Published Works


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Beat! beat! drums!—Blow! bugles! blow!
Through the windows—through the doors—burst like a force
      of armed men,
Into the solemn church, and scatter the congregation;
Into the school where the scholar is studying;
Leave not the bridegroom quiet—no happiness must he
      have now with his bride;
Nor the peaceful farmer any peace plowing his field or
      gathering his grain;
So fierce you whirr and pound, you drums—so shrill you
      bugles blow.

Beat! beat! drums! Blow! bugles! blow!
Over the traffic of cities—over the rumble of wheels in
      the streets;
Are beds prepared for sleepers at night in the houses?
      No sleepers must sleep in those beds;
No bargainers' bargains by day—no brokers or speculators.
      Would they continue?
Would the talkers be talking? would the singer attempt
      to sing?
Would the lawyer rise in the court to state his case before
      the judge?
Then rattle quicker, heavier drums—and bugles wilder

Beat! beat! drums! Blow! bugles! blow!
Make no parley—stop for no expostulation;
Mind not the timid—mind not the weeper or prayer;
Mind not the old man beseeching the young man;
Let not the child's voice be heard, nor the mother's en-
      treaties. Recruit! recruit!
Make the very trestles shake under the dead, where they
      lie in their shrouds awaiting the hearses.
So strong you thump, O terrible drums—so loud you bu-
      gles blow.

Our transcription is based on a digital image of an original issue.

Publication Information
"Beat! Beat! Drums!."  Harper's Weekly  5 (28 September 1861):  623.  Although dated 28 September 1861, the issue of Harper's Weekly featuring Whitman's "Beat! Beat! Drums!" actually appeared one week earlier, on 21 September 1861. See Sculley Bradley and Harold W. Blodgett, ed., Leaves of Grass: A Norton Critical Edition (New York: W. W. Norton, 1973) and Ted Genoways, Walt Whitman and the Civil War: America's Poet During the Lost Years of 1860–1862 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010). The poem also appeared on 21 September in the weekly newspaper the New York Leader, though it, too, was dated 28 September 1861. The poem was reprinted in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle on 23 September 1861 and the Boston Daily Evening Transcript on 24 September 1861. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle printing includes the attribution, "From Harper's Weekly." In the following weeks, the poem appeared in numerous other newspapers throughout the United States. Whitman included the poem, with slight revision, in Drum-Taps (1865).

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