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone." At the top is the title "November Boughs." At the bottom of the clipping is written, in Whitman's hand, "1887." The poems were published first in Lippincott's Magazine, November, 1887.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "November Boughs"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Three proofs of a collection of four poems ("You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone") under the general title "November Boughs." The first is made by pasting together proofs of each poem in the order desired; the other two have all four poems printed on one sheet. Two of the proofs have corrections and notations in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00223
Title:  [Not Meagre, Latent Boughs Alone]
Date: May 2, 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A late draft of "Not Meagre, Latent Boughs Alone" first published in 1887, with Whitman's signature at the bottom and "Camden NJ" and the date, May 2, 1887, written at the top.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00224
Title:  [Not meagre latent boughs alone]
Date: 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 10 x 15 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Trial lines for "Not Meagre, Latent Boughs Alone," first published in 1887. Written at top is "Camden" and the date, April 28, 1887.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Not My Enemies Ever Invade Me

Title:  "Not My Enemies Ever Invade Me"
Date: about 1865
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof sheet of "Not My Enemies Ever Invade Me," first published in 1865-1866. No annotations on the sheet.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


November Boughs

Title:  November Boughs
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: about 41 leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Seventy-nine pages of galley proofs of November Boughs, first published in 1888, with numerous corrections. Also included are a title page and two different title page proofs.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "November Boughs"
Date: November, 1887
Content:  A copy of the November, 1887 issue of Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, which includes Whitman's poems "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" After the Supper and Talk, and "Not Meagre, Latent Boughs Alone" under the general heading "November Boughs" on pages 722-723.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "November Boughs"
Date: 1887
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Clipping from a newspaper of four Whitman poems: "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone." At the top is the title "November Boughs." At the bottom of the clipping is written, in Whitman's hand, "1887." The poems were published first in Lippincott's Magazine, November, 1887.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "November Boughs"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Three proofs of a collection of four poems ("You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone") under the general title "November Boughs." The first is made by pasting together proofs of each poem in the order desired; the other two have all four poems printed on one sheet. Two of the proofs have corrections and notations in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Now Precedent Songs, Farewell

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00092
Title:  Now Precedent Songs, Farewell,
Date: undated
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  A handwritten draft of the poem "Now Precedent Songs, Farewell," which first appeared in the 1891–92 edition of Leaves of Grass, with revisions.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


O Captain! My Captain!

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00125
Title:  My Captain
Date: about 1865
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  Draft of the poem that would be published as "O Captain! My Captain!" in 1865, titled here "My Captain." On the verso of one page is a portion of "A March in the Ranks Hard-Prest, and the Road Unknown" with a line through it.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: jhu.00001
Title:  O Captain! My Captain!
Date: April 30, 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A handwritten version of "O Captain! My Captain!" presumably re-penned by request and presented to well-known doctor and author S. Weir Mitchell by Whitman on April 30, 1890. The poem was, in turn, given to Daniel Coit Gilman in 1894, and the library holds the correspondence between Gilman and Mitchell discussing this exchange.

Repository: Special Collections, The Milton S. Eisenhower Library, The Sheridan Libraries, The Johns Hopkins University

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00091
Title:  O Captain! My Captain!
Date: ca. 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Handwritten notes and corrections on a printed copy of the poem "O Captain! My Captain!" first published November 4, 1865. On the verso is a small letter from Whitman to the publishers of the Riverside Literature Series concerning the corrections to be made to this printed version of the poem.

Repository: Walt Whitman Collection, The Library of Congress

Whitman Archive ID: pml.00002
Title:  O Captain! My Captain!
Date: 27 April 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  "O Captain! My Captain!" was written in response to the death of Abraham Lincoln and published first in 1865. This manuscript was written out by Whitman for Dr. S. Weir Mitchell (a prominent author and doctor) at the request of Horace Howard Furness, for the amount of one-hundred dollars. A note on the back of the manuscript in Mitchell's hand says, "To give Walt a little money I offered for a gentleman 100$ for an autograph copy of My Captain—I pin it to Furness note April 1890." This manuscript differs slightly from the first printing, but agrees with that in Leaves of Grass, 1881, with one exception: In the next to the last line, Whitman has probably mistakenly written "dead" for "deck."

Repository: The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York


O Living Always, Always Dying

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00319
Title:  Leaf [O dying! Always dying!]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 12 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one light blue Williamsburgh tax blank (21.5 x 12 cm), in dark brown ink, with revisions in fine pen and pencil. Whitman penciled in a question mark, in parentheses, next to the title. With the addition of the new first line "O love!" this became section 27 of "Calamus" in 1860. In the 1867 Leaves it was retitled "O Living Always—Always Dying!" Whitman next transferred it to the "Passage to India" supplement bound in with Leaves, where it reappeared in 1876; in the 1881 Leaves Whitman permanently added it to the cluster "Whispers of Heavenly Death."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand, and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


O Magnet-South

Whitman Archive ID: hun.00001
Title:  Longings for Home
Date: ca. 1860
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  This is a draft of "Longings For Home," a poem first published in 1860 and later revised and retitled "O Magnet-South."

Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens


O Star of France 1870-71

Title:  "O Star of France"
Date: 1871
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  This draft of "O Star of France," first published in 1872, is considerably different from the published poem. The title of the poem appears again on the verso of the last manuscript page.

Repository: By permission of The British Library

Title:  "O Star of France"
Date: 1871
Physical Description: 4 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  Draft of "O Star of France," first published in the Galaxy in June 1871.

Repository: A Walt Whitman Poetry Manuscript in the Musée de la Coopération Franco-Américaine

Title:  "O Star of France!"
Date: June, 1871
Content:  A partial copy of the June, 1871 issue of The Galaxy, containing Whitman's poem "O Star of France!" The poem was later revised and published as "O Star of France" (without exclamation point).

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


O You whom I Often and Silently Come

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00324
Title:  [O you whom I often and silently come where you are]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9 cm), in brown-black ink, with revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at the top, with a few lower down. The tenth section of the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with ornamental Roman numeral), this was reformatted and renumbered but otherwise left unrevised as section 43 of "Calamus" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman permanently retitled it "O You Whom I Often and Silently Come."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Of Him I Love Day and Night

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00325
Title:  Poemet
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On two pink leaves (21 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in light ink. Pinholes in center, at top, and in top-left corner. This poem was originally titled "Leaf" and apparently numbered 78; Whitman inscribed its new title, "Poemet," in light ink. It became section 17 of "Calamus" in 1860, with the lines on the first leaf corresponding to verses 1-7 and those on the second ("And what I dreamed I will/ henceforth tell...") to verses 8-13 of the first published version. Retitled "Of Him I Love Day and Night" in 1867, it was transferred to the "Whispers of Heavenly Death" cluster in Passage to India in 1871. In 1881 Whitman incorporated it, with the rest of the cluster, in the main body of Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28  |  29  |  30 
Content:  Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand, and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Of That Blithe Throat of Thine

Title:  "Of That Blithe Throat of Thine"
Date: January, 1885
Content:  A copy of part of Harper's Monthly from January, 1885 with Whitman's poem "Of That Blithe Throat of Thine."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Of That Blithe Throat of Thine"
Date: between 1884-1888
Physical Description: 9 leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Nine varied copies of proof sheets, five with autograph corrections, representing different stages of the printing, including two final proofs (one with a printed signature, one without). Whitman has also written instructions to the printer on one sheet. "Of That Blithe Throat of Thine" was published first in January, 1885.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00226
Title:  Of that blithe throat of thine
Date: about 1884
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 22 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Signed, late draft of "Of That Blithe Throat of Thine" which was published first in January, 1885. On the verso is a letter from Folger McKinney to Whitman dated June 10, 1884.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Of the Terrible Doubt of Appearances

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00322
Title:  [Of the doubts]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21.5 x 12 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  On two light blue Williamsburgh tax blanks (21.5 x 12 cm), in light brown ink, with minor revisions. A few pinholes at the head and in the center. A blue pencil question mark appears to the left of the first line on the second form. The lines on the first leaf became verses 1-9 of section 7 of "Calamus" in 1860, and the second leaf's lines ("To me all these, and the/ like of these,..."] became verses 10-16. Retitled "Of the Terrible Doubt of Appearances" in 1867.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Old Age's Lambent Peaks

Title:  "Old Age's Lambent Peaks"
Date: September, 1888
Content:  Clipped copy of "Old Age's Lambent Peaks" from the September, 1888 issue of The Century Magazine. Also included are thin clippings of the magazine's header and its listing of Whitman's poem in the table of contents. No annotations on the sheets.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age's Lambent Peaks"
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A proof of "Old Age's Lambent Peaks," first published in 1888, with no annotations on the sheet.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age's Lambent Peaks"
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 34.5 x 15 cm
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Two copies of a proof sheet with three poems: "Old Age's Lambent Peaks," "A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine," "To Get the Final Lilt of Songs," all published first in 1888. No annotations on the sheets.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age's Lambent Peaks"
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 33 x 15 cm; envelope 10.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  An edited proof sheet with three poems: "Old Age's Lambent Peaks," "A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine," "To Get the Final Lilt of Songs," all published first in 1888. In addition to corrections, Whitman has written a note to the printer at the top of the page. Also included is an envelope with "printer's proofs, short poems, Walt Whitman, 1888, (autographic)" written on it.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00164
Title:  Old Age's Lambent Peaks
Date: 1880s
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25 cm x 20.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  This manuscript contains a draft of a poem first printed in the Century, September, 1888 entitled "Old Age's Lambent Peaks". A note in the top margin states: "sent to Century accepted—paid" indicating the draft was likely completed around the time of publication. Thee poem was collected into reprints of Leaves of Grass in the Annex of the 1884-88 editions and in the Birthday edition of 1889.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  Sands at Seventy
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: about 10 leaves, 28.5 x 19.7 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof of Sands at Seventy with some notes in Whitman's hand and in another, unidentified hand. The notes mostly regard pagination and the insertion of the poem "Old Age's Lambent Peaks."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Old Age's Ship & Crafty Death's

Whitman Archive ID: bos.00001
Title:  Old Age's Ship & Crafty Death's
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a proof of "Old Age's Ship & Crafty Death's," first published in 1890, with corrections and annotations in Whitman's hand.

Repository: From the The Alice and Rollo G. Silver Collection in the Special Collections at Boston University

Title:  "Old Age's Ship and Crafty Death's"
Date: February, 1890
Content:  Four pages of the February, 1890 issue of Century containing Whitman's poem "Old Age's Ship and Crafty Death's."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age's Ship and Crafty Death's"
Date: between 1890-1891
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Five corrected proofs of "Old Age's Ship and Crafty Death's" with notations in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Age's Ship and crafty Death"
Date: between 1888-1890
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 25.5 x 22.5, 24 x 15 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  An early draft written in ink, with a correction in blue pencil, of "Old Age's Ship and Crafty Death's," first published in 1890. The draft has the underlined title "Old Age's Ship and crafty Death" half way down the page. One page is written on the back an opened envelope addressed to Whitman and postmarked Scarborough, December 20, 1888.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Old Chants

Title:  "An Old Man's Recitatives"
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 36.5 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proofs of four poems pasted together and collected under the main handwritten title "An Old Man's Recitatives." The poems included are: "Ancient songs reciting" (published as "Old Chants" in 1891), "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear," first published in 1891. A note in Whitman's hand in the right margin details failed attempts to publish this grouping in Scribner's.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Chants"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof sheet of "Old Chants," first published in 1891. No annotations on the sheet.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old Chants"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A draft of the first five lines of the poem "Old Chants," first published in 1891. The draft shows that Whitman also considered the titles "An Ancient Ballad Reciting" and "An Ancient Song Reciting. The verso is blank."

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Whitman Archive ID: tem.00002
Title:  Old Chants
Date: ca. 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 36.3 x 21.4 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Included with the proofs of "Good-Bye My Fancy" (MSS. 2518 above) are thirty-three lines of "Old Chants," made of fragments pasted together, with corrections in Whitman's hand. Also included on the page is a note by Horace Traubel reading "Given by Walt Whitman to me and then by me to Will Innes, 1905." On verso: "Henry Curtis printer, Cor: Bridge Ave. & 2d, Camden."

Repository: Rare Books and Manuscripts, Special Collections, Temple University Libraries, Temple University

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 28 x 21 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof pages of six poems collected under the general title "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Old Chants" (first published in 1891), "On, On the Same,Ye Jocund Twain!" (first published in 1891), "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!" (first published in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only two lines of the twelve-line poem of the same title first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891). At the top of the first page is a note to the printer in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00188
Title:  [The Nibelungen]
Date: 
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  The term "Nibelungen" appears in a poem first published in the New York Truth, March 19, 1891 entitled "Old Chants." The poem is one of the thiry-one poems included in "Second Annex--Good-Bye My Fancy," 1891-2.

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Old Man's Thought of School, The

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00237
Title:  [An old man's thought of school]
Date: about 1874
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 44.5 x 20.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Two composite leaves made from pasting together several scraps of paper containing a draft of "An Old Man's Thought of School," a poem Whitman recited in person at the inauguration of the Cooper Public School in Camden, New Jersey, in 1874. On the versos are parts of letters (to Whitman) and notes in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Old Salt Kossabone

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00068
Title:  Old Salt Kossabone
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Late draft of "Old Salt Kossabone," first published in 1888, with a note on the verso in another hand (Ellen Terry).

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Old War-Dreams

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00238
Title:  Old War-Dreams
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Proof of "Old War-Dreams" with note at bottom in Whitman's hand: "Walt Whitman's New Book." This poem was published first, in a different form, as "In Clouds Descending, in Midnight Sleep" in 1865-1866. In 1871 it appeared under the title "In Midnight Sleep." The title "Old War-Dreams" was first applied in 1881.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


On Journeys through the States

Title:  "On Journeys Through the States"
Date: between 1870-1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof of "On Journeys Through the States," published as No. 17 of "Chants Democratic" in 1860 and again in a different form in 1871. The text of this proof varies from the version in the 1891-1892 edition of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00198
Title:  Wander-Teachers
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  The poem was originally numbered 50. Whitman penciled in a question mark, in parentheses, in the upper-right corner. This became section 17 of "Chants Democratic" in the 1860 Leaves of Grass, with leaf 1 corresponding to verses 1-6 and leaf 2 ("We confer on equal terms with / each of The States,") to verses 7-13. Although he dropped it from Leaves of Grass in 1867, Whitman nonetheless used the poem, permanently retitled "On Journeys through the States," in Passage to India in 1871. In 1872 and 1876 it appeared in the "Passage to India" annexes to Leaves of Grass and Two Rivulets, respectively, and in the 1881 edition it took its final position in the cluster "Inscriptions."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


On the Beach at Night

Title:  "[(illeg.) Dick Hunt]"
Date: 1856-1857
Physical Description: handwritten
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Content:  A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts (New York: New York University Press, 1984. 6 vols.), noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "To a Common Prostitute," "You Felons on Trial in Courts," "Starting from Paumanok," "Trickle Drops," "I Was Looking for a Long While," "Poem of Joys," "Facing West from California's Shores," "To the States," "A Song of the Rolling Earth," "On the Beach a Night Alone," "Full of Life Now," and "With Antecedents."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


On, on the Same, ye Jocund Twain!

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00069
Title:  Go forth, ye twain
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6 
Content:  An early draft of "On, on the Same, Ye Jocund Twain!," which was published first in 1891. The draft is written on a letter from Albert Johannsen (dated March 22, 1890), and two opened envelopes (one postmarked April 27, 1890).

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00072
Title:  Go forth, ye twain
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of "On, on the Same, Ye Jocund Twain!," which was published first in 1891. On the verso is a note in Whitman's hand reading "to my 2d & last Annex for L of G."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Title:  "Old-Age Recitatives"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 28 x 21 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Proof pages of six poems collected under the general title "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Old Chants" (first published in 1891), "On, On the Same,Ye Jocund Twain!" (first published in 1891), "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!" (first published in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only two lines of the twelve-line poem of the same title first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891). At the top of the first page is a note to the printer in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00240
Title:  On, On the Same, Ye Jocund Twain!
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 3 leaves, 24 x 15 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Three proof sheets of "On, On the Same, Ye Jocund Twain!," first published in 1891. One proof has several corrections and a note for the printer; the other two proofs have no annotations.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00074
Title:  On, on awhile ye jocund twain
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A draft of "On, on the Same, Ye Jocund Twain!," which was published first in 1891.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00239
Title:  On, on the same, ye jocund twain!
Date: May 10, 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 22 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  A late draft of "On, on the Same, Ye Jocund Twain!," which was published first in 1891. This draft is signed and dated May 10, 1890.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00071
Title:  On, on the same, ye jocund twain!
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Heavily revised draft, approximately fourteen lines, of "On, on the Same, Ye Jocund Twain!", which first appeared in Good-Bye My Fancy in 1891.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00080
Title:  On, on the same, ye jocund twain!
Date: 
Physical Description: 1 leaf, Proof with handwritten corrections
View Images:  1 
Content:  Heavily revised proof sheet of "On, on the Same, Ye Jocund Twain!", which first appeared in Good-Bye My Fancy in 1891.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin


Once I Pass'd through a Populous City

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00183
Title:  [Once I passed through a populous] I am the child of Democracy
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The recto verses appearing on this manuscript became the main section 9 of "Enfans d'Adam" in 1860 and were retitled "Once I Pass'd Through a Populous City" in 1867. On the verso appear two fragments: an undeleted verse that would be used in Satan's section of "Chanting the Square Deific" in "Sequel to Drum-Taps" (1865-66); and what would become section 23 of "Proto-Leaf", which becomes "Starting from Paumanok" in 1867. The undeleted verse is upside-down relative to the deleted section.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


One's-Self I Sing

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00060
Title:  Inscription
Date: between 1855 and 1867
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 19.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript entitled "Inscription" appears to be a revision of other "Inscriptions" Whitman gathered in a notebook, along with prose drafts for a never-finished introduction to Leaves of Grass, and attached to his copy of the 1855 paper-bound edition. (The entire collection of draft "inscription" and introductory material is currently housed at the New York Public Library.) In the 1867 Leaves of Grass Whitman culled material from this poem and the other "Inscription" poems to create an italicized "Inscription" that he placed before "Starting from Paumanok" at the beginning of the book; in that edition he also transferred part of verse 2 to "As I Sat Alone by Blue Ontario's Shore" (later the line was dropped and the title was revised to "By Blue Ontario's Shore"). From 1872 onward, this poem, revised and retitled "One's-Self I Sing," was printed as the first of several poems in the "Inscriptions" cluster that opened the book. In the 1888 November Boughs, however, Whitman reprinted the 1867 version as "Small the Theme of my Chant." Note: This manuscript draft may have been written before the Civil War, since it does not include the 1867 line "My Days I sing, and the Lands—with interstice I knew / of hapless War."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00010
Title:  Inscription: to the 4th Edition of Leaves of Grass
Date: about 1867
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a draft of the poem, "Inscription," which appeared in the 1867 edition of Leaves of Grass. The poem was later revised and published as "One's-Self I Sing." In the 1892 edition of Leaves of Grass, lines from the poem from this manuscript appear in both "One's-Self I Sing" and "Small the Theme of My Chant."

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library


Orange Buds by Mail From Florida

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00001
Title:  Orange Buds by Mail from Florida
Date: 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15.5 cm x 32.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This manuscript contains a draft version of the note that appears in brackets before the start of the poem titled "Orange Buds by Mail from Florida" and first published in the New York Herald, March 19, 1888. A note at the bottom of the page states: "Sent to H March 17" indicating the draft was likely completed around the time of publication. On the verso the words "Walt Whitman" and "Camden New Jersey" are written in an unknown hand.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00165
Title:  Orange buds by mail
Date: 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 cm x 24 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A manuscript draft of the poem eventually titled "Orange Buds by Mail from Florida" and first published in the New York Herald, March 19, 1888.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Osceola

Whitman Archive ID: yal.00037
Title:  Osceola
Date: 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This manuscript is apparently a printer's copy of the poem, "Osceola," first published in Munyon's Illustrated World in April 1890. This manuscript is bound together with others.

Repository: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00076
Title:  The Commonplace
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 27 x 19 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one side is a draft of "The Commonplace", which was first published in manuscript facsimile in 1891. On the other side is a cancelled early draft of "Osceola," a poem first published in 1890.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Our Old Feuillage

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00185
Title:  Feuillage
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 16 leaves, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16 
Content:  This poem was originally numbered 89. Whitman also numbered each leaf in the lower-left corner in pencil: the leaves follow the order 1-9, 9 1/2 (a full page despite its number), and 10-15. The expression "the Eightieth year of / These States" at the top of leaf 2 indicates that Whitman was working on this poem as early as 1856. It became section 4 of "Chants Democratic" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman ungrouped it and retitled the poem "American Feuillage," a name it kept until being permanently retitled "Our Old Feuillage" in 1881.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "Our Old Feuillage"
Date: between 1876-1881
Physical Description: 6 leaves, 20.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A bound copy of six leaves (the poem "American Feuillage") from the 1876 edition of Leaves of Grass with multiple corrections and revisions, including the change of the title to "Our Old Feuillage." The revisions reflect the poem as it appeared in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the first introductory page is written, in another hand, "all changes and notations are by Whitman and in his holograph." Also included, along with a title page reading "Our Old Feuillage, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof," is a photograph of Whitman. "Our Old Feuillage" has also been titled "A Chant of National Feuillage" and "Chants Democratic" No. 4.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00271
Title:  [And there a hunter's camp]
Date: about 1860
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one side are two lines, heavily corrected, from a draft of the poem first published in 1860 as "Chants Democratic 4" and eventually titled "Our Old Feuillage." On the other side are two lightly corrected lines with an uncertain connection to Whitman's published poetry. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[(written for the voice)]," "[Poem of "(the Devil]," and "Poem of Sadness."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Title:  "[Printed note from Walt Whitman]"
Date: January 7, 1860
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  A note written to Harper's Magazine to accompany the submission of "A Chant of National Feuillage," which the editors declined. The poem was first published in 1860 as "Chants Democratic" No. 60, then later as "American Feuillage" and finally "Our Old Feuillage."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Out from Behind This Mask

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00251
Title:  Behind this Mask
Date: between 1873-1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Notes and trial lines for the poem "Out From Behind This Mask," first published in 1876, written on the verso of a letter to Whitman from Minnie Vincent, dated Utica, New York, December 11, 1873, asking for an autograph).

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00252
Title:  Out From Behind This Mask
Date: about 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15.5 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  A corrected copy of "Out From Behind This Mask," cut from pages 24 and 25 of Two Rivulets and pasted together to make one page.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00246
Title:  Out From This Mask
Date: between 1873-1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5 
Content:  Draft of the poem "Out From Behind This Mask," first published in 1876, written on one folded leaf that also has prose notes beginning "With your permission." "Out From This Mask" is printed at the top in pencil.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: bpl.00001
Title:  Out from Behind This Mask
Date: ca. 1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a signed draft of "Out from Behind This Mask," first published in 1876, which contains only a version of Part 1 of the poem.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Boston Public Library

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00244
Title:  Out from behind this Mask
Date: between 1873-1876
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  Draft of the poem "Out From Behind This Mask," first published in 1876.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00247
Title:  Out from behind this Mask
Date: between 1873-1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of the poem "Out From Behind This Mask," first published in 1876. The title is written in blue pencil.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00245
Title:  Out from this Mask
Date: between 1873-1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of the poem "Out From Behind This Mask," first published in 1876.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: usc.00001
Title:  Veil with their lids, &c
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23 x 14.1, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This is a manuscript of the poem, "Veil with their lids, &c," unpublished in Whitman's lifetime. The poem is apparently based on a photograph of Whitman possibly taken by the photographer, William Kurtz, in the 1860s. A note at the top of the manuscript, in Whitman's hand, reads, "p. 10 Passage to India," indicating that the poem might have been intended for inclusion in the volume of that name (Passage to India) published in 1870. The lines seem to anticipate the poem, "Out from Behind This Mask," first published in the New York Tribune on February 19, 1876.

Repository: University of South Carolina, Joel Myerson Collection of Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00496
Title:  [(Returning to my pages front once]
Date: between 1873-1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of the poem "Out From Behind This Mask," first published in 1876.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00248
Title:  [(Returning to my pages front once]
Date: between 1873-1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of the poem "Out From Behind This Mask," first published in 1876, written on two scraps pasted together.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00249
Title:  [This designation of Myself]
Date: between 1873-1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of lines from the poem "Out From Behind This Mask," first published in 1876.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00250
Title:  [here strange continents]
Date: between 1873-1876
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  Draft of lines from the poem "Out From Behind This Mask," first published in 1876.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Out of May's Shows Selected

Whitman Archive ID: unc.00005
Title:  Out of May's shows selected
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a manuscript draft of the poem, "Out of May's Shows Selected," which was first published in the New York Herald on May 10, 1888.

Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00005
Title:  A Child's Reminiscence
Date: about 1859
Physical Description: 19 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28  |  29  |  30  |  31  |  32  |  33  |  34  |  35  |  36  |  37 
Content:  Printer's copy of the poem "A Child's Reminiscence," which appeared in the New-York Saturday Press on 24 December 1859. This poem later appeared as "A Word Out of the Sea" in Leaves of Grass (1860); as "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking" in "Sea-Shore Memories," Passage to India (1871); and finally in "Sea Drift," Leaves of Grass (1881-82).

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library


Whitman Archive ID: loc.00078
Title:  Leave-taking Words
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23.5 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The page appears to be a draft of a title page for a manuscript titled "Leave-taking Words" or "Last Ripples (A Prelude to Passage to India)." At the bottom of the page are four lines from the end of "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking," first published as "A Child's Reminiscence" in 1859. The lines from the poem are cleanly written, suggesting that they were meant to serve as an epigraph for Whitman's manuscript. "Passage to India" was published first in 1871. On the verso is a draft of a stanza of "Eidólons," first published in 1876.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00079
Title:  Out of A Hundred Years
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  A scrap of paper with an underlined title written across the top reading "Out of A Hundred Years" and subtitled "in Prose and Verse Melanged." In the top margin is written "?Vistas."

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Title:  "The Whale Chase"
Date: 1869
Content:  Proof sheets of several poems: "The Whale Chase" (published as a part of "A Song of Joys"), "The Singer in Prison", first published in 1869, "A Word Out of the Sea" (first published as "A Child's Reminiscence" in 1859 and finally as "Out of the Cradle, Endlessly Rocking"), and five poems which are not Whitman's: part of "The Passions" (by William Collins), part of "The Battle of Naseby" (by Thomas Babbington Macaulay), "The Midnight Visitor" (probably a translation of "La Ballade du Desespere" by Henri Murger), "John Anderson My Jo" (by Robert Burns), and "The Bridge of Sighs" (by Thomas Hood). There are no annotations on the sheets.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Outlines for a Tomb

Title:  "Brother of All, With Generous Hand"
Date: January, 1870
Content:  Part of a copy of The Galaxy, containing Whitman's poem, "Brother of All, With Generous Hand." The poem was later titled "Outlines for a Tomb."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: duk.00022
Title:  [?Gliding]
Date: 1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  A fragment describing street and interior scenes similar to those in "Outlines for a Tomb." "Outlines for a Tomb" was first published in The Galaxy in January 1870 under the title "Brother of All, with Generous Hand" and finally in 1881 under the title "Outlines for a Tomb."

Repository: The Trent Collection of Walt Whitman Manuscripts, Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library


Pallid Wreath, The

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00074
Title:  The Pallid Wreath
Date: 1891
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
Content:  Draft of the poem "The Pallid Wreath," which was published in the Critic 18 (10 January 1891) and reprinted in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891). The original envelope containing the draft and comments to the editor of the Critic is included.

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library



Passage to India

Title:  Passage to India
Date: about 1871
Physical Description: handwritten
Images: forthcoming
Content:  Page proofs of Walt Whitman's book of 1871, Passage to India, with several (mostly minor) corrections in Whitman's hand.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00307
Title:  As of Eternity
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5 
Content:  On two leaves of pink paper, both 21 x 13 cm, in black ink, with minor revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly in center and at top of both pages. This poem became section 21 of "Calamus" in 1860; the lines on the first manuscript page became verses 1-6, and those on the second ("I hear not the volumes of/ sound merely—...") became 7-9. Retitled "That Music Always Round Me" in 1867, it was transferred in 1871 to the "Whispers of Heavenly Death" cluster in Passage to India. In 1881 Whitman incorporated it, with the rest of the cluster, in the main body of Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00235
Title:  Fables
Date: 1871
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  This poem became numbered verse paragraph 4 of section 2 of the title poem in the separate 1871 publication "Passage to India." In 1881 the poem "Passage to India" was transferred, ungrouped, to the main body of Leaves of Grass.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00319
Title:  Leaf [O dying! Always dying!]
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 12 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  On one light blue Williamsburgh tax blank (21.5 x 12 cm), in dark brown ink, with revisions in fine pen and pencil. Whitman penciled in a question mark, in parentheses, next to the title. With the addition of the new first line "O love!" this became section 27 of "Calamus" in 1860. In the 1867 Leaves it was retitled "O Living Always—Always Dying!" Whitman next transferred it to the "Passage to India" supplement bound in with Leaves, where it reappeared in 1876; in the 1881 Leaves Whitman permanently added it to the cluster "Whispers of Heavenly Death."

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00078
Title:  Leave-taking Words
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23.5 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Content:  The page appears to be a draft of a title page for a manuscript titled "Leave-taking Words" or "Last Ripples (A Prelude to Passage to India)." At the bottom of the page are four lines from the end of "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking," first published as "A Child's Reminiscence" in 1859. The lines from the poem are cleanly written, suggesting that they were meant to serve as an epigraph for Whitman's manuscript. "Passage to India" was published first in 1871. On the verso is a draft of a stanza of "Eidólons," first published in 1876.

Repository: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress, 1842-1937

Whitman Archive ID: har.00004
Title:  Passage to India
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 21 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28 
Content:  This complete draft, with extensive revisions, of "Passage to India," a poem first published in 1871, includes passages cut from letterpress proofs. The draft is bound with a letter to Andrew and Thomas Rome, dated 15 March 1870.

Repository: Manuscripts Department, Houghton Library, Harvard University

Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00077
Title:  Passage to India
Date: before 1871
Physical Description: 13 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  Notes and drafted lines for "Passage to India," a poem first published in 1871. The first page features the watermark of "Platner & Porter, Congress" in the upper right-hand corner.

Repository: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, The New York Public Library


Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00080
Title: NotesPassage to India
Date: about 1871
Physical Description: 23 leaves, numbered 1-21, with pages designated "5 1/2" and "5 3/4.", 25.2 by 20 to 31.2 by 20.5 cm., handwritten with printed clippings
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  12  |  13  |  14  |  15  |  16  |  17  |  18  |  19  |  20  |  21  |  22  |  23  |  24  |  25  |  26  |  27  |  28  |  29  |  30  |  31  |  32  |  33  |  34  |  35  |  36  |  37  |  38  |  39  |  40  |  41  |  42  |  43  |  44  |  45 
Content:  Revised draft of "Passage to India." The draft is accompanied by a typewritten memorandum by Emory Halloway, typewritten letters from Amy Lowell and Clifton Joseph Furness to Oscar Lion.

Repository: The Oscar Lion Collection of Walt Whitman, The New York Public Library


Whitman Archive ID: uva.00325
Title:  Poemet
Date: 1857-1859
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
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Content:  On two pink leaves (21 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in light ink. Pinholes in center, at top, and in top-left corner. This poem was originally titled "Leaf" and apparently numbered 78; Whitman inscribed its new title, "Poemet," in light ink. It became section 17 of "Calamus" in 1860, with the lines on the first leaf corresponding to verses 1-7 and those on the second ("And what I dreamed I will/ henceforth tell...") to verses 8-13 of the first published version. Retitled "Of Him I Love Day and Night" in 1867, it was transferred to the "Whispers of Heavenly Death" cluster in Passage to India in 1871. In 1881 Whitman incorporated it, with the rest of the cluster, in the main body of Leaves.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia

Title:  "Thou Vast Rondure, Swimming in Space"
Date: between 1868-1869
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 32 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  An offprint of "Thou Vast Rondure, Swimming in Space," with note at the top reading "J. T. Trowbridge, from W. W." and a note on the verso reading "is to app. in London Fortnightly for April." Though the poem was submitted in either 1868 or 1869, it was never published in the Fortnightly. It was later incorporated in the poem "Passage to India," which was first published in 1871. "Thou Vast Rondure, Swimming in Space" was not published as a separate poem.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: usc.00001
Title:  Veil with their lids, &c
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23 x 14.1, handwritten
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Content:  This is a manuscript of the poem, "Veil with their lids, &c," unpublished in Whitman's lifetime. The poem is apparently based on a photograph of Whitman possibly taken by the photographer, William Kurtz, in the 1860s. A note at the top of the manuscript, in Whitman's hand, reads, "p. 10 Passage to India," indicating that the poem might have been intended for inclusion in the volume of that name (Passage to India) published in 1870. The lines seem to anticipate the poem, "Out from Behind This Mask," first published in the New York Tribune on February 19, 1876.

Repository: University of South Carolina, Joel Myerson Collection of Nineteenth-Century American Literature


Patroling Barnegat

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00258
Title:  Patroling Barnegat
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 12 x 16 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Two copies of a proof of "Patroling Barnegat," each with a different correction in Whitman's hand. The poem was first published in 1880.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: tex.00041
Title:  Patroling Barnegat
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  Proof sheet with handwritten corrections, apparently prepared for the April 1881 publication of "Patroling Barnegat" in Harper's Monthly. The poem had been first published in The American in June 1880.

Repository: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00254
Title:  The Patrol at Barnegat
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  An early draft entitled "The Patrol at Barnegat," full of trial lines for the poem that would be published as "Patroling Barnegat" in 1880. On the verso of one leaf is a letter to Whitman from E. H. Hames dated May 12, 1880.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00255
Title:  The Patrol at Barnegat
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  A draft entitled "The Patrol at Barnegat," full of trial lines for the poem that would be published as "Patroling Barnegat" in 1880. The draft had originally been titled "The Sea Beach Patrol," then "The Sea Shore Patrol," and finally "The Patrol at Barnegat." On the verso of the draft are two receipts from the Philadelphia Y.M.C.A., dated March 22, 1880 and April 15, 1880, and an unfinished letter from Whitman to John Burroughs, dated August 20.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00256
Title:  The Patrol at Barnegat
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
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Content:  A heavily-corrected draft of the poem that would be published as "Patroling Barnegat" in 1880 entitled "The Patrol at Barnegat." In the upper left corner is written "Patroling Barnegat," which Whitman eventually used as the title.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00257
Title:  The Patrol at Barnegat
Date: about 1880
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
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Content:  A draft made from several small sheets glued together and entitled "The Patrol at Barnegat." It is a version of the poem that would be published as "Patroling Barnegat" in 1880.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC


Paumanok

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00259
Title:  Paumanok
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12 x 21 cm, handwritten
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Content:  Written in ink on a sheet of white paper, cut from a larger sheet, is a late draft of "Paumanok," first published in 1888. It is signed in full at bottom. The world "personal" is in a circle in upper right-hand corner. In pencil on verso in another hand: "Feb 18, 1888."

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00260
Title:  Paumanok
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 22 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  A small newspaper clipping of "Paumanok" pasted onto a larger sheet of paper, with notes and corrections in Whitman's hand. "Paumanok" was first published in the New York Herald in 1888.

Repository: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman, 1839-1919, Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Whitman Archive ID: unc.00002
Title:  Paumanok
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1 
Content:  This is a manuscript draft of the poem, "Paumanok," which was first published in the New York Herald on February 29, 1888.

Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00166
Title:  Paumanok
Date: 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
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Content:  This manuscript contains a draft of the poem titled "Paumanok" first published in the New York Herald, February 29, 1888. Notes at the top state "pub'd" and "personal." A note at the bottom states "sent to Herald Feb 27 '88" indicating the draft was likely completed around the time of publication.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Paumanok Picture, A

Whitman Archive ID: uva.00014
Title:  [How can there be immortality]
Date: about 1855
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 4.5 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
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Content:  These lines, appearing on a very small section of white laid paper cut and cropped irregularly, bear a strong resemblance to the (eventual) second verse paragraph in section 6 of "Starting from Paumanok," first published in 1860 as "Proto-Leaf." The fragmentary lines on the verso (beginning "Downward, buoyant, swif[t]"), represent a different version of a line incorporated in the pre-1855 notebook poem "Pictures" and of one inscribed in the 1854 notebook [I know a rich capitalist...], currently housed at the New York Public Library.

Repository: Papers of Walt Whitman (MSS 3829), Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia


Pensive and Faltering

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Title:  Whispers of Heavenly Death
Date: about 1870
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
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