Resources

Integrated Catalog of Walt Whitman's Literary Manuscripts

Abstract:

This Integrated Catalog was created by the Walt Whitman Archive through the work of the EAD Project Team at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The machine-readable catalog, EAD encoding, and XSLT stylesheets were created by Brett Barney, Caterina Bernardini, Janel Cayer, Mary Ellen Ducey, Andrew Jewell, Courtney Lawton, Elizabeth Lorang, Kevin McMullen, and Brian Pytlik Zillig, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries and English Department. Kenneth M. Price, co-editor of the Walt Whitman Archive, and Katherine L. Walter were primary investigators for an initial grant received from the Institute for Museum and Library Services, which provided major funding for an early stage of this project. Additional funding provided by the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation and the University of Nebraska Research Council helped further advance our early work on an Integrated Guide to Walt Whitman's Poetry Manuscripts. After completion of the poetry manuscripts integrated guide, we sought to extend the project to all Whitman manuscripts, poetry and prose alike. That work has received generous support from the National Endowment for the Humanities. Our recent efforts have been dedicated to writing item-level entries for those prose manuscripts which could be identified as contributing directly to a published work. We hope ultimately to extend our treatment of Whitman's prose to all manuscripts, whether or not the manuscript led to a known publication.

Scope and Content: 

This Integrated Catalog of Walt Whitman's Literary Manuscripts provides item-level descriptions and, when available, images of all identified literary manuscripts located in archival repositories around the world. This Catalog deals only with items Whitman Archive staff have deemed poetry and/or prose manuscripts. Nearly all of Whitman's poetry manuscripts are represented in the Catalog. Because of the sheer volume of manuscripts that could be categorized as "prose" (in effect, any item handwritten by Whitman that was not poetry, correspondence, or marginalia) we have limited our item-level descriptions of prose material to only those items that can be identified, with reasonable confidence, as having contributed to a piece of published prose. However, we intend to eventually include item-level descriptions for all prose manuscripts.

This Integrated Catalog is organized alphabetically by uniform work title and chronologically by composition date within each work. We define a "work" as the abstract idea of an individual piece of writing (poem, prose section, prose essay, etc.). We derive the uniform work title from the final published title used by Whitman during his lifetime. In most cases this is the title assigned in the final printing of Leaves of Grass (1891-92) or Complete Prose Works (1892). It should be noted, however, that some poems and prose pieces were published in earlier volumes but were not retained in these final volumes. Thus, for example, a poem that appeared in the 1860, 1867, and 1872 editions of Leaves of Grass but then was dropped from future printings would take as its uniform title that which Whitman gave to it in the 1872 edition. If we are unable to determine a particular manuscript's relationship to a published work, we consider it a work unto itself and assign a uniform work title based on the first words appearing on the manuscript.

Uniform work titles are displayed in large font, with individual items related to each work described in detail below them. The grouping of individual manuscripts by work is intended both for the navigational ease of the site's users (since users are most familiar with Whitman’s final titles) as well as to reflect the complex nature of Whitman's composition and revision methods, in which a single manuscript may contain bits of text that eventually found their way into several different works. Thus, a manuscript may appear multiple times within the Integrated Catalog, listed separately under each work to which it contributed.

Each item-level entry provides a title, date, genre, repository location information, physical characteristics, and a description of the textual content of the item. Access to images of the original item are also provided whenever possible.


Biographical Information:

For additional biographical information, see "Walt Whitman," by Ed Folsom and Kenneth M. Price, and the chronology of Whitman's Life.


Subjects:
 

Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892

Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892--Manuscripts

Poets, American--19th century


[222—No.—(? Have you supplied]

Whitman Archive Title: [222—No.—(? Have you supplied]
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00028
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: 1850-1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Two scraps of paper, pasted together to form one leaf. The relation of this manuscript to Whitman's published work is unclear.


[A youth beloved by all]

Whitman Archive Title: [A youth beloved by all]
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00045
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: 1865-1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Two lines written on the top of a piece of letter-head stationery of the Attorney General's Office.


Abraham Lincoln

Whitman Archive Title: But the time speeds
Whitman Archive ID: ihm.00001
Repository: Iowa Historical Museum (Des Moines)
Date: 1875–1886
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Scraps of paper attached to a larger sheet to create one leaf. Together the scraps form a draft fragment of "Abraham Lincoln," a short essay that first appeared as "Dear to Democracy" in Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln (1886), a compilation of essays edited by Allen Thorndike Rice. Though Whitman was not fond of this essay, he reprinted it in November Boughs (1888) before including the final version in Complete Prose Works (1892). For more information on this manuscript, including a complete transcription, see Ed Folsom, "Holograph Page of Whitman's 'Abraham Lincoln,'" Walt Whitman Quarterly Review 5.3 (Winter 1988), 47–48.



Whitman Archive Title: [for closing passage]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01799
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 37
Folder: ca. 1877–1883, Death of Abraham Lincoln, notes
Date: 1875–1886
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A heavily revised prose manuscript in which Whitman worked through ideas on the death of Abraham Lincoln. Whitman himself scrawled "Death of Abraham Lincoln" at the top of this manuscript; however, no other textual link can be made between this manuscript and "Death of Abraham Lincoln." This manuscript appears to be a draft of another prose piece on Lincoln, titled "Abraham Lincoln." This essay was first published, untitled, in Allen Thorndike Rice, ed., Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln (1886). Whitman reprinted this essay in November Boughs (1888). A revised version of the essay appeared in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: [for Abraham Lincoln]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01800
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 37
Folder: ca. 1877–1883, 'Death of Abraham Lincoln,' notes
Date: 1877–1886
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: Notes toward a draft of "Abraham Lincoln," first published, untitled, in Allen Thorndike Rice, ed., Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln (1886). Whitman reprinted this essay in November Boughs (1888). A revised version of the essay appeared in Complete Prose Works (1892). Whitman composed these notes on a piece of incoming correspondence.


Additional Note, 1887, to English Edition "Specimen Days"

Whitman Archive Title: Additional Note written 1887 for the English Edition.
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00002
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: 1887
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: A nearly complete draft of an essay Whitman wrote for the English Edition of Specimen Days. This essay first appeared in 1887 as "Additional Note. Written 1887 for the English Edition." Whitman slightly revised the title, changing it to "Additional Note, 1887, to English Edition 'Specimen Days,'" before including it in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Address Book

Whitman Archive Title: Address Book
Whitman Archive ID: loc.02821
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 3
Folder: [1866-1877], address books
Date: 1867-1875
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 52 leaves, handwritten, print
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104
Content: A disbound notebook, mostly filled with names and addresses. However, the sixty-first surface contains an idea for a poem about "The Storm / all the various things that happen in a storm." It is possible that this is an early conception of the poem that would eventually be titled "Proud Music of the Storm" (originally titled "Proud Musc of the Sea-Storm"). The note mentions being "at sea," as well as "sleeping" and "wak[ing]," all of which are ideas found in "Proud Music." The range of dates in the notebook also falls within the likely period of compositon for that poem, with an earliest recorded date of January 1867 (leaf 18). "Proud Music of the Sea-Storm" was first published in the February 1869 issue of the Atlantic Monthly, but was completed by 30 November 1868 , when Whitman sent a copy of the poem to Ralph Waldo Emerson.


[Advance shapes like his shape]

Whitman Archive Title: [Advance shapes like his shape]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00028
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 2
Folder: 1
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript of approximately eight lines, lightly revised, celebrating the legendary Egyptian ruler Sesostris. No relationship is known between this manuscript and Whitman's published work. Walt Whitman's description may be derived from his reading of Sir John Gardiner Wilkinson's Manners and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians (1836-1840).


[After an Extract from Heine's Diary]

Whitman Archive Title: Notebook, 1868-1870
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00350
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 6
Folder: Notebook, 1868-1870
Date: about 1868-1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 8 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16
Content: A notebook (probably bound by someone other than Whitman), containing some draft lines (one titled "Epictetus," another "After an Extract from Heine's Diary") that bear an unknown relationship to Whitman's published work. Also included are several notes that scholars have identified as autobiographical comments on Whitman's relationship with Peter Doyle.


After certain disastrous campaigns

Whitman Archive Title: After certain disastrous campaigns
Whitman Archive ID: pml.00006
Repository: The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York
Repository Title: After certain disastrous campaigns: autograph poem
Repository ID: MA 518.3
Date: about 1862
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A poem unpublished in Whitman's lifetime, "After Certain Disastrous Campaigns" was published first in The Uncollected Poetry and Prose of Walt Whitman (ed. Emory Holloway. Garden City, N.Y., Toronto: Doubleday, Page and Company, 1921). The manuscript shows that Whitman originally considered the title "Answer me, year of repulses," which is also the first line of the poem.


After death

Whitman Archive Title: Poem (bequeathing to others a charge) what poems are wanted
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00270
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript with idea for a poem to include "a long list" drawn from other (unidentified) manuscript scraps. This fragment has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem of Poets (now) in all lands." An image of the verso is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: After death
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00133
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 49
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 7 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Whitman apparently never used the recto lines, but the deleted lines on the verso bear a strong resemblance to the opening of his 1856 "Poem of The Sayers of The Words of The Earth," titled in successive editions "To the Sayers of Words" (1860 and 1867), "Carol of Words" (1871, 1876), and, finally (in the 1881 edition of Leaves), "A Song of the Rolling Earth." The undeleted ink line on the verso resembles a later draft of a line inscribed in Feinberg notebook #697 at the Library of Congress.


After the Argument

Whitman Archive Title: After the Argument
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00001
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: After the Argument (1891). A.MS.S. draft
Date: about 1891
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.5 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of "After the Argument." The poem was published first in Lippincott's Magazine, March, 1891.



Whitman Archive Title: Old Age Echoes
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00228
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 28
Folder: Old Age Echoes (1891). Proof Sheet.
Date: about 1891
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28.5 x 16.5 cm, 6 x 14 cm attached, printed, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Proof sheet of "Old Age Echoes" with many corrections written in ink and pencil. "Old Age Echoes" is a general heading for four poems: "Sounds of the Winter," "The Unexpress'd," "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!," and "After the Argument."


After the Dazzle of Day

Whitman Archive Title: After the Dazzle of Day
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00002
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: After the Dazzle of Day (1888). A.MS. draft
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This four-line poem was first published in the New York Herald, February 3, 1888. In the lower right-hand corner is the notation: "For Francis Howard Williams, May 1896, Traubel."


After the Sea-Ship

Whitman Archive Title: Waves in the Vessel's wake
Whitman Archive ID: mil.00001
Repository: Mills College: Albert M. Bender Collection, Special Collections Department, F. W. Olin Library
Date: about 1874
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Heavily revised draft of a poem that, after extensive further revision, was first published in the December 1874 issue of the New York Daily Graphic as "In the Wake Following." The poem first appeared under its final title, "After the Sea-Ship," in the "Sea-Drift" group of Two Rivulets (1876).



Whitman Archive Title: Song of the Redwood Tree
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00064
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 90
Repository ID: #3829
Date: about 1873
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 20 leaves, 11 x 12.5 cm to 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26
Content: This manuscript contains a rough draft of the poem "Song of the Redwood-Tree" written, according to a note intialed by Whitman, during October and November 1873 prior to its first publication in the February 1874 issue of Harper's Magazine. In 1876 the poem was published in the group "Centennial Songs" and annexed to Two Rivulets. The poem appears ungrouped again in Leaves of Grass (1881). Several leaves contain deleted and undeleted titles or variant verse references to other published poems: "Eidólons", "Waves in the Vessel's Wake", "(a sonnet)" written "for Century Verses," which appears from a Library of Congress manuscript to have been a working title of the group that became "Centennial Verses" and "A California song".


After the Supper and Talk

Whitman Archive Title: After the Supper and Talk
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00082
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 2
Repository ID: #3829-i
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of "After the Supper and Talk". This poem was rejected by Harper's in 1885 but published in Lippincott's Magazine in November 1887, after which it eventually became the final poem in the "First Annex" titled "Sands at Seventy." To the verso are pasted sections 16 and 18-19 of "Poem of Joys" (final title: "A Song of Joys") clipped either from the independent book Passage to India (1871) or from the "Passage to India" supplement to Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: After the Supper and Talk
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00004
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: After the Supper and Talk (1888). A.MS. drafts
Date: 1887
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 25.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Signed draft of the poem, which was first published in 1887. On the verso is a proof sheet from "After All, Not to Create Only" with one correction.



Whitman Archive Title: So Loth to Depart!
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00003
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: After the Supper and Talk (1888). A.MS. drafts
Date: about 1887
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 26 x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft of poem later revised and published as "After the Supper and Talk" in 1887. On verso detached from Leaves of Grass, part of "Poem of Joys," first published in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass, and later published as "A Song of Joys." The title "Poem of Joys" is in Whitman's hand.



Whitman Archive Title: After the Supper and Talk
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00175
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: After the Supper and talk (1887). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1887
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof of "After the Supper and Talk," with corrections (all punctuation) in ink and two words written in purple pencil: "30 Copies." This poem was published first in 1887.



Whitman Archive Title: November Boughs
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00326
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 30
Folder: You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me (1887). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1887
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Proof of a collection of four poems ("You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone") under the general title "November Boughs." This proof is made by pasting together proofs of each poem in the order desired.



Whitman Archive Title: November Boughs
Whitman Archive ID: loc.02484
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 30
Folder: You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me (1887). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1887
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Proofs of a collection of four poems ("You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone") under the general title "November Boughs."



Whitman Archive Title: November Boughs
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04206
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 30
Folder: You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me (1887). Printed Copy.
Date: 1887
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Clipping from a newspaper of four Whitman poems: "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," "'Going Somewhere,'" "After the Supper and Talk," and "Not Meagre Latent Boughs Alone." At the top is the title "November Boughs." At the bottom of the clipping is written, in Whitman's hand, "1887." The poems were published first in Lippincott's Magazine, November, 1887.


After Thought or Two, An

Whitman Archive Title: An After Thought or Two
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00286
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1855 or later
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript title, apparently for a group of poems, never used in Whitman's published work. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Poem, as in a rapt and]," and "[Poem ante-dating]."


Afternoon Scene, An

Whitman Archive Title: ? the sky
Whitman Archive ID: loc.06100
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: [1865 or before], war and hospital notes and memoranda
Date: 1863-1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a draft of the section titled "An Afternoon Scene" published in Specimen Days & Collect (1882-1883) and later retained in Complete Prose Works (1892). On the verso is preparatory material for Memoranda During the War, see the entry for loc.01553.


Airs of Lilac Time

Whitman Archive Title: Airs of Lilac Time
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00145
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 39
Folder: Literary, 1870? Airs of Lilac Time
Date: about 1870
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 4 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
Content: A bound notebook with a title page reading "Airs of Lilac Time for 1870, '71, &c" and two pages with lists of words and a few trial lines.


[all birth and growth]

Whitman Archive Title: [all birth and growth]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00375
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Untitled and Unidentified
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Two scraps of paper held together because of treatment by a collector or archivist. These lines have no known relationship to Whitman's published work.


All is Truth

Whitman Archive Title: As of the The Truth
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00206
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 4 leaves, leaf 2 19.5 x 13 cm, all other leaves 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
Content: This poem became section 18 of the cluster "Leaves of Grass" in the 1860 edition. In 1872 the poem received the title "All is Truth," and in 1881, after various repositionings, it was finally transferred to the cluster "From Noon to Starry Night". The second leaf is a composite formed when Whitman deleted and cut away the original first two verses on the leaf, flipped the new small section over and upside-down, pasted it to the foot of the remaining original verses, and inscribed a verse in light ink on the newly created blank space.


All tends to the soul

Whitman Archive Title: [All tends to the soul]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00059
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 2
Folder: 6
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft of a poem about the relationship of the soul to the material world. This manuscript contributed to the poem "Proto-Leaf," which was first published in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass and eventually titled "Starting from Paumanok."


[All that we are]

Whitman Archive Title: [All that we are]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00023
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: II-5 21
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft of fifteen lines of poetry, first published only after Whitman's death in Notes and Fragments (1899). The last three lines on this manuscript leaf appear in another version in a long manuscript, "Pictures," which probably dates to before 1855 and is held at the Beinecke Library, Yale.


Amadis de Gaul, The

Whitman Archive Title: The Amadis de Gaul
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05546
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 3
Folder: Undated
Date: 1855-1871
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 11 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22
Content: These notes serve as background for a paragraph on page 52 of Democratic Vistas (1871).


America

Whitman Archive Title: America
Whitman Archive ID: pri.00002
Repository: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections
Box: 22
Folder: 9
Date: 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Lightly corrected and signed draft, six lines, of "America," a poem published first in the New York Herald on March 12, 1888. It was reprinted in November Boughs (1888) and in the "Sands at Seventy" annex of Leaves of Grass (1891–92). The manuscript is written on the reverse of a letter fragment from an unknown correspondent, dated January 27, 1888.


America (unpublished poem)

Whitman Archive Title: America
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00006
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: America (1888). A.MS. Draft.
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 18.5 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Despite the title, this manuscript does not appear to be a draft of the poem, "America," published in 1888, but it has been published separately and posthumously as "[America]" and begins "No Homer, Shakspere, Voltaire." This manuscript was likely composed in the last two decades of Whitman's career (roughly 1870-1892) when he was more apt to mention other writers explicitly in his poetry.



Whitman Archive Title: "The Scout"
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00276
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: about 1855 or later
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript suggesting "The Scout" as a good title for a poem, magazine, or newspaper, of which the connection to Whitman's published work is unknown. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there, farther south]," "Drops of my Blood," and "[In a poem make the thought]."


American National Literature

Whitman Archive Title: [Goethe]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00178
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS q 80
Date: 1856
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Notes that Whitman made about Goethe. Unlike many of Whitman's other notes about authors, these notes seem to be based at least in part on his own observations rather than on secondary criticism. Some of the ideas contained in the scrap (particularly the final portion of the second leaf) found their way into Whitman's essay "American National Literature," which appeared in the North American Review in March 1891, under the title "Have We a National Literature?" It was later reprinted in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891), under the title "American National Literature" before finally appearing in Complete Prose Works (1892). Although the essay was not published until later, Edward Grier suggests that the manuscript dates from late 1856 (Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts [New York: New York Univeristy Press, 1984] 5:1827). Pasted on the verso of the first page is a clipping from an article entitled "The True Character of Goethe."



Whitman Archive Title: First, to me
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00091
Repository: New York Public Library: The Oscar Lion Collection of Walt Whitman
Repository Title: First, to me, come the People
Date: about 1890
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A prose fragment that Whitman used in the essay, "American National Literature," first published in the North American Review in March 1891, under the title "Have We a National Literature?" The essay was reprinted in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891) before finally being collected in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: [and a surplus of a hundred millions & more]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01055
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 36
Folder: Undated, "These States and the Kosmical Scale," draft
Date: 1891
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript is a partial draft of "American National Literature. Is There Any Such Thing—or Can There Ever Be?," which first appeared in the March 1891 issue of North American Review under the title, "Have We a National Literature?" before appearing in Good-Bye By Fancy (1891, and Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: [In the main I]
Whitman Archive ID: sal.00003
Repository: Salisbury House and Gardens, Des Moines, Iowa
Repository ID: 2010.9.262
Date: about 1891
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft fragment of "American National Literature," first published in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891). Whitman included this piece of literary criticism in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: Germany, or even Europe
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05316
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Miscellaneous notes or reminders
Date: 1890-1891
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript led to a passage published in "Have We a National Literature," (North American Review, 152, March 1891), and in Good-bye My Fancy 2nd Annex to Leaves of Grass (1891), in the section entitled "American National Literature."



Whitman Archive Title: [Then Another and very grave point]
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00012
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: 1890–1891
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A partial draft of "American National Literature: Is There Any Such Thing—or Can There Ever Be?," which appeared in the March 1891 issue of North American Review, as "Have We a National Literature?" before being collected in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891).


America's Bulk Average

Whitman Archive Title: [Which leads me to another point]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01074
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 36
Folder: Undated, "The Whole Past Century," draft
Date: about 1891
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: In these prose notes, Whitman reflects on the impact of the Civil War on the nation. Written at the top of the page, in an unknown hand, possibly that of Horace Traubel, "see notes Mar 18 1891." This manuscript contributed to "American's Bulk Average," which first appeared in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891) before being collected in Complete Prose Works (1892).


America's Mightiest Inheritance

Whitman Archive Title: List of serviceable
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05211
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Undated, on the American idiom
Date: 1850-1856
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a short "list of serviceable words from the French" (there are only two words listed: "surveillance" and "prestige").



Whitman Archive Title: ? for beginning
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05215
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Undated, on the American idiom
Date: 1850-1856
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The initial part of this manuscript contains a passage consonant with the title and the initial phrase of the essay "America's Mightiest Inheritance" published in Life Illustrated on April 12 1856. On the verso is a partial letter to Whitman on letterhead from the Eastern Michigan Asylum.


Among the Multitude

Whitman Archive Title: To One Who Will Understand
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00336
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of pink paper (21.5 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink, in pencil, and in fine ink (in that order). Pinholes mostly in center. Originally titled "To Those Who Will Understand" and numbered 100 (then 101, then the current ?100 in the fine pen). This was revised to form section 41 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "Among the Multitude" in the 1867 Leaves.


[And here is the great meteor]

Whitman Archive Title: [And here is the great Meteor]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00216
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: Meteors (1853). A. MS. draft
Date: between 1850-1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 25 x 18 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A draft of an unpublished poem, part of which has been connected to the unpublished poem "Pictures." The relationship to Whitman's published verse is unknown.


And Yet Not You Alone

Whitman Archive Title: [rivers', bays' and ocean shores']
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04146
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines of "And Yet Not You Alone," first published along with seven other poems in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885), under the general title "Fancies at Navesink."



Whitman Archive Title: [Nor you and yours alone]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04147
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines of "And Yet Not You Alone," first published along with seven other poems in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885), under the general title "Fancies at Navesink."



Whitman Archive Title: [What ventures, aspirations, failures—]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04149
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines of "And Yet Not You Alone," first published along with seven other poems in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885), under the general title "Fancies at Navesink."



Whitman Archive Title: [Nor you and trail of yours]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04156
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines of poems in the "Fancies at Navesink" cluster, first published in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885). Lines on the recto resemble those in "And Yet Not You Alone" and "Then Last of All." The verso contains lines for "Proudly the Flood Comes In."



Whitman Archive Title: [Nor you alone]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00049
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: box 3
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This is a draft of the poem "And Yet Not You Alone," published as part of "Fancies at Navesink" in the August 1885 issue of Nineteenth Century. The draft also has, in the bottom margin, the title of the poem which follows it in "Fancies at Navesink," "Proudly the Flood Comes In." This manuscript is bound with others under the title "Fancies at Navesink."



Whitman Archive Title: [your needed blending]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00050
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: box 3
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This is a draft of the poem "And Yet Not You Alone," published as part of "Fancies at Navesink" in the August 1885 issue of Nineteenth Century. This manuscript is bound with others under the title "Fancies at Navesink."


["Animals," says George Eliot]

Whitman Archive Title: ['Animals,' says George Eliot]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00091
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 5
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Three manuscript leaves and two newspaper clippings pasted to a larger backing sheet. All but one of the scraps presents an aphorism attributable to someone other than Whitman. The other, also aphoristic, is fragmentary but appears to be a draft line of verse. According to Edward F. Grier, the handwriting in the first and third paragraphs is that of the 1850s or 1860s; that of the second one seems to be the looser, more irregular writing of the 1870s.


Antietam

Whitman Archive Title: Antietam, Manassas
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01780
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 41
Folder: Undated, War Notes
Date: 1870–1880
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A list of Civil War battles that includes a draft of a poetic line with no known connection to Whitman's published work.


Are You the New Person Drawn toward Me?

Whitman Archive Title: To a new personal admirer
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00332
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, leaf 1 13 x 11.5 cm; leaf 2 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On two pieces of white wove paper, 13 x 11.5 and 20 x 16 cm, in brown-black ink, with substantial revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at center and in left margins of both pages. This poem, featuring a new first line, became section 12 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 Whitman dropped the last 2 1/2 lines and permanently retitled it "Are you the New Person Drawn Toward Me?" The first page contains verses corresponding to lines 2-3 of the 1860 version, and the lines on the second page ("Do you suppose you can easily/ be my lover,...") became verses 4-11.


armies & navies pass on the surface

Whitman Archive Title: [Armies & navies pass on the surface]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00005
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 1
Date: probably 1850-1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript was probably composed in the 1850s or 1860s. On one side of the leaf are approximately five lines toward a poem about the effects of war that was never published in Whitman's lifetime. On the other side are two sentences or lines, one headed "Locust," and the other headed "Sunflower." The relationship of these notes to Whitman's published work is unknown.



Whitman Archive Title: [Poems identifying the different branches of the sciences]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00072
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: about 1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: List of ideas for poems about astronomy, geology, chemistry, mathematics, and music. An image of the verso is unavailable.


Art Features

Whitman Archive Title: [the RR we go on]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00242
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS q 111
Date: 1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 8 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16
Content: Pages of notes from Whitman's western railroad journey in September 1879. The pages describe his travels through Missouri and Kansas, and large portions of the notes would find their way into Specimen Days (specifically, the sections entitled "Missouri State," "Lawrence and Topeka, Kansas," "Art Features," and "A Silent Little Follower—The Coreopsis").


Artilleryman's Vision

Whitman Archive Title: Walt Whitman. 1862.
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00026
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 8
Folder: [1862-1863]
Date: 1862-1863
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 102 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160 | 161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165 | 166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170 | 171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175 | 176 | 177 | 178 | 179 | 180 | 181 | 182 | 183 | 184 | 185 | 186 | 187 | 188 | 189 | 190 | 191 | 192 | 193 | 194 | 195 | 196 | 197 | 198 | 199 | 200 | 201 | 202 | 203 | 204
Content: A Civil-War-era notebook containing entries written in 1862 and 1863 in both New York and Washington, D.C. Many of the early leaves contain names, addresses, and descriptions of acquaintances in New York. Beginning roughly halfway through the notebook, the entries focus on Whitman's experiences in and around Washington, visiting hospital camps and battle-fields. Several of the entries contributed to published pieces of poetry or prose. Surface 40 mentions the "Apollo Summer Garden," which Whitman wrote about in a New York Leader column of 19 April 1862 entitled "City Photographs—No. V." Surfaces 48 and 83 mention "Lindenmuller's Halle" (spelling varies), a beer cellar in the Bowery that was mentioned in the seventh installment of the "City Photographs" column on 17 May 1862. Surfaces 66 and 68 are early drafts of "The City Dead-House," a poem that first appeared in the 1867 edition of Leaves of Grass. On surface 89 Whitman is drafting the title of "By the Bivouac's Fitful Flame," a poem which first appeared as part of Drum-Taps (1865). Surace 113 contains notes about a pile of amputated limbs that contributed to the section of Specimen Days (1882-83) titled "Down at the Front." This section had first appeared in the New York Times on 11 December 1864 in a piece entitled "Our Wounded and Sick Soldiers" and was later reprinted in the New York Weekly Graphic (14 February 1874) and Memoranda During the War (1875-76). Surface 138 contains a prose passage that contributed to the poem "A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Grey and Dim," first published in Drum-Taps (1865). Surface 143 contains a draft of "The Veteran's Vision," which also first appeared as part of Drum-Taps and was later re-titled "The Artilleryman's Vision." Surface 153 contains notes that likely contributed to the poem eventually titled "One's-Self I Sing" (first published, in a different form, as the "Inscription" to the 1867 edition of Leaves). The top half of surface 183 contains early draft lines of "A Noiseless, Patient Spider," which first appeared as a section of the poem "Whispers of Heavenly Death" in The Broadway, A London Magazine in October 1868 before being published as its own poem in Passage to India (1871). Surfaces 194 and 195 contain lines that contributed to the poem ultimately titled "Quicksand Years." The poem was first published as "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" in Drum-Taps (1865).


As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free. And Other Poems

Whitman Archive Title: [Americans are charged with disproportionate brag and]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00003
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 1
Date: 1819-1872
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A paragraph, heavily revised, expressing the opinion that the United States is the culmination of human development. A note at the bottom of the sheet, "As a Strong Bird," may refer to the poem "As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free," which was first published in the New York Herald on 26 June 1872. Extracts from this poem also appeared in the Washington Evening Star on the same date, within a larger article on the commencement exercises at Dartmouth College. It more likely, however, refers to the slender volume in which the poem was published later that year, As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free. And Other Poems. This manuscript is probably part of an early draft of the preface for that volume. The poem "As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free" was subsequently included in Two Rivulets (1876). After adding a new opening stanza and making additional revisions, Whitman incorporated the poem into Leaves of Grass (1881–82) under the new title "Thou Mother with Thy Equal Brood." The preface was reprinted, with minor changes, as "Preface, 1872, to 'As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free'" in the 1892 volume Comple Prose Works.



Whitman Archive Title: [Land of the potent-large!]
Whitman Archive ID: unc.00001
Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Walt Whitman Papers
Folder: 1
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript includes a fragment of a poem, approximately seven lines, that is possibly from an early draft of "As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free," a poem Whitman originally wrote for the June 1872 Dartmouth College commencement exercises. This poem was later revised and published as "Thou Mother with Thy Equal Brood," Leaves of Grass (1881–1882).


As at Thy Portals Also Death

Whitman Archive Title: As at thy Portals also Death
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00006
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 1
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft, with revisions, of "As at Thy Portals Also Death," which was first published in the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass. A second, smaller leaf, was at some point pasted over the lines at the bottom of the first leaf, but it has become separated and is at present stored separately as "[To her, the ideal woman]."



Whitman Archive Title: [To her, the ideal woman]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00048
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 2
Folder: 6
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft, with revisions, of the final three lines of "As at Thy Portals Also Death," which was first published in the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass.


As Consequent, Etc.

Whitman Archive Title: [some threading Ohio's]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00082
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: As Consequent, etc.
Date: 1881
Genre: poetry, correspondence
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 13 cm x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of lines of "As Consequent, Etc.," first published in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the verso in a letter from the Camden and Atlantic Railroad dated January 25, 1881.



Whitman Archive Title: Autumn Rivulets
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00181
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Autumn Rivulets (1881). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof of "As Consequent, Etc.," with cancelled title. This proof is housed at the Library of Congress with another, similarly marked, proof of "As Consequent, Etc. " (Whitman Archive ID: loc.00494) and unmarked proofs of the following poems: "From Far Dakota's Cañons," "A Farm Picture," "What Best I See on Thee" (U.S. Grant), "The Sobbing of the Bells," "Italian Music in Dakota," "By Broad Potomac's Shore," "Excelsior," "With All thy Gifts," "To Rich Givers," "The Dalliance of the Eagles," "Tears," "After the Sea-Ship," "Aboard at a Ship's Helm," and "Thick-Sprinkled Bunting." "As Consequent, Etc. " was published first in 1881.



Whitman Archive Title: Autumn Rivulets
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00494
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Autumn Rivulets (1881). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof of "As Consequent, Etc.," with cancelled title. This proof is housed at the Library of Congress with another, similarly marked, proof of "As Consequent, Etc. " (Whitman Archive ID: loc.00181) and unmarked proofs of the following poems: "From Far Dakota's Cañons," "A Farm Picture," "What Best I See on Thee" (U.S. Grant), "The Sobbing of the Bells," "Italian Music in Dakota," "By Broad Potomac's Shore," "Excelsior," "With All thy Gifts," "To Rich Givers," "The Dalliance of the Eagles," "Tears," "After the Sea-Ship," "Aboard at a Ship's Helm," and "Thick-Sprinkled Bunting." "As Consequent, Etc. " was published first in 1881.


As I Ebb'd with the Ocean of Life

Whitman Archive Title: Bardic Symbols
Whitman Archive ID: har.00003
Repository: Harvard University: Manuscripts Department, Houghton Library
Repository ID: Autograph File
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: This is a partial, late draft, with minor revisions, of "Bardic Symbols," first published in the April 1860 issue of the Atlantic Monthly. The poem was later revised and published under the title "As I Ebb'd with the Ocean of Life." Two of the manuscript leaves are stored with a letter to the editor, James Russell Lowell, dated October 2, 1861; the other leaf is stored separately.



Whitman Archive Title: Sea Winrows
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00033
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: between 1860 and 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A list of words probably related to the poem "As I Ebb'd with the Ocean of Life," originally published as "Bardic Symbols" in the Atlantic Monthly 5 (April 1860). The final version of the poem was published in Leaves of Grass (1881-82). The verso features the words "Sands and Drifts."


[As I sail'd at night alone]

Whitman Archive Title: [As I sail'd at night alone]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00241
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 28
Folder: Ontario's Shores. A.MS. draft.
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 19.5 x 10 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A few lines on the verso of a cancelled letter (the correspondent and date are unknown), beginning "As I sail'd at night alone." The relationship of this draft to Whitman's published work is unknown. The title on the Library of Congress's folder comes from the final line of the draft ("As I wander Ontario's shores alone at night") and does not suggest that this draft is related to "By Blue Ontario's Shore."


As I Sit Writing Here

Whitman Archive Title: As I sit writing here
Whitman Archive ID: pri.00001
Repository: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections
Box: 22
Folder: 9
Date: 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft, with several corrections, of the four-line poem "As I Sit Writing Here," which was published first in the New York Herald, May 14, 1888. It was reprinted in November Boughs (1888) and in the "Sands at Seventy" annex of Leaves of Grass (1891–92).


As I Walk These Broad Majestic Days

Whitman Archive Title: [Poem, as in a rapt and]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00287
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: before 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript proposing ideas for a poem in the form of a prophetic vision about the future of America. Possibly related to "As I Walk These Broad Majestic Days," which was first published as "Chants Democratic 21" in 1860–1861. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "An After Thought or Two," and "[Poem ante-dating]."


As If a Phantom Caress'd Me

Whitman Archive Title: Whispers of Heavenly Death
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 30
Folder: Whispers of Heavenly Death (1870). A.MS. and printed copy.
Date: about 1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30
Content: Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand (see image 23), and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."


As in a Swoon

Whitman Archive Title: As in a Swoon
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00177
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: As In A Swoon. Proof.
Date: about 1876
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 12.5 cm, printed, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof pasted on another sheet of paper, with seven words in Whitman's hand: "Walt Whitman, (discarded from last booklet.)" "As in a Swoon" was published first in 1876.



Whitman Archive Title: As in a Swoon
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00004
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: box 3
Date: about 1876
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This is a manuscript of the poem "As in a Swoon," first published in the 1876 printing of Leaves of Grass. Although this poem was not included in any subsequent editions of Leaves of Grass, Whitman did include it in the 1891 volume Good-Bye My Fancy, and as one of the few poems in the 1892 volume Complete Prose Works.


As of Forms

Whitman Archive Title: As of Forms
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00124
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 5
Date: around 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 cm x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript draft of the unpublished poem "As of Forms" which is possibly one of a group of poems Whitman composed prior to the third edition of Leaves of Grass.


As the Greek's Signal Flame

Whitman Archive Title: As the Greek's Signal Flame
Whitman Archive ID: hav.00001
Repository: Haverford College: Quaker and Special Collections
Date: 1887
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: A broadside of Whitman's poem "As the Greek's Signal Flame," which is subtitled "For Whittier's 80th birthday, December 17, 1887." The poem was published first in 1887.



Whitman Archive Title: Occasional Pieces of Poetry
Whitman Archive ID: loc.03449
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Date: about 1887–1888
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: about 13, printed and handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14
Content: Whitman's copy of John G. C. Brainard's Occasional Pieces of Poetry (1825), many pages of which bear the poet's handwriting. Whitman appears to have used the volume as a notebook of sorts, for while some of the writing seems to be related to Brainard's text most of it does not. Among the handwritten notes are several sets of ideas for poems that were never published and phrases that also appear in Whitman's personal correspondence. Some of these are phrases that Whitman inscribed in the copy of Complete Poems & Prose (1888) that he gave to Horace Traubel. On other pages are words from his letter to Anne Gilchrist of November 11, 1871. These were perhaps copied into the Brainard volume as he worked to write a poem in Gilchrist's honor, though they did not make it into "Going Somewhere," the poetic tribute that Whitman published in the November 1887 issue of Lippincott's Magazine (without individual title, but in a group of four poems collectively labelled "November Boughs"). A draft of "Going Somewhere" appears elsewhere in this volume. Also present is a draft of "The Dismantled Ship," which was first published in the New York Herald on February 23, 1888. Both poems were later included in November Boughs (1888) and in subsequent printings of Leaves of Grass. Only those pages with Whitman's handwritten notes are linked from this record. For a more complete discussion of this item, see Nicole Gray, "Walt Whitman's Marginalia as Occasional Practice," The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 107 (December 2013), 467–494.



Whitman Archive Title: As the Greek's Signal Flame
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00493
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: As The Greek's Signal Flame (1887). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1887
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12 x 15.25 cm, printed, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: At the top of a proof of "As the Greek's Signal Flame" are nine words: "If convenient put in paper of Saturday Dec. 17."


As the Time Draws Nigh

Whitman Archive Title: Nearing Departure
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00231
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16 x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft of a poem which Whitman titled "Nearing Departure." Whitman retitled the poem "To My Soul" when it was first published, in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. In 1867 Whitman cut eight lines and revised others, retitling the poem "As Nearing Departure" and moving it to an untitled group of poems in the supplement "Songs Before Parting." In 1872 it was finally retitled "As the Time Draws Nigh" and transferred to the cluster "Songs of Parting" within the main body of Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: To the Future
Whitman Archive ID: hun.00008
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Repository Title: To a common prostitute
Repository ID: HM 11205
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft of a poem titled "To the Future." Although the poem was unpublished in its entirety, the seventh line was used in the poem "To My Soul," which was first published in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass and later retitled "As the Time Draws Nigh." On the reverse is a draft of "To a Common Prostitute."



Whitman Archive Title: Whispers of Heavenly Death
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 30
Folder: Whispers of Heavenly Death (1870). A.MS. and printed copy.
Date: about 1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30
Content: Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand (see image 23), and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."



Whitman Archive Title: Songs of Parting
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 29
Folder: Songs of Parting. A.MS. corrected pages.
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 18 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36
Content: Corrected pages, many originally appearing in the 1876 Leaves of Grass, of cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably intended for the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."


As They Draw to a Close

Whitman Archive Title: Songs of Parting
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 29
Folder: Songs of Parting. A.MS. corrected pages.
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 18 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36
Content: Corrected pages, many originally appearing in the 1876 Leaves of Grass, of cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably intended for the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."


[As to you]

Whitman Archive Title: [As to you]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00134
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 49
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 7 x 15.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This section was evidently pasted to and then pulled away from another page; some fragments of that other page remain affixed to the top. Beneath them can be discerned the ink number 2. In the upper left corner appears an "X" within parentheses, which was formerly covered by the other page. Whitman apparently never used this poem or fragment.


Ashes of Soldiers [poem]

Whitman Archive Title: Ashes of Roses
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00050
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Ashes of Roses. A.MS. drafts and notes.
Date: about 1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 23.5 x 13.5 and 10 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Poem draft, parts of which have been printed as "? Ashes of Roses." The manuscript may bear a relationship to "Ashes of Soldiers," a poem published first in 1865 as "Hymn of Dead Soldiers" in Drum-Taps. It was only in 1871 that Whitman added the imagery of ashes to this poem. The manuscript was likely composed around 1870-1871, when Whitman was revising and expanding the poem for republication. Alternatively, the manuscript may be a draft of a unique poetic work unpublished in Whitman's lifetime.



Whitman Archive Title: [Ashes of ? soldiers heroes]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00054
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Beat! Beat! Drums! (1861). A. MS. draft.
Date: about 1871
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Draft of lines which bear a relationship to "Ashes of Soldiers," first published in 1865. This manuscript was likely composed around 1870-1871, when Whitman was revising and expanding the poem for republication. This manuscript appears to be a draft of the first two linegroups of "Ashes of Soldiers." These linegroups were added in 1871 to a poem first published as "Hymn of Dead Soldiers" in Drum-Taps (1865). It was only in 1871 that he added the imagery of ashes to this poem.



Whitman Archive Title: Songs of Parting
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 29
Folder: Songs of Parting. A.MS. corrected pages.
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 18 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36
Content: Corrected pages, many originally appearing in the 1876 Leaves of Grass, of cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably intended for the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."


Assurances

Whitman Archive Title: [the scope of government]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00157
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 37
Folder: 1855-1856 (?), Government, Nature, Trial Lines, Self-Advice
Date: between 1855-1856
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: about 20 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40
Content: A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts (New York: New York University Press, 1984. 6 vols.), noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Assurances," "This Compost," and an unfinished poem entitled "The Insects. On some of the leaves Whitman has rotated the notebook and written upside down."


Authors at Home. VII. Walt Whitman at Camden

Whitman Archive Title: [more books]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.03403
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 39
Folder: 18
Date: about 1885
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript draft fragment for an article that appeared under the title "Walt Whitman at Camden" in the February 28, 1885 issue of the Critic under the pseudonym George Selwyn. The article was the seventh in the magazine's "Authors at Home" series.


Autobiographic Note. From an old "remembrance copy"

Whitman Archive Title: Whitman, Walt, poet, was born May 31
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00382
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 10
Folder: 222
Date: 1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Draft notes towards an autobiographical essay. Portions of this manuscript were used in "Autobiographic Note. From an old 'remembrance copy,'" in Camden's Compliment to Walt Whitman, May 31, 1889: Notes, Addresses, Letters, Telegrams (Philadelphia: David McKay, 1889). Portions of this manuscript also appeared in "Some Personal and Old-Age Jottings," first published in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891).


Autumn Side-Bits

Whitman Archive Title: [Sept 20 '76]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00038
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 51
Repository Title: Sept. 20 '76
Date: 1876
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft fragment, portions of which Whitman first published in "How I Get Around at 60, and Take Notes. (No. 1)," The Critic 29 January 1881, under the heading "Autumn Scenes and Sights." Whitman used this portion of prose nearly unchanged in "Autumn Side-Bits," Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883). "Autumn Side-Bits" was eventually collected in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: ['76 White Horse]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00055
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 54
Repository Title: Cloudy and Coolish
Date: 1876
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A Draft fragment of "Autumn Side-Bits," that first appeared in the 29 January 1881 issue of The Critic as part of "How I Get Around at 60, and Take Notes. (No. 1)," under the section heading "Autumn Scenes and Sights." Whitman further revised this prose piece before including it in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) as part of "Autumn Side-Bits," which was later collected in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: [last of Sept. '76]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00036
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 52
Repository Title: The ground in all directions is stretched
Date: 1876–1877
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft paragraph describing Whitman's time at Timber Creek, where he spent some restorative time in the mid- to late-1870s. Much of this draft first appeared in the 29 January 1881 issue of The Critic, as part of "How I Get Around at 60, and Take Notes. (No. 1)," under the section heading "Autumn Scenes and Sights." This piece of prose was slightly revised and eventually published as "Autumn Side-Bits," in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) before appearing in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: [and many an autumn sight]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00037
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 53
Repository Title: —and many an autumn sight
Date: 1876–1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Two scraps of paper pasted to a backing sheet to make one leaf. These scraps feature draft lines which appeared slightly revised in the 29 January 1881 issue of the The Critic as part of "How I Get Around at 60, and Take Notes. (No. 1)," under the section heading "Autumn Scenes and Sights." Whitman continued to revise this piece of prose, eventually publishing it as "Autumn Side-Bits," Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883).


Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads, A

Whitman Archive Title: [Why should I be afraid]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01075
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 36
Folder: Undated, "Why Should I Be Afraid?" draft
Date: 1855-1892
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On the verso of what appears to be an incoming letter, Whitman states that he has "abandon'd the conventional themes." These comments were revised and published in "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads,", the essay that Whitman used to close the 1891–92 edition of Leaves of Grass. "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" first appeared in Lippincott's Magazine (January 1887), under the title "My Book and I." Reprinted in Democratic Vistas, and Other Papers (1888), "My Book and I" was also combined with "How I Made a Book," Philadelphia Press (11 July 1889) and "A Backward Glance on My Own Road," Critic (5 January 1884) and published as "A Backward Glance" in November Boughs (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: [In forming the book]
Whitman Archive ID: amh.00014
Repository: Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Date: undated; between 1873 and 1889
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one side of the leaf is a heavily revised prose fragment in which Whitman claims that his literary project has been to craft poetry which, rather than exemplifying conventional notions of poetic form, offers a faithful record of the writer's life and milieu. The relationship of this draft to any one of Whitman's published works is uncertain, though it resembles passages in several, including "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" (1888) and "Note at End of Complete Poems and Prose"" (1888). The other side of the leaf contains the last page of a letter to Whitman from James Matlack Scovel.



Whitman Archive Title: [Camden Notebook]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05506
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 3
Folder: [circa 1880], Camden (?) notebook
Date: 1879-1881
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 22 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44
Content: The thirty-first leaf in this manuscript notebook contains a note "for Preface" about "gossiping in the candle light" that resonates with the beginning of the second paragraph of the article "My Book and I," published in the Lippincott's Monthly Magazine in January 1887. This same passage also appeared one year later in "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads," published within November Boughs (1888) and later included in Leaves of Grass (1891-1892). The manuscript also contains a series of trial titles that Whitman was possibly considered when preparing Specimen Days & Collect (1882-1883). The thirty-fifth leaf contains a draft for a poem, including the deleted line "Away from houses, reading, art" that resembles the second line in the poem "A Clear Midnight," published in Leaves of Grass (1881-1882) and retained thereafter.



Whitman Archive Title: [Many consider the expressions]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01015
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 36
Folder: Undated, "Expressions of Poetry," clipping with corrections
Date: 1884–1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Two short clippings of Whitman's own prose, which have been pasted to a larger sheet and feature corrections in Whitman's hand. The printed text appeared uncorrected in the 5 January 1884 issue of the Critic with the title, "A Backward Glance on My Own Road." This essay was revised and included in Democratic Vistas, and Other Papers (1888) before parts of it were combined with two other pieces of journalism ("How I Made a Book," Philadelphia Press, 11 July 1886; "My Book and I," Lippincott's Magazine, January 1887) and published as "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" in November Boughs (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: How I made a book
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00148
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 43
Repository Title: How I made a book
Repository ID: #3829-f
Date: 1885-1886
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 34 leaves, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34
Content: This manuscript is a draft of the essay "How I Made a Book," published in the Philadelphia Press on July 11, 1886 and later included in Democratic Vistas, and Other Papers published in 1888. The manuscript also contains two clippings (with handwritten revisions) of the essay "A Backward Glance on My Own Road," published in the Critic on January 5, 1884. (This latter essay was revised and also included in Democratic Vistas, and Other Papers published in 1888). "How I Made a Book," "A Backward Glance on my Own Road" and "My Book and I" (which was published in Lippincott's Magazine on January 1887 and later included in Democratic Vistas, and Other Papers published in 1888) all contributed to form the essay "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" which was published in November Boughs in 1888 and later retained in the 1892 edition of Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [One main]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.03853
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: General Correspondence
Box: 16
Folder: Smith, Robert Pearsall
Date: about 1887
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Clipping, with handwritten revisions, of a passage from "A Backward Glance on My Own Road," which had been published in the January 5, 1884 issue of The Critic. This passage was incorporated into "My Book and I," which was first published in the January 1887 issue of Lippincott's Monthly Magazine. It was also retained when Whitman used these and two other earlier essays ("How 'Leaves of Grass' Was Made" and "How I Made a Book") to fashion "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads," first published in November Boughs (1888) and reprinted in the so-called deathbed edition of 1891–1892. It is unclear whether this manuscript was created in the processes that produced "My Book and I" or if it dates from the later work to create "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads."



Whitman Archive Title: Drift Sands.
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04183
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: "Drift Sands"
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines and phrases under the title "Drift Sands." Whitman never published a poem with this title, though this and several other closely related manuscripts seem to constitute working drafts for the couplet "As idly drifting down the ebb, / Such ripples, half-caught voices, echo from the shore," which appears before the final paragraph of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads," first published in November Boughs (1888). Most of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" was drawn from three previously published pieces ("A Backward Glance on My Own Road [1884]," "How I Made a Book" [1886], and "My Book and I" [1887]). The couplet, however, was not part of any of those earlier essays. On the reverse side of the manuscript is a letter to Whitman dated June 8, 1885.



Whitman Archive Title: Drift Sands
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05999
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: "Drift Sands"
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Two draft lines, with the title "Drift Sands." Whitman never published a poem with this title, though this and several other closely related manuscripts seem to constitute working drafts for the couplet "As idly drifting down the ebb, / Such ripples, half-caught voices, echo from the shore," which appears before the final paragraph of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads," first published in November Boughs (1888). Most of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" was drawn from three previously published pieces ("A Backward Glance on My Own Road [1884]," "How I Made a Book" [1886], and "My Book and I" [1887]). The couplet, however, was not part of any of those earlier essays.



Whitman Archive Title: Notes and Flanges.—No. 1.
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04235
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: "Drift Sands"
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript scrap containing two trial titles and two poetic lines, with corrections. Although Whitman never published a poem with either of these titles, this and several other closely related manuscripts seem to constitute working drafts for the couplet "As idly drifting down the ebb, / Such ripples, half-caught voices, echo from the shore," which appears before the final paragraph of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads," first published in November Boughs (1888). Most of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" was drawn from three previously published pieces ("A Backward Glance on My Own Road [1884]," "How I Made a Book" [1886], and "My Book and I" [1887]). The couplet, however, was not part of any of those earlier essays.



Whitman Archive Title: [Ripple and echoes from the]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04236
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: "Drift Sands"
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript containing draft versions of lines that appear before the final paragraph of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" as the couplet "As idly drifting down the ebb, / Such ripples, half-caught voices, echo from the shore." First published in November Boughs (1888) "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" was mostly made up of material from three previously published pieces: "A Backward Glance on My Own Road (1884)," "How I Made a Book" (1886), and "My Book and I" (1887). The couplet, however, was not part of any of those earlier essays.



Whitman Archive Title: Drift Sands
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04240
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: "Drift Sands"
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript of two draft lines and title is closely related to several other manuscripts, all of which seem to constitute working drafts for the lines that appear before the final paragraph of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" as the couplet "As idly drifting down the ebb, / Such ripples, half-caught voices, echo from the shore." First published in November Boughs (1888) "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" was mostly made up of material from three previously published pieces: "A Backward Glance on My Own Road (1884)," "How I Made a Book" (1886), and "My Book and I" (1887). The couplet, however, was not part of any of those earlier essays.



Whitman Archive Title: [To the liquid]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04285
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Trial titles
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A series of short phrases, the longest of which is written with hanging indentation. This manuscript probably contributed to the couplet "As idly drifting down the ebb, / Such ripples, half-caught voices, echo from the shore," which appears before the final paragraph of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads," first published in November Boughs (1888). Most of "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads" was drawn from three previously published pieces ("A Backward Glance on My Own Road [1884]," "How I Made a Book" [1886], and "My Book and I" [1887]). The couplet, however, was not part of any of those earlier essays. On the reverse side of the manuscript is a letter to Whitman dated November 14, 1884.



Whitman Archive Title: [WW's Nov. Boughs]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00272
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Date: about 1890
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A one-page draft of a footnote for "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads," which was first published in the so-called deathbed edition of Leaves of Grass in 1891. Although Whitman created the essay from several previously published pieces, the note inscribed on this manuscript had not appeared in print before.


[ball-room was swept, The]

Whitman Archive Title: [The ball-room was swept]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00011
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 2
Repository Title: The Ballroom was swept and the floor white…
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Three lines of a poem beginning "The ball-room was swept, and the floor white." The relationship between these lines and Whitman's published poetry is unknown. On the verso is a fragment of an apparent letter, which Edwin Haviland Miller dates August 1860, to Thayer and Eldridge, concerning their loan to Henry Clapp of $200.


Banjo Poem

Whitman Archive Title: Banjo Poem
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00290
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: 1845–1892
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Scrap with just two words, apparently a trial title. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem L'Envoy," "Poem [?The Cruise]," and "[of Death—the song]."


Base of All Metaphysics, The

Whitman Archive Title: The professor's answer
Whitman Archive ID: bpl.00023
Repository: Boston Public Library: The Walt Whitman Collection
Repository Title: The professor's answer
Repository ID: Whitman.13.5.A
Date: about 1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This early draft of a poem Whitman titled "The Professor's Answer" was tipped into a copy of John Burroughs's Notes on Walt Whitman, as Poet and Person between pages 16 and 17. This poem, ultimately titled "The Base of All Metaphysics," first appeared in print as an addition to the "Calamus" group in Leaves of Grass (1871).


Bathed in War's Perfume [poem]

Whitman Archive Title: Songs of Parting
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 29
Folder: Songs of Parting. A.MS. corrected pages.
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 18 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36
Content: Corrected pages, many originally appearing in the 1876 Leaves of Grass, of cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably intended for the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."


Beat! Beat! Drums!

Whitman Archive Title: [Poem of the Drum]
Whitman Archive ID: med.00732
Repository: Unlocated Manuscripts
Date: about 1861
Genre: prose
Physical Description: number of leaves unknown, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: A brief note of twenty-seven words, sketching the idea for a poem "that shall be alive with the stirring and beating of a drum." The current location of this manuscript is unknown, and its contents are attested only by a transcription published by Richard Maurice Bucke in Notes and Fragments (privately printed, 1899), 179. Whitman's poetry contains many references to the beating of drums, so one cannot be certain which, if any, of the poems is related to this manuscript. The most likely candidate, however, is "Beat! Beat! Drums"! Whitman's only poem that not only mentions drums but treats them as its central subject. First published simultaneously in the 28 September 1861 issues of Harper's Weekly and the New York Leader, it later appeared in Drum-Taps (1865) and in subsequent editions of Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [Beat! Beat! Drums!]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00051
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Beat! Beat! Drums! (1861). A. MS. draft.
Date: 1860-1865
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On the recto is a draft of the first stanza of "Beat! Beat! Drums!" The poem first published simultaneously in Harper's Weekly and in the New York Leader on September 28, 1861. On the verso are lines on the death of President Lincoln, known as "[Thou West that gave'st him to us]" and first published in a Facsimile Edition of Drum-Taps in 1959.


Beauty of the Ship, The

Whitman Archive Title: The Beauty of the Ship
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00499
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: General Correspondence
Box: 4
Folder: Buchanan, Robert. Apr. 1876-Jan 1877, & undated.
Date: 1876
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A cancelled, early draft of "The Beauty of the Ship"written on the verso of an 1876 letter from Whitman to Robert Buchanan.


Begin a Long Jaunt West

Whitman Archive Title: Trip to Kansas &c
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00081
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 49
Repository Title: Begin a Long Jaunt West
Date: 1879–1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes with the heading, "Trip to Kansas &c," portions of which Whitman revised and used in "Begin a Long Jaunt West," first published in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) and collected in Complete Prose Works (1892). The verso of this manuscript includes a miscellaneous list, which Whitman identifies as "travelers, merchants, Leadville folk."


Beginners

Whitman Archive Title: Beginners
Whitman Archive ID: hun.00006
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Repository ID: HM 11202
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Complete draft, lightly revised, of "Beginners," a poem first published in Leaves of Grass (1860–61) and reprinted in all subsequent editons.


Behavior

Whitman Archive Title: Poem [There can be no greatest]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00268
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes toward a poem comparing the progress of "the divine man" to the geological development of the earth, of which the connection to Whitman's published works is unknown.


Bible as Poetry, The

Whitman Archive Title: [I suppose one can say]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00084
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 10
Repository Title: The Bible as Poetry
Repository ID: #3829-i
Date: 1880-1883
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript is an early draft of the first part of the essay "The Bible as Poetry" published in the Critic on February 3, 1883 and then included, with the same title, in November Boughs, published in 1888 (later retained in the Complete Prose Works, published in 1892). On the verso is a letter from D.W. Zimmerman to Whitman, dated 13 January 1883.


Birds—And a Caution

Whitman Archive Title: [May 16, 17]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00003
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 54
Repository Title: Birds—And a Caution
Date: 1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A series of notes, dated 16–17 May 1881. The line which reads "the vocal shuttle of the whip-por-will" appeared nearly verbatim in "Birds—And a Caution, " Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883). "Birds—And a Caution" later appeared in Complete Prose Works (1892). This manuscript bears similarities in phraseology with "Sunday morning," a manuscript held in the Feinberg collection at the Library of Congress, which may be a revised draft of this item.


[Blacks]

Whitman Archive Title: [Blacks]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00374
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: war and hospital notes and memoranda
Date: about 1873
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Held together with two other scraps of paper is a note regarding the skill of black "pilots in the US ships" during the attack on Charleston. The relationship of this manuscript to Whitman's published works is unclear.


Booth and "The Bowery"

Whitman Archive Title: See page 81
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05320
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Miscellaneous notes or reminders
Date: 1884-1885
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This scrap refers to pages from Asia Booth Clarke's The Elder and the Younger Booth (1882), according to Grier (Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts [New York: New York University Press], 3, 1194). Although there is no mention of Junius Brutus Booth's vegetarianism on page 84, as Whitman indicates, the phrase "strict vegetarian" appears in Whitman's article "Booth and 'The Bowery,'" first published in the New York Tribune (16 August 1885, page 4), and then in the essay "The Old Bowery" November Boughs (1888).


Bravo, Paris Exposition!

Whitman Archive Title: Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00082
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, proof with handwritten corrections
View images: 1
Content: "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in Harper's Weekly 33, 28 September 1889. It was reprinted in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891) and in Leaves of Grass (1891–1892). According to a letter from Whitman to R. M. Bucke, this poem was also reprinted in the French paper "Le Temps." This proof has been pasted down to a backing sheet, rendering the verso inaccessible.



Whitman Archive Title: Bravo, Paris Exhibition!
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00057
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Bravo, Paris Exposition! (1889). A.MS. drafts.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 27.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Signed draft of a poem with a variation in line 1 from the printed version. On the verso, written in pencil: "Can you use this? Put it under the "Personal" head like you did a year ago? "The price is $10, which please send me by mail here." In ink is the start of another sentence: "If you don't want it." The poem was published under the title "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" in 1889.



Whitman Archive Title: Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00058
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Bravo, Paris Exposition! (1889). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 11.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof sheet of "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" with corrections in Whitman's hand. "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in 1889.



Whitman Archive Title: Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00059
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Bravo, Paris Exposition! (1889). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 11.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof sheet of "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" with corrections in Whitman's hand. "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in 1889.



Whitman Archive Title: Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00060
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Bravo, Paris Exposition! (1889). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 11.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof sheet of "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" with corrections in Whitman's hand. At the top is a note reading "See notes, Oct 31, '89." "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in 1889.



Whitman Archive Title: Bravo, Paris Exposition!
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00061
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Bravo, Paris Exposition! (1889). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof sheet of "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" with corrections in Whitman's hand. At the top is a note in Traubel's hand: "Rec'd from W.W. Sept 30, '89". "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" was published in 1889.



Whitman Archive Title: Bravo, Paris Exhibition!
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00056
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Bravo, Paris Exposition! (1889). A.MS. drafts.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 27.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of the poem published as "Bravo, Paris Exposition!" in 1889, with a diagonal line striking through the entire page.


[Breath and Spray]

Whitman Archive Title: [Breath and Spray]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00306
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 33
Date: 1860 or before
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: List of what appear to be possible titles for volumes or clusters of poems.


Broadway

Whitman Archive Title: Broadway
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00156
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 13
Date: 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 22.5 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a draft version of the poem "Broadway". A note appearing at the top of the page states "Sent Herald March 3—sent again April 9 '88" indicating that this manuscript was likely composed and/or edited around the time of its first publication in the New York Herald, April 10, 1888.


Broadway, 1861

Whitman Archive Title: Broadway, 1861.
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00004
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Box: Oversized (+).
Date: around 1861
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Lightly revised handwritten copy of a poem titled "Broadway, 1861," which is unrelated to the poem "Broadway" that Whitman published in the New York Herald in 1888. Harold W. Blodgett and Sculley Bradley note the similarity of "Broadway, 1861" to the opening poem of Drum-Taps, "First O Songs for a Prelude, " particularly "in its theme of the arousing of the energies of the great city—and of the nation—to the war." They also note this similarity in the two poems composed on the reverse of this leaf, "I Too Am Drawn . . ." and "I Have Lived . . ."


Broadway Pageant, A

Whitman Archive Title: [You are English]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00277
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 88
Date: 1856-1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 10 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Whitman's use of the word "Libertad" and his way of handling the theme of immigration suggest that this might be part of an early draft of the poem eventually known as "A Broadway Pageant," first published in the June 27, 1860 issue of the New York Times as "The Errand-Bearers."


Brooklyn Soldier, and a Noble One, A

Whitman Archive Title: [Frank Butler was from Massachusetts]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00212
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 58
Date: 1864–1865
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Whitman's notes on Frank Butler, an officer of the 51st New-York Veterans who died in action. Whitman wrote about Butler's death in "A Brooklyn Soldier, and a Noble One," which appeared in the 19 January 1865 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.



Whitman Archive Title: Brooklyn, Jan 19 & 20, 1865
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00152
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 56
Date: 1865
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Whitman's response to learning of George Whitman's imprisonment at Danville during the Civil War. This manuscript contains much of the same information about George and his status as a prisoner of war that Whitman published in "A Brooklyn Soldier, and A Noble One," which appeared in the 19 January 1865 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Material in this manuscript also contributed to "The Fifty-first New-York Volunteers," published in the New-York Times, 24 January 1865 as well as portions of Memoranda During the War (1875–76).


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present

Whitman Archive Title: In writing my history of Brooklyn
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04741
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Date: about 1862
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Brief note regarding some general aspects of style that Whitman intended to employ in "Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present," which was published in the Brooklyn Standard between June 3, 1861 and November 1, 1862.


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 10.

Whitman Archive Title: The incident of the blowing up
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05317
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Miscellaneous notes or reminders
Date: 1862
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This scrap contains a passage that is referenced in Whitman's column "Brooklyniana" published in the Brooklyn Standard on February 8, 1862. The column is reproduced here.


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 13.

Whitman Archive Title: [Brooklyn is ° latitude]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04740
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Date: about 1862
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Whitman probably wrote these notes about Long Island's geographical dimensions and aboriginal name in the course of preparing material for "Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present," which was published in the Brooklyn Standard between June 3, 1861 and November 1, 1862. Some of the information and phrases contained in this manuscript were included in the thirteenth installment, which appeared on March 1, 1862.


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 15.

Whitman Archive Title: [I well remember Lafayette's laying]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01027
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 36
Folder: Undated, "Lafayette in Brooklyn," draft
Date: about 1862
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes on the Apprentice's Library in Brooklyn. Whitman published a short history of the Apprentice's Library in "Brooklyniana: A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present No. 15.," which first appeared in the issue of the Brooklyn Standard.


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 16.

Whitman Archive Title: Hist Brooklyn
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00963
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 35
Folder: "Brooklyniana: History of Brooklyn and Long Island," drafts and notes
Date: about 1862
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: There is no known connection between the recto of this manuscript—treating Washington's visit to Brooklyn in the 1790s—and Whitman's published work. The verso of this manuscript contains cancelled notes on the establishment of the Hudson Avenue Hospital in the mid-1840s. Whitman wrote about the Hudson Avenue Hospital in "Brooklyniana. A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 16," which appeared in the 29 March 1862 issue of the Brooklyn Standard. Though there are no direct textual links between the two, it is likely that these notes contributed to this piece of journalism.


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 2.

Whitman Archive Title: Hendrik Hudson
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00952
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 35
Folder: "Brooklyniana: History of Brooklyn and Long Island," drafts and notes
Date: 1855–1861
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes on Hendrick Hudson that appear to have contributed to "Brooklyniana: A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 2," Daily Standard (5 June 1861).


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 3.

Whitman Archive Title: Talk with Mr. Hartshorn
Whitman Archive ID: loc.07017
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 38
Folder: Notes 1847–1891, Brooklyniana, undated, Guy's picture of Brooklyn
Date: 1855-1861
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3
Content: These notes discuss the authenticity of a painting by Francis Guy. Whitman wrote about Guy and one of his paintings in the third installment of the "Brooklyniana" series, which first appeared in the Brooklyn Daily Standard on 12 June 1861.


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 4.

Whitman Archive Title: [Here the aboriginal money circulated]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00962
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 35
Folder: "Brooklyniana: History of Brooklyn and Long Island," drafts and notes
Date: about 1861
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes on the "aboriginal money" Whitman identifies as the "Seawan, or Seawant." Whitman wrote about this currency in the fourth installment of Brooklyniana, which appeared in the 28 December 1861 issue of the Brooklyn Standard. For more on how this manuscript may have contributed to this piece of journalism, see Kimberly Winschel Banion, "'These terrible 30 or 40 hours': Washington at the Battle of Brooklyn in Whitman's 'The Sleepers' and 'Brooklyniana' Manuscripts," Walt Whitman Quarterly Review 27 (Spring 2010), 193-212.


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 8.

Whitman Archive Title: Brooklyn theatres
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04742
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Date: about 1862
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Two paragraphs, lightly corrected, about the first theater building in Brooklyn. Whitman used this material in the eighth installment of "Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present." This series was published in the Brooklyn Standard between June 3, 1861 and November 1, 1862. "Brooklyniana, No. 13" appeared on January 25, 1862.


Brooklyniana; A Series of Local Articles, on Past and Present. No. 9.

Whitman Archive Title: A Sermon Preached in the Central Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, Brooklyn, on Sabbath Morning, the 27th Day of July, 1851
Whitman Archive ID: loc.03784
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Miscellany
Box: 48
Folder: 13
Date: 1851 and about 1862
Genre: prose
Physical Description: , handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7
Content: Whitman's copy of this booklet, published in 1851, with handwritten annotations on several pages. The longest of these notes, which appears on p. 2 of the appendix, constitutes a draft of a passage that Whitman incorporated into the ninth number of his "Brooklyniana" series, which was published in the Brooklyn Standard on February 1, 1862. Only those pages bearing Whitman's annotations are currently linked from this record.


By Blue Ontario's Shore

Whitman Archive Title: [The new theologies bring forward]
Whitman Archive ID: med.00746
Repository: Unlocated Manuscripts
Date: About 1855
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: number of leaves unknown, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: This manuscript, known only from a transcription published by Clifton Joseph Furness in Walt Whitman's Workshop: A Collection of Unpublished Manuscripts (Harvard University Press, 1928), 43, contributed to the prose preface to the 1855 first edition of Leaves of Grass. Whitman later reworked much of the material from the preface, including the material related to the present manuscript, to form the poem published as "Poem of Many in One" (1856). After several other changes, this poem appeared under its final title, "By Blue Ontario's Shore," in the 1881–82 edition.



Whitman Archive Title: [Why need genius]
Whitman Archive ID: med.00741
Repository: Unlocated Manuscripts
Date: about 1855
Genre: prose
Physical Description: number of leaves unknown, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: The two sentences of this manuscript appeared in slightly different forms in the prose preface to the 1855 first edition of Leaves of Grass. The manuscript is known only from a transcription published by Richard Maurice Bucke in Notes and Fragments (privately printed, 1899), 103.



Whitman Archive Title: [med Cophósis]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00005
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 39
Folder: Literary, Before 1855, Women
Date: between 1850-1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A notebook kept by Whitman in the early to mid-1850s. William White, in his edition of Whitman's Daybooks and Notebooks, 3 vols. (New York: New York University Press, 1978), noted a relationship between this notebook and the poems "Who Learns My Lesson Complete?," "By Blue Ontario's Shore," "Song of the Answerer," and "There Was a Child Went Forth."



Whitman Archive Title: [after all]
Whitman Archive ID: upa.00001
Repository: University of Pennsylvania: Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Book & Manuscript Library,
Box: 2
Folder: 50
Date: between about 1855 and 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript is written on a green sheet used for the endpapers of the first edition of the Leaves of Grass (1855), an edition that begins with a ten-page statement in prose, originally untitled and later known generally as the 1855 Preface. This manuscript seems to represent an early attempt by Whitman to recast the 1855 prose Preface into poetry. The 1860–61 edition of Leaves of Grass introduced two new poems created in this way: "Poem of Many in One" (later "By Blue Ontario's Shore") and "Poem of the Last Explanation of Prudence" (later "Song of Prudence"). Neither of the published poems incorporates lines from this manuscript, though it and "Song of Prudence" are drawn from adjacent portions of the 1855 Preface.



Whitman Archive Title: Europe
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00304
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 49
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16 x 14 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The recto notes represent an early stage of lines partially incorporated in "Poem of Salutation," the new third poem in the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass, which was permanently retitled "Salut au Monde!" in the 1860 edition. If the note or title "Europe" suggests that Whitman might have first intended to divide his salutations into discrete sections based on the different continents, this is a plan he did not follow in the published version(s). The more polished (but deleted) lines on the verso represent a recasting in poetic form of several lines from the 1855 Preface. These were further revised for the 1856 "Poem of Many in One," after which the first verse drafted on this page (cut off here, and beginning "over the Texan, Mexican, Florid[ian,]/ Cuban seas...") was dropped. The two verses below this, however, were preserved relatively unchanged through the poem's many transformations until the text was essentially fixed under the title "By Blue Ontario's Shore" in 1881.



Whitman Archive Title: [Have I]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00284
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 88
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9 x 18 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The words "Have I" at the beginning are inscribed on a small scrap of the same paper, which Whitman pasted over some deleted words in the upper right corner that cannot be discerned through the paper. Inscribed and extensively revised in pencil, these verses were part of a larger set of lines before Whitman cut away the rest. Although the page number and many words on the left side of the proof have been cut away, the remaining words identify it as being from the "Poem of Many in One (1856)," which eventually became "By Blue Ontario's Shore." These unused but also undeleted lines may have been intended for that poem or a number of other poems in Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [a nation announcing itself]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00030
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 14
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript draft of the opening passage of "Poem of Many in One," Leaves of Grass (1856). The final title of the poem, "By Blue Ontario's Shore," first appeared in the 1881/1882 edition of Leaves. On the verso is both prose and verse beginning "Asia" that appears to be a draft of "Salut Au Monde!," a poem first published as "Poem of Salutation" in the 1856 edition of Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [are you and me]
Whitman Archive ID: upa.00005
Repository: University of Pennsylvania: Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Book & Manuscript Library,
Box: 2
Folder: 57
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: On one side of the leaf are fourteen lines related to the 1855 Preface to Leaves of Grass. The writing probably represents one of Whitman's attempts to reshape material from the Preface into poems for the 1856 edition. These include "Poem of Perfect Miracles" (later Miracles), "Poem of Many in One" (later "By Blue Ontario's Shore"), and "Poem of the Last Explanation of Prudence" (later "Song of Prudence"). None of these poems, however, bear obvious similarities to the lines on this side of the manuscript. On the reverse side of the leaf is a partial draft, about twenty lines, of "By Blue Ontario's Shore." Much of the material had appeared in the 1855 Preface.



Whitman Archive Title: [George Walker]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00143
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 37
Folder: 1855-1856, Crossing Brooklyn Ferry trial lines
Date: between 1855-1856
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: about 45 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90
Content: A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts, 6 vols. (New York: New York University Press, 1984), 1:226–243, noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry," "I Sing the Body Electric," "Starting from Paumanok," "A Song for Occupations," "By Blue Ontario's Shore," "Salut au Monde!," "To One Shortly to Die," and "A Woman Waits for Me."



Whitman Archive Title: Inscription
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00060
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 46
Repository ID: #3829
Date: between 1855 and 1867
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 19.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript entitled "Inscription" appears to be a revision of other "Inscriptions" Whitman gathered in a notebook, along with prose drafts for a never-finished introduction to Leaves of Grass, and attached to his copy of the 1855 paper-bound edition. (The entire collection of draft "inscription" and introductory material is currently housed at the New York Public Library.) In the 1867 Leaves of Grass Whitman culled material from this poem and the other "Inscription" poems to create an italicized "Inscription" that he placed before "Starting from Paumanok" at the beginning of the book; in that edition he also transferred part of verse 2 to "As I Sat Alone by Blue Ontario's Shore" (later the line was dropped and the title was revised to "By Blue Ontario's Shore"). From 1872 onward, this poem, revised and retitled "One's-Self I Sing," was printed as the first of several poems in the "Inscriptions" cluster that opened the book. In the 1888 November Boughs, however, Whitman reprinted the 1867 version as "Small the Theme of my Chant." Note: This manuscript draft may have been written before the Civil War, since it does not include the 1867 line "My Days I sing, and the Lands—with interstice I knew / of hapless War."



Whitman Archive Title: [Produce great persons and the producers]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00166
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 51
Date: 1856
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten, print
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
Content: Manuscript and clipping. On one side of the manuscript leaf (see the first image linked above) are several prose notes, including two versions of a paragraph that was later revised to become a line in "Poem of Many In One," published in Leaves of Grass (1856), and eventually titled "By Blue Ontario's Shore." The phrase "savage and luxuriant," which appears toward the bottom of this side, was used in Whitman's open letter to Emerson, published in an appendix to the 1856 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the other side of the leaf is a partial draft of "Poem of The Singers, and of the Words of Poems," also first published in 1856. In the final edition of Leaves of Grass this and another poem, which had been included in every edition since 1855, were combined to form "Song of the Answerer." Whitman pasted at least two newspaper clippings on the manuscript, one on each side. However, markings on both sides of the leaf indicate that Whitman potentially pasted a third, unidentified, newspaper clipping on this manuscript. One of these, which had covered Whitman's paragraphs but has since been detached, is included in the file; another is still pasted to the manuscript.


By Broad Potomac's Shore

Whitman Archive Title: [for 'Again old heart so gay']
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00619
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 39
Folder: Literary, 1871, Again Old Heart.
Date: 1872
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Two pages of notes for a piece entitled "Again old heart so gay" about "the idea of constantly recurring Birth and Death." This manuscript is probably related to "By Broad Potomac's Shore," first published in 1872.


By Emerson's Grave

Whitman Archive Title: By Emerson's Grave
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00198
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 2
Repository Title: By Emerson's Grave,
Date: 1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 4 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
Content: Three-page printer's copy of the essay "By Emerson's Grave," published in the May 6, 1882, issue of the Critic and later reprinted in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83) and Complete Prose Works (1892). The envelope in which Whitman sent the manuscript to the paper's editors is also included.


By That Long Scan of Waves

Whitman Archive Title: [You neighboring surf—]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00357
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines of "By that Long Scan of Waves," first published along with seven other poems in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885), under the general title "Fancies at Navesink."



Whitman Archive Title: [How strange the scenes]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04148
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines of "By That Long Scan of Waves," first published along with seven other poems in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885), under the general title "Fancies at Navesink."



Whitman Archive Title: [Ephemeral scenes]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04151
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "By That Long Scan of Waves," first published along with seven other poems in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885), under the general title "Fancies at Navesink."


By the Bivouac's Fitful Flame

Whitman Archive Title: Walt Whitman. 1862.
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00026
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 8
Folder: [1862-1863]
Date: 1862-1863
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 102 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160 | 161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165 | 166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170 | 171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175 | 176 | 177 | 178 | 179 | 180 | 181 | 182 | 183 | 184 | 185 | 186 | 187 | 188 | 189 | 190 | 191 | 192 | 193 | 194 | 195 | 196 | 197 | 198 | 199 | 200 | 201 | 202 | 203 | 204
Content: A Civil-War-era notebook containing entries written in 1862 and 1863 in both New York and Washington, D.C. Many of the early leaves contain names, addresses, and descriptions of acquaintances in New York. Beginning roughly halfway through the notebook, the entries focus on Whitman's experiences in and around Washington, visiting hospital camps and battle-fields. Several of the entries contributed to published pieces of poetry or prose. Surface 40 mentions the "Apollo Summer Garden," which Whitman wrote about in a New York Leader column of 19 April 1862 entitled "City Photographs—No. V." Surfaces 48 and 83 mention "Lindenmuller's Halle" (spelling varies), a beer cellar in the Bowery that was mentioned in the seventh installment of the "City Photographs" column on 17 May 1862. Surfaces 66 and 68 are early drafts of "The City Dead-House," a poem that first appeared in the 1867 edition of Leaves of Grass. On surface 89 Whitman is drafting the title of "By the Bivouac's Fitful Flame," a poem which first appeared as part of Drum-Taps (1865). Surace 113 contains notes about a pile of amputated limbs that contributed to the section of Specimen Days (1882-83) titled "Down at the Front." This section had first appeared in the New York Times on 11 December 1864 in a piece entitled "Our Wounded and Sick Soldiers" and was later reprinted in the New York Weekly Graphic (14 February 1874) and Memoranda During the War (1875-76). Surface 138 contains a prose passage that contributed to the poem "A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Grey and Dim," first published in Drum-Taps (1865). Surface 143 contains a draft of "The Veteran's Vision," which also first appeared as part of Drum-Taps and was later re-titled "The Artilleryman's Vision." Surface 153 contains notes that likely contributed to the poem eventually titled "One's-Self I Sing" (first published, in a different form, as the "Inscription" to the 1867 edition of Leaves). The top half of surface 183 contains early draft lines of "A Noiseless, Patient Spider," which first appeared as a section of the poem "Whispers of Heavenly Death" in The Broadway, A London Magazine in October 1868 before being published as its own poem in Passage to India (1871). Surfaces 194 and 195 contain lines that contributed to the poem ultimately titled "Quicksand Years." The poem was first published as "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" in Drum-Taps (1865).


By the Roadside

Whitman Archive Title: Summer Rivulets
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05635
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Trial titles
Date: 1875-1881
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: In this manuscript Whitman mentions a plan to write a "piece strongly recognizing the affiliations" of his poems. In a centered column, there are three possible titles for such a piece, and one of them is "By the road-sides," which is resonant with the title Whitman would give to the cluster "By the Roadside" first in the 1881-1882 edition and then in the 1891-1892edition of Leaves of Grass.


Calamus

Whitman Archive Title: [Breast Sorrel]
Whitman Archive ID: med.00775
Repository: Unlocated Manuscripts
Date: before 1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: number of leaves unknown, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: A brief list, which Grier suggests could be trial titles for "Calamus.". However, this manuscript is specifically suggestive of "Roots and Leaves Themselves Alone," in which Whitman writes about "Breast-sorrel and pinks of love"—both phrases which can be linked to this manuscript. First published as "Calamus. 13" in Leaves of Grass (1860), this poem appeared in later editions of Leaves of Grass as "Roots and Leaves Themselves Alone", and with slight changes in the text. This manuscript is known only from a transcription published by Richard Maurice Bucke in Notes and Fragments (privately printed, 1899), 164.



Whitman Archive Title: Poem of the Universalities
Whitman Archive ID: med.00735
Repository: Unlocated Manuscripts
Date: about 1860
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: number of leaves unknown, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: Notes, apparently written as two paragraphs, which record ideas for a poem or poems. A transcription of this manuscript, the current location of which is unknown, was published by Richard Maurice Bucke in Notes and Fragments (privately printed, 1899), 142. The second paragraph, which begins, "Poem of the Longings of Friendship," suggests a connection to the "Calamus" cluster of poems, which Whitman first included in the third edition of Leaves of Grass (1860).



Whitman Archive Title: Premonition
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00179
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 33 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36
Content: Thirty-three manuscript leaves numbered consecutively by Whitman in the lower left corner. "Premonition" was published as the introductory poem to the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass under the title "Proto-Leaf." In the 1867 and later editions it appeared directly after the opening poem "Inscription" as "Starting from Paumanok." On the verso of leaf 15 and part of leaf 16 appears a draft of what would become section 11 of "Calamus" in the 1860 Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [These I, singing in spring]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00330
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 4 leaves, 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
Content: These leaves comprise four sections of a poem inscribed on the first and third sides of two folded half-sheets (20 x 16 cm) of the same white wove paper used for 1:3:1 and 1:3:2, in the same light brown ink and, like them, with only minor revisions. The pages were folded and pinned together to form a small pamphlet. Pinholes mostly at center-top and in what was the left margin of the pamphlet. The lines on page 1 became verses 1-8 of section 4 of "Calamus." in 1860; page 2 ("Solitary, smelling the earthy/ smell,...") became verses 9-14; page 3 ("Here lilac with a branch of/ pine,") became verses 15-22; and page 4 ("And stems of currants, and/ plum-blows,") became verses 23-28. From 1867 on the poem was titled "These I, Singing in Spring."



Whitman Archive Title: [Long I thought that knowledge]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00321
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 3 leaves, leaves 1 and 2 15 x 9.5 cm; leaf 3 6.5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: On three pieces of white wove paper (the first two 15 x 9.5 cm, the third 6.5 x 9.5 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in pencil. Whitman also penciled in the numbers 7, 8, and 8 1/2 in the lower-left corner of each page. Pinholes at the head and in the center of each page. This was the fifth poem of the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss"; the poem number is inscribed ornamentally, as with the Roman numerals Whitman used for other "Live Oak" poems, and a wavy line appears after the last verse. The lines on the first leaf became verses 1-5 of section 8 of "Calamus" in 1860; the second leaf's lines ("Take notice, you Kanuck woods") became verses 6-10; and the lines on the half-page ("I am indifferent to my own/ songs—") became verses 11-12. There were no further appearances of this poem during the poet's lifetime, Whitman having canceled it in his "Blue Book Copy" of the 1860 Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [Hours continuing long]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00314
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, leaf 1 9.5 x 9 cm; leaf 2 14.5 x 9 cm pasted to 5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On two pieces of white wove paper, the first cut down to 9.5 x 9 cm and the second comprising two sections (14.5 x 9 and 5 x 9.5 cm) joined by means of a strip of pink paper. In brown-black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in pencil. Pinholes mostly at top and in center of leaves. Whitman penciled in the numbers 11 and 12 (apparently over other numbers) in the lower-left corner of each page; his partly erased pencil note "(finished in/ the other city)" appears on the first page. The ornamental number "VIII" replaces a deleted ornamental "IX" on the first page, and the top of another "IX" appears at the foot of the second page, beneath a wavy line indicating the end of the poem. Whitman removed the lower section of page 2 from the top of current leaf 1:3:33 ("I dreamed in a dream of a/ city..."). This poem, the eighth in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss," became section 9 of "Calamus" in 1860. This was its only appearance in Leaves. The first page contains what would become verses 1-3 in 1860, and the second ("Hours discouraged, distracted,") contains lines 4-12.



Whitman Archive Title: [You bards of ages hence]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00340
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, leaf 1 8 x 9 cm; leaf 2 14.5 x 9.5 cm pasted to 5.5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On two sections of white wove paper, the first cut down to 8 x 9 cm and the second a composite of two pieces pasted together, the top measuring 14.5 x 9.5 and the bottom 5.5 x 9.5 cm. In black ink, with a few revisions in the same ink. Pinholes at top and in center of both pages. Whitman numbered the first 9 1/2 and the second 10, in pencil, in the lower-left corner of each leaf. The Roman numeral is inscribed in an ornamental style, and the poem terminates with a wavy line. The seventh poem in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss," became section 10 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "Recorders Ages Hence" in 1867. The lines on the first page correspond to verses 1-3 of the 1860 version, and those on the second page ("Publish my name and hang up/ my picture...") to lines 4-11.



Whitman Archive Title: [When I heard at the close of]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00339
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On two leaves of white wove paper, both measuring 15 x 9.5 cm; the lower half of the second page is pasted over with a section of white paper (8 x 9 cm) containing four revised verses. In black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in pencil. Pinholes mostly at top of both pages. Whitman numbered the pages 4 and 5, in pencil, in their lower-left corners. The third section of "Live Oak, with Moss" (with ornamental Roman numeral), this poem became section 11 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "When I Heard at the Close of the Day" in 1867. For an earlier draft of the poem numbered V please see the verso of leaves 15-16 of "Premonition" (1:1:15-16). Bowers (p. 88) supplies the three earlier lines concealed by the paste-on revision to the second leaf. The lines on the first page correspond to verses 1-5 of the 1860 version, and those on the second page ("And when I thought how/ my friend,...") to lines 6-13.



Whitman Archive Title: To a new personal admirer
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00332
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, leaf 1 13 x 11.5 cm; leaf 2 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On two pieces of white wove paper, 13 x 11.5 and 20 x 16 cm, in brown-black ink, with substantial revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at center and in left margins of both pages. This poem, featuring a new first line, became section 12 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 Whitman dropped the last 2 1/2 lines and permanently retitled it "Are you the New Person Drawn Toward Me?" The first page contains verses corresponding to lines 2-3 of the 1860 version, and the lines on the second page ("Do you suppose you can easily/ be my lover,...") became verses 4-11.



Whitman Archive Title: Buds
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00308
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On pink leaf (21.5 x 13 cm), in black ink, with minor revisions in the same ink. A few pinholes at top and near center. A pencil question mark appears in parentheses in the upper-right corner. The number 52 appears to have been revised from 51. After adding several verses, Whitman designated this poem section 13 of "Calamus" in the 1860 Leaves, and, after dropping the first two and last three lines of the 1860 version, permanently retitled it "Roots and Leaves Themselves Alone" in 1867.



Whitman Archive Title: Calamus-Leaves
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00310
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On white wove leaf, 15 x 9 cm, in black ink, with the title "Live Oak, with Moss" stricken out and "Calamus-Leaves" added in light brown ink, and with one small revision in blue pencil. Whitman numbered this page 1 in pencil. The first section of the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss," this became section 14 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "Not Heat Flames up and Consumes" in the 1867 Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: Poemet
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00325
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On two pink leaves (21 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in light ink. Pinholes in center, at top, and in top-left corner. This poem was originally titled "Leaf" and apparently numbered 78; Whitman inscribed its new title, "Poemet," in light ink. It became section 17 of "Calamus" in 1860, with the lines on the first leaf corresponding to verses 1-7 and those on the second ("And what I dreamed I will/ henceforth tell...") to verses 8-13 of the first published version. Retitled "Of Him I Love Day and Night" in 1867, it was transferred to the "Whispers of Heavenly Death" cluster in Passage to India in 1871. In 1881 Whitman incorporated it, with the rest of the cluster, in the main body of Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [I saw in Louisiana a]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00316
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On two leaves of white wove paper, both 15 x 9.5 cm, in black ink, with extensive revisions in the same ink, in light brown ink, and in pencil. Pinholes mostly at top and in center of both pages. Whitman numbered the pages 2 and 3 in pencil. This was originally the second section of the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (one of the deleted lines reads "I write/ these pieces, and name/ them after it [the Louisiana live-oak];"), with ornamental Roman numeral. It became section 20 of "Calamus" in 1860; the lines on the first manuscript page correspond to verses 1-7, and those on the second ("It is not needed to remind/ me...") to verses 8-13. The poem was retitled "I saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing" in 1867.



Whitman Archive Title: As of Eternity
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00307
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On two leaves of pink paper, both 21 x 13 cm, in black ink, with minor revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly in center and at top of both pages. This poem became section 21 of "Calamus" in 1860; the lines on the first manuscript page became verses 1-6, and those on the second ("I hear not the volumes of/ sound merely—...") became 7-9. Retitled "That Music Always Round Me" in 1867, it was transferred in 1871 to the "Whispers of Heavenly Death" cluster in Passage to India. In 1881 Whitman incorporated it, with the rest of the cluster, in the main body of Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: To A Stranger
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00334
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On two leaves of pink paper, both 21 x 13 cm, in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in light ink. Pinholes mostly in center and in left margin of each page. This poem was first numbered 94, and the first word was "Stranger"; Whitman penciled in a question mark, in parentheses, next to the title. It was numbered section 22 of "Calamus" in 1860: the lines on the first page correspond to verses 1-6 of the 1860 version, and those on the second ("You give me the pleasure") to verses 7-10. Whitman reintroduced the title "To a Stranger" in the 1867 Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [This moment as I sit alone]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00331
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper, in dark brown ink, with revisions in pencil. Pinholes in center and at top. Whitman penciled in the number 6 in the lower-left corner. The fourth poem in the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with ornamental Roman numeral), it became section 23 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "This Moment, Yearning and Thoughtful" in 1867.



Whitman Archive Title: Prairie-Grass
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00326
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of pink paper (21 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in an even blacker ink and in pencil. Pinholes in center. The poem was originally numbered 53. In 1860 Whitman designated it section 25 of "Calamus," transforming the title into a new first line and expanding the original first line into verses 2-4. In 1867 he further revised it, permanently retitling it "The Prairie-Grass Dividing."



Whitman Archive Title: Leaf [O dying! Always dying!]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00319
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 12 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one light blue Williamsburgh tax blank (21.5 x 12 cm), in dark brown ink, with revisions in fine pen and pencil. Whitman penciled in a question mark, in parentheses, next to the title. With the addition of the new first line "O love!" this became section 27 of "Calamus" in 1860. In the 1867 Leaves it was retitled "O Living Always—Always Dying!" Whitman next transferred it to the "Passage to India" supplement bound in with Leaves, where it reappeared in 1876; in the 1881 Leaves Whitman permanently added it to the cluster "Whispers of Heavenly Death."



Whitman Archive Title: Leaf [A promise to Indiana]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00318
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 22 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of pink paper (22 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly in center. The original title was "Leaflet," and the original number seems to have been 70. After substantial revision (including the addition of the new first line "A promise and gift to California,") this poem became section 30 of "Calamus" in 1860. Whitman further revised the poem before including it, permanently retitled "A Promise to California," in the 1867 Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: Leaf [What place is besieged]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00320
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of pink paper (21.5 x 13 cm), in black ink, with a fair copy of the poem at the bottom of the leaf and a deleted draft featuring heavy revisions in the same ink and in pencil at the top. This poem was originally numbered 68, and its title was "Leaflet—." In 1860 it became the second numbered verse paragraph of section 31 of "Calamus." In 1867 Whitman split up the two paragraphs and made them separate poems; these verses were moved to a position between the "Calamus" and a "Leaves of Grass" cluster and permanently retitled "What Place Is Besieged?" In 1881 the poem was transferred to the cluster "Inscriptions."



Whitman Archive Title: [Here the frailest leaves of me]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00313
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper (15 x 9.5 cm), in medium-brown ink, with one revision in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at top and in center. The two sets of verses are divided by a short horizontal line. In 1860 the first set, with the addition of a new first line ("Here my last words, and the most baffling,") became section 44 of "Calamus"; the poem was permanently retitled "Here the Frailest Leaves of Me", and the new first line dropped, in 1867. The second set was revised to form section 38 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 it was further revised and retitled "Fast Anchor'd, Eternal, O Love."



Whitman Archive Title: [A leaf for hand-in-hand]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00306
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9 cm), in black ink, with revisions in pencil. Pinholes in center and at top. A blue-pencil number 3 appears in the upper right corner over an erased 9. With substantial additions and revisions this evolved into section 37 of "Calamus" in 1860; after further revision it became "A Leaf for Hand in Hand" in 1867.



Whitman Archive Title: [Earth]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00312
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9.5 cm), in brown-black ink, with revisions in lighter ink (including the deletion, undone in 1860, of the phrase "My likeness!" after "Earth!"). Pinholes mostly at top and in center. Whitman penciled in the number 15 in the lower-left corner. Originally poem XI in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with the Roman numeral ornamentally drawn), this was revised to become section 36 of "Calamus" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman retitled the poem "Earth! My Likeness!"



Whitman Archive Title: [I dreamed in a dream of a]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00315
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper cut down to 9.5 x 9 cm, in brown-black ink, with revisions in pencil. Pinholes at top and in center. Whitman numbered the leaf 13, in pencil, in the lower-left corner. The excised top portion of the leaf became the bottom section of page 2 of 1:3:11, the poem (eighth in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss") beginning "Hours continuing long, sore/ and heavy-hearted..." In 1860 this poem was substantially revised to form section 34 of "Calamus"; in 1867 it was retitled "I Dreamed in a Dream."



Whitman Archive Title: [What think you I have]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00338
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 8.5 x 9 cm pasted to 6.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On a composite leaf of white wove paper consisting of two sections (8.5 x 9 and 6.5 x 9 cm) pasted together. Both sections are in black ink but, as Bowers notes, the lower verses were inscribed using a darker, thicker pen; the upper section is unrevised, but the lower section bears several alterations in the original ink. Pinholes at top of both sections and in the current center. Whitman numbered the page 9, in pencil, in the lower-left corner. Originally the sixth section of the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss," this poem was revised to form section 32 of "Calamus" in 1860, and in 1867 was retitled "What Think You I Take My Pen in Hand?"



Whitman Archive Title: [Sometimes]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00328
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper (15 x 9.5 cm), in light brown ink, with one revision in the same ink. Pinholes at top and in center. A blue pencil mark, possibly the number 4, has been inscribed in the upper right corner. Bowers notes that the page bears the imprint of a papermaker's lozenge die, perhaps that of Platner and Smith of Lee, Massachusetts. This poem became section 39 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 Whitman replaced the third line with a new one and permanently retitled the poem "Sometimes with One I Love."



Whitman Archive Title: [To the young man]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00337
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper (15 x 9 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink and in pencil. Whitman also penciled in the page number 16 in the lower-left corner. Pinholes in center and at top. This page bears the same papermaker's mark as 1:3:35. Twelfth in the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with ornamental Roman numeral), it became section 42 of "Calamus" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman changed the poem to an apostrophe, adding the first line "O Boy of the West!" (later removed) and permanently retitling it "To a Western Boy."



Whitman Archive Title: To One Who Will Understand
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00336
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of pink paper (21.5 x 13 cm), in black ink, with revisions in the same ink, in pencil, and in fine ink (in that order). Pinholes mostly in center. Originally titled "To Those Who Will Understand" and numbered 100 (then 101, then the current ?100 in the fine pen). This was revised to form section 41 of "Calamus" in 1860 and was permanently retitled "Among the Multitude" in the 1867 Leaves.



Whitman Archive Title: [O you whom I often and silently come where you are]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00324
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9 cm), in brown-black ink, with revisions in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at the top, with a few lower down. The tenth section of the original sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with ornamental Roman numeral), this was reformatted and renumbered but otherwise left unrevised as section 43 of "Calamus" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman permanently retitled it "O You Whom I Often and Silently Come."



Whitman Archive Title: [That shadow]
Whitman Archive ID:
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 17 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: One one leaf of lined light blue wove paper (17 x 9.5 cm), in pencil, with one pencil revision. Only two sets of pinholes, both in center. This was revised to become section 40 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 it was retitled "That Shadow, My Likeness."



Whitman Archive Title: To one a century hence, or any number of centuries hence
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00335
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 10 x 13 cm pasted to 11.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one composite leaf of pink paper formed of two sections (10 x 13 and 11.5 x 13 cm) of the same page cut apart and pasted together in a new order. The poem number was originally 101 and then changed to 102; this number was deleted and the current ?101 added in fine pen. Bowers explains that the poem, in two discrete verse sections and inscribed in black ink (with title), originally occupied one full side of this leaf. When Whitman wanted to expand the first section without having to retranscribe the second one, he simply cut the two sections apart, flipped the first section over (turning it upside-down in the process), pasted the second section to the lower edge of the verso of the first section, and wrote his new first section (beginning "Throwing far, throwing over the head/ of death" and incorporating the original title as verse 3) in the blank space now created above the second section. The new first section is written and revised in light ink. As Bradley and Blodgett observe, the words "thirty-eight years old the/ eighty-first year of The States" indicate that Whitman composed the poem in 1857; these were revised to read "I, forty years old the Eighty-third Year of The States" in the 1860 Leaves, in which this poem constituted section 45 of "Calamus." In 1867 Whitman retitled the poem "Full of Life, Now."



Whitman Archive Title: [Full of wickedness]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00267
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 88
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15.5 x 8 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The verses on the recto, while not published word-for-word until 1897, seem to represent an early draft of the poem first published as number 13 of the cluster "Leaves of Grass" in the 1860 Leaves of Grass, and eventually titled "You Felons on Trial in Courts." Whitman's careful script and verse forms here also resemble the methods of inscription used for the "Live Oak, with Moss" poems dated to the post-1856, pre-1860 period. The undeleted notes on the back are titled "Poems". A cartoon hand in the left margin points to the phrase "religious emotions." Whitman's use of the title "Calamus Leaves" dates these notes to the same pre-1860 period as the deleted verses on the recto, since "Calamus-Leaves" was what he renamed the cluster "Live Oak, with Moss" before settling on "Calamus" for the 1860 edition. A section of the notes below the rest (beginning "spirituality—the unknown,...") is inscribed in verse form.


Camps of Green

Whitman Archive Title: Songs of Parting
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00298
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 29
Folder: Songs of Parting. A.MS. corrected pages.
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 18 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36
Content: Corrected pages, many originally appearing in the 1876 Leaves of Grass, of cluster "Songs of Parting," containing 17 poems. Opposite a portrait of Whitman, the title page reads, "Songs of Parting, by Walt Whitman, The Poet's Corrected Proof." These corrections were probably intended for the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass. The 17 poems included are: "As the Time Draws Nigh," "Ashes of Soldiers," "Years of the Modern," "Thoughts," "Song at Sunset," "My Legacy," "Pensive on Her Dead Gazing, I Heard the Mother of All," "Camps of Green," "Bathed in War's Perfume," "Now Finalé to the Shore," "As they Draw to a Close," "The Untold Want," "Portals," "These Carols," "To the Reader at Parting," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," and "So Long."


Carlyle from American Points of View

Whitman Archive Title: [There is that]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00809
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Date: 1860-1870
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: A small scrap of prose that would make its way into a footnote for "Carlyle From American Points of View," which was first printed in Specimen Days (1882-1883). Although Edward Grier states that the handwriting on the scrap indicates a date in the 1860s, the essay was not published until its inclusion in Specimen Days.



Whitman Archive Title: Carlyle from American points of View
Whitman Archive ID: hun.00034
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Repository Title: Carlyle from American points of view
Repository ID: HM 138
Date: 1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 37 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74
Content: A draft of Whitman's essay "Carlyle from American Points of View," first published in Specimen Days in 1882. At the top of the draft, Whitman indicates that the piece was originally submitted for publication in the North American Review on 20 May 1882, but was rejected.


Carol Closing Sixty-Nine, A

Whitman Archive Title: Carols at nearing Seventy
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00158
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 16
Date: around 1887
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 cm x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a draft version of a poem appearing with two alternative titles: "Carols at Nearing Seventy" and "Carols Closing Sixty-Nine". A note at bottom states "Sent to Lippincotts." The poem was first published with the title in the New York Herald, May 21, 1888. In the same year, this poem appears in the annex Sands at Seventy under the title "A Carol Closing Sixty-nine".



Whitman Archive Title: Old Age's Lambent Peaks
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00233
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 28
Folder: Old Age's Lambent Peaks (1888). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 33 x 15 cm; envelope 10.5 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: An edited proof sheet with three poems: "Old Age's Lambent Peaks," "A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine," "To Get the Final Lilt of Songs," all published first in 1888. In addition to corrections, Whitman has written a note to the printer at the top of the page. Also included is an envelope with "printer's proofs, short poems, Walt Whitman, 1888, (autographic)" written on it.



Whitman Archive Title: [Carols at Seventy]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00016
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine (1888). Proof Sheets and note.
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 19.5 x 24 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Several trial titles for "A Carol Closing Sixty-Nine," first published in the New York Herald on 21 May 1888 and reprinted in the "Sands at Seventy" annex to Leaves of Grass the same year.



Whitman Archive Title: A Carol-Cluster at 69
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00157
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 15
Date: 1887
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a draft version of a poem entitled "A Carol-Cluster at 69" which was likely composed and edited around the time of its first publication in the New York Herald, May 21, 1888. In the same year, this poem appears in the annex Sands at Seventy under the title "A Carol Closing Sixty-nine".


[carpenter's and, The]

Whitman Archive Title: [The carpenter's and]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00256
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 30
Date: between 1850 and 1860
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Manuscript containing ideas for a poem about architecture, carpentry, and masonry. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[Song]. An image of the verso is not available."


Case from Second Bull Run, A

Whitman Archive Title: [Hospitals Culpepper]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00485
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Diaries, Diary Notes, and Address Books
Box: 1
Folder: Diaries, 1863–1864, hospital notebooks (2 vols.)
Date: 1863–1864
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 32 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64
Content: A Civil War diary in which Whitman recorded notes relating to his experiences in Washington D.C. during 1863. Some of these notes were used in "A Case from Second Bull Run," a short piece about the death of John Mahay, first published in the 11 December 1864 issue of the New-York Times under the title "Our Wounded and Sick Soldiers. Visits Among Army Hospitals, At Washington, on the Field, and here in New-York." Whitman included this paragraph in Memoranda During the War (1876) and Specimen Days & Collect (1882). Other portions of this diary contributed directly to Memoranda During the War and others were first published in "Letter from Washington. Our National City, after all, has Some Big Points of Its Own—Its Suggestiveness Today—The Figure of Liberty Over the Capital—Scenes, both Fixed and Panoramic—A Thought on Our Future Capital," New-York Times, 4 October 1863.


Cedar-Apples

Whitman Archive Title: cedar-apples
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00030
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 46
Repository Title: Cedar-apples
Date: 1878
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: Draft notes of a short prose item, dated 25 April 1878. This prose piece appeared undated in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) titled, "Cedar-Apples."



Whitman Archive Title: [May 17 '81—Glendale]
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00527
Repository: New York Public Library: The Oscar Lion Collection of Walt Whitman
Date: 1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Prose notes, dated May 17, 1881, that may have contributed to "Cedar-Apples," first published in Specimen Days & Collect (1882-83).


Cedar-Plums Like—Names

Whitman Archive Title: For Dem Vistas
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00458
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Date: 1882 or before
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A brief paragraph suggesting that the unifying motif of a projected volume of miscellaneous prose pieces should be various aspects of nature viewed from the perspective of democracy. Although Whitman eventually titled his collection Specimen Days (1882–83), the present manuscript uses the working title "Mulleins & Bumble Bees," one of many that he considered over the rather long period during which he contemplated publication. In "Cedar-Plums—Names," one of the short essays in the collection, he discusses some of his difficulties with coherence and titling.


Centennial Edition of Leaves of Grass

Whitman Archive Title: [Drifts & Bubbles]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05073
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Trial titles
Date: 1875-1876
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a list of trial titles and subtitles which were possibly considered by Whitman when he was preparing the Centennial edition of Leaves of Grass together with its companion volume, Two Rivulets, published in 1876.



Whitman Archive Title: [Century Thoughts]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05074
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Trial titles
Date: 1875-1876
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a list of trial titles which Whitman possibly considered to use in Two Rivulets, the companion volume to the Centennial edition of Leaves of Grass published in 1876.



Whitman Archive Title: [Walt Whitman's Centennial]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05075
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Trial titles
Date: 1875-1876
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a few trial titles which Whitman possibly considered to use when he was preparing the Centennial edition of Leaves of Grass together with its companion volume, Two Rivulets, published in 1876.


Centennial Songs---1876

Whitman Archive Title: Song of the Redwood Tree
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00064
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 90
Repository ID: #3829
Date: about 1873
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 20 leaves, 11 x 12.5 cm to 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26
Content: This manuscript contains a rough draft of the poem "Song of the Redwood-Tree" written, according to a note intialed by Whitman, during October and November 1873 prior to its first publication in the February 1874 issue of Harper's Magazine. In 1876 the poem was published in the group "Centennial Songs" and annexed to Two Rivulets. The poem appears ungrouped again in Leaves of Grass (1881). Several leaves contain deleted and undeleted titles or variant verse references to other published poems: "Eidólons", "Waves in the Vessel's Wake", "(a sonnet)" written "for Century Verses," which appears from a Library of Congress manuscript to have been a working title of the group that became "Centennial Verses" and "A California song".


Chanting the Square Deific

Whitman Archive Title: [Poem of "(the Devil]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00273
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 29
Date: 1865 or before
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This note for a poem about the devil is possibly related to the poem "Chanting the Square Deific," which was first published in 1865. The scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "[And there a hunter's camp]," "[(written for the voice)]," and "Poem of Sadness."



Whitman Archive Title: [Once I passed through a populous]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00183
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The recto verses appearing on this manuscript became the main section 9 of "Enfans d'Adam" in 1860 and were retitled "Once I Pass'd Through a Populous City" in 1867. On the verso appear two fragments: an undeleted verse that would be used in Satan's section of "Chanting the Square Deific" in "Sequel to Drum-Taps" (1865-66); and what would become section 23 of "Proto-Leaf", which becomes "Starting from Paumanok" in 1867. The undeleted verse is upside-down relative to the deleted section.



Whitman Archive Title: [I for the old round earth]
Whitman Archive ID: hun.00022
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Repository Title: Preface to Leaves of Grass
Repository ID: HM 6714
Date: 1863-1867
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Although the repository labels this manuscript as a draft of the Preface to the 1855 Leaves of Grass, it appears to have been written in the mid-1860s and was potentially intended as the opening inscription to the 1867 edition of Leaves (Whitman has written "Inscription, to precede Leaves of Grass, when finished" at the top of the first leaf). While the poem in this form was never published, the line describing the Greek god Kronos as "brown-skinned" may have led to a similar description in "Chanting the Square Deific," which first appeared in Sequel to Drum-Taps in 1865.


Chants Democratic and Native American

Whitman Archive Title: [Health does not tell]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00789
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Date: Before or during 1856
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A scrap of prose that contains a line that would appear in a poem in the 1856 and 1860–1861 editions of Leaves of Grass. The line, "Which is the poem or any book that is not diseased?," appeared in a slightly altered form in "Poem of Many in One" in 1856 and in Section 1 of "Chants Democratic and Native American" in 1860–1861. Although the poem would remain in Leaves in various forms until the final edition, the line was dropped after 1860–1861. An image of the verso is not available.



Whitman Archive Title: [never to be forgotten in lectures]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00795
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 12mo 61
Date: 1855-1860
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A scrap of poetry with lines that contributed both to the poem ultimately titled "Thoughts [Of these years I sing...]" and to "Apostroph," the opening section of "Chants Democratic and Native American." Both poems first appeared in the 1860–1861 edition of Leaves of Grass. The verso contains prose about America's need for "her own poems."



Whitman Archive Title: They do not seem to me
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00110
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 2
Folder: 4
Repository ID: #3829-i
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 13 cm x 11.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript is a draft of lines that were published in "Chants Democratic," number 13, in the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. That poem was later revised and published as "Laws for Creations"; however, the lines on this manuscript are a draft of the section of the poem that was deleted after the 1860 publication.



Whitman Archive Title: To a Literat
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00114
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 2
Folder: 10
Repository ID: #3829-i
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The first two verses, taken more or less directly from a prose manuscript, "[Of Biography]," have no revisions, but the remaining three verses represent a significant expansion of the themes in the prose notes and are extensively revised. These verses, which precede "[Walt Whitman's law]" in the composition process, correspond, like "[Of Biography]," to section 13 of the 1860 version of the poem "Chants Democratic and Native American" which was revised and permanently retitled "Laws for Creations" in 1872.



Whitman Archive Title: [Walt Whitman's law]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00115
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 2
Folder: 20
Repository ID: #3829-i
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This leaf bears the deleted title "To an artist, literat, &c". The first line "Come, I have now to tell you" revises and expands on another manuscript "To a Literat". These lines were eventually revised to form section 13 of the 1860 version of the poem "Chants Democratic" which was revised and permanently retitled "Laws for Creations" in 1872.


[Children and maidens—strong men]

Whitman Archive Title: [Children and maidens—strong men]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00266
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 88
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 7 x 21 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The laid paper was originally the last page of a letter; a few illegible words and part of a signature can be seen dimly through the back of the composite leaf. Whitman wrote his lines on the verso of the page after turning it sideways. These lines have no known relation to any published Whitman poem.


Children of Adam

Whitman Archive Title: [Theory of a Cluster of Poems]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00279
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Note suggesting a cluster of poems about "the passion of Woman-Love," along with a few trial lines, all apparently related to the 1860 cluster "Enfans d'Adam" (retitled "Children of Adam" in 1876).


Christmas Greeting From a Northern Star-Group to a Southern, 1889-'90, A

Whitman Archive Title: A Christmas Greeting
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00007
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: A Christmas Greeting (1889). A.MS. drafts.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 20 x 23.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript of "A Christmas Greeting" was apparently intended for the printer, as there are few alterations. In right hand corner is notation in red: "if convenient let me have proof by noon." In left hand corner (in pencil) is the name "Horace Traubel." The poem was first published in 1889.



Whitman Archive Title: [A North Star]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00008
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: A Christmas Greeting (1889). A.MS. drafts.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 18 x 20.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Written in pencil on a tan piece of paper cut from a larger sheet, 130 words with the title "A North Star [page torn] South." The poem was later revised and titled "A Christmas Greeting" (1889).



Whitman Archive Title: A Christmas Greeting
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00010
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: A Christmas Greeting (1889). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 13.5 x 18.5 cm, printed, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof of "A Christmas Greeting" with several corrections.



Whitman Archive Title: A Christmas Greeting
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00011
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: A Christmas Greeting (1889). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 13.5 x 18.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A proof with three emendations and a notation by Horace Traubel: "See notes 1/29/90."


City Dead-House, The

Whitman Archive Title: Walt Whitman. 1862.
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00026
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 8
Folder: [1862-1863]
Date: 1862-1863
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 102 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160 | 161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165 | 166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170 | 171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175 | 176 | 177 | 178 | 179 | 180 | 181 | 182 | 183 | 184 | 185 | 186 | 187 | 188 | 189 | 190 | 191 | 192 | 193 | 194 | 195 | 196 | 197 | 198 | 199 | 200 | 201 | 202 | 203 | 204
Content: A Civil-War-era notebook containing entries written in 1862 and 1863 in both New York and Washington, D.C. Many of the early leaves contain names, addresses, and descriptions of acquaintances in New York. Beginning roughly halfway through the notebook, the entries focus on Whitman's experiences in and around Washington, visiting hospital camps and battle-fields. Several of the entries contributed to published pieces of poetry or prose. Surface 40 mentions the "Apollo Summer Garden," which Whitman wrote about in a New York Leader column of 19 April 1862 entitled "City Photographs—No. V." Surfaces 48 and 83 mention "Lindenmuller's Halle" (spelling varies), a beer cellar in the Bowery that was mentioned in the seventh installment of the "City Photographs" column on 17 May 1862. Surfaces 66 and 68 are early drafts of "The City Dead-House," a poem that first appeared in the 1867 edition of Leaves of Grass. On surface 89 Whitman is drafting the title of "By the Bivouac's Fitful Flame," a poem which first appeared as part of Drum-Taps (1865). Surace 113 contains notes about a pile of amputated limbs that contributed to the section of Specimen Days (1882-83) titled "Down at the Front." This section had first appeared in the New York Times on 11 December 1864 in a piece entitled "Our Wounded and Sick Soldiers" and was later reprinted in the New York Weekly Graphic (14 February 1874) and Memoranda During the War (1875-76). Surface 138 contains a prose passage that contributed to the poem "A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Grey and Dim," first published in Drum-Taps (1865). Surface 143 contains a draft of "The Veteran's Vision," which also first appeared as part of Drum-Taps and was later re-titled "The Artilleryman's Vision." Surface 153 contains notes that likely contributed to the poem eventually titled "One's-Self I Sing" (first published, in a different form, as the "Inscription" to the 1867 edition of Leaves). The top half of surface 183 contains early draft lines of "A Noiseless, Patient Spider," which first appeared as a section of the poem "Whispers of Heavenly Death" in The Broadway, A London Magazine in October 1868 before being published as its own poem in Passage to India (1871). Surfaces 194 and 195 contain lines that contributed to the poem ultimately titled "Quicksand Years." The poem was first published as "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" in Drum-Taps (1865).


City of Orgies

Whitman Archive Title: A City Walk
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00292
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 49
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 4.5 x 12 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A faint horizontal line beneath part of "A City Walk," along with the words' capitalization and central position on the page, indicate that Whitman may have contemplated using the words as the title of an independent poem. The closest he came to this title was "City of Walks and Joys," the name he originally assigned to "Calamus" 18 in his "Blue Book" revisions of the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. This title was changed in the "Blue Book" to "City of orgies, walks and joys" and finally became "City of Orgies" in the 1867 edition. The manuscript also suggests making a list of things seen while "crossing the ferry" an idea later developed and published in the poem "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry", 1860.



Whitman Archive Title: Original. Walks Down This Street;
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00293
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 49
Date: about 1856
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 7 x 16 cm paster to 4 x 15.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Both parts of the title are underlined. A wavy line appears at the foot of that section. The word "Original" at the head of the upper section suggests that Whitman was sketching out a new poem for a revised edition of Leaves of Grass. If it was the 1860 edition, as his style of inscription here appears to indicate, it is possible that this leaf could represent an early stage of the poem that would eventually become "City of Orgies", 1867.



Whitman Archive Title: [City of my walks and joys]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00023
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 8.5 x 10 cm pasted to 20 x 16 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On a composite leaf consisting of two pieces of white wove paper. The smaller section is pasted over some lines in the top-left corner of the larger piece, from the top of which other lines were cut off. On the verso of the larger piece appears an extensively revised pencil draft of the first poem in "Enfans d'Adam". The group first appeard in print in 1860 with this poem as section 1. The poem was permanently titled "To the Garden of the World" in 1867. The verses on the current recto of the composite leaf became section 18 of "Calamus" in 1860; the poem was permanently titled "City of Orgies" in 1867.


City of Ships

Whitman Archive Title: [Ships sail upon the waters]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00276
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 88
Date: 1856-1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15.5 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Part of the word "Leaves" appears in the lower right corner of the verso. On the verso, in blue pencil, appears a note, reading "Drum Taps—City of Ships" which appears to be in Whitman's hand. This may indeed have been a draft of the poem "City of Ships," which first appeared in 1865 as part of the independent publication Drum-Taps, but the similarities to the lines on another manuscript in the University of Virginia collection and lack of references to the Civil War indicate that it was inscribed prior to the publication of the the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass.


City Photographs—No. V. | The Bowery

Whitman Archive Title: Walt Whitman. 1862.
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00026
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 8
Folder: [1862-1863]
Date: 1862-1863
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 102 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160 | 161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165 | 166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170 | 171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175 | 176 | 177 | 178 | 179 | 180 | 181 | 182 | 183 | 184 | 185 | 186 | 187 | 188 | 189 | 190 | 191 | 192 | 193 | 194 | 195 | 196 | 197 | 198 | 199 | 200 | 201 | 202 | 203 | 204
Content: A Civil-War-era notebook containing entries written in 1862 and 1863 in both New York and Washington, D.C. Many of the early leaves contain names, addresses, and descriptions of acquaintances in New York. Beginning roughly halfway through the notebook, the entries focus on Whitman's experiences in and around Washington, visiting hospital camps and battle-fields. Several of the entries contributed to published pieces of poetry or prose. Surface 40 mentions the "Apollo Summer Garden," which Whitman wrote about in a New York Leader column of 19 April 1862 entitled "City Photographs—No. V." Surfaces 48 and 83 mention "Lindenmuller's Halle" (spelling varies), a beer cellar in the Bowery that was mentioned in the seventh installment of the "City Photographs" column on 17 May 1862. Surfaces 66 and 68 are early drafts of "The City Dead-House," a poem that first appeared in the 1867 edition of Leaves of Grass. On surface 89 Whitman is drafting the title of "By the Bivouac's Fitful Flame," a poem which first appeared as part of Drum-Taps (1865). Surace 113 contains notes about a pile of amputated limbs that contributed to the section of Specimen Days (1882-83) titled "Down at the Front." This section had first appeared in the New York Times on 11 December 1864 in a piece entitled "Our Wounded and Sick Soldiers" and was later reprinted in the New York Weekly Graphic (14 February 1874) and Memoranda During the War (1875-76). Surface 138 contains a prose passage that contributed to the poem "A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Grey and Dim," first published in Drum-Taps (1865). Surface 143 contains a draft of "The Veteran's Vision," which also first appeared as part of Drum-Taps and was later re-titled "The Artilleryman's Vision." Surface 153 contains notes that likely contributed to the poem eventually titled "One's-Self I Sing" (first published, in a different form, as the "Inscription" to the 1867 edition of Leaves). The top half of surface 183 contains early draft lines of "A Noiseless, Patient Spider," which first appeared as a section of the poem "Whispers of Heavenly Death" in The Broadway, A London Magazine in October 1868 before being published as its own poem in Passage to India (1871). Surfaces 194 and 195 contain lines that contributed to the poem ultimately titled "Quicksand Years." The poem was first published as "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" in Drum-Taps (1865).


City Photographs—No. VII. | The Bowery

Whitman Archive Title: Walt Whitman. 1862.
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00026
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 8
Folder: [1862-1863]
Date: 1862-1863
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 102 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160 | 161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165 | 166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170 | 171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175 | 176 | 177 | 178 | 179 | 180 | 181 | 182 | 183 | 184 | 185 | 186 | 187 | 188 | 189 | 190 | 191 | 192 | 193 | 194 | 195 | 196 | 197 | 198 | 199 | 200 | 201 | 202 | 203 | 204
Content: A Civil-War-era notebook containing entries written in 1862 and 1863 in both New York and Washington, D.C. Many of the early leaves contain names, addresses, and descriptions of acquaintances in New York. Beginning roughly halfway through the notebook, the entries focus on Whitman's experiences in and around Washington, visiting hospital camps and battle-fields. Several of the entries contributed to published pieces of poetry or prose. Surface 40 mentions the "Apollo Summer Garden," which Whitman wrote about in a New York Leader column of 19 April 1862 entitled "City Photographs—No. V." Surfaces 48 and 83 mention "Lindenmuller's Halle" (spelling varies), a beer cellar in the Bowery that was mentioned in the seventh installment of the "City Photographs" column on 17 May 1862. Surfaces 66 and 68 are early drafts of "The City Dead-House," a poem that first appeared in the 1867 edition of Leaves of Grass. On surface 89 Whitman is drafting the title of "By the Bivouac's Fitful Flame," a poem which first appeared as part of Drum-Taps (1865). Surace 113 contains notes about a pile of amputated limbs that contributed to the section of Specimen Days (1882-83) titled "Down at the Front." This section had first appeared in the New York Times on 11 December 1864 in a piece entitled "Our Wounded and Sick Soldiers" and was later reprinted in the New York Weekly Graphic (14 February 1874) and Memoranda During the War (1875-76). Surface 138 contains a prose passage that contributed to the poem "A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Grey and Dim," first published in Drum-Taps (1865). Surface 143 contains a draft of "The Veteran's Vision," which also first appeared as part of Drum-Taps and was later re-titled "The Artilleryman's Vision." Surface 153 contains notes that likely contributed to the poem eventually titled "One's-Self I Sing" (first published, in a different form, as the "Inscription" to the 1867 edition of Leaves). The top half of surface 183 contains early draft lines of "A Noiseless, Patient Spider," which first appeared as a section of the poem "Whispers of Heavenly Death" in The Broadway, A London Magazine in October 1868 before being published as its own poem in Passage to India (1871). Surfaces 194 and 195 contain lines that contributed to the poem ultimately titled "Quicksand Years." The poem was first published as "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" in Drum-Taps (1865).


Civility too Long Neglected, A

Whitman Archive Title: [?bring this in the text]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00073
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 43
Repository Title: A Civility too long neglected
Date: 1878–1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes which contributed to "A Civility too Long Neglected," first published in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883), and included in Complete Prose Works (1892).


[claims of the culturalists]

Whitman Archive Title: [reject the claims of the genre Culturists]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.02307
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 40
Folder: Literary, Undated, Model American
Date: undated
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: One leaf with notes about how American life and character differs from the "claims of the culturists."


Clear Midnight, A

Whitman Archive Title: A starry midnight
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00083
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: A Clear Midnight
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 cm x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of a poem entitled "A starry midnight," published as "A Clear Midnight" in 1881. At the top is a note in blue pencil that reads "? for end of poems"



Whitman Archive Title: [Camden Notebook]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05506
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 3
Folder: [circa 1880], Camden (?) notebook
Date: 1879-1881
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 22 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44
Content: The thirty-first leaf in this manuscript notebook contains a note "for Preface" about "gossiping in the candle light" that resonates with the beginning of the second paragraph of the article "My Book and I," published in the Lippincott's Monthly Magazine in January 1887. This same passage also appeared one year later in "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Roads," published within November Boughs (1888) and later included in Leaves of Grass (1891-1892). The manuscript also contains a series of trial titles that Whitman was possibly considered when preparing Specimen Days & Collect (1882-1883). The thirty-fifth leaf contains a draft for a poem, including the deleted line "Away from houses, reading, art" that resembles the second line in the poem "A Clear Midnight," published in Leaves of Grass (1881-1882) and retained thereafter.



Whitman Archive Title: [still call myself a Half-Paralytic]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00065
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 18
Repository Title: Gossip of Early Candle Light
Date: 1880
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines of the poem, "A Clear Midnight," which appeared slightly revised in the 1881–1882 edition of Leaves of Grass. This manuscript also includes lines that were used in Specimen Days & Collect, see the description for ucb.00011 in this finding aid.



Whitman Archive Title: A Clear Midnight
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00062
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: A Clear Midnight (1881). A.MS. Draft.
Date: about 1880
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 19.5 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of "A Clear Midnight," written on the back of a letter from "A. Williams" dated December 2, 1880. The poem was first published in 1881.


Clover and Hay Perfume

Whitman Archive Title: [Hay and corn]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00067
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 39
Repository Title: Clover and Hay Perfume
Date: 1878–1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: Various scraps of paper pasted together to form three separate leaves. This manuscript is a draft of "Clover and Hay Perfume," first published in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) and included in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Cluster of Sonnet Poems

Whitman Archive Title: Cluster of Sonnet Poems
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00172
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 40
Folder: Literary, Undated, These Days
Date: undated
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes for a "Cluster of Sonnet Poems" about the "splendor and copiousness of These Days."


Come, said my Soul

Whitman Archive Title: To a Locomotive in Winter
Whitman Archive ID: bpl.00006
Repository: Boston Public Library: The Walt Whitman Collection
Repository Title: Ten pieces of manuscript
Repository ID: Whitman Mss.1
Date: about 1876
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: This is a two-page draft of "To a Locomotive in Winter," first published in the 19 February 1876 issue of the New York Daily Tribune. It appears that originally the two leaves were pasted together as one piece, but have since come apart. On the verso of page two is a draft of an unpublished poem entitled "The Soul and the Poet," which may be a draft of the poem "Come, said my Soul," the epigraph for the 1876, 1881–1882, and 1891–1892 editions of Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: Go, said his Soul to a Poet.
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00013
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: 1870-1874
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A rough draft, heavily revised, of a poem titled "Go, said his Soul to a Poet," which was first published in "A Christmas Garland of Prose and Verse" in the December 25, 1874 issue of the New York Daily Graphic and later used, without title, as the title-page epigraph for Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: To the Soul
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00113
Repository: Library of Congress: George S. Hellman Collection
Date: about 1874
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 19.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Rough draft of a poem entitled "To the Soul." These lines appear to be very early ideas connected with the poem first published as "Come, said my Soul" in the Christmas number of the New York Daily Graphic, December 1874, then in the New York Tribune, February 19, 1876. This poem, signed by Whitman, became the title-page epigraph of Leaves of Grass, 1876 and 1891-92. The verso is blank.



Whitman Archive Title: Song of the Redwood Tree
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00064
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 90
Repository ID: #3829
Date: about 1873
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 20 leaves, 11 x 12.5 cm to 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26
Content: This manuscript contains a rough draft of the poem "Song of the Redwood-Tree" written, according to a note intialed by Whitman, during October and November 1873 prior to its first publication in the February 1874 issue of Harper's Magazine. In 1876 the poem was published in the group "Centennial Songs" and annexed to Two Rivulets. The poem appears ungrouped again in Leaves of Grass (1881). Several leaves contain deleted and undeleted titles or variant verse references to other published poems: "Eidólons", "Waves in the Vessel's Wake", "(a sonnet)" written "for Century Verses," which appears from a Library of Congress manuscript to have been a working title of the group that became "Centennial Verses" and "A California song".



Whitman Archive Title: [Come, said my Soul]
Whitman Archive ID: hun.00021
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Repository Title: 'Come said my soul. . .'
Repository ID: HM 6713
Date: about 1875
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A signed draft, heavily revised, of the untitled poem that Whitman used for some printings of Leaves of Grass, beginning in 1876. It was first published as part of "A Christmas Garland in Prose and Verse" in the New York Daily Graphic of December 25, 1874. The date in the poet's note at the top suggests that this manuscript might represent a revision stage later than the poem's initial publication.



Whitman Archive Title: Come, Said My Soul
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00183
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Come, said my Soul… Proof with signature.
Date: 1881
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Signed proof page with no annotations. On verso reads "Copyright 1881, By Walt Whitman, All rights reserved"


Commonplace, The

Whitman Archive Title: The Commonplace
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00076
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Commonplace (1891). A.MS. draft.
Date: about 1890
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 27 x 19 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one side is a draft of "The Commonplace," which was first published in manuscript facsimile in 1891. On the other side is a cancelled early draft of "Osceola," a poem first published in 1890.



Whitman Archive Title: The Commonplace
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04077
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Commonplace (Mar. 1891). Printed Copy.
Date: March, 1891
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf,
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A copy of the March, 1891, issue of Munson's Magazine, which includes, in manuscript facsimile, "The Commonplace."


Companions

Whitman Archive Title: Companions
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00284
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 31
Date: About 1860
Genre: prose, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Jotted idea for a series of poems about Whitman's various companions. This scrap has been attached by a collector or archivist to a backing sheet, together with "Poem of Young Men."


Complete Poems & Prose of Walt Whitman, 1855-1888 Authenticated & Personal Book (handled by W.W.) . . . Portraits from Life . . . Autograph

Whitman Archive Title: Complete Poems & Prose of Walt Whitman
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00044
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 19
Folder: Complete Poems and Prose (1888), Manuscript drafts, Title page
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A mock title page for Complete Poems & Prose of Walt Whitman, 1855–1888 Authenticated & Personal Book (handled by W.W.) Portraits from Life...Autograph (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: [ab't like this]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00045
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 19
Folder: Complete Poems and Prose (1888), Manuscript drafts, Title page
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A mock title page for Complete Poems & Prose of Walt Whitman, 1855–1888 Authenticated & Personal Book (handled by W.W.) Portraits from Life...Autograph (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: [let the big]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00046
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 19
Folder: Complete Poems and Prose (1888), Manuscript drafts, Title page
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A mock title page for Complete Poems & Prose of Walt Whitman, 1855–1888 Authenticated & Personal Book (handled by W.W.) Portraits from Life...Autograph (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: [To printer]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00048
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 19
Folder: Complete Poems and Prose (1888), Manuscript drafts, Title page
Date: about 1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A mock title page for Complete Poems & Prose of Walt Whitman, 1855–1888 Authenticated & Personal Book (handled by W.W.) Portraits from Life...Autograph (1888).


Connecticut Case, A

Whitman Archive Title: New York Weekly Graphic, draft
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00928
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 32
Folder: ca. 1863, "A Connecticut Case," New York Weekly Graphic, draft
Date: ca. 1863
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A revised draft of "A Connecticut Case," a piece of Civil War memoranda which was first included in Memoranda During the War (1875–76) and later reprinted in Specimen Days & Collect (1882.


content to the ground

Whitman Archive Title: content to the ground
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00040
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: between 1845 and 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A list of words beginning with "the blacksmith's shop" and "the brewery" that could be related to a poem. The phrase "content to the ground" is probably tied to some other text from another scrap, since it is visually distinct from the other words on this leaf.


Continuities

Whitman Archive Title: Embers of Ending Day
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00051
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 31
Repository ID: #3829
Date: between 1880 and 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.5 cm x 11 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The manuscript appears to be a draft of a title or titles. The lines on the manuscript—"Embers of Ending Day," "Embers of day-fires mouldering"—are echoed in the partial line "the embers left from earlier fires" in the poem "Continuities," which was published in the New York Herald on March 20, 1888 and included in the "Sands at Seventy" annex to later printings of Leaves of Grass. On the verso is a note, dated December 28, 1880, confirming a request for a set of Whitmans's books: "Dear Sir, I shall be glad to supply you with a set (Two Volumes) of my books—There is only one kind of binding—Walt Whitman."



Whitman Archive Title: [No birth-identity]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00159
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 21
Date: around 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25.5 cm x 19.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a draft of the poem first published in the New York Herald, March 20, 1888 with the title "Continuities". A note at the bottom of the page states "Sent to H March 17" indicating the draft was likely completed near the time of publication.



Whitman Archive Title: Certainties, Faith, Counterbalances, Alternation
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00075
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Certainties, Faith, Counterbalances, Alternation. A.MS. draft.
Date: between 1882-1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Written in ink on the verso of a discarded letter (cancelled by a diagonal strike) from Talcott Williams, this draft appears to be trial lines for the poem later published as "Continuities" in the New York Herald, March 20, 1888.


Contralto Voice, A

Whitman Archive Title: ['80—Sunday]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00085
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 53
Repository Title: A Contralto Voice
Date: 1880
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A heavily revised and partially cancelled draft of "A Contralto Voice," which first appeared in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) and was collected in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Crossing Brooklyn Ferry

Whitman Archive Title: A City Walk
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00292
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 49
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 4.5 x 12 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A faint horizontal line beneath part of "A City Walk," along with the words' capitalization and central position on the page, indicate that Whitman may have contemplated using the words as the title of an independent poem. The closest he came to this title was "City of Walks and Joys," the name he originally assigned to "Calamus" 18 in his "Blue Book" revisions of the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. This title was changed in the "Blue Book" to "City of orgies, walks and joys" and finally became "City of Orgies" in the 1867 edition. The manuscript also suggests making a list of things seen while "crossing the ferry" an idea later developed and published in the poem "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry", 1860.



Whitman Archive Title: [George Walker]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00143
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 37
Folder: 1855-1856, Crossing Brooklyn Ferry trial lines
Date: between 1855-1856
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: about 45 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90
Content: A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts, 6 vols. (New York: New York University Press, 1984), 1:226–243, noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry," "I Sing the Body Electric," "Starting from Paumanok," "A Song for Occupations," "By Blue Ontario's Shore," "Salut au Monde!," "To One Shortly to Die," and "A Woman Waits for Me."


Crusades

Whitman Archive Title: Crusades
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00066
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Date: about 1868-1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript bears trial lines for a poem attempting to link the crusades to America. While other manuscripts and published works share similarities in topic and idea, a direct link to any published document is unknown. The verso contains a cancelled list of references to letters in the House Executive Documents, 38th Cong. which correspond to several individual documents transcribed on the cancelled versos of other crusade manuscripts also in the Harned collection. Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.


Dalliance of the Eagles, The

Whitman Archive Title: The Dalliance of the Eagles
Whitman Archive ID: lcl.00002
Repository: Liverpool Central Library
Repository Title: The Dalliance of the Eagles by Walt Whitman
Repository ID: 811 WAL/5
Date: 1880
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, printed, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Corrected galley proof of "The Dalliance of the Eagles," first published in Cope's Tobacco Plant in November 1880.



Whitman Archive Title: The Dalliance of the Eagles
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00023
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Dalliance of the Eagles (1880). A.MS. drafts.
Date: about 1880
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 4 leaves, 21.5 x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
Content: On a surface made by pasting together six scraps of paper (back of a discarded envelope from Geo. S. Woodhull and Son, Law Offices, Camden, postmarked Apr 6; back of a discarded letter, dated New York, March 29, 1880; and other scraps), a late draft of the poem "The Dalliance of the Eagles," about 120 words, showing a few minor variations from the first-published version of 1880.



Whitman Archive Title: [Skirting the river]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00132
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Dalliance of the Eagles (1880). A.MS. drafts.
Date: 1880
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12.5 x 19 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: These lines were later revised and published as "The Dalliance of the Eagles" in 1880.



Whitman Archive Title: The Dalliance of the Eagles
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00184
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Dalliance of the Eagles (1880). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1880
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25.8 x 18.6 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Written in ink on a proof of "The Dalliance of the Eagles," "Ah, little knows the Laborer," "Hast never come to thee an hour?," and "My Picture-Gallery," are 14 words of notations in Whitman's hand. The proof has been pasted to a heavy piece of paper, on the verso of which is "A Riddle Song," part of "Italian Music in Dakota," and a clipped headline reading "The Society Articles Save Labor. Lighten the Labor for Mother."



Whitman Archive Title: The dalliance of the eagles
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00092
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 23
Repository ID: #3829-i
Date: about 1880
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12 x 19 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The poem was first published in the November 1880 issue of Cope's Tobacco Plant and became one of the new poems in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass, where it appeared in the cluster "By the Roadside." At some point this leaf was pasted to a cardboard print of a photograph of Whitman stamped "Thomas C. Watkins" on the verso, but almost identical to one attributed by Henry Scholey Saunders, author of 100 Walt Whitman Photographs, to the studio of Frederick Gutekunst in Philadelphia, and reproduced in the 1889 pocket edition of Leaves of Grass.


Darest Thou Now O Soul

Whitman Archive Title: Whispers of Heavenly Death
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00323
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 30
Folder: Whispers of Heavenly Death (1870). A.MS. and printed copy.
Date: about 1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 15 leaves, 20 x 13 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30
Content: Mostly mounted clippings of poems taken from Leaves of Grass, stitched and tied with ribbon by Walt Whitman. An autograph title page is followed by pages numbered in red pencil 469-484. One poem, "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," on p. 481 is written entirely in Walt Whitman's hand (see image 23), and other corrections and additions are in Whitman's hand throughout. The poems included are: "Whispers of Heavenly Death," "Yet, Yet Ye Downcast Hours," "As Nearing Departure" (later published, in a different form, as "As the Time Draws Nigh"), "Darest Thou Now O Soul," "Of Him I Love Day and Night," "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" (later published as "Quicksand Years"), "That Music Always Round Me," "As If a Phantom Caress'd Me," "O Living Always, Always Dying," "Here, Sailor!" (later published as "What Ship Puzzled at Sea"), "A Noiseless Patient Spider," "To One Shortly to Die," "Joy, Shipmate, Joy!," "This Day, O Soul," "What Place is Besieged?," "The Last Invocation," and "Pensive and Faltering."


Darwinism—(then Furthermore)

Whitman Archive Title: [other than merely literary points]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00117
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 8
Date: 1876
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A heavily revised draft fragment, composed of several scraps of paper pasted together to form two leaves. The notes found on the first leaf were used in "Preface, 1876, to the two-volume Centennial Edition of L. of G. and 'Two Rivulets'" (1876). The prose fragment on the second leaf contributed to "Darwinism—(then Furthermore)," a short prose piece that orginally appeared in Two Rivulets (1876), but that was later incorporated into the "Notes Left Over" section of Collect in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83). Both of these pieces were eventually included in Complete Prose Works (1892). Cancelled Civil War "reminiscences" on the Battle of First Fredericksburgh and the sinking of the U.S.S. Hatteras appear on the verso of the second leaf. Whitman wrote about both of these events in "'Tis But Ten Years Since (Third Paper)," New York Weekly Graphic (14 February 1874).


Days at J. B.'s—Turf Fires—Spring Songs

Whitman Archive Title: earliest spring wildflowers
Whitman Archive ID: loc.03419
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 40
Folder: 66
Date: about 1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Newspaper clipping and notes regarding wildflowers that bloom in early spring. This item was likely created in conjunction with Whitman's composition of "Days at J. B.'s—Turf Fires—Spring Songs," which was first published in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883). It was also later printed in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Dead Emperor, The

Whitman Archive Title: The Dead Emperor
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00006
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Printer's copy of the poem "The Dead Emperor," which was first published in the New York Herald on 10 March 1888 and later reprinted in the "Sands at Seventy" annex to Leaves of Grass (1888). The poem mourns the death of Emperor William I of Germany on 9 March 1888, and the Herald of 10 March contained details of his final hours as well as Whitman's poem.



Whitman Archive Title: The Dead Emperor
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00160
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 27
Date: 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 11 cm x 21 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a draft of a poem first published in the New York Herald, March 10, 1888 entitled "The Dead Emperor". A note at top of the page states "sent Herald March 8" indicating that the draft was likely composed around the time of publication. On the verso appears part of a letter with Houghton Mifflin Publishers letterhead.


Dead Tenor, The

Whitman Archive Title: The Dead Tenor
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00185
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Dead Tenor (1884). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1884
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 24 x 15 cm, 10.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Written in pencil on a small page from a notebook, on which is pasted a clipping from a newspaper about the funeral of Signor Brignoli and the reaction of Patti, pinned to an unmarked proof of "The Dead Tenor," thirty words: "I heard the earliest singing of Patti, (in 1860 if I remember right)—heard her many times, Brignoli sang with her at her first appearance in NY in 1859." The poem was first published in 1884.



Whitman Archive Title: The Dead Tenor
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00186
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Dead Tenor (1884). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1884
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 15 cm, 20.5 x 15.25 cm, 24.25 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Proof of "The Dead Tenor," with notations and corrections in Whitman's hand. The poem was first published in 1884.



Whitman Archive Title: The Dead Tenor
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00497
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Dead Tenor (1884). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1884
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 15 cm, 20.5 x 15.25 cm, 24.25 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Proof of "The Dead Tenor," with notations and corrections in Whitman's hand. The poem was first published in 1884.



Whitman Archive Title: The Dead Tenor
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00016
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 2
Folder: 1
Repository Title: The Dead Tenor
Date: 1884
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Signed draft of "The Dead Tenor," approximately 14 lines, written on several scraps pasted together. A newspaper clipping with the death notice of Pasquale Brignoli is pasted in the bottom lefthand corner. The poem was first published on 8 November 1884 in the Critic and reprinted in the "Sands at Seventy" annex of Leaves of Grass (1891–92). Whitman was inspired to write the poem by the death of Pasquale (or Pasqualino) Brignoli (1824–1884), a tenor who made his New York debut in 1854 and remained a popular favorite for twenty years. According to Horace Traubel, Whitman appears to have known Brignoli. On the verso can be found various writings, including an earlier draft of The Dead Tenor, part of a letter to Whitman from Charles F. Blanch, and an unidentified prose jotting by Whitman.


[dear to me]

Whitman Archive Title: [dear to me]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00171
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 40
Folder: Literary, Undated, The States and Their Resources
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: a draft line of poetry describing the land that is "dear" to the poet. Whitman had "Always the South" in mind as he composed the line, though this phrase was deleted.


Death of a Hero

Whitman Archive Title: [Private Stewart C. Glover]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00249
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Date: about 1875
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: One manuscript leaf, inscribed on both sides, describing a young soldier who died after being wounded during the Battle of the Wilderness during the Civil War. Most of the writing is in an unknown hand, possibly that of "R. H. Foote," whose name appears on the manuscript. The text of this manuscript contributed to "Death of a Hero," which was first published in Memoranda during the War in 1875–76 and later reprinted in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83) and in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Death of Abraham Lincoln. Lecture deliver'd in New York, April 14, 1879—in Philadelphia, '80—in Boston, '81

Whitman Archive Title: Lincoln Dont fail to note
Whitman Archive ID: loc.07042
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 6
Folder: "Death of Abraham Lincoln," notes and early drafts, [1875]
Date: 1876-1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Handwritten notes about Abraham Lincoln, most likely intended for use in Whitman's lecture, "Death of Abraham Lincoln." The page numbers refer to Samuel Penniman Bates' book, The Battle of Gettysburg (Philadelphia: T.H. Davis & Co., 1875). Bates had quoted a letter from Lincoln to General Joseph Hooker, making note of Lincoln's characteristic "homely but pointed similes" (13–14). Whitman also notes pages reproducing the Gettysburgh Address, as well as Edward Everett's remark to Lincoln about the power of his twenty lines (213–15). Whitman delivered his lecture about Lincoln in New York in 1879 and would deliver it at least eight other times over the succeeding years. Whitman would later publish a version of the lecture as "Death of Abraham Lincoln" in Specimen Days (1882–1883), which was retained in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: Abraham Lincoln
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05588
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 4
Folder: Lincoln material, 1865-1868
Date: 1878-1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains what could be a preparatory note for the lecture "Death of Abraham Lincoln" delivered in New York in 1879, in Philadelphia in 1880 and in Boston in 1881. Portions of this lecture had been originally published as "Abraham Lincoln's Death. Walt Whitman's Account of the Scene at Ford's Theatre," in the New York Sun (12 February 1876) and were included in Memoranda During the War (1875-1876). "Abraham Lincoln's Death" was revised and published as "A Poet on the Platform" in the New York Daily Tribune (15 April 1879) and was subsequently reprinted as "Death of Abraham Lincoln" in Specimen Days & Collect (1882-1883) before finally appearing in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: Sketch over rapidly
Whitman Archive ID: loc.02823
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 6
Folder: "Death of Abraham Lincoln," notes and early drafts, [1875]
Date: 1878-1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Handwritten notes about a lecture on Abraham Lincoln, most likely "Death of Abraham Lincoln". These appear to be fairly early notes about the general structure of the talk, rather than an actual draft. Whitman first delivered this lecture in New York in 1879 and would deliver it at least eight other times over the succeedings years, delivering it for the last time on April 15, 1890. Whitman would later publish a version of the lecture as "Death of Abraham Lincoln" in Specimen Days (1882–1883), which was retained in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: [to speak a reverent word]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01761
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 37
Folder: 1879, "Death of Abraham Lincoln," reading book with proofs, printed pages, and drafts
Date: 1879–1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 33 leaves, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67
Content: Manuscript notes and clippings of printed prose gathered by Whitman in a homemade notebook created from a copy of John Dunbar Hylton's, Bride of Gettysburg (1878). Whitman appears to have used this book as a notebook in preparation for his lecture, "Death of Abraham Lincoln." Portions of this speech were originally published as "Abraham Lincoln's Death. Walt Whitman's Account of the Scene at Ford's Theatre," New York Sun (12 February 1876) and were included in Memoranda During the War (1875–1876). "Abraham Lincoln's Death" was revised and published as "A Poet on the Platform," New York Daily Tribune (15 April 1879) and was subsequently reprinted as "Death of Abraham Lincoln" in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) before finally appearing in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: [The subject or text of my]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01762
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 37
Folder: 1886, Apr. 15, "Abraham Lincoln"
Date: 1879–1887
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscript notes attached to a scrap of printed prose, both of which relate to Whitman's Lincoln lecture, titled "Death of Abraham Lincoln." Whitman published this address in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) before including it in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: How often since that dark and chilly Saturday
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00339
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 3
Folder: 130
Date: 1880–1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: A late draft of "Death of Abraham Lincoln. Lecture deliver'd in New York, April 14, 1879—in Philadelphia, '80—in Boston, '81," published in Specimen Days (1882). Though Whitman delivered this lecture for the first time in April 1879, based on the letters which comprise the versos of this manuscript, this draft was not composed until some time after March 1880.



Whitman Archive Title: Lecture by Walt Whitman on Abraham Lincoln
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00328
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Date: 1886
Genre: prose
Physical Description: about 16 leaves, newspaper clipping
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
Content: Notes for the lecture on the death of Abraham Lincoln that Whitman delivered in Philadelphia on April 15, 1886. The notes consist of clippings from earlier printings of the lecture with a few handwritten revisions. The lecture was first published as "Death of Lincoln" in the New York Sun on February 12, 1876. A revised version appeared as "A Poet on the Platform" in the New York Daily Tribune on April 15, 1879. In Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83) and in Complete Prose Works (1892) it was titled "Death of Abraham Lincoln. Lecture deliver'd in New York, April 14, 1879—in Philadelphia, '80—in Boston, '81. " The notes are mounted in a bound volume along with the letter that Whitman sent with them to Thomas Donaldson, a note written by Donaldson, an engraving of Whitman, and a ticket to a performance of the lecture on April 14, 1887.



Whitman Archive Title: Death of Abraham Lincoln
Whitman Archive ID: upa.00152
Repository: University of Pennsylvania: Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Book & Manuscript Library,
Box: 2
Folder: 64
Date: 1889-1890
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a passage that appears almost verbatim in "Walt Whitman's Last Public," included within the Memoranda section of Complete Prose Works published in 1892. In the piece, written in third person, Whitman describes the speech he gave on the 25th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's death at the Art Rooms, in Philadelphia, on April 15, 1890, and the passage appearing in this manuscript is reported to be the literal opening address of the talk. We don't have certainty that this is true, though, as we do not have a written version of the talk. Some phrases in this version also bear resemblance with the printed version of the lecture "Death of Abraham Lincoln," delivered in New York in 1879, in Philadelphia in 1880 and in Boston in 1881 . Portions of this lecture were also originally published as "Abraham Lincoln's Death. Walt Whitman's Account of the Scene at Ford's Theatre", in the New York Sun on 12 February 1876 and were included in Memoranda During the War (1875-1876). "Abraham Lincoln's Death" was revised and published as "A Poet on the Platform" in the New York Daily Tribune on 15 April 1879 and was subsequently reprinted as "Death of Abraham Lincoln" in Specimen Days & Collect (1882-1883) before finally appearing in Complete Prose Works in 1892.


Death of General Grant

Whitman Archive Title: As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00179
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors. Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Written in pencil at the bottom of a proof of "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors," a thirteen-line poem on President Grant's death, with a printed signature, four words: "Harper's Weekly, May 16." On the verso in another hand is "tr Nov 20 1885." Pasted on the verso is a small piece of paper, 5.25 x 10.75 cm, on which is written: "This fragment of Whitman's, Mr. (John) Burroughs sent me recently, with a lot of old papers & letters. As it has a memorandum in WW's hand, I know you will like to have it. C(lara).B(arrus)." This poem, published first in 1885, was also published as "Death of General Grant."



Whitman Archive Title: As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00180
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors. Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Signed proof of the thirteen-line poem, "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors," first published in 1885, later published as "Death of General Grant."



Whitman Archive Title: As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00492
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors. Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Annotated proof of the thirteen-line poem, "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors," first published in 1885, later published as "Death of General Grant." This proof includes a notation suggesting the printed signature be moved to the left and that three words, "in Harper's Weekly," be inserted.



Whitman Archive Title: As one by one withdraw the lofty actors
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00007
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 1
Date: 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Printer's copy, annotated and lightly corrected, of the poem first published under the title "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors" in Harper's Weekly, 16 May 1885. The poem was reprinted as "Grant" in the Critic, 15 August 1885 and revised as "Death of General Grant" in the "Sands at Seventy" annex to Leaves of Grass (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00178
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors (1885). Printed Copy—Camden Post, May 15, 1885.
Date: May 15, 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 54.5 x 36 cm, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A page of The Post, Camden, N.J., 15 May 1885. Written in pencil in the margin at the top of front page are five words in Whitman's hand: "As one by one Withdraw." The Library of Congress's description of the item mentions that page three of the newspaper includes a reprint from Harper's Weekly of "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors"; however, only one page of the newspaper is currently in the folder. "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors" was later published as "Death of General Grant."



Whitman Archive Title: Death of Gen. Grant
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00089
Repository: Library of Congress: Walt Whitman Collection
Date: ca. 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of the poem "Death of General Grant." The poem was first published in Harper's Weekly Magazine on May 16, 1885 under the title "As One by One Withdraw the Lofty Actors." It was later reprinted as "Grant" in the Critic on August 15, 1885. It finally appeared, in an altered form and under the title "Death of General Grant," in "Sands at Seventy" (first a part of November Boughs [1888] and then as an annex to the 1889 reprinting of Leaves of Grass). Since this manuscript is titled "Death of Gen. Grant" and does not contain the poem's second verse (which Whitman cut from the "Sands at Seventy" version) it is likely that this copy was written in or around 1888, despite the note (in another hand) placing the date at 1885.


Death of Longfellow

Whitman Archive Title: Death of Longfellow
Whitman Archive ID: pml.00060
Repository: The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York
Repository Title: Death of Longfellow: Camden, N.J.: autograph manuscript
Repository ID: MA 1337
Date: 1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
Content: "Death of Longfellow" first appeared in the 8 April 1882 issue of The Critic, a literary magazine founded in 1881 by Jeanette L. Gilder and Joseph B. Gilder. This piece was reprinted in Essays from "The Critic" (1882), alongside pieces by figures such as John Burroughs and Edmund C. Stedman. Whitman included "Death of Longfellow" in Specimen Days (1882–1883) as well as Complete Prose Works (1892).


Death of Thomas Carlyle

Whitman Archive Title: The Dead Carlyle
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00151
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 25
Repository Title: The Dead Carlyle
Repository ID: #3829-i
Date: 1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: This manuscript is a draft of the essay "The Dead Carlyle" printed in the Literary World on February 12, 1881 and, with the slightly different title of "The Death of Carlyle" in the Critic, on February 12, 1881. Parts of the essay were used for "Death of Thomas Carlyle" published in Specimen Days in 1882 (later retained in the Complete Prose Works, published in 1892).



Whitman Archive Title: Death of Carlyle
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00210
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 3
Date: 1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 7 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15
Content: Incomplete printer's copy of "The Death of Carlyle," which was published in the February 12, 1881, issue of the Critic. It also appeared, under the title "The Dead Carlyle," in the Boston Literary World on the same date. It was later reprinted as "Death of Thomas Carlyle" in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83). The accompanying authentication certificate, signed by Critic editor Jeannette Gilder, mentions that the missing final page of the manuscript bore Whitman's signature.


Death of William Cullen Bryant

Whitman Archive Title: [New York visit]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00480
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 38
Repository ID: #3829-i
Date: 1878
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: This manuscript is a draft of "A Poet's Recreation" published in the New York Daily Tribune on July 4, 1878. The essay was reprinted with revisions as "Death of William Cullen Bryant" in Specimen Days in 1882. The manuscript is pasted down, making the verso inaccessible.


Death-Bouquet, A

Whitman Archive Title: A Death-Bouquet
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00187
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: A Death-Bouquet (1890). A.MS. draft.
Date: about 1890
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 25 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A five-line draft of a poem, entitled "A Death-Bouquet," which was never published and has an unknown relationship to Whitman's published work. A subtitle reads "Fresh pick'd noon time early January, 1890, By Walt Whitman." These lines bear some relation to Whitman's brief essay of the same name.


Death's Valley

Whitman Archive Title: Up, Lurid Stars!
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00321
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 30
Folder: Up, Lurid Stars! (1865). A.MS. draft.
Date: about 1865
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16 x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft of a poem entitled "Up, Lurid Stars!" which was never published in Whitman's lifetime. It is related to the poem "World Take Good Notice," which was first published in 1865.



Whitman Archive Title: [Aye, well I know 'tis ghastly to descend]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00107
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Death's Valley (1889). A.MS. drafts and printed copies.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Eight lines evidently written originally as part of "Death's Valley," which was published first in Harper's New Monthly Magazine in 1892. The stanza later was slightly revised and published as "On the Same Picture" (the title was probably supplied by Traubel) in 1897.



Whitman Archive Title: Death's Valley
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00189
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Death's Valley (1889). A.MS. drafts and printed copies.
Date: about 1889
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 4 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: A heavily marked-up draft of "Death's Valley," a poem requested by Harper's Magazine and submitted in 1889, but not published until 1892.


Debris (Cluster)

Whitman Archive Title: [Do I not prove myself]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00251
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 88
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 8 x 18.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On the verso appear two undeleted lines beginning "Whatever I say of myself, you shall apply to yourself..." that eventually formed part of section 20 of "Song of Myself." The deleted pencil lines beginning "I think there will never be any more heaven or hell / than there is now," were revised to form what would eventually become the second verse paragraph of section 3 of "Song of Myself." After heavy revision the lines appearing on the recto of the manuscript were used in what would be section 41 of "Song of Myself." These lines also bear relation to the untitled 14th poem of the "Debris" cluster (1860). The lines were not among the various passages of "Debris" that survived in the final poems of Leaves of Grass.


Democracy

Whitman Archive Title: [Let others say what they]
Whitman Archive ID: med.00783
Repository: Unlocated Manuscripts
Date: about 1855
Genre: prose
Physical Description: number of leaves unknown, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: This one-sentence manuscript, expressing the opinion that "all the military and naval personnel of the States must conform to the sternest principles of Dem[ocracy]," is known only from a transcription published by Richard Maurice Bucke in Notes and Fragments (privately printed, 1899), 55. The sentiment and phrasing of the manuscript are similar to statements Whitman made in "Democracy," an essay first published in the December 1867 issue of The Galaxy. When in 1871, Whitman combined this and two other essays to form the pamphlet-length essay Democratic Vistas, elaborated the point with a note declaring "the whole present system of officering [. . .] a monstrous exotic." It is also possible that the present manuscript represents a draft fragment that contributed the "Preface" to the first edition of Leaves of Grass (1855), which contains a passing reference to the belief that no "detail of the army or navy [. . .] can long elude the [. . .] instinct of American standards."



Whitman Archive Title: [answer the point]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.03681
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Date: about 1867
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This short note provides phrases that contributed to the essay "Democracy," which was published in the December 1867 issue of The Galaxy. When Whitman combined this and two other essays to form the pamphlet-length essay Democratic Vistas (1871), he ommitted the section containing the phrases in this manuscript.


Democratic Vistas

Whitman Archive Title: [Let others say what they]
Whitman Archive ID: med.00783
Repository: Unlocated Manuscripts
Date: about 1855
Genre: prose
Physical Description: number of leaves unknown, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: This one-sentence manuscript, expressing the opinion that "all the military and naval personnel of the States must conform to the sternest principles of Dem[ocracy]," is known only from a transcription published by Richard Maurice Bucke in Notes and Fragments (privately printed, 1899), 55. The sentiment and phrasing of the manuscript are similar to statements Whitman made in "Democracy," an essay first published in the December 1867 issue of The Galaxy. When in 1871, Whitman combined this and two other essays to form the pamphlet-length essay Democratic Vistas, elaborated the point with a note declaring "the whole present system of officering [. . .] a monstrous exotic." It is also possible that the present manuscript represents a draft fragment that contributed the "Preface" to the first edition of Leaves of Grass (1855), which contains a passing reference to the belief that no "detail of the army or navy [. . .] can long elude the [. . .] instinct of American standards."



Whitman Archive Title: [To What You Said]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00144
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 20
Folder: Democratic Vistas. Manuscript Draft. Original Draft.
Date: about 1860
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Cancelled draft written in pencil on the verso of page 30 (Whitman's numbering) of a sixty-five page rough draft of Democratic Vistas (see "[Rough MS of Democratic Vistas]"). "[To What You Said]" bears a strong relationship to the "Calamus" poems that were composed between 1857-1860.



Whitman Archive Title: [Dec 23, 1864 good—& must be used]
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00513
Repository: New York Public Library: The Oscar Lion Collection of Walt Whitman
Date: 1860–1864
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 8 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15
Content: One of a series of draft introductions Whitman prepared for Leaves of Grass, but which were never printed during Whitman's lifetime. Though this introduction was not printed as a complete and distinct piece until collected by Clifton Joseph Furness in Walt Whitman's Workshop (1928), portions of this draft were used in Democratic Vistas (1871).



Whitman Archive Title: [The best of the two Introductions]
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00514
Repository: New York Public Library: The Oscar Lion Collection of Walt Whitman
Date: 1860–1865
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 8 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15
Content: One of a series of draft introductions Whitman prepared for Leaves of Grass, but which were never printed during Whitman's lifetime. Though this introduction was not printed as a complete and distinct piece until collected by Clifton Joseph Furness in Walt Whitman's Workshop (1928), portions of this draft were used in Democratic Vistas (1871). An image of the verso of the final leaf is unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: Memoranda of a Year
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00346
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 3
Folder: 143
Date: 1863
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 9 leaves, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18
Content: Draft of letter, heavily revised, to publisher James Redpath. Included with the letter, which pitches Whitman's idea for a book about his firsthand experiences among Civil War soldiers, are a title page mock-up, a draft publisher's announcement, the label that Whitman created for these items, and a blank envelope. The letter is written on the reverse of proofs of a circular for the United States Christian Commission, and the label, which dates the letter to October 21, 1863, is written on the clipped front of a United States Christian Commission envelope. Whitman was unable to get such a book published for over a decade. Memoranda During the War (1875–76) includes the short essay "A New Army Organization Fit for America Needed," which echoes specifically the ideas and language about military reform from the draft letter. This essay was later shortened to a single paragraph and republished in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83), given the slightly altered title "A New Army Organization Fit for America." The same language from the letter draft might also have contributed to a note on the topic of military reform that Whitman added to Democratic Vistas (1871) when he created that book-length essay from several earlier pieces.



Whitman Archive Title: [Collected in]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.06101
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Notebooks
Date: 1863-1867
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12
Content: The seventh surface of this manuscript notebook contains a passage that will appear, with revisions, in the article "Democracy"published in the Galaxy (December 1867). The passage will also appear in Democratic Vistas (1871) and retained in Democratic Vistas and Other Papers (1888) and in Democratic Vistas published within Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: Memoranda of a Year
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00095
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 57
Date: between 1863 and 1875
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On one side of these leaves is a fragmentary set of notes concerning Whitman's belief that the system whereby U.S. military officers are chosen should be reformed to reflect the nation's democratic spirit. This is an idea that Whitman introduced, although briefly, as early as the 1855 preface to Leaves of Grass, though the present manuscript is most likely related to one or more of Whitman's later, more extended expressions on this topic. The most likely possibility is that these notes represent draft material for the 21 October 1863 letter that Whitman sent to James Redpath, pitching a book idea for his newly established publishing house. On the reverse of the second leaf is a title page mock-up for the proposed book, Memoranda of a Year (1863). Unable to get a publisher for his book at that time, Whitman waited for over a decade to publish Memoranda During the War (1875–76), in which appears a short essay on the topic of military reform, "A New Army Organization Fit for America Needed." Subsequently shortened to a single paragraph when republished in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83), it was given the slightly altered title "A New Army Organization Fit for America." The present manuscript may also represent draft material that eventuated in a note on the topic that Whitman added to Democratic Vistas (1871) when he created that book-length essay from several earlier pieces.



Whitman Archive Title: for Dem Vistas
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00126
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 12mo 58
Date: 1867-1870
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: Although this manuscript is titled as a potential introduction or preface to Democratic Vistas or Memoranda during the War it never appeared in that format in either work. However, the thoughts it contains were echoed in an article that appeared in the St. Louis Dispatch on October 17, 1879. The article contained an interview with Whitman, in which he voiced ideas similar to those in the manuscript. A portion of the Dispatch piece would later be reprinted as "An Interviewer's Item" in Specimen Days and Complete Prose Works.



Whitman Archive Title: pref to Dem Vistas
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00791
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 12mo 58
Date: 1867-1870
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A manuscript at the top of which Whitman has written "pref to Dem Vistas." However, the manuscript's connection to any published work is unknown.



Whitman Archive Title: [I do not feel to write]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00228
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 5
Repository Title: I do not feel to write…
Date: about 1867
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This prose fragment, heavily revised, is almost certainly part of the draft material that contributed to the essay eventually titled Democratic Vistas, published as a pamphlet in 1871. This long essay was originally organized as a series of three shorter pieces, The first two of which were published in The Galaxy, under the titles "Democracy" (December 1867) and "Personalism" (May 1868).



Whitman Archive Title: [Draw a picture of a model]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.02308
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 40
Folder: Literary, Undated, Model American
Date: about 1868
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The description of "a model American young man" inscribed on this manuscript likely contributes to Whitman's journalism of the late 1850s and represents an early stage of the "model or portrait of Personality, for general use, for the manliness of The States" that Whitman set forth in his essay "Personalism," which appeared in the May 1868 issue of The Galaxy. He later combined the material from this and other essays to form Democratic Vistas, published as a monograph in 1871 and reprinted in Two Rivulets (1876), Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883), Democratic Vistas, and Other Papers (1888), and Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: Though all the breeds
Whitman Archive ID: loc.06086
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Oversize
Box: OV 11
Folder: 1888, "Elias Hicks"
Date: about 1868
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The manuscript fragment on the recto of this leaf appears to have been drafted for the unpublished essay "Orbic Literature," which Whitman combined with two essays published in The Galaxy ("Democracy" [December 1867] and "Personalism [May 1868]") as Democratic Vistas in 1871. "Democratic Vistas" was reprinted in Two Rivulets (1876), Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883), Democratic Vistas, and Other Papers (1888), and Complete Prose Works (1892). The writing on the verso, concerning George Fox and Quakerism, is part of an apparently unrelated two-page manuscript.



Whitman Archive Title: [Is it enough to keep on importing]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00232
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 5
Repository Title: Is it enough to keep on importing the first class production…
Date: between 1868 and 1870
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Prose manuscript fragment, written on a small scrap of paper, apparently from the drafting sessions that produced Democratic Vistas, which was first published at the end of 1870 (though dated 1871). Because the scrap is pasted to a backing sheet, no image of the verso is available.



Whitman Archive Title: [for introductory to]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00251
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Date: probably between 1868 and 1876
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Fragmentary draft of an introductory essay that was apparently never published. The note at the top suggests that it was intended for some version of Democratic Vistas, which was first published in 1871, or of Memoranda during the War, which was first published in 1875–76. The idea expressed in this manuscript occurs frequently in Whitman's published writings, though never in these particular phrases.



Whitman Archive Title: [Rough MS of Democratic Vistas]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05655
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 20
Folder: Democratic Vistas (1871), Manuscript draft
Date: about 1871
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 65 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130
Content: A rough, and heavily revised draft of Democratic Vistas, first published in 1871 and included in Complete Prose Works (1892). On the verso of page 30 is loc.00144, "[To What You Said]," a poetry draft described separately in this finding aid.



Whitman Archive Title: [Among the many]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00004
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 1
Repository Title: Among the many aspects of thought…
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On one side of the leaves, Whitman explores the idea that life, with its petty concerns, is "an exercise, a training & development" for an afterlife. A note at the top possibly indicates that the poet considered developing this thought in conjunction with "From Noon to Starry Night," a cluster that first appeared in the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass. Edward F. Grier suggests, alternatively, that the writing is connected with Specimen Days (1882–83), "which is full of references to stars" (Walt Whitman, Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts, Edward F. Grier, ed. [New York: New York University Press, 1984], 6:2106). The writing on the reverse sides of the leaves explores the ideal roles of authors and the general public in shaping government and legislation. These notes are possibly related to Democratic Vistas, in which Whitman discusses the role of what he calls here the literary class in connection to democracy, as well as issues of voting and women's rights. The two leaves are housed and described separately at the repository.


Denver Impressions

Whitman Archive Title: Bullion—Hard Cash
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00084
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 52
Repository Title: Denver Impressions
Date: about 1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes on the gold and silver product, which contributed to "Denver Impressions," Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883). Whitman included "Denver Impressions" in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Difficult as it is

Whitman Archive Title: [Love is the cause of causes]
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00129
Repository: New York Public Library: The Oscar Lion Collection of Walt Whitman
Date: 1854
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 12 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24
Content: Two cancelled drafts of a poem that was unpublished during Whitman's lifetime. It was published posthumously as "[Love is the cause of causes]" in the "Uncollected Poems" section of Leaves of Grass: Comprehensive Reader's Edition, edited by Harold W. Blodgett and Sculley Bradley (1965). These manuscripts are part of a larger notebook, in which Whitman recorded a series of prose notes. The poetry drafts are surfaces 9 and 12. Edward Grier dates the notebook to 1854, citing the reference to the wreck of the San Francisco and the opening of "a marble church" in New York City (on the notebook's first page), which Emory Holloway identifies as the Marble Collegiate Church, both of which occurred in 1854 (see Grier, Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts [New York: New York University Press, 1984] 1:128).


Dismantled Ship, The

Whitman Archive Title: Occasional Pieces of Poetry
Whitman Archive ID: loc.03449
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Date: about 1887–1888
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: about 13, printed and handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14
Content: Whitman's copy of John G. C. Brainard's Occasional Pieces of Poetry (1825), many pages of which bear the poet's handwriting. Whitman appears to have used the volume as a notebook of sorts, for while some of the writing seems to be related to Brainard's text most of it does not. Among the handwritten notes are several sets of ideas for poems that were never published and phrases that also appear in Whitman's personal correspondence. Some of these are phrases that Whitman inscribed in the copy of Complete Poems & Prose (1888) that he gave to Horace Traubel. On other pages are words from his letter to Anne Gilchrist of November 11, 1871. These were perhaps copied into the Brainard volume as he worked to write a poem in Gilchrist's honor, though they did not make it into "Going Somewhere," the poetic tribute that Whitman published in the November 1887 issue of Lippincott's Magazine (without individual title, but in a group of four poems collectively labelled "November Boughs"). A draft of "Going Somewhere" appears elsewhere in this volume. Also present is a draft of "The Dismantled Ship," which was first published in the New York Herald on February 23, 1888. Both poems were later included in November Boughs (1888) and in subsequent printings of Leaves of Grass. Only those pages with Whitman's handwritten notes are linked from this record. For a more complete discussion of this item, see Nicole Gray, "Walt Whitman's Marginalia as Occasional Practice," The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 107 (December 2013), 467–494.



Whitman Archive Title: The Dismantled Ship
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00191
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Dismantled Ship (1888). A.MS. draft.
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of "The Dismantled Ship," first published in 1888, written on the inside of an opened envelope (postmark date unclear). At the bottom of the page in a note in Whitman's hand: "probably printed in Herald 19th Feb. '88."


Distant Sounds

Whitman Archive Title: The wild carrot
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00098
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 67
Repository Title: The Wild Carrot
Date: 1878–1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript consists of three smaller scraps of paper that have been pasted together to form a larger sheet. The first part of this manuscript was slightly revised and used nearly verbatim in "Mature Summer Days and Nights." The second and third scraps were revised and contributed to "Distant Sounds." Both of these prose pieces first appeared in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883), and were included in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: Distant Sounds
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00226
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 5
Repository Title: How I Get Around and Take Notes at Sixty
Date: about 1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: The fourth and fifth leaves of the printer's copy for "How I Get Around at 60, and Take Notes. (No. 2.)", which was published in the Critic on April 9, 1881. Though he did not include this essay as a whole in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83), Whitman reprinted parts of it under different titles. The first of the sections shown here appeared as "Distant Sounds."


Down at the Front

Whitman Archive Title: Walt Whitman. 1862.
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00026
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 8
Folder: [1862-1863]
Date: 1862-1863
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 102 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160 | 161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165 | 166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170 | 171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175 | 176 | 177 | 178 | 179 | 180 | 181 | 182 | 183 | 184 | 185 | 186 | 187 | 188 | 189 | 190 | 191 | 192 | 193 | 194 | 195 | 196 | 197 | 198 | 199 | 200 | 201 | 202 | 203 | 204
Content: A Civil-War-era notebook containing entries written in 1862 and 1863 in both New York and Washington, D.C. Many of the early leaves contain names, addresses, and descriptions of acquaintances in New York. Beginning roughly halfway through the notebook, the entries focus on Whitman's experiences in and around Washington, visiting hospital camps and battle-fields. Several of the entries contributed to published pieces of poetry or prose. Surface 40 mentions the "Apollo Summer Garden," which Whitman wrote about in a New York Leader column of 19 April 1862 entitled "City Photographs—No. V." Surfaces 48 and 83 mention "Lindenmuller's Halle" (spelling varies), a beer cellar in the Bowery that was mentioned in the seventh installment of the "City Photographs" column on 17 May 1862. Surfaces 66 and 68 are early drafts of "The City Dead-House," a poem that first appeared in the 1867 edition of Leaves of Grass. On surface 89 Whitman is drafting the title of "By the Bivouac's Fitful Flame," a poem which first appeared as part of Drum-Taps (1865). Surace 113 contains notes about a pile of amputated limbs that contributed to the section of Specimen Days (1882-83) titled "Down at the Front." This section had first appeared in the New York Times on 11 December 1864 in a piece entitled "Our Wounded and Sick Soldiers" and was later reprinted in the New York Weekly Graphic (14 February 1874) and Memoranda During the War (1875-76). Surface 138 contains a prose passage that contributed to the poem "A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Grey and Dim," first published in Drum-Taps (1865). Surface 143 contains a draft of "The Veteran's Vision," which also first appeared as part of Drum-Taps and was later re-titled "The Artilleryman's Vision." Surface 153 contains notes that likely contributed to the poem eventually titled "One's-Self I Sing" (first published, in a different form, as the "Inscription" to the 1867 edition of Leaves). The top half of surface 183 contains early draft lines of "A Noiseless, Patient Spider," which first appeared as a section of the poem "Whispers of Heavenly Death" in The Broadway, A London Magazine in October 1868 before being published as its own poem in Passage to India (1871). Surfaces 194 and 195 contain lines that contributed to the poem ultimately titled "Quicksand Years." The poem was first published as "Quicksand Years That Whirl Me I Know Not Whither" in Drum-Taps (1865).



Whitman Archive Title: Hospital book 12
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04695
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Diaries, Diary Notes, and Address Books
Box: 1
Folder: Diaries, 1863–1864, hospital notebooks, (2 vols.)
Date: 1864
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 40 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79
Content: A homemade notebook containing hospital and Civil War notes that Whitman recorded between February and May 1864. The entry which begins, "I find this in my notes" (see images 35, 36, and 38) was revised and used in "Some War Memoranda. Jotted Down at the Time," which appeared in North American Review (January 1887). This piece was reprinted in November Boughs (1888) before being collected in Complete Prose Works (1892). The entry which begins, "ah if it might prove" (see image 64) was used in Memoranda During the War (1875–1876), and later appeared as "Down at the Front" in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) before being collected in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Draft of Advertisement for Centennial Edition, 1876

Whitman Archive Title: [Centennial Ed'n]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00163
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 53
Repository Title: Leaves of Grass & Two Rivulets: Draft of Advertisement for Centennial Edition, 1876
Repository ID: #3829-a.
Date: 1870-1876
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript is a draft for the advertisement, with information about price, binding, and contents, for the "Centennial Edition" of Leaves of Grass, published in 1876 The manuscript is almost identical (with the exception of the expression "Italian card" instead of "Italian boards") to a manuscript preserved in Harned collection (see loc.05636).



Whitman Archive Title: [Centennial Ed'n]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05636
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Trail titles
Date: 1875-1876
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft advertisement, with information about price, binding and contents, for the Centennial Edition of Leaves of Grass, published in 1876. The manuscript is almost identical (with the exception of "Italian boards" instead of "Italian card") to a manuscript held at the University of Virginia (see uva.00163).


[draw a picture]

Whitman Archive Title: [Draw a picture of a model]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.02308
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 40
Folder: Literary, Undated, Model American
Date: about 1868
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The description of "a model American young man" inscribed on this manuscript likely contributes to Whitman's journalism of the late 1850s and represents an early stage of the "model or portrait of Personality, for general use, for the manliness of The States" that Whitman set forth in his essay "Personalism," which appeared in the May 1868 issue of The Galaxy. He later combined the material from this and other essays to form Democratic Vistas, published as a monograph in 1871 and reprinted in Two Rivulets (1876), Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883), Democratic Vistas, and Other Papers (1888), and Complete Prose Works (1892).


Drum-Taps

Whitman Archive Title: [Drum-Taps]
Whitman Archive ID: amh.00004
Repository: Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Date: between 1865-1892
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This note indicates the proper location for the Drum-Taps poems in the page sequence of what was apparently a manuscript or some other pre-publication form of Whitman's poems. Whitman first used the title Drum-Taps for a volume of poems published in 1865. The title was also applied to a cluster of poems within later editions of Leaves of Grass.


Dutch Traits of Walt Whitman

Whitman Archive Title: [Walt Whitman said lately to one of his interviewers]
Whitman Archive ID: hun.00036
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Date: 1886
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript written by Whitman and sent to William Sloane Kennedy, most likely in 1886. Kennedy would use the manuscript, along with several others, in an article entitled "Dutch Traits of Walt Whitman" which appeared under Kennedy's name in In Re Walt Whitman in 1893, a volume edited by Horace Traubel, Richard Maurice Bucke, and Thomas Harned, Whitman's literary executors. It is likely Kennedy's handwriting that appears in dark pencil on the verso.



Whitman Archive Title: [Going back far enough]
Whitman Archive ID: hun.00064
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Date: 1886
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript written by Whitman and sent to William Sloane Kennedy, most likely in 1886. Kennedy would use the manuscript, along with several others, in an article entitled "Dutch Traits of Walt Whitman" which appeared under Kennedy's name in In Re Walt Whitman in 1893, a volume edited by Horace Traubel, Richard Maurice Bucke, and Thomas Harned, Whitman's literary executors. On the verso is a portion of a letter to Whitman from W.E. Mitchell.


Dying Veteran, The

Whitman Archive Title: The Dying Veteran
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00193
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Dying Veteran (1887). A.MS. draft.
Date: June 23, 1887
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A dated, signed draft of "The Dying Veteran," first published in 1887. A note at end reads: "Given to Thomas Mosher by Horace Traubel, 1900." On verso of the page is a note by Whitman to "Mr. Curtz" (type setter) asking for a finished proof by the middle of the afternoon, Wednesday.


Early Summer Reveille, An

Whitman Archive Title: [A Bit of Preface]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00008
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 14
Repository Title: A Bit of a Preface
Date: 1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A prose note, headed "Preface—Paragraph" and dated "?Oct Sept '79," with "A Bit of Preface" scrawled in the upper-left-hand corner of the page. Though Whitman apparently intended these notes for a preface, portions of this manuscript were used in "An Early Summer Reveille," Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883).


Earth, My Likeness

Whitman Archive Title: [O Earth, my likeness]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00225
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: O Earth, My Likeness (1860). A.MS. draft.
Date: 1860
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 20.5 x 16 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of the poem first published as "Calamus, No. 36" in 1860 ("Earth, My Likeness" in the final version of Leaves of Grass). A number 8 and a roman number VI are at the top of the page. This manuscript has a vertical line drawn straight through the middle. On the verso is a page of prose in Whitman's hand with "Rel." at the top.



Whitman Archive Title: [Earth]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00312
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper (14.5 x 9.5 cm), in brown-black ink, with revisions in lighter ink (including the deletion, undone in 1860, of the phrase "My likeness!" after "Earth!"). Pinholes mostly at top and in center. Whitman penciled in the number 15 in the lower-left corner. Originally poem XI in the sequence "Live Oak, with Moss" (with the Roman numeral ornamentally drawn), this was revised to become section 36 of "Calamus" in 1860. In 1867 Whitman retitled the poem "Earth! My Likeness!"


Ebb and Flood Tides

Whitman Archive Title: Ebb and Flood Tides
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00195
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: Ebb and Flood Tides A.MS. draft.
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 24.25 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: An unpublished poem written in ink on a pale tan piece of paper, heavily corrected.


Edgar Poe's Significance

Whitman Archive Title: Edgar Poe's Significance
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00326
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 4
Repository Title: Edgar Poe's Significance
Date: 1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
Content: Printer's copy of an essay published in the June 3, 1882, issue of the Critic and later reprinted in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83) and in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Egotistical 'Find', An

Whitman Archive Title: I have found my authority here
Whitman Archive ID: nby.00004
Repository: Newberry Library
Repository Title: Notes and fragments: left by Walt Whitman and now edited by Dr. Richard Maurice Bucke, one of his literary executors
Repository ID: Case folio Y 245 .W5918
Date: about 1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: A short prose manuscript that appears to be related to portions of Specimen Days, specifically "An Egotistical Find." This piece was first published in Specimen Days & Collect (1882), and was included in Complete Prose. A note in another hand identifies this manuscript as part of "the Denver Diary of W. W." This manuscript is mounted in a copy of Notes and Fragments (1899), leaving the verso unavailable.



Whitman Archive Title: travelling the Rocky mountains
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00083
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 87
Repository Title: Travelling the Rocky Mountains
Date: about 1879
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Heavily revised prose notes detailing Whitman's trip over the Rocky Mountains in September 1879. Much of the material in this manuscript was revised and used in "An Egotistical Find," first published in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883); and included, without revisions, in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Eidólons

Whitman Archive Title: Eidólons
Whitman Archive ID: bpl.00007
Repository: Boston Public Library: The Walt Whitman Collection
Repository Title: Ten pieces of manuscript
Repository ID: Whitman Mss.1
Date: ca. 1876
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10
Content: These leaves are a draft of "Eidólons," first published in a prepublication review of Leaves of Grass and Two Rivulets. The poem, along with several others, appeared in the 19 February 1876 issue of the New York Daily Tribune under the head: "Walt Whitman's Poems." "Eidólons" was reprinted in the "Two Rivulets" section of Two Rivulets (1876) and in Leaves of Grass (1881–82 and 1891–92).



Whitman Archive Title: Leave-taking Words
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00078
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking
Date: 1870–1876
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23.5 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The page appears to be a draft of a title page for a manuscript titled "Leave-taking Words" or "Last Ripples (A Prelude to Passage to India)." At the bottom of the page are four lines from the end of "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking," first published as "A Child's Reminiscence" in 1859. The lines from the poem are cleanly written, suggesting that they were meant to serve as an epigraph for Whitman's manuscript. "Passage to India" was published first in 1871. On the verso is a draft of a stanza of "Eidólons," first published in 1876. The verso also contains prose comments on the war, of which the connection to Whitman's published works is unknown.



Whitman Archive Title: Song of the Redwood Tree
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00064
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 90
Repository ID: #3829
Date: about 1873
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 20 leaves, 11 x 12.5 cm to 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26
Content: This manuscript contains a rough draft of the poem "Song of the Redwood-Tree" written, according to a note intialed by Whitman, during October and November 1873 prior to its first publication in the February 1874 issue of Harper's Magazine. In 1876 the poem was published in the group "Centennial Songs" and annexed to Two Rivulets. The poem appears ungrouped again in Leaves of Grass (1881). Several leaves contain deleted and undeleted titles or variant verse references to other published poems: "Eidólons", "Waves in the Vessel's Wake", "(a sonnet)" written "for Century Verses," which appears from a Library of Congress manuscript to have been a working title of the group that became "Centennial Verses" and "A California song".


Eighteenth Presidency!, The

Whitman Archive Title: [The American people ever]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00035
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 13
Date: 1856
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A manuscript about the California Vigilance Committee of the early and mid-1850s, these scraps contain lanuage similar to that found in Whitman's complete but unpublished essay "The Eighteenth Presidency!" The manuscript alludes to two of the candidates in the 1856 U.S. Presidential election, James Buchanan and Millard Fillmore, who Whitman refers to as "two old traitors," echoing a description of them as "two galvanized old men" in "The Eighteenth Presidency!".



Whitman Archive Title: [recommendation to the young]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00794
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 12mo 15
Date: 1856
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A prose fragment dealing with political independence that contains phrases and ideas similar to those found in Whitman's complete but unpublished essay "The Eighteenth Presidency!" The essay was subtitled "Voice of Walt Whitman to each Young Man in the Naton, North, South, East, and West," a line which is echoed in this manuscript. The verso contains notes for poetry, including phrases which appear in section 6 of the final version of"Starting from Paumanok," first published as "Proto-Leaf" in the 1860–1861 Leaves of Grass, and in "Mediums," first published in the 1867 Leaves.


Election Day, November, 1884

Whitman Archive Title: If I should need to name, O Western World!
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00203
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: If I Should Need to Name, O Western World (1884). A.MS. draft and printer's instructions.
Date: October 1884
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: Draft, lightly corrected, of "If I Should Need to Name, O Western World!" with a brief note containing instructions to the printer. These were probably sent to the Philadelphia Press, where, on October 26, 1884, the poem was first published. Whitman later retitled it "Election Day, November, 1884."



Whitman Archive Title: If I Should Need To Name, O Western World
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04095
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: If I Should Need to Name, O Western World (1884). Printed Copy—Camden "Post," Oct. 28, 1884.
Date: October 28, 1884
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Clipped copy of "If I Should Need to Name, O Western World" from the Camden, New Jersey, Post, October 28, 1884, with a note in Whitman's hand. This poem was later published with the title "Election Day, November, 1884."


Emerson's Books, (the Shadows of Them)

Whitman Archive Title: Of Emerson's 1st vol
Whitman Archive ID: wwa.00008
Repository: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections
Date: 1860–1873
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript comprised of two separate sheets pasted together to make one leaf. Portions of this manuscript were used in "Emerson's Books, (The Shadows of them)," which first appeared in the 22 May 1880 issue of the Boston Literary World. Portions of the essay were reprinted in the New York Tribune on 15 May 1882 under the title, "A Democratic Criticism. By Walt Whitman." The essay finally appeared in Complete Prose (1892) as "Emerson's Books, (The Shadows of them)."



Whitman Archive Title: [Nevertheless it must]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00098
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 2
Folder: 3
Repository Title: Nevertheless it must be distinctly admitted…
Date: about 1880
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes about Emerson and democracy, probably toward what would become the 1880 essay "Emerson's Books, (The Shadows of Them.)," which appeared in the May 22, 1880, Boston Literary World. It was reprinted in part in the New York Tribune on May 15, 1882, as "A Democratic Criticism. By Walt Whitman." Finally, it appeared in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–83). The notes on the other side, tex.00462, probably contributed to the preface Whitman wrote for the 1876 issue of Leaves of Grass and Two Rivulets as a two-volume set.



Whitman Archive Title: Emerson uses the Deific
Whitman Archive ID: med.00791
Repository: Private Collection of Ed Folsom
Date: about 1872
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
Images: currently unavailable
Content: This manuscript contains notes that Ed Folsom suggests "seem to be early (1872) notes toward what would eventually become Whitman's 1880 essay" on Emerson. "Emerson's Books (The Shadows of Them.)" first appeared in the Boston Literary World on 22 May 1880. It was later reprinted as "A Democratic Criticism. By Walt Whitman" in the New York Tribune (15 May 1882). Finally, it appeared in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) and Complete Prose Works (1892) under the first title. For more on how this manuscript relates to "Emerson's Books," and to read a transcription, see Ed Folsom, "Whitman's Notes on Emerson: An Unpublished Manuscript," Walt Whitman Quarterly Review 18.1 (Summer 2000), 20-62.



Whitman Archive Title: Emerson's Books, (the shadows of them)
Whitman Archive ID: bow.00003
Repository: Bowdoin College Library: Abbott Memorial Collection
Repository Title: Whitman's "Emerson's Books, (Shadows of Them)," [n.d.], AMS, 6p.
Date: 1880
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 6 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: Manuscript prepared for the printer of an essay written for the Literary World (Boston) of May 22, 1880.



Whitman Archive Title: Emerson's Books, (the Shadows of Them.)
Whitman Archive ID: bow.00005
Repository: Bowdoin College Library: Abbott Memorial Collection
Repository Title: Whitman's "Emerson's Books, (Shadows of Them)," [n.d.], galley proof with holograph corrections, [1]p.
Date: 1880
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, printed, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Partial galley proof, with corrections and marginal note, of an essay first published in the May 22, 1880, issue of the Literary World (Boston). In 1882, a revised version was published under the same title in the "Notes Left Over" section of Specimen Days & Collect.


Ended Day, An

Whitman Archive Title: [He Went Out With the Tide]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01159
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: [1865 or before], war and hospital notes and memoranda
Date: 1885-1891
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a passage used in a note (entitled "Another Note") to the poem"An Ended Day" published in 1891 in Good-Bye My Fancy 2d Annex to Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [the intellectual and emotional]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.02813
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: War and hospital notes and memoranda
Date: about 1891
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft fragment of a note for the short poem "An Ended Day," which was first published in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891).


Entering a Long Farm-Lane

Whitman Archive Title: Entering a long farm-lane
Whitman Archive ID: loc.01030
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 36
Folder: Undated, "A Long Farm-Lane," draft
Date: about 1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A draft of "Entering a Long Farm-Lane," which first appeared in Specimen Days & Collect (1882) before being collected in Complete Prose Works (1892).


[Epos of a Life, The]

Whitman Archive Title: [The Epos of a Life]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00196
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 26
Folder: The Epos of a Life… A.MS. draft.
Date: undated
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 13.75 x 20.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: An unpublished poem written on a piece of lined stationery.


Epos of Democracy, The

Whitman Archive Title: [The Epos of Democracy]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00019
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 4
Repository Title: The epos of democracy…
Date: about 1865
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Heavily revised draft of approximately five lines. Connections between this manuscript and Whitman's published work are uncertain, but the lines bear some resemblance to the poem "Ashes of Soldiers," first published in Drum-Taps in 1865. This manuscript is pasted down and no verso image is available.


Ethiopia Saluting the Colors

Whitman Archive Title: Ethiopia saluting the colors
Whitman Archive ID: pml.00004
Repository: The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York
Repository ID: MA 518.1
Date: between 1867 and 1871
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: A two-page draft of "Ethiopia Saluting the Colors," which was first published in the 1871 edition of Leaves of Grass. Whitman had written the poem several years earlier and submitted it for publication in the Galaxy in 1867, under the title "Ethiopia Commenting." The poem was accepted by the Galaxy but never published. The poem was slightly revised after its 1871 printing before being included in the "Drum-Taps" cluster of the 1881 edition of Leaves. The placement of commas and dashes, as well as the inclusion of numbered sections, suggest that this particular draft was written sometime between 1867 and 1871 (the numbered sections were not included in the 1881 version). The second page of the draft shows two versions of stanza four, one written on the page and another on a separate slip of paper that Whitman pasted over the first as a revision.


Europe, The 72d and 73d Years of These States

Whitman Archive Title: Resurgemus
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00289
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 29
Folder: Resurgemus (1850). Clipping.
Date: about 1884
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 24.5 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: A clipping from the September, 1884 issue of the London magazine To-Day. Printed in the issue is Whitman's poem "Resurgemus," and in Whitman's hand are some corrections and a bibliographic notation. The publication history of this poem is unusual: it was published first as "Resurgemus" in 1850, then untitled in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, then as "Poem of The Dead Young Men of Europe, the 72nd and 73rd Years of These States" in the 1856 edition, and as "Europe, The 72nd and 73rd Years of These States" in the 1860 and subsequent editions. The appearance of the poem in an 1884 periodical under an old title is highly unusual.


Evening Lull, An

Whitman Archive Title: an evening lull
Whitman Archive ID: unc.00009
Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Walt Whitman Papers
Folder: 13
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This is a manuscript draft of the poem, "An Evening Lull," which was first published in November Boughs in 1888.



Whitman Archive Title: The two songs on this page are
Whitman Archive ID: unc.00014
Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Walt Whitman Papers
Folder: 14
Date: June 19, 1888
Genre: prose, poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains the footnote for poems "Now Precedent Songs, Farewell" and "An Evening Lull," first published in "Sands at Seventy," an annex of November Boughs in 1888. According to Horace Traubel, the footnote was written by Whitman on 19 June 1888 (With Walt Whitman in Camden [Boston: Small, Maynard, 1906] 1:353).


Exposition Building—New City Hall—River Trip

Whitman Archive Title: [visit to Exposition building &c &c]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00075
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 45
Repository Title: Exposition Building—New City Hall—River Trip
Date: 1879–1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 4 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
Content: A draft of "Exposition Building—New City Hall—River Trip," first published in Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) and collected in Complete Prose Works (1892).


Faces

Whitman Archive Title: [The Great Laws do not treasure chips]
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00264
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 9
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains lines which, after revision, appeared in the eleventh poem in the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, later titled "Who Learns My Lesson Complete?" On the verso are cancelled lines, beginning "hands are cut," which later appeared, in a revised form, in "Faces," which was originally published as the sixth untitled poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [Topple down upon him]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00258
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 88
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15.5 x 19 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This leaf, a reworking of the lines beginning "I am a Curse" in Library of Congress notebook #80, with verses added from the manuscript also in the University of Virgina collection that begins "I am a curse", appears to have come later in the revision process. The only line specifically linking the poem to the theme of slavery ("I look off the river with my bloodshot eyes, after / the steamboat that carries away my woman.—"), adapted from the "I am a curse" leaf, is deleted, and Whitman apparently rejected these lines and the "curse" theme in general as he moved toward the draft on the leaf in the Virgina collection that begins "I am a hell-name and a Curse...", which would eventuate in the 1855 published version. On the verso appear two sets of trial verses for what would eventually become the second verse paragraph of section 4 of the poem "Faces," which in 1855 was published as the sixth of twelve poems in the first edition of Leaves of Grass.



Whitman Archive Title: [Can ? make me so exuberant yet so faintish]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00273
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 88
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The recto verses bear some similarity to what would eventually form section 28 of "Song of Myself," while the deleted lines on the verso (beginning "This mouth is pulled by some sexton for his dismalest fee,") represent a fragment of draft lines eventually incorporated in the sixth poem of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, a poem permanently retitled "Faces" in the 1872 edition.


Facing West from California's Shores

Whitman Archive Title: [(illeg.) Dick Hunt]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00028
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 38
Folder: 1857 Trial Lines and Descriptions
Date: 1856-1857
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: about 90 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 | 152 | 153 | 154 | 155 | 156 | 157 | 158 | 159 | 160 | 161 | 162 | 163 | 164 | 165 | 166 | 167 | 168 | 169 | 170 | 171 | 172 | 173 | 174 | 175 | 176 | 177
Content: A notebook Whitman used for various purposes in the mid-1850s. Edward F. Grier, in his edition of Whitman's Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts, 6 vols. (New York: New York University Press, 1984), 1: 246–280, noted that the notebook contains lines and phrases that relate to several poems: "Song of the Broad-Axe," "To a Common Prostitute," "You Felons on Trial in Courts," "Starting from Paumanok," "Trickle Drops," "I Was Looking for a Long While," "Poem of Joys," "Facing West from California's Shores," "To the States," "A Song of the Rolling Earth," "On the Beach a Night Alone," "Full of Life Now," and "With Antecedents."



Whitman Archive Title: Hindustan
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00184
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The number 80 appears above the deleted 79 above the title, along with a pencil question mark in parentheses. This poem was revised to form main section 10 of "Enfans d'Adam" in 1860, and in 1867 was given two new opening lines and retitled "Facing West from California's Shores."


Fancies at Navesink

Whitman Archive Title: [Nor rivers' bays' and ocean]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04150
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885.



Whitman Archive Title: [With many a voice]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04155
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink, " first published in 1885.



Whitman Archive Title: [What burnt-out lives]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04157
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in THe Nineteenth Century (August 1885.



Whitman Archive Title: [What fiat sends ye out]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04153
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteent Century (August 1885).



Whitman Archive Title: [What unhelm'd ships and boats]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04166
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885).



Whitman Archive Title: [You whirling stream's wild currents]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04160
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885.



Whitman Archive Title: [Souls of the dying float out with you]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04164
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885. The verso of contains draft and trial lines for "Of That Blithe Throat of Thine," first published in Harper's Monthly Magazine (January 1885).



Whitman Archive Title: [O ebbing tide!]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04175
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885).



Whitman Archive Title: [Voices of Ebb Tide]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04169
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial title for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885).



Whitman Archive Title: [The human heart in its breast]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04171
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteent Century (August 1885).



Whitman Archive Title: [Echoes of Ebb Tide]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04172
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteenth Century (1885).



Whitman Archive Title: [Ebb Tide Ripples]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04173
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885).



Whitman Archive Title: [Ebb tide's and death's]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04178
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 cm x 15 cm to 25 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteenth Century August 1885.



Whitman Archive Title: Fancies at Navesink
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00039
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: box 3
Date: 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript appears to concern the possible arrangement of the eight-poem cycle "Fancies at Navesink," which was published in the August 1885 issue of Nineteenth Century. The titles of three poems not included in "Fancies at Navesink"—"After the Supper and Talk," "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," and "Ah, Not This Granite Dead and Cold"—are also mentioned. This manuscript is bound with others under the title "Fancies at Navesink."



Whitman Archive Title: Fancies at Navesink
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00072
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: box 3
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10
Content: These five leaves remain from what was originally a six-leaf manuscript (a note at the top of the first leaf reads, in Whitman's hand, "these six pages all one piece") of "Fancies at Navesink," an eight-poem cycle which was first published in the August 1885 issue of Nineteenth Century. The poems included are "The Pilot in the Mist," "Had I the Choice," "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," "Proudly the Flood Comes In," "By That Long Scan of Waves," and "Then Last of All." These leaves are bound with others under the title "Fancies at Navesink."



Whitman Archive Title: Fancies at Navesink
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00327
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: Fancies at Navesink (1885). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 48 x 15 cm, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: An oversized proof of "Fancies at Navesink," a group of poems first published in 1885. The poems in this cluster are: "The Pilot in the Mist," "Had I the Choice," "You Tides with Ceaseless Swell," "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," "Proudly the Flood Comes In," "By That Long Scan of Waves," and "Then Last of All." In this proof, the poems "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning" and "And Yet Not You Alone" are not separated, and "And Yet Not You Alone" appears as the final stanza of the first poem. This proof is grouped with two others at the Library of Congress. The proofs have no editorial corrections, but one (pictured here) is signed by Whitman and another contains a note in another hand reading, "from the papers of Walt Whitman given to Mosher by Traubel 1906."



Whitman Archive Title: Note Book Walt Whitman 1333
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05549
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 3
Folder: Camden notebook 1885?
Date: about 1885
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 24 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48
Content: A late notebook with notes for poem ideas, trial titles, addresses, quotations, and other material, some of which is not in Whitman's hand (see surfaces 13, 29, 36 and 38). A few of the entries contributed to published pieces of poetry. Surfaces 21 and 24 include trial titles for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in The Nineteenth Century (August 1885), and reprinted in the "Sands at Seventy" annex to Leaves of Grass (1888). Surface 32 includes a note to "write a poem . . . to be call'd Yonnondio." Whitman first published a poem under this title in the Critic (26 November 1887). The poem was reprinted in "Sands at Seventy," an annex to the 1888 edition of Leaves of Grass, and was retained in the 1892 edition. Surface 40 contains, among other notes, a cancelled line reading "yet my soul-dearest leaves—the hardest and the last," which appeared, nearly verbatim, as the closing line of "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me," first published along with three other poems in Lippincott's Magazine (November 1887) under the general title, "November Boughs." These four poems were reprinted in the "Sands at Seventy" annex to Leaves of Grass (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: Fancies at Navesink
Whitman Archive ID: hun.00014
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Repository Title: Fancies at Navesink, the Pilot in the mist
Repository ID: HM 1190
Date: about 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of "Pilot in the Mist," the first in the eight-poem sequence "Fancies at Navesink," first published in the August 1885 issue of Nineteenth Century. On the verso is a letter dated October 3, 1884 to Whitman from Richard Hines requesting information about Martin Farquhar Tupper.



Whitman Archive Title: Fancies at Navesink
Whitman Archive ID: amh.00003
Repository: Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Date: May 1885
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1
Content: This is a galley proof of four poems from "Fancies of Navesink," a group of eight poems first published in The Nineteenth Century in August 1885: ""The Pilot in the Mist,"" ""Had I the Choice,"" ""You Tides With Ceaseless Swell,"" and ""Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning."" Signed, dated, and heavily annotated by Whitman.



Whitman Archive Title: [or, Halcyon Days]
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00043
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: around 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft for a title page, beginning "or Halycon days," with a note at the head "for title page to supplement of L of G not Nov. Boughs." The verso appears to have been a previous title page draft for "Fancies at Navesink." "Halcyon Days" first appeared in the New York Herald on 29 January 1888, and was reprinted in the "Sands at Seventy Annex" to Leaves of Grass (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: Annex at 69
Whitman Archive ID: usc.00003
Repository: University of South Carolina: Joel Myerson Collection of Nineteenth-Century American Literature
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.2 x 21.3 cm, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: This manuscript contains titles for a contemplated cluster of poems, "Annex at 69" and "Fancies at Navesink & other pieces 1883 to 88." The poem sequence "Fancies at Navesink" first appeared in the August 1885 issue of Nineteenth Century. The eight poems from this sequence were then reprinted in a section of November Boughs entitled "Sands at Seventy" in 1888, which then became an annex to Leaves of Grass that same year. The poems reappeared under the heading "Fancies at Navesink," although still part of "Sands at Seventy," in 1891. The manuscript was matted, along with a Frederick Gutekunst photograph of Whitman. Because of the matting, the verso of the manuscript is not accessible.


Fast Anchor'd Eternal O Love!

Whitman Archive Title: [Here the frailest leaves of me]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00313
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 15 x 9.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: On one leaf of white wove paper (15 x 9.5 cm), in medium-brown ink, with one revision in the same ink. Pinholes mostly at top and in center. The two sets of verses are divided by a short horizontal line. In 1860 the first set, with the addition of a new first line ("Here my last words, and the most baffling,") became section 44 of "Calamus"; the poem was permanently retitled "Here the Frailest Leaves of Me", and the new first line dropped, in 1867. The second set was revised to form section 38 of "Calamus" in 1860; in 1867 it was further revised and retitled "Fast Anchor'd, Eternal, O Love."


Father Taylor (and Oratory)

Whitman Archive Title: Father Taylor (and Oratory)
Whitman Archive ID: hun.00044
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Repository Title: Father Taylor (and Oratory)
Repository ID: HM 6711
Date: 1886-1887
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 11 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22
Content: Late-stage draft (with printer's instructions) of the essay "Father Taylor (and Oratory)," which first appeared in Century Magazine in February 1887. The piece would later be reprinted in November Boughs. Edward Thompson Taylor was a Boston Methodist minister known for his powerful sermons, serving as the inspiration for Melville's "Father Mapple" in Moby Dick. Whitman went to hear Taylor speak on several occassions during his stay in Boston in 1860.


Fifty-first New-York City Veterans

Whitman Archive Title: New York Times
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00929
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 32
Folder: 1864, Oct. 29, "Fifty-First New York Veterans," New York Times, Manuscript draft
Date: 1864
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A partial draft of "Fifty-first New-York City Veterans," which appeared in the 29 October 1864 issue of the New-York Times. The verso of this draft includes snippets of prose, some of which Whitman included in various Civil War writings. The "Case of Catholic priest & altar &c at side of dying Irish boy" was included in Memoranda During the War (1876). The notes on female nurses during the war were used in "Female Nurses for Soldiers," first published under the heading, "A Few Words about Female Nurses for Soldiers," in "The Soldiers," New-York Times (6 March 1865). This prose piece was reprinted in both Memoranda During the War (1876) and Specimen Days & Collect (1882).



Whitman Archive Title: [some interesting items of 51st]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00185
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 57
Date: 1864
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 16 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32
Content: A notebook on the 51st New York Veterans in which Whitman recorded notes on George W. Whitman and other soldiers in that regiment, including their involvement in the war and snippets of biographical information. While significant passages from this notebook cannot be found verbatim in Whitman's published work, it is clear that these notes contributed to Whitman's Civil War writings, including "Fifty-first New-York City Veterans," New-York Times, 29 October 1864; "Fifty-first New-York Volunteers," New-York Times, 24 January 1865; and "Return of a Brooklyn Veteran," Brooklyn Daily Union, 16 March 1865.



Whitman Archive Title: [In acc't of 51st]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00211
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 58
Date: 1864
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A small scrap of paper with Whitman's notes on the 51st New-York Veterans, his account of which was published in the 29 October 1864 issue of the New-York Times as "Fifty-first New-York City Veterans."



Whitman Archive Title: [deserter arrested election day]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00172
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 57
Date: 1864–1865
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes and memoranda of the Civil War, some of which contributed to "Fifty-first New-York City Veterans," published in the 29 October 1864 issue of the New-York Times.


Fifty-first New-York Volunteers, The

Whitman Archive Title: [some interesting items of 51st]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00185
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 57
Date: 1864
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 16 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32
Content: A notebook on the 51st New York Veterans in which Whitman recorded notes on George W. Whitman and other soldiers in that regiment, including their involvement in the war and snippets of biographical information. While significant passages from this notebook cannot be found verbatim in Whitman's published work, it is clear that these notes contributed to Whitman's Civil War writings, including "Fifty-first New-York City Veterans," New-York Times, 29 October 1864; "Fifty-first New-York Volunteers," New-York Times, 24 January 1865; and "Return of a Brooklyn Veteran," Brooklyn Daily Union, 16 March 1865.



Whitman Archive Title: [mention with honor Capt Daniel E Jenkins]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00169
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 57
Date: 1864–1865
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A short piece of Civil War memoranda that contributed to a portion of "The Fifty-first New-York Volunteers," published in the 24 January 1865 issue of the New-York Times.



Whitman Archive Title: [Martin Weaver]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00171
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 57
Date: 1864–1865
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A scrap of Whitman's Civil War memoranda. His notes on Robert B. Potter and Edward Ferrero were used in "The Fifty-first New-York Volunteers," which appeared in the 24 January 1865 issue of the New-York Times.



Whitman Archive Title: [51st N Y V]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00173
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 57
Date: 1864–1865
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A scrap of Civil War memoranda headed "51st N Y V" in which Whitman mentions the death of Captain Daniel E. Jenkins. Whitman wrote about Jenkins in "The Fifty-first New-York Volunteers," which appeared in the 24 January 1864 issue of the New-York Times.



Whitman Archive Title: Brooklyn, Jan 19 & 20, 1865
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00152
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 56
Date: 1865
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Whitman's response to learning of George Whitman's imprisonment at Danville during the Civil War. This manuscript contains much of the same information about George and his status as a prisoner of war that Whitman published in "A Brooklyn Soldier, and A Noble One," which appeared in the 19 January 1865 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Material in this manuscript also contributed to "The Fifty-first New-York Volunteers," published in the New-York Times, 24 January 1865 as well as portions of Memoranda During the War (1875–76).



Whitman Archive Title: [Jan 21, 1865, New York]
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00186
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: 1
Folder: 57
Date: 1865
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes from Whitman's interview with E. F. Shephard regarding officers of the 51st New-York Volunteers. Portions of this manuscript were used in "The Fifty-first New-York Volunteers," New-York Times, 24 January 1865.


Final Confessions—Literary Tests

Whitman Archive Title: [? to conclude 'Footsteps']
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00007
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 12
Repository Title: As I loiter amid a scene
Date: 1876–1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A heavily revised prose fragment which features the heading, "? to conclude 'Footsteps.'" "Footsteps" was possibly a working title for Specimen Days & Collect. The final line of the prose fragment—"In serene hours, to the Soul, of a fine day or night, Nature seems to look even on the best Poetry and Art as something foreign, something almost impertinent"—appeared with some revisions in "Final Confessions—Literary Tests," Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883). On the verso of this manuscript is a portion of a letter from J. S. Smith to Whitman, requesting the poet's autograph.



Whitman Archive Title: [I just spin out my notes]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00014
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 22
Repository Title: I just spin out my notes
Date: 1876–1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Three scraps of paper, pasted together to make one leaf. Whitman used lines from this manuscript in separate sections of Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883). A large portion of this manuscript was revised and appeared under the heading, "Final Confessions—Literary Tests." The line which reads, "I must take notes (The ruling passion strong in sickness and—But I must not say it yet)," appeared slightly revised in the 29 January 1881 issue of The Critic, under the title "How I Get Around at 60, and Take Notes. (No. 1.)" before appearing in Specimen Days, as part of the section titled "New Themes Entered Upon."



Whitman Archive Title: [Footsteps]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00009
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 16
Repository Title: Footsteps
Date: 1876–1882
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Draft lines and trial titles headed "Footsteps," apparently intended for a preface of some sort. "Footsteps" was possibly a working title for Specimen Days. A single line from this manuscript, "Only the undulations of my Thought beneath under the Night and Stars—or at midday looking out upon the Sea," appeared slightly revised in "Final Confessions—Literary Tests," Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883). Whitman included Final Confessions—Literary Tests in Complete Prose Works (1892).



Whitman Archive Title: [These notes are all diverted from]
Whitman Archive ID: ucb.00023
Repository: University of California, Berkeley: The Livezey-Walt Whitman Collection, Rare Books and Special Collections, The Bancroft Library
Box: 1
Folder: 40
Repository Title: These notes are all diverted
Date: 1879–1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A heavily revised draft fragment of "Final Confessions—Literary Tests," which first appeared in Specimen Days (1882–1883), and was later collected in Complete Prose Works (1892). On the verso of this manuscript is a letter to Whitman from James M. Scovel, dated 7 February 1879.


First Annex: Sands at Seventy

Whitman Archive Title: [Sands Drifted]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04180
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands Drifted" and "Sands Drifted on the Shores of Sixty Years."



Whitman Archive Title: [Resumés]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04181
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands & Drift at Sixty-Three."



Whitman Archive Title: [? Songs]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04182
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands at Sixty-Three" and "Sands & Spray at 61."



Whitman Archive Title: [Names]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04184
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Noon & Sundown Songs" and "Sands on the Shores of 60 & after."



Whitman Archive Title: [Sands on the Shores of my 64th year]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04185
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1883
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands on the Shores of my 64th year."



Whitman Archive Title: [Sands & Drift]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04224
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1883
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Shore Drift Sands at Sixty-One" and "Sands at 64."



Whitman Archive Title: [Shore Drift Sands at Sixty-One]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04225
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1880
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Shore Drift Sands at Sixty-One" and "Drifted Sands at Sixty-One."



Whitman Archive Title: [Sands & Drift]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04227
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands & Drift from a life's melange."



Whitman Archive Title: [Wing-and-Wing]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04228
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1881-1883
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands at 64."



Whitman Archive Title: [Sands on the Shores of my 60th year]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04229
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands on the Shores of my 60th year."



Whitman Archive Title: [Sands at 61]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04230
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands at 61" and "Sands Drifted on the Shores of Sixty Years."



Whitman Archive Title: [Drift Sands]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04231
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Drift Sands on the Shores of Sixty Years."



Whitman Archive Title: [Sands Drifted on the Shores]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04232
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands Drifted on the Shores of a Life in the 19th Century in the New World."



Whitman Archive Title: [Sands]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04237
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles and notes, including "Sands on the Shores of 64 & '5."



Whitman Archive Title: [As half caught echoes]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04238
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: 1884
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial lines and notes for an unpublished poem. The first line begins, "As half caught echoes." The relationship of this manuscript to Whitman's published work is unknown.



Whitman Archive Title: [Drift Sands]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04239
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Drift Sands
Date: about 1879-1882
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial lines and notes for an unpublished poem entitled "Drift Sands." The first line begins, "As we float idly."



Whitman Archive Title: Sands at Seventy
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00020
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: box 3
Date: about 1884
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This is a note, written on the verso of a postmarked envelope, that offers the title "Sands on the Shores of Seventy &c &c for Annex to the preceding," as an alternative to the title "Sands at Seventy," which was first used for a cluster of poems in November Boughs (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: [With every heaving wave]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00168
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 2
Folder: 25
Date: 1880s
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 24 cm x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a draft version of the poem "By That Long Scan of Waves" included in the group of poems "Fancies at Navesink". The group was first published in Nineteenth Century, August, 1885.



Whitman Archive Title: Carols Closing Sixty-Nine
Whitman Archive ID: duk.00056
Repository: Duke University: The Trent Collection of Whitmaniana
Repository ID: MS 4to 20
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A manuscript of suggestions for the title of a collection of poetry which eventually appeared under the heading "Sands at Seventy" in the 1888 volume of poetry and prose entitled November Boughs. The title "Carols Closing Sixty-Nine" appears here as one of the possible names for this collection. The verso of this document contains the underlined words "Sands at Seventy" and a cancelled note reading "for annex to the preced," which corresponds to ideas expressed on the recto.



Whitman Archive Title: Annex at 69
Whitman Archive ID: usc.00003
Repository: University of South Carolina: Joel Myerson Collection of Nineteenth-Century American Literature
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 9.2 x 21.3 cm, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: This manuscript contains titles for a contemplated cluster of poems, "Annex at 69" and "Fancies at Navesink & other pieces 1883 to 88." The poem sequence "Fancies at Navesink" first appeared in the August 1885 issue of Nineteenth Century. The eight poems from this sequence were then reprinted in a section of November Boughs entitled "Sands at Seventy" in 1888, which then became an annex to Leaves of Grass that same year. The poems reappeared under the heading "Fancies at Navesink," although still part of "Sands at Seventy," in 1891. The manuscript was matted, along with a Frederick Gutekunst photograph of Whitman. Because of the matting, the verso of the manuscript is not accessible.


First Dandelion, The

Whitman Archive Title: [Simple and Fresh]
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00162
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Box: 1
Folder: 35
Date: around 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 26 cm x 20 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contains a draft of a poem first published in the New York Herald, March 12, 1888 entitled "The First Dandelion". A note on the bottom of the page states "sent to Herald March 11" indicating the draft was likely composed around the time of publication. On the verso appears a letter to Whitman from Witcraft dated 3/8/88.


Five Thousand Poems

Whitman Archive Title: That there should be
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05650
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: [Before 1890?], on the nature of poetry
Date: 1875-1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This manuscript contributed to the last part of the section "Five Thousand Poems" in November Boughs published in 1888 (retained within November Boughs in Complete Prose Works [1892]).



Whitman Archive Title: Roundly considered
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05621
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Untitled and Unidentified
Date: 1880-1881
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Much of the language of this note is reproduced in the essay "Five Thousand Poems," first published in The Critic, April 16, 1887, on page 187, and again in November Boughs (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: Note A * While
Whitman Archive ID: loc.07036
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Untitled and unidentified
Date: 1880-1888
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: The passage in this manuscript appears in the section "Five Thousand Poems" of November Boughs, published in 1888 (retained within November Boughs in Complete Prose Works [1892]).



Whitman Archive Title: In view of that progress
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05321
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: on religion
Date: 1884-1887
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This scrap is a draft of Whitman's essay "Five Thousand Poems," first published in The Critic, number 172, April 16, 1887. It was later reprinted in Democratic Vistas and Other Papers (London, 1888), and November Boughs (1888). The language on this leaf appears nearly verbatim in "Five Thousand Poems." On the verso is a partial letter to Whitman from the office of The Critic.



Whitman Archive Title: Five thousand Poems
Whitman Archive ID: brn.00005
Repository: Brown University: Harris Collection of American Poetry and Plays
Repository Title: Five thousand poems: essay, 1887, New York
Repository ID: Ms.30.93
Date: 1887
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
Content: This manuscript is a late draft, lightly corrected, of "Five Thousand Poems," an essay first published in The Critic April 16, 1887 and collected in Democratic Vistas and Other Papers (1888) and in November Boughs (1888).



Whitman Archive Title: Distinctive and without relation
Whitman Archive ID: loc.05623
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: Untitled and Unidentified
Date: 1887
Genre: prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Much of the language of this note is reproduced in the essay "Five Thousand Poems," first published in The Critic, April 16, 1887, on page 187, and again in November Boughs (1888).


Font of Type, A

Whitman Archive Title: A font of type
Whitman Archive ID: unc.00003
Repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Walt Whitman Papers
Folder: 5
Date: about 1888
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This is a manuscript draft of the poem, "A Font of Type," which was first published in November Boughs in 1888.


For an idea

Whitman Archive Title: For an idea
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00070
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Date: about 1868-1870
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: One of several manuscripts in which Whitman records and develops ideas for a poem that never emerged about the crusades. In this manuscript, Whitman relates "the Crusades" and "our own great war" through the observation that great revolutions have "been mainly for an idea." Whitman mentions the crusades specifically in both his prose works Specimen Days & Collect (1882–1883) and Democratic Vistas (1871), though a direct link between these manuscript notes and any of his published works is unclear. The verso contains part of a cancelled letter about the steamer Georgia between Charles Francis Adams, Minister to England during the Civil War, and Earl Russell, British Foreign Minister. Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.


For Queen Victoria's Birthday

Whitman Archive Title: For Queen Victoria's Birthday
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00198
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: For Queen Victoria's Birthday (1890). Proof Sheets
Date: about 1890
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 24 x 15 cm, printed, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Proof of "For Queen Victoria's Birthday," with correction and note in Whitman's hand. This item is grouped with another proof at the Library of Congress, which includes no annotations in Whitman's hand but features a notation by Horace Traubel at the bottom.



Whitman Archive Title: For Queen Victoria's Birthday
Whitman Archive ID: yal.00032
Repository: Yale University: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Box: box 3
Date: about 1890
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten, printed
View images: 1 | 2
Content: This is a typed and corrected proof of "For Queen Victoria's Birthday," first published in the Philadelphia Public Ledger on May 24, 1890. Whitman later included this poem in Good-Bye My Fancy (1891).



Whitman Archive Title: For Queen Victoria's Birth-Day
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00020
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 5
Repository Title: For Queen Victoria's Birth-Day
Date: about 1891
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 3 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Lightly revised printer's copy of "For Queen Victoria's Birthday," which was published in Good-Bye My Fancy in 1891. In the same folder are an uncorrected proof sheet and an envelope, which is inscribed with a note in Whitman's hand, indicating that he presented them together as a gift to an unknown recipient. No images of the proof sheet are available.


For Us Two, Reader Dear

Whitman Archive Title: An Old Man's Recitatives
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00230
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 28
Folder: Old Age Recitatives (1891). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1890
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 36.5 x 19.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Proofs of four poems pasted together and collected under the main handwritten title "An Old Man's Recitatives." The poems included are: "Ancient songs reciting" (published as "Old Chants" in 1891), "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear," first published in 1891. A note in Whitman's hand in the right margin details failed attempts to publish this grouping in Scribner's.



Whitman Archive Title: My Task
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00219
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: My Task (1891). A.MS. draft.
Date: about 1891
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 22 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Manuscripts of the following four poems, written neatly with slight corrections: "My task," "L of G's Purport," "Death dogs my steps," and "For us two, reader dear." All of the verses except "For us two, reader dear" were fused together and published as one poem entitled "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891.



Whitman Archive Title: Old-Age Recitatives
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00232
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 28
Folder: Old Age Recitatives (1891). Proof Sheets.
Date: about 1891
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 28 x 21 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: Proof pages of six poems collected under the general title "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Old Chants" (1891), "On, On the Same,Ye Jocund Twain!" (1891), "Sail Out for Good, Eidólon Yacht!" (1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only two lines of the twelve-line poem of the same title first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), and "For us two, reader dear" (1891). At the top of the first page is a note to the printer in Whitman's hand.



Whitman Archive Title: Old-Age Recitatives
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00231
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 28
Folder: Old Age Recitatives (1891). Proof Sheets.
Date: between 1890-1891
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 30.5 x 16 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A galley proof of a group of six poems titled "Old-Age Recitatives." The poems included are: "Sail out for good, Eidolon yacht!" (first published in 1891), "My task" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "L. of G.'s Purport" (only the first two lines of the poem of the same title published in 1891), "Death dogs my steps" (published as part of "L. of G.'s Purport" in 1891), "For us two, reader dear" (first published in 1891), and "Grand is the seen" (first published in 1891). On the verso is a note to the printer.



Whitman Archive Title: For us two, reader dear
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00362
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 1
Folder: For us Two, Reader Dear
Date: about 1890
Genre: poetry, correspondence
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 22.5 cm x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of the poem "For Us Two, Reader Dear," first published in 1891. Also on the leaf is a letter to Whitman dated June 4, 1890 from Mrs. Noble T. Biddle.


France, the 18th Year of These States

Whitman Archive Title: France, the 18th Year of These States
Whitman Archive ID: uva.00221
Repository: University of Virginia: Papers of Walt Whitman, Clifton Waller Barrett Library of American Literature, Albert H. Small Special Collections Library
Folder: 50-51
Date: 1857-1859
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 5 leaves, 21 x 13 cm to 22.5 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10
Content: Originally numbered 86 and revised by overwriting to 87; Whitman also numbered the leaves 1-5 (in pencil, lower left corner), with the 1 replacing a 6 and the 2 written over what looks like a 7. The leaves correspond to various verses in the 1860 published version "France, The 18th Year of These States". Although Whitman never changed the title, and did not revise the poem much, he did transfer it twice, grouping it in the cluster "Songs of Insurrection" within the main body of Leaves of Grass in 1871 and 1876, and in 1881 finally transferring it to the new cluster "Birds of Passage" within Leaves of Grass.


[Free cider]

Whitman Archive Title: [Free cider]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00156
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Notes and Notebooks
Box: 38
Folder: Brooklyniana, Undated, Free cider and Long Island character.
Date: between 1850-1860
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Notes which include the first two lines of a draft of a poem beginning "You fired the shot." It is written in pencil on both sides of a narrow strip of lined paper, cut from a larger sheet.


From Far Dakota's Cañons

Whitman Archive Title: [There in the far northwest]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00121
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: From Far Dakota's Canons (1876). A.MS.S. drafts.
Date: 1876
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 10 leaves, 20 x 12 cm, 11.5 x 18.5 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20
Content: Apparently, two versions of a poem about the death of Custer. On the verso of the second page is "A Death Sonnet" (see image 14) and on another is "A Death Sonnet for Custer" (see image 4). The poem was published on June 10, 1876 as "A Death Sonnet for Custer."



Whitman Archive Title: A Death-Sonnet for Custer
Whitman Archive ID: nyp.00007
Repository: New York Public Library: The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature
Date: about 1876
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Printer's copy of the poem "A Death-Sonnet for Custer" with instructions to preserve the manuscript in its current form for Bayard Taylor. "A Death-Sonnet for Custer" first appeared in the New York Daily Tribune on 10 July 1876. It was then reprinted as "From Far Dakotas Cañons" in Leaves of Grass (1881–82).


From My Last Years

Whitman Archive Title: From My Last Years
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00199
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: From My Last Years (1876). A.MS. draft.
Date: about 1876
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23.75 x 13.75 cm, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A draft of "From My Last Years" written in ink on a sheet of stationery, with three lines crossed out with a blue pencil and one of the corrections in blue pencil. "From My Last Years" was published only once, in Two Rivulets, 1876.



Whitman Archive Title: From My Last Years
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04092
Repository: Library of Congress: The Charles E. Feinberg Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Series: Literary File
Box: 27
Folder: From My Last Years (1876). Printed Copies
Date: about 1876
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 5 x 13.25 cm, handwritten
View images: 1
Content: Written in pencil on a scrap of paper cut from the bottom of a larger sheet to which has been attached a clipping of the poem, "From My Last Years," with corrections in the margin. The poem was published only in Two Rivulets, 1876, without these corrections.


From Noon to Starry Night

Whitman Archive Title: [waited their due time to clean the rubbish]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00079
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 2
Folder: 6
Date: about 1855
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: A small scrap with three partial lines of poetry, cancelled by a vertical strike, from a draft of the poem ultimately titled "Faces." This was the sixth poem of the first edition of Leaves of Grass in 1855, where it appeared under the title "Leaves of Grass." On the reverse is tex.00321, a fragment with no known relation to Whitman's published work.



Whitman Archive Title: [Among the many]
Whitman Archive ID: tex.00004
Repository: The University of Texas at Austin: The Walt Whitman Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Box: 1
Folder: 1
Repository Title: Among the many aspects of thought…
Date: about 1881
Genre: poetry, prose
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
Content: On one side of the leaves, Whitman explores the idea that life, with its petty concerns, is "an exercise, a training & development" for an afterlife. A note at the top possibly indicates that the poet considered developing this thought in conjunction with "From Noon to Starry Night," a cluster that first appeared in the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass. Edward F. Grier suggests, alternatively, that the writing is connected with Specimen Days (1882–83), "which is full of references to stars" (Walt Whitman, Notebooks and Unpublished Prose Manuscripts, Edward F. Grier, ed. [New York: New York University Press, 1984], 6:2106). The writing on the reverse sides of the leaves explores the ideal roles of authors and the general public in shaping government and legislation. These notes are possibly related to Democratic Vistas, in which Whitman discusses the role of what he calls here the literary class in connection to democracy, as well as issues of voting and women's rights. The two leaves are housed and described separately at the repository.



Whitman Archive Title: [Ever the Dawn!]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04282
Repository: Library of Congress: The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman
Box: 2
Folder: Trial titles
Date: 1879
Genre: poetry
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View images: 1 | 2
Content: Trial titles, written in blue crayon and pencil. Whitman used a version of the phrases here for the cluster title "From Noon to Starry Night," which first appeared in the 1881–82 edition of Leaves of Grass. The titles are written on the reverse side of a message form from the Camden post office dated August 13, 1879.


<