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Finding Aids for Manuscripts at Individual Repositories

Guide to the Walt Whitman Poetry Manuscripts in The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection from the Library of Congress

Original finding aid completed by the Library of Congress; revised and expanded by The Walt Whitman Archive and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries. Encoded Archival Description completed through the assistance of the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, the University of Nebraska Research Council, and the Institute for Museum and Library Services.


Title: Walt Whitman Poetry Manuscripts in The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection from the Library of Congress

Collection Number: N/A


Creator:  Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892


Collector:  Harned, Thomas Biggs


Repository:  Manuscripts Division, The Library of Congress

Abstract:
This machine-readable finding aid was created, in part, from digital images of the original manuscripts obtained by The Walt Whitman Archive. The original papers and the finding aid completed by Michael McElderry are held at the Library of Congress.

Scope and Content: 
The Thomas Biggs Harned Collection of the Papers of Walt Whitman spans the period 1842-1937, with most of the items dated from 1855-1892. The collection consists of Whitman's correspondence, poetry and prose manuscripts, notes and notebooks, proofs and offprints, printed matter, and miscellaneous supplementary items. A detailed description of the Harned Collection has been published in the Library of Congress publication Walt Whitman: A Catalog (1955), which contains an introductory essay on significant Whitman collectors and their collections and an annotated bibliographic listing of Whitman items then located among the collections of various divisions within the Library.

Walt Whitman's papers were divided among his three literary executors, Richard M. Bucke, Thomas Biggs Harned, and Horace L. Traubel. Of these, only Harned's collection remains largely intact, the integrity of the other collections having been lost through dispersal. Whitman's personal habits were such that he wrote and collected his notes in a casual and unsystematic manner, entrusting his thoughts to scraps of paper, be it the back of a used envelope or the verso of a letter. His notebooks contain an equal number of random jottings, some no more than bits and pieces of paper sewn together to form a small notebook. These notes and notebooks include names and addresses, trial titles, trial lines of poetry and prose pieces, diary and hospital notes, pencil sketches and drawings, drafts of poems and essays, autobiographical and personal notes, printing and publishing notes, and miscellaneous notes on a wide range of subjects such as history, geography, politics, and ethnology.

Poems and prose writings in the Manuscripts series vary in form from tentative outlines to final drafts. This material often shows the extensive revision characteristic of Whitman's composition. Related notes and notebook entries add details helpful for textual analysis of the poems. Whitman's practice of drafting letters, notes, and literary works on the back of incoming letters necessitates the identification of verso items in order to provide full documentation.

James R. Osgood printed the Boston edition of Leaves of Grass (1881-1882), which was withdrawn from publication after being censored by local authorities. Correspondence between Osgood and Whitman about this edition is contained in the collection, as are letters exchanged with T. W. Rolleston concerning German and Russian translations. Other correspondents include Anne Burrows Gilchrist, Thomas Biggs Harned, William Sloane Kennedy, James M. Scovel, J. M. Stoddart, and Benjamin Holt Ticknor.

Whitman had been greatly moved by Abraham Lincoln, who symbolized for him the best in the American national character and who inspired some of his greatest poetry. He lectured extensively on Lincoln, and in a series of lectures given between 1879 and 1890, he recalled details of Lincoln's life and death and sketched an intimate profile based on personal reminiscence. The Lincoln Material series contains a thematic grouping of various types of manuscripts and printed matter concerning these lectures and related topics.

The Proofs and Offprints series includes copies of Whitman's prose and poetry. Whitman often revised his writings after having them set in type, and several of the proofs in this series contain either corrections to the text or notations for the printer.

In 1942, a group of Whitman notebooks from the Harned collection, along with other national treasures, were evacuated from Washington, D.C., for safekeeping during World War II. Upon the return of the material from storage in 1944, it was discovered that ten Whitman notebooks and a cardboard butterfly were missing. In 1995, the Library regained custody of four of these notebooks and the butterfly, but six notebooks remain unaccounted for.

The recovered items relate to Whitman's early career as a journalist and poet and include notes on perception and the senses, names and addresses, diary notes, drafts of Civil War poems, and observations made in Washington, D.C., during the Civil War. Whitman also used the notebooks to record the public's reaction to and acceptance of his poetry. The earliest notebook in the collection, written between 1847 and 1854, was among the four recovered and contains drafts of one of Whitman's most famous poems, "Song of Myself." Other notebooks contain notes Whitman made while working as a nurse in Civil War hospitals in Washington, 1862-1864. The cardboard butterfly is thought to be the same Whitman wired on his finger in a photograph that was published as the frontispiece for the 1889 birthday edition of Leaves of Grass.

Biographical Information:
Thomas Harned was a prominent lawyer in Camden, New Jersey, where Whitman lived in his final decades. He was a close friend of Whitman's and one of three literary executors named in Whitman's will.

For additional biographical information, see "Walt Whitman," by Ed Folsom and Kenneth M. Price, and the chronology of Whitman's Life.

Subjects:
Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892;  Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892--Manuscripts;  Poets, American--19th century; 


Series Description and Item Lists


Boxes: 1
Folder: Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00078
Title:  "Leave-taking Words"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23.5 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

The page appears to be a draft of a title page for a manuscript titled "Leave-taking Words" or "Last Ripples (A Prelude to Passage to India)." At the bottom of the page are four lines from the end of "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking," first published as "A Child's Reminiscence" in 1859. The lines from the poem are cleanly written, suggesting that they were meant to serve as an epigraph for Whitman's manuscript. "Passage to India" was published first in 1871. On the verso is a draft of a stanza of "Eidólons," first published in 1876.

Boxes: 1
Folder: Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00079
Title:  "Out of A Hundred Years"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf
View Images:  1 

A scrap of paper with an underlined title written across the top reading "Out of A Hundred Years" and subtitled "in Prose and Verse Melanged." In the top margin is written "?Vistas."

Boxes: 1
Folder: A March in the Ranks Hard Prest
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00080
Title:  "[Surgeons operating]"
Date: about 1865
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A clean, late draft of lines published in the poem "A March in the Ranks Hard-Prest, and the Road Unknown," first published in 1865. On the verso are prose notes about various corps of Civil War soldiers.

Boxes: 1
Folder: Prayer of Columbus
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00081
Title:  "[Again with latest breath]"
Date: about 1874
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 16 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

Early draft of lines from "Prayer of Columbus," first published in 1874. On the verso is a draft of Whitman's prose introduction to the poem.

Boxes: 1
Folder: As Consequent, etc.
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00082
Title:  "[some threading Ohio's]"
Date: 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 13 x 14.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft of lines of "As Consequent, Etc.," first published in the 1881 edition of Leaves of Grass. On the verso in a letter from the Camden and Atlantic Railroad dated January 25, 1881.

Boxes: 1
Folder: A Clear Midnight
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00083
Title:  "A starry midnight"
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft of a poem entitled "A starry midnight," published as "A Clear Midnight" in 1881. At the top is a note in blue pencil that reads "?for end of poems"

Boxes: 1
Folder: Thou Orb Aloft Full-Dazzling
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00084
Title:  "Thou Orb Aloft"
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 2 leaves, 11 x 19 to 23 x 19 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A two-page draft of the poem published first in 1881 as "A Summer Invocation," then published later that year with the title "Thou Orb Aloft Full-Dazzling."

Boxes: 1
Folder: Fancies at Navesink

Over fifty scraps of paper with drafts of the poem cluster "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. Many of the scraps are quite small, and they are held together in sheets of plastic.

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00086
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Last Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "you ye ebbing."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.05102
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "You Tides with Ceaseless Swell," first published in 1885.

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00087
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Last Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Last of the ebb."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00355
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Last Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Half-caught promises."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00356
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Last Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "How they sweep down and out."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00357
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "By that Long Scan of Waves," first published in 1885. The first line begins "you neighboring surf."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00358
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Back to these fathomless deeps returning."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04145
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Till from the ostent."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04146
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "And Yet Not You Alone," first published in 1885. The first line begins "rivers', bays' and ocean shores'."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04147
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "And Yet Not You Alone," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Nor you and yours alone."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04148
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "By That Long Scan of Waves," first published in 1885. The first line begins "How strange the scenes."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04149
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "And Yet Not You Alone," first published in 1885. The first line begins "What ventures, aspirations—failures."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04150
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Draft and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885.

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04167
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Then Last of All," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Then deeper."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04168
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "You Tides with Ceaseless Swell," first published in 1885. The first line begins "What spells do distant stars."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04155
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Draft and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "With many a voice."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04156
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of poems in the "Fancies at Navesink" cluster, first published in 1885. Lines on the recto resemble those in "And Yet Not You Alone" and "Then Last of All" . The verso contains lines for "Proudly the Flood Comes In" .

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04157
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Draft and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "What burnt-out lives."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04159
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Then Last of All," first published in 1885. The first line begins "swell and ebb!"

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04153
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "What fiat sends ye out and."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04152
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "But Liquid utterance."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04151
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "By That Long Scan of Waves," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Ephemeral scenes."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04166
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "What unhelm'd ships and boats."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04160
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "You whirling stream's wild currents."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04161
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Smells of the sedge and the."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04164
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The verso of contains draft and trial lines for "Of That Blithe Throat of Thine" .

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04165
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "You Tides with Ceaseless Swell," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Swelling and ebbing."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04175
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "O ebbing tide!"

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04169
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Voices of Ebb Tide."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04170
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Proudly the Flood Come In," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Proudly the flood comes in."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04171
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "exult in."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04163
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Proudly the Flood Come In," first published in 1885. The first line begins "The land itself."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04176
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Ebb—Tide."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04172
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Echoes of Ebb Tide."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04173
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Ebb Tide Ripples."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04174
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Ebb—Tide ripples whisperings."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04177
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Proudly the Flood Comes In," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Mainsails and topsails."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04178
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for "Fancies at Navesink," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Ebb-tide's and death's."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.05103
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "You Tides with Ceaseless Swell," first published in 1885. The first line begins "What potent spells."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.05104
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Proudly the Flood Comes In," first published in 1885. The first line begins "worldly and gaily comes."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.05113
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "With many a hurried abrupt confession."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.05114
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Then Last of All," first published in 1885. The first line begins "To you your cosmic."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.05115
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Proudly the Flood Comes In," first published in 1885. The first line begins "Gaily the outward bound."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.05117
Title:  "Fancies at Navesink"
Date: about 1885
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 3 x 15 to 25 x 20 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines for the poem "Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning," first published in 1885. The first line begins "How ye sweep down and out!"

Boxes: 1
Folder: You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00359
Title:  "Sparse, wintry little leaves"
Date: about 1887
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 23.5 x 15 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft of a poem entitled "Sparse, wintry, little leaves." The poem was later revised and published as "You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me" in 1887.

Boxes: 1
Folder: Glad the Jaunts for the Known
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00360
Title:  "[To-Day at the peak]"
Date: about 1888
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 21 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

Draft of one or possibly two poems beginning "To-Day at the peak" and "Glad the jaunts for the known." Lines from this manuscript were published posthumously as "[Glad the Jaunts for the Known]." On the verso is a letter, dated January, 1888, from James G. Bennett, editor of the New York Herald.

Boxes: 1
Folder: A Song for Sweet Water
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00361
Title:  "A Song for Sweet Water"
Date: July, 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 28 x 21.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

Notes and trial lines for a poem to commemorate "the new water works" entitled "A Song for Sweet Water," subtitled "Pure, general sweet water." A note at the bottom of the document gives the date as July, 1890.

Boxes: 1
Folder: For us Two, Reader Dear
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00362
Title:  "For us two, reader dear"
Date: about 1890
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 22.5 x 17.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft of the poem "For Us Two, Reader Dear," first published in 1891. Also on the leaf is a letter to Whitman dated June 4, 1890 from Mrs. Noble T. Biddle.

Boxes: 1
Folder: Grand is the Seen
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00363
Title:  "Grand is the seen"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 12.5 x 20.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft of the poem "Grand is the Seen," first published in 1891. On the verso is the end of a letter from R. Rooke Morgau.

Boxes: 1
Folder: L.of G.'s Purport
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00364
Title:  "L. of G.'s Purport"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft of the first two lines of "L. of G.'s Purport," first published in 1891.

Boxes: 1
Folder: L. of G.'s Purport
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00365
Title:  "This Journey"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft entitled "This Journey" (the manuscript suggests Whitman was also considering the title "My Task" ), later incorporated as lines 6, 7, 8, and 9 in "L. of G.'s Purport," first published in 1891. Also on the leaf is an undated, cancelled letter.

Boxes: 1
Folder: L. of G.'s Purport
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00366
Title:  "This journey"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf
View Images:  1  |  2 

Two drafts of a poem entitled "This journey." The lines were later incorporated as lines 6, 7, 8, and 9 in "L. of G.'s Purport," first published in 1891. On the verso are notes about "Payments to Mrs. White" between 1871 and 1874.

Boxes: 1
Folder: Supplement Hours

Several scraps of paper with drafts of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. Among the drafts are several trial titles, including "Notes as the wild Bee hums," "A September Supplement," and "Latter-time Hours of a half-paralytic." Many of the scraps are held together in plastic sheets.

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00515
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "Now for the."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00516
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "Sane culminating hours."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00517
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "Supplement hours of a half Paralytic."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00518
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "Supplement Hours."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00519
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "Supplement Hours."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00520
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "Supplement Hours."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00521
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "Sane, culminated random hours."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00522
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "As the wild bees hum."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00523
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "Now Supplement Hours."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00524
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "now away from books—."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00525
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "the wild Bee flitting hums."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00526
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "A September Supplement."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.00527
Title:  "Supplement Hours"
Date: about 1892
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6.5 x 15.5 to 21 x 13 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Drafts and trial lines of the poem "Supplement Hours," first published in 1897. The first line begins "Supplement Hours."

Boxes: 1
Folder: America! Thee formulating
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00621
Title:  "America! thee formulating"
Date: about 1881
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 13 x 20.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft of a poem entitled "America! thee formulating." The lines were incorporated as lines 90 and 91 in the poem "Thy Mother with Thy Equal Brood," first published in 1881. On the verso are lines that appears to be a trial titles: "Voices at Early Candle-Light" and "Hurry-Notes."

Boxes: 1
Folder: Drift Sands

Many scraps with trial titles and notes, including "Sands Drifted," "Sands Drifted on the Shores of Sixty Years," "Sands and Drifts at Sixty-Three," "Sands and Spray at 61," and other variations on that theme. Also included are drafts of unpublished poems entitled "Drift Sands" and "Notes and Flanges.— No. 1." The relationship of these materials to Whitman's published work is unknown.

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04180
Title:  "[Sands Drifted]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands Drifted" and "Sands Drifted on the Shores of Sixty Years."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04181
Title:  "[Resumés]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands & Drift at Sixty-Three."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04182
Title:  "[?Songs]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands at Sixty-Three" and "Sands & Spray at 61."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04183
Title:  "Drift Sands"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial lines of an unpublished poem entitled "Drift Sands" .

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04184
Title:  "[Names]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Noon & Sundown Songs" and "Sands on the Shores of 60 & after."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04185
Title:  "[Sands on the Shores of my 64th year]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands on the Shores of my 64th year."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04224
Title:  "[Sands & Drift]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Shore Drift Sands at Sixty-One" and "Sands at 64."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04225
Title:  "[Shore Drift Sands at Sixty-One]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Shore Drift Sands at Sixty-One" and "Drifted Sands at Sixty-One."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04227
Title:  "[Sands & Drift]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands & Drift from a life's melange."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04228
Title:  "[Wing-and-Wing]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands at 64."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04229
Title:  "[Sands on the Shores of my 60th year]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands on the Shores of my 60th year."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04230
Title:  "[Sands at 61]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands at 61" and "Sands Drifted on the Shores of Sixty Years."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04231
Title:  "[Drift Sands]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Drift Sands on the Shores of Sixty Years."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04232
Title:  "[Sands Drifted on the Shores]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands Drifted on the Shores of a Life in the 19th Century in the New World."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04235
Title:  "[Notes and Flanges—No. 1.]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial lines and notes for the unpublished poem entitled "Notes and Flanges.— No. 1."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04236
Title:  "[Ripple and echoes from the]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial lines and notes for an unpublished poem. The first line begins, "Ripple and echoes from the." The relationship of this manuscript to Whitman's published work is unknown.

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04237
Title:  "[Sands]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial titles and notes, including "Sands on the Shores of 61 & '2."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04238
Title:  "[As half caught echoes]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial lines and notes for an unpublished poem. The first line begins, "As half caught echoes." The relationship of this manuscript to Whitman's published work is unknown.

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04239
Title:  "[Drift Sands]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial lines and notes for an unpublished poem entitled "Drift Sands" . The first line begins, "As we float idly."

Whitman Archive ID: loc.04240
Title:  "[Drift Sands]"
Date: about 1879-1882
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 6 x 14 to 20.5 x 16.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
Trial lines and notes for an unpublished poem entitled "Drift Sands" . The first line begins, "Ripple and glint of sand."

Boxes: 1
Folder: Gossip at Dusk
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00367
Title:  "Gossip at Dusk"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 3 leaves, 4 x 14 to 20 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

Drafts of lines entitled "Gossip at Dusk." The relationship to Whitman's published work is unknown.

Boxes: 1
Folder: Maize-Tassels
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00368
Title:  "Maize-Tassels"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 14.5 x 13.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft of a poem entitled "Maize-Tassels." Written at the top of the manuscript is the note, "White Horse notes." The relationship of this manuscript to Whitman's published work is unknown.

Boxes: 1
Folder: The Strong Right Hand
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00369
Title:  "[the strong right]"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf, 20.5 x 12.5 cm, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 

A couple of trial lines for an unknown poem, beginning "the strong right hand." The relationship of these lines to Whitman's published work is unknown.

Boxes: 1
Folder: Untitled and Unidentified
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00370
Title:  "[Light]"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 1 leaf
View Images:  1  |  2 

A draft of lines beginning "Light/ Lives, water, light/ and darkness." The relationship of these lines to Whitman's published work is unknown.

Boxes: 1
Folder: Untitled and Unidentified
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00375
Title:  "[all birth and growth]"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 2 leaves
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 

Two scraps of paper held together with draft lines bearing an unknown relationship to Whitman's published work.

Boxes: 1
Folder: Untitled and Unidentified
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00371
Title:  "[Like the young eagle]"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 3 leaves
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6 

Three scraps of paper held together with draft lines bearing an unknown relationship to Whitman's published work.

Boxes: 1
Folder: on slavery
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00372
Title:  "[How will it do for figure?]"
Date: about 1856
Physical Description: 1 leaf
View Images:  1  |  2 

Notes and draft lines of a work concerning slavery. The relationship of these lines to Whitman's published work is unknown. On the verso is a page from the November, 1856 Christian Examiner.

Boxes: 1
Folder: war and hospital notes and memoranda
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00373
Title:  "[Farewell my brethren]"
Date: about 1873
Physical Description: 3 leaves
View Images:  1  |  2 

Held together with two other scraps of paper is a cancelled draft of lines from "Song of the Redwood Tree," first published in 1873.

Boxes: 2
Folder: Undated, trial titles
Whitman Archive ID: loc.373
Title:  "Trial Titles"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 3 leaves
View Images:  1  |  2 

Several scraps of paper with various trial titles and notes. The scraps are not necessarily related to one another, except that they all appear to be ideas for titles.

Boxes: 2
Folder: Undated, Miscellaneous notes or reminders
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00622
Title:  "Miscellaneous Notes"
Date: undated
Physical Description: 5 leaves
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8 

Various notes Whitman took concerning ideas or suggestions for poems and other work (for example, "Mr. Goodfellow's suggestions for a pastoral poem"). The relationship of these notes to Whitman's published work is unknown.

Boxes: 6
Folder: To the Year 1889
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04597
Title:  "To the Year 1889"
Date: about 1889
Physical Description: 1 leaf

Images: forthcoming

A proof of the poem "To the Year 1889," first published in 1889, with a note in Whitman's hand about its publication in the Critic. The poem was later published as "To the Pending Year."

Series: 31
Title: Lincoln Material
Date: 1865-1891 and undated
Boxes: 6
Series Description: Poetry and prose manuscripts, notes and drafts of writings and lectures, printed matter, letters to Whitman from A.J. Bloor, and proofs concerned with events surrounding the life and death of Abraham Lincoln.

Box: 6
Folder: Poetry Manuscript, Old Chants
Whitman Archive ID: loc.04598
Title:  "Old Chants"
Date: about 1891
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten

Images: forthcoming

A draft of the first five lines of the poem "Old Chants," first published in 1891. The draft shows that Whitman also considered the titles "An Ancient Ballad Reciting" and "An Ancient Song Reciting. The verso is blank."

Box: 6
Folder: Notebook, 1868-1870
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00350
Title:  "Notebook, 1868-1870"
Date: about 1868-1870
Physical Description: 9 leaves, handwritten

Images: forthcoming
A notebook (probably bound by someone other than Whitman), containing some draft lines (one titled "Epictetus," another "After an Extract from Heine's Diary" ) that bear an unknown relationship to Whitman's published work. Also included are several notes that scholars have identified as autobiographical comments on Whitman's relationship with Peter Doyle.

Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00065
Title:  "[principal personages of the]"
Date: about 1868-1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
One of a number of manuscripts in which Whitman records and develops ideas for a poem that never emerged about the crusades. In this particular manuscript, Whitman lists figures such as "Peter the Hermit" and "The Popes." While Whitman wrote other war poems such as "Chanting the Square Deific" and "Reconciliation" , and he mentions the crusades specifically in both his prose works Specimen Days and Democratic Vistas, a direct link between these manuscript notes and any of his published works is unclear. The verso contains part of a cancelled letter between Charles Francis Adams, Minister to England during the Civil War, and Earl Russell, British Foreign Minister, regarding the Confederate "steamer Georgia" which Whitman would have had to copy from another published document. Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.

Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00070
Title:  "For an idea"
Date: about 1868-1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
One of a number of manuscripts in which Whitman records and develops ideas for a poem that never emerged about the crusades. In this manuscript, Whitman relates "the Crusades" and "our own great war" through the observation that great revolutions have "been mainly for an idea." While Whitman wrote other war poems such as "Chanting the Square Deific" and "Reconciliation" , and he mentions the crusades specifically in both his prose works Specimen Days and Democratic Vistas, a direct link between these manuscript notes and any of his published works is unclear. The verso contains part of a cancelled letter about the steamer Georgia between Charles Francis Adams, Minister to England during the Civil War, and Earl Russell, British Foreign Minister. Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.

Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00066
Title:  "Crusades"
Date: about 1868-1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
One of a number of manuscripts in which Whitman records and develops ideas for a poem that never emerged about the crusades. This manuscript bears trial lines for a poem attempting to link the crusades to America. While other manuscripts and published works share similarities in topic and idea, a direct link is unknown. The verso contains a cancelled list of references to letters in the House Executive Documents, 38th Cong. which correspond to several individual documents transcribed on the cancelled versos of other crusade manuscripts also in the Harned collection. Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.

Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00071
Title:  "[The number of the Crusades is]"
Date: about 1868-1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
One of a number of manuscripts in which Whitman records and develops ideas for a poem that never emerged about the crusades. This manuscript contains notes about the time periods and divides between the crusades. While other manuscripts and published works share similarities in topic and idea, a direct link is unknown. The verso contains part of a cancelled letter about the steamer Georgia between Charles Francis Adams, Minister to England during the Civil War, and Earl Russell, British Foreign Minister. Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.

Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00073
Title:  "North British Review, May 1844"
Date: about 1868-1870
Physical Description: 2 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4 
A copy in Whitman's hand of a review from an 1844 North British Review regarding Michaud's History of the Crusades including several notes by Whitman suggesting a link to "our own war." The second leaf contains a continuation of ideas that Whitman notes in the margin might "open the foregoing" about the sounds of squadrons starting upon their great campaign. While other manuscripts and published works share similarities in topic and idea, a direct link is unknown. The versos of both leaves are blank. Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.

Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00085
Title:  "[Peter the Hermit]"
Date: about 1868-1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
One of a number of manuscripts in which Whitman makes notes concerning the crusades. Another manuscript in the Harned collection, for example, includes Peter the Hermit listed as one of the "principal personages of the Crusades." While other manuscripts and published works share similarities in topic and idea, a direct link is unknown. The verso contains part of a cancelled letter about the steamer Georgia between Charles Francis Adams, Minister to England during the Civil War, and Earl Russell, British Foreign Minister. Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.

Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00094
Title:  "[Trace the connection down]"
Date: about 1868-1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
One of a number of manuscripts in which Whitman makes notes linking the crusades to America. While other manuscripts and published works share similarities in topic and idea, a direct link is unknown The verso contains part of a cancelled letter between Charles Francis Adams, Minister to England during the Civil War, Earl Russell, British Foreign Minister, and W.H. Seward, Secretary of State. Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.

Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00098
Title:  "[Bring in the cause of]"
Date: about 1868-1870
Physical Description: 1 leaf, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2 
One of a number of manuscripts in which Whitman makes notes linking the crusades to a great idea. While other manuscripts and published works share similarities in topic and idea, a direct link is unknown. The verso contains cancelled writing about the steamer Georgia. The information is likely from letters between Charles Francis Adams, Minister to England during the Civil War, Earl Russell, British Foreign Minister, and W.H. Seward, Secretary of State concerning the ship and that appear on other crusade related manuscripts. The verso notes seem to have some connection to Whitman's recto writing, as he remarks about "maritime spirit" and "Italian and Spanish navigators." Other dated materials containing notes on the crusades suggest this manuscript was likely composed around 1869.

Box: 6
Folder: Lincoln Material Poetry Manuscripts "The Crusades" [1869?]
Whitman Archive ID: loc.00099
Title:  "[My Sir Mr. Whitman]"
Date: 1869
Physical Description: 5 leaves, handwritten
View Images:  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10 
A letter dated January 21, 1869, from Julius Bing to Whitman. Bing thanks Whitman for a copy of the Atlantic Monthly containing "Proud Music of the Storm" and goes on to suggest and outline a poem on the Crusades. Whitman explored the idea and suggestions in several unpublished manuscripts. While other manuscripts and published works share similarities in topic and idea, a direct link is unknown.


Restrictions: None

Preferred Citation:  To identify this finding aid as a source, see the Archive's "Conditions of Use" page.


Repository Contact Information:
Manuscripts Division, The Library of Congress
Room LM101, James Madison Building
101 Independence Ave., S.E.
Washington, D.C. 20540-4680
http://www.loc.gov


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