At the beginning of 1873, Whitman suffered a debilitating stroke and just as he was beginning to recover, his mother, Louisa Whitman, died. In many ways, 1873 was the most difficult year of Whitman's life, as he struggled with his health and grief and also with his persistent feeling that he was failing to become a major American poet. But Whitman rallied and continued writing, publishing his poems and prose articles in periodicals, and trying new venues such as the New York Daily Graphic, which was among the first tabloid-format newspapers. The Daily Graphic began publication on March 4, 1873 and ended in 1889 and, from the beginning, was designed for visual appeal to readers. Within the eight pages of the paper were dozens of line drawings (some of them full page illustrations) and political cartoons designed to accompany news articles often printed as a part of regular columns, "Topics of the Day" and "Voices of the Day," which provided news of local crime activity, government corruption, and international events. The paper also published book reviews and notices in a regular column, "Books of the Day," as well as poems and stories. The editor of the New York Daily Graphic, David Goodman Croly, who had served as the city editor of the New York World, was known as a reformer and admired Whitman's work. Whitman published a variety of works in the Daily Graphic, including eight new poems, poems reprinted from earlier publications, "A Christmas Garland of Prose and Verse," and several articles on the Civil War that were eventually a part of Memoranda During the War (1876) and Specimen Days (1882).
"Nay, Tell Me Not To-day the Publish'd Shame." New York Daily Graphic 5 March 1873: 2. Reprinted in Conservator 7 (October 1896): 121-122; Leaves of Grass (1897).
"With All the Gifts, America." New York Daily Graphic 6 March 1873: 2. Reprinted in Two Rivulets (1876).
"The Singing Thrush." New York Daily Graphic 15 March 1873: 2. Reprinted as "Wandering at Morn" in Two Rivulets (1876).
"Spain." New York Daily Graphic 24 March 1873: 2. Reprinted as "Spain, 1873-74" in Two Rivulets (1876).
"Sea Captains, Young or Old." New York Daily Graphic 4 April 1873: 2. Reprinted as "Song for All Seas, All Ships" in Two Rivulets (1876).
"A Kiss to the Bride." New York Daily Graphic 21 May 1874: 608. Reprinted in Leaves of Grass (1897).
"Song of the Universal." New York Daily Graphic 17 June 1874: 818. This poem was printed on the same day in New York Evening Post, 17 June 1874; reprinted in New York World, 19 June 1874; Camden New Republic, 20 June 1874; and in Two Rivulets (1876).
"An Old Man's Thought of School." New York Daily Graphic 3 November 1874: 11. Reprinted in Two Rivulets (1876).
"A Christmas Garland in Prose and Verse." New York Daily Graphic 25 December 1874. Transcription and page image not currently available. Poems in this work are reprinted as "The Ox-Tamer" and "In the Wake Following," retitled "After the Sea-Ship," in Two Rivulets (1876). "Come, Said My Soul" was reprinted in the New York Daily Tribune, 19 February 1876, and on the title page of Leaves of Grass (1876).
Blodgett, Harold W., and Sculley Bradley, eds.Leaves of Grass: Comprehensive Reader's Edition. New York: New York University Press, 1965.
Douglas, George H. The Golden Age of the Newspaper. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 1999.
Lee, Alfred McClung. The Daily Newspaper in America. New York: Macmillan Company, 1937.
Loving, Jerome. Walt Whitman: The Song of Himself. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism a History: 1690-1960. 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan Company, 1995.
Myerson, Joel. Walt Whitman: A Descriptive Bibliography. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993.
Turner, Hy B. When Giants Ruled. New York: Fordham University Press, 1999.
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